Newspaper Page Text
Winona Lake Congress World League Against Alcoholism will Appeal to Young and Old Alike. Young People Being Given Large Place on Program. I. P. A’s. Rapid Growth Recalled Mrs. Julia Overman, Marion, Ind., di rector of the department of medal contest of the W. C T. U. of Indiana, will be in charge of a diamond medal oratorical con test at the Congress on Saturday after noon, August 20. This is open to both sexes. The winner will receive a Diamond medal presented by the World League Against Alcoholism. Stanley High, world traveler, author, journalist and lecturer, is expected to speak at the Congress. His address will be of special interest to the young peo ple. Rt. Rev. Thomas Nicholson, D.D., Bishop of the Methodist Episcopal church, and president of the Anti-Saloon League of America, will preach the Sun day morning sermon, August 21, in con nection with the Congress. It is announced that there will be a great international fellowship banquet open to all persons present Monday ev ening, August 22. Dr. Howard H. Russell and Miss An na Adams Gordon, two of the four joint presidents of the World League Against Alcoholism, will conduct a sunrise prayer meeting every morning of the Congress to which all persons are invited. During the session of the Congress, Dr. Russell will give a half-hour tribute to Neal Dow of Maine, one of the pioneer prohibitionists in this country. Mr. Dow’s son, Colonel Fred N. Dow, of Portland, Maine, will be present at the service. Will Help Students It is expected that a four-year pro gram, to help the college students of America obtain a better understanding of what it was that brought about American prohibition, will be developed at the stu dent conferences of the Congress, ac cording to Flarry S. Warner, educational secretary of the Intercollegiate Prohibi tion Association, student department of the World League. “The end of the college year finds a new situation before the students and young people of America,” says Dr. War ner. “It is simply this, that a whole gen eration has come up to face the respon sibilities of civic life and leadership in public opinion, with a background about drink and the liquor traffic that is vastly different from that of their parents. They are interested in prohibition as a public question; most of them sympathetic to it, as surveys of student opinion in many parts of the country show, but they do not know what the saloon days were, nor bow serious the social difficulties, nor the havoc wrought by the liquor traf fic just a few years ago. Too many are misled by that sort of propaganda which is trying to discredit America’s great enterprise before it is thoroughly tested. “But students are not different at heart from what they were 27 years ago when the I. P. A. was reorganized and started on its present career. They want infor mation. They are ready to judge by facts and submit the results to the test of reasonable time. “It was on Washington’s birthday, in 1900, that D. Leigh Colvin, a student at Ohio Wesleyan University, president of the Intercollegiate Prohibition Associa tion and Harry S. Warner, a graduate of Baldwin-Wallace College the previous June, met in a student room at Ohio Wes" icyan and started the educational work of the I. P. A. Previous to that timc the Association had been little more than a series of oratorical contests, and for sev eral years these had almost been discon tinued. In 1900 the work was reorganized and Warner started out to establish stu dent clubs. They would be called discus sion groups with student leaders, today. “The first college visited and organized was Otterbein, at Westerville, on Febru ary 24, 1900. The schedule, directed from Colvin’s room, the only office of the I. P. A., took the field secretary at the rate of almost a college a day for the next three and a half months, through Ohio, Indiana, Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska, Iowa, Minnesota, and Wisconsin, to Chi cago where later that year the office of the newly enlarged movement among students in behalf of prohibition was es tablished. Is Widespread in Work “In the next 15 years the I. P. A. spread among the colleges of the coun try until it became the greatest student civic movement ever established in this country or in any other country. It en rolled and trained over 125,000 students for prohibition service. Its field secre taries, students, or recent students, reached an average of 100,000 students yearly. It conducted discussion courses and groups in 125 colleges each year and had local organizations with active pro grams in from 200 to 365 colleges annu ally. It conducted a great series of stu dent public speaking contests in which as many as /60 orations were delivered be fore hundreds of i-udiences ev^.vwhere. During the period fhcse student speak ers, spending many weeks in prenaration, wrote and delivered 10,<"00 orations before 3,000,000 hearers. “The Associat:on s< cured ere! t cur riculum courses on the liquor problem in 95 collcg;s ard universities. It pr**-arei courses of stuJy and text books, one of which was puulishri ir six successive edi tions. It sen* out student; for first-hand investigation and service in county and state campaigns, as many as 1,730 in a single year. “And it is clear today that another sim ilar educational movement on the liquor subjeit is necessary throughout Amer ica, not because pionibition is r is not a failure, but because there is a whole gen eration of students in college and high school who know little about what pro hibition was intended to accomplish.” TWO SPEAKERS AT WINONA COL. FRED M. DOW Portland, Me., Son of the late Neal Dow, Prohibitionist DR. JOHN A. LAPP, Chicago, President National Conference of Social Work LESS THAN ONE PER CENT Less Than 1 Per Cent of Employ ment Separation Caused by In temperance in Hartford According to a special dispatch in the Christian Science Monitor carrying a Hart ford, Conn., dateline of June 18, Thomas J. Kelly, manager of the Hartford Coun ty Manufacturers Association, in his an nual report declares that dismissals for in temperance have been reduced to less than 1 per cent under prohibition, which has enhanced the prosperity of the workers. Mr. Kelly says: “In the days of the saloon intemperance was an outstanding cause of labor turn over. Because of it discharges were of al most daily occurrence in some plants, and family impoverishment was a corollary. “Data now at hand show the causes of employment separations under six head ings, one of which is intemperance. These figures involving a total of 39,000 workers of both sexes in Hartford county, reveal that out of a total of 2,479 job separations in two months, only 15, or a fraction of 1 per cent, were due to intemperance. “This means that in the course of a year an average of les sthan 100 workers out of 40,000 would be discharged because of the effects of akohoi.” CHICAGO CAFES APPEAL T wo Places Padlocked for Furnish* ing the “Makings” for Highballs Appeal to U.S. Supreme Court Fleas have been entered for review by the United States Supreme Court of ,i cir cuit court of appeals decision upholding injunctions against the Friars' Inn and Moulin Rouge cafes in Chicago because they sold cracked ice and ginger ..le to patrons packing hip llasks. In tire identical petition for writs of certiorari filed cn behalf of the owners of these two clubs, Izzy Rothstcin and Mike Fritzcll, it is contended that by the same reasoning which threatens to close their cafes, every haberdashery selling a suit with hip-pockets and every hotel shelter ing anyone but a bone dry can be pad-' locked for a year. “The Volstead act docs not make it an offense to deal with or sell legitimate mer chandise to persons who violate the act,”1 it is argued in petitions which will be heard when the Supreme Court recon venes in October. “Drinkers are not branded as lepers to be segregated and deprived of human con tact,” the petition asserts, continuing that “if Congress had intended to forbid all contractual relations with wets, it would have been an easy matter for it to have said so.’’ The petitions charge that the district court injunction was issued with out a jury trial and upon the “unsupported testimony of an agent who to justify his expense account must so testify,” and such a proceeding closing valuable proper ties “does not compare with the spirit of our laws and was never contemplated to be brought about by national prohibition.” “Where is there foundation for a theory that a legitimate business may be closed for a year if but on such premises some thing entirely lawful but susceptible of pleasurable use is sold to a wet?” the pe tition asks. SEEK SURVEY IN DENMARK Attempt Being Made to Get Accurate Data on Prevalence of Drinking in Denmark Four distinguished Danes, two profes sors, a municipal doctor and a high gov ernment official, are attempting to take a census or survey of their country to de termine the extent of drinking of alcohol ic beverages. Under their plan the popu lace is divided into three sections, heavy drinkers, moderate drinkers and total ab stainers. They are seeking to gain this informa tion through the clergymen of the coun try, who are requested to take a survey in their respective parishes. The clergy, however, do not seem inclined to take up the work, according to the story in Chris tian Science Monitor, and the committee has announced that they will seek the in formation through some prominent resi dent in communities where clergymen re fuse to act. They expect to continue their investigation over a period of ten to fif teen years, and it is understood that simi lar work will be started in Holland, Swe den and Switzerland.