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ALCOHOLIC WASTE, INEFFICIENCY AND INCOMPETENCY
The Changed and Changing Conditions in This Country, Coupled With the Effects of Alcohol on the Body, Makes Prohibition Even a Greater Necessity Now Than in the Past _s it (Col. Raymond Robins) The nation began 96 per cent rural. It is 54 per cent urban at this moment, and that percentage is increasing rap idly. The social implications of indi vidual action are wholly different in the two situations. A man getting drunk in his farm home, or driving along a country road with mules or oxen going six miles an hour, was not so serious. The mules or the oxen would take him home. But now, in a sixty - miles - an - hour world, with crowded communities, the drunken hand on the wheel has a wholly dif ferent social implication. There you find one of the reasons wrhy society has had to relieve the community from the danger and menace of alcoholic waste, poisoning, inefficiency and in competency. DEMANDS OF A MECHANICAL AGE There is another reason. We are the greatest mechanical and engineering people in the world. Power under con trol—for that is all an automobile is— has more devices in this country than in any other nation in the world. Thirty years ago we made a rule that locomotive engineers in this country could not drink; they had to be tee totalers. Nobody wanted to limit the personal liberty of locomotive engin eers, but everybody knew that locomo tive engineers, whose business it was to protect life and property, could not do so if they were drinking engineers. That condition which was necessary thirty years ago has now, by reason of the diffusion of mechanical and en gineering power throughout the mass of the people, become necessary for the whole people, to protect the life and property of all of us. There is another reason—the diffu sion of a better standard of living, of a larger means of recreation and of personal happiness in a material sense. The spread of general education has been greater in those thirty years than in any other previous period in the world’s life. The part that liquor play ed in the social life and habits of the people has been wholly changed, so far as the necessity for it is concerned, within the thirty years. These thirty years have seen the widest diffusion of general intelligence, the widest dif fusion of general recreation, the com ing of the movie, the radio, the Ford car, giving all kinds of opportunity for a better type of recreation. These things have changed the burden and necessity of artificial stimulation so far as the vast mass of the people is concerned. EFFECT OF ALCOHOL And side by side with that education has gone on another education. We have learned the effect of alcoholic stimulation and poison upon the hu man body. We have learned that it is injurious in every way. A group of Germans have been studying the ef fects of alcoholic stimulation on men and women, and in a unanimous re port wffiich they have made they tell us that it has the effect of deflecting the accuracy of the message sent by the brain along the nerves to the mus cles, so that a fine marksman shot a little off after he had had a drink or two; and that a fine draftsman drew his lines a little irregular after he had had a drink or two. And a peculiar thing in that study by the Germans was this, that the lower the type or the more phlegmatic or stolid the sub ject, the less the effect; and the more sensitive and higher the nervous ten don, the higher the type of mind, th« greater the effect. So, when a man says to you that he can take three or four drinks without its affecting him, it may be true, but it is not very com plimentary to him. There is another reason. We men and women of America are not a tem perate people. We might as well be honest with ourselves. It is a fact that we may think we are following the Scriptural injunction “Whatsoever thy hand findeth to do, do it with thy might.” We throw ourselves into any thing we do or undertake until we overdo it. All this talk about light wines and beers is pure, unadulterated bunk, and the people who are doing the talking about it do not want it. They do not want light w7ines and beers. They want whisky and they want it straight. They want cocktails and highballs and whisky sours and mint julep. I come from Kentucky and I know. ANOTHER DAY OF PRAYER Chicago’s Churches Again Call for “Po litical Prayer Day” to Redeem City From Crooks Another day of “political prayer” has been designated for state-wide observance in Illinois by the pastors. Sunday, March 25, tvas the day fixed by the Methodist Board of Public Morals for prayer and pulpit discus sion of the political situation in the state. In its resolution setting the day the board urged the ministers to devote part of their sermons to a plea for a united front for good govern ment, with a special plea for a large church vote on April 10 in the pri mary election. The Chicago Church Federation which sponsored the day of political prayer on March 17, issued a call upon churchmen to suit their action to their prayers. “Our prayers will be a hollow mockery,” said Rev. John R. Nichols, president, “if church people now fail to register and vote.” WE ARE ALL PROHIBITIONISTS France to Have Fleet of “De Luxe” Motor Cars Equipped With Bar According to a press dispatch car rying a Cherbourg dateline of March 21, a fleet of ten “grand luxe” auto cars, fitted with a bar at which the passengers may be served their favor ite cocktails during the voyage, will be ready to transport incoming tour ists to Paris this season, according to plans being made by a large travel agency. ... A stop will be made at the half-way for lunch in some pictur esque “auberge.” A barman will be in attendance, who will act also in the capacity of guide and will point out the interesting sights along the route. American Issue ventures the guess that the travel agency which plans putting these barrooms on wheels will insist that the driver of the car be a total abstainer at least for the time of the trip. If the travel agency does not so insist, here is a perfectly safe guess—the passengers will. As has been said by someone, we all believe in prohibition when we come to en gage a taxicab driver or when we take a trip on a railroad train—prohibition for the chauffeur and the engineer. SEATTLE CHANGES MAYORS Mrs. Landes Is Defeated for Reelection; Gave City a Clean Administration Mrs. Bertha K. Landes, who two years ago was chosen by the voters of Seattle, Wash., to be the first woman to manage the destinies of an Ameri can metropolitan city, was defeated in a recent mayoralty election by 19,000 votes. Frank Edwards, a retired the ater operator, was the successful can didate. Mrs. Landes gave the city of Seattle a clean administration. The affairs of th£ city were conducted in a business like manner. She had the support of all the newspapers in her candidacy for reelection. Edwards was almost politically unknown until a few weeks ago. If he made any promises for a wide-open city or a less vigorous pros ecution of evil-doers, the newspapers have not mentioned it. Mrs. Landes’ defeat perhaps can be credited more to prejudice against women holding executive offices than anything else. Whatever the cause of her defeat it is unfortunate, irrespective of what Mr. Edwards’ qualifications for the office might be. HAWAIIAN DRY ORATORS Five or Six Races Represented in Oratori cal Contest Held Under League Sponsorship Hawaii has been spoken of many times as the melting pot of the United States. Each year the Anti-Saloon League of Hawaii conducts a prohibi tion prize oratorical contest. Each year, also, five or six races and mix tures of races are represented in the young people who take part. This year there were eight contest ants, two from each island in the Ha waiian group. The W. C. T. U. and Sal vation Army are also represented in the conducting of the contest. This year the winner was Miss Thel ma Smith, who spoke on the subject “The Great Adventurer.” Other con testants were: Isami Takemoto, Mary Chan Wa, George Ozaki, Donald Walk er, Edith Peterson, Masao Nakano, Ka zuo Morinaga. All phases of prohibi tion were discussed by these young high school pupils. PROMOTING FRUIT JUICES Switzerland in Effort to Interest People In Use of Unfermented Fruit Juices In Switzerland every year greater efforts are being made to popularize the preparation of non-fermented ap ple and pear juice. This preparation is carried out in private households, in a small number of industrial establish ments, and by means of machines which are carried from village to vil lage and which are used for sterilizing fruit juices. These machines are plac ed at the disposition of the public by the Bernese Society for the Non-Alco holic Use of Fruits, and circulated last autumn in 150 localities of the cantons of Berne, Solure, Argovie, Bale, Zurich and Grisons, and produced over 330, 000 liters of sweet cider. The non-alcoholic cider prepared by the traveling apparatus represents on ly a part of the total production of sweet cider. One can readily under stand, therefore, that the Swiss tem perance societies consider that this new industry is doing much to win over the rural population to the ftght against alcoholism. PADLOCKS FOR 35 PLACES Federal Judge Walter C. Lindley of Chicago recently ordered padlocks for one year against 35 places in Chicago charged with violations of the prohi bition law. The value of the prop erty darkened for a year was est imat ed at two million dollars. LIQUOR SMUGGLING IN ENGLAND London Graphic Tells of Extensive Smuggling of Liquor Which Is Sold to Licensed Saloons From time to time American Issua has called attention to Items appear ing in London newspapers describing bootlegging in England, Scotland and Ireland. The bootlegging problem has become acute in England despite the fact that the country abounds in pub lic houses, or saloons. Here is indeed conclusive evidence that licensing the traffic does not do away with the ille gal traffic. We now call attention to an article appearing in the London Graphic, by Wentworth Day, describ ing extensive smuggling operations carried on on the Essex and Suffolk coast and around about Warden Point in the Isle of Sheppey. CONTRABAND BOOZE AND SILK Principal commodities smuggled into England are silks and liquor. This liquor is disposed of chiefly in London, and is even purchased by licensees of public houses who retail it at tremen dous profit. Here is something for those people to think about who are continually saying that prohibition is responsible for liquor smuggled into the United States. We quote Mr. Day who says: I have spent weeks investigat ing these facts, and have no prac tical doubt of their accuracy, nor are they denied by the board of customs and excise. Drightllngsea, West Mersea, Maldon, Burnham on-Croueh, Tollesbury, Walton-on the Naze, Felixstowe, and a score of smaller places are all the homes of countless small yachts, some of them owned by young men with a few pounds as capital and a car as land transport, find it the easiest thing in the world to run their cargoes during the week-end, pack them aboard the car in suitcases and cabin trunks, sell them in London, and clear a useful profit_Smuggling on the east and southeast coasts today is child’s play. It is the easiest get rich-quick game for adventurous young men that England has to offer. I say that deliberately from a long and intimate knowl edge of the coastlines, the meth ods, and in some instances, the men who are doing it. EASY MONE7 Mr. Day then tells of one young man with whom he talked, who bought a cabin cruiser for COO pounds. This money was given him by his mother, who suggested he might make a comfortable living by taking people for sea trips in the summer. The young man put it into service as a smuggling vessel. By the end of six months he had cleared all his ex penses and made 500 pounds clear profit. Mr. Day continues: “Most of the cargoes were landed at Rye, where he fold me at least a doz en families, most of them of the old smuggling breed, are now living in comparative ease simply by taking a channel run every now and then. He and several others rented an old warehouse in which they stored their bales and cases, removing some by ear to London and selling them locally. Brandy and silk were the principal commodities, and most of the silk was taken by small west-end millinery and underwear shops which made it up and passed it on at the full market price. Equally, he told me, cases and cases of brandy went to proprietors of public houses who bought at 12s. 6d a bottle and resold it at 17s. 6d. A three-ton lorry was, I heard, more than once actually loaded at a door of the warehouse and sent up to Lon don packed with contraband goods.