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I ION Volume XXIV WESTERVILLE, OHIO, FEBRUARY, 1929 Number 2 Some Achievements of the Anti-Saloon League of Illinois In the 1907 session of the Legislature a township local option measure was fur thered by the Anti-Saloon League and enacted into law. In the 1908 election over 1.000 saloons were compelled to close their doors. Fourteen hundred and twenty-five townships, 88 per cent of the area of the state, containing over 70 per cent of the population were made dry by township local option. Seventeen of the Illinois Congressmen in the lower House voted to submit the Eighteenth Amendment to the states, and only seven voted against it. Illinois was the first big state to ratify the Eighteenth Amendment. We did it as number 26. two days before Nebraska, as number 36. completed the requisite number of states to make prohibition the law of the nation. The Legislature of 1921 enacted the Il linois Prohibition Act, framed and fur thered by the Anti-Saloon League, for the purpose of harmonizing Illinois liquor laws with the Eighteenth Amendment and the Volstead act. This is one of the strongest codes in effect in any state in the Union. Against the united, opposition of the liquor interests of the state and country and the big Chicago wet papers, the Anti-Saloon League led and won the fight against Gcoree H. Brennan, candidate for the United States Senate, in the April. 1926, Primary. Brennan’s chief plank was to modify the Volstead law and per mit the sale of wine and beer. Through League strategy and activity in 1926. the wet vote on the state-wide liquor referendum for the modification of the prohibition law was reduced by nearly a quarter of a million under the vote which the wets obtained for a similar proposition in 1922. The liquor interests introduced three resolutions and five bills in the 1927 Gen eral Assembly. Two of these, bills were so framed that if passed, they would have seriously crippled and obstructed the en forcement of all criminal laws. The League was instrumental in exposing and defeating all of these measures. 1928 Approximately 2,000 meetings have been held under the auspices of the Anti-Sa loon League of Illinois during the past twelve months. The equivalent of about 7,000 000 book pages of literature were publihv'd and distributed, in addition to over 000 090 copies of the Illinois edition of Tire American Issue. In min* cooperation with the Intercol lewcde Prohibition Association the League has carried on a special cam pc.’"n of educational work with trained men in charge, among the colleges, uni versities and normal schools of the state. TT,e have been broadcasting over Radio ,0'otvvi WWAE* one hour each week with up-'o-riate-minute publicity on every pha';-' of the prohibition question; we also include a high-class musical pro gram. A mowe. ‘‘The Transgressor,” has been used wi ll telling effect in scores of com munities. In the "ciival oVehnn of 1923. Illinois contribu*"^ her full share to the defeat of A1 Smith, after carrying on a most intensive campaign. Millions of pages of literature were distributed. All of the candidates for state offices endorsed by the League were elected. The State Sen ate is held safely dry; we have two dry United States Senators, and Illinois maintains her strong dry delegation in Congress. The Anti-Saloon League through its state and national organizations is bring ing to bear the united power of the church and moral forces for belter or ganization of 1 a w-enl'orcement ma chinery; adequate appropriations for rlie enforcement work; improved legislation; and an increase in publicity and educa tional work. Hand in hand with this ac tivity there must be local activity every where to focus attention upon the prob lem of law enforcement; to get aciion through sentiment brought to bear upon county and local officials responsible; and finally ousting wet officials at the ballot box. We must preserve the fruits of our vic tories as we advance. Not a session of the Legislature will pass for several years yet to come, that will not find the liquor rep resentatives at Springfield, contending unceasingly and mightily for measures to repeal or weaken prohibition laws, and for legislation favorable to their interests. The Association Against the Prohibition Amendment, recognized as the leading wet organization, recently said: “It lias been generally recognized that our national fight will meet with quick success when the organized power of the Anti-Saloon League is eliminated.-’ Rev. Henry Carrcr says, “In homes where the income is small, it is unsually the child who pays the drink bill." MORE ARRESTS “There were 10,000 more arrests last year than the year before, which the prohibition unit believes was an indication of better en forcement. It is significant that in the last year’s operations convic tions in the United States courts increased from 09 per cent to 75»(. per ceil" of all cases tried, showing a combination of cases better pre pared and juries more favorable to law enforcement." PERMITS AND MEDICINAL LIQUOR Dr. Doran said, “while the number of doctors applying for and securing permits increased from 105.000 to 111.000, the total number of prescriptions issued was about 200,000 less than any previous year, show ing a tendency to prescribe less liquor for medicinal purposes. “There are 22 states.” said Dr. Doran, “in which whisky cannot be prescribed for medicinal purposes. We do not have much trouble in these bone-dry states so far as enforcement work is concerned." 10.000 EXEMPT FROM DRY LAW Mrs. Ella A. Boole. President of the W. C. T. U., has called attention to the fact that members of the diplomatic corps are immune from the prohibition law and can import liquor. There are ten thousand persons in Washington who have a diplomatic status, ambassadors, ministers, attaches and employees. It would be difliculi to onforce prohibition effectively in any city with ten thousand persons exempt and importing liquor all the time. BROUGHT INTO CAMP Nearly 200 Answer to Indictments at One Hearing in Pittsburgh Court Close to 200 of the za persons indicted recent lv by o Pittsburgh grand jury crowded into one of the big criminal court rooms in Pittsburgh to plead to the charges against them. When the long list of names had been called the score was found to be that 141 racketeers, mostly of the “small fry," had pleaded guilty. 49 had elected to stand trial by pleading not guilty. Fifty-four indicted were conspicious by their ab sence. Of the absent ones five were serving jail sentences, three were declared to have died and another was said to be vacationing in Toronto, Canada, indefi nitely. This was announced as one of the biggest arraignments days in the history of the county. Those indicted included racketeers, bootleggers and some police officials. The Indiana Senate has passed a law making the sale of liquor t« minors a felony and providing a penalty of one year's imprisonment. DRYS BUSY IN ILLINOIS 94 YEARS AGO Resolution Calling for Total Abstinence of Its Members Adopted by Congregational Church, of Mendon, Illinois, 94 Years Ago In looking over the records of the Con gregational Church, of Mendon. Illinois, the second oldest Congregational church in this state, Hon. George II. Wilson un earthed the following resolution: TEMPERANCE RESOLUTION — February 20, 1833. Rcsolvad, unani mously, That the members of this church consider it the indispensable duty of every professor of religion to abstain entirely and perpetually from the use of ardent spirits except for mechanical or medicinal purposes. That, in our opinion, no Christian can consistently engage in the manufac ture or saie of the article except for the purposes above named. And that it is our expectation not only that the present members of the church thus abstain but that all persons who may hereafter wish to unite with us adopt the same principles and practice ac cordingly and that every candidate for admission to the church be ex amined particularly in reference to this subject. In our judgment this resolution might well be incorporated in the Constitution of every Christian Church today. The adoption of such a resolution 100 years ago shows a fearless courage which we to day can scarcely equal, but which speaks volumes for the far reaching wisdom of our worthy ancestors. Such sturdy pro nouncements against the liquor traffic were seeds planted in the soil of Amer ican social and religious life from which has grown the stately tree of National Prohibition already producing an abun dance of rich fruits for the benefit of all our people. We hope and believe that the stately prohibition tree which now blesses this land with its shadow and fruits will like the tree in the vision of the prophet of old eventually bless the whole world. OUT OF THE AIR FROM DELAWARE Home State of Stayton, du Pont and Raskob Gives Rig Dry Majorities Delaware, t lie home of Capt. W. H. ! Stayton, Pierre S. du Pont and Jolm J. ' Raskob. gave Herbert Hoover a 2 to 1 vote ; over Governor Allred E. Smith for Presi dent. Kent County, normally Democratic by 1,000, gave Mr. Hoover 2.600 majority. Captain Stay ton’s home district (Smyr na), which is strongly Democratic, gave a dry Republican candidate for the House of Representatives 108 majority. U. S. Senator Thomas F. Bayard <wet>. was defeated by 23.000 by ex-Governor John G. Townsend. Jr., who. as Gover nor. called a special session of the Legis- . lature that Delaware might ratify the ! Eighteenth Amendment. Senator Bayard is a prominent member of the Association Against the Prohibition Amendment. 1 Senator-elect Townsend is a member of the Advisory Committee of the Anti-Sa loon League of Delaware. Congressman Robert G. Houston, an ardent dry, de feated John M. Richardson (very wet), by 28.000. Both of the candidates for Governor were listed satisfactory and both* candi dates for Attorney General were pledged to the enforcement of the prohibition laws. The Legislature is overwhelmingly dry. The Senate is 15 to 2 dry. The House of ; Representatives is 27 to B dry. Raskob's district gave Hoover, 813; Smith. 145. P. S du Font’s District gave Hoover, 107; Smith, 51). HERE’S THE WINNER A Chicago correspondent to a Chicago newspaper offers the following in compe tition for Mr. Hearst’s $25,000 prize of fered for the best plan to rid the coun try of prohibition: Dear Mr. Hearst: Noting your of fer of $25,000 for a plan by whicl prohibition may be repealed, we an pleased to offer the following sugges tion for the Hearst prize: (1) Have Mr Hoover appoint Mr. Alfred E. Smith as Secretary of State: (2) Have Mr. Hoover and Mr. Curtis thereupon resign from office, leaving— <3> Allred E. Smith, President of the United States. When Gabriel blows his horn for the last time and calls for the dead to come forth, there will be great sections of the world of the anti-prohibition type, who will still be repeating, “It can’t be done.’’ LIBERTY Edward J. Eisei.e. 4843 Kenmore Avenue, Chicago, 111. 1 I shouted for my liberty To cat and drink as I saw fit Prohibition was pure bigotry. As men of reason must admit. I scoffed at the oppressive law And drank to satisfy my will; But when I woke one morn I saw I was a slave to booze and swill. I tried to break my thraldom then, But habit held me hard and fast. And then I saw how blindfold men Were caught by appetite at last. And now I weep for liberty. O! who wall cure my aches and pains? Prohibition on to victory To free men from the devil’s chains!