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The American issue. [volume] (Westerville, Ohio) 1912-19??, July 01, 1929, Image 7

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn2008060406/1929-07-01/ed-1/seq-7/

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FOR BORDER PATROL
Reorganization of Law Enforce
ment Methods Provided for
in Hudson’s Bill
There is now pending a sweeping re
organization of law enforcement methods
on the Canadian and Mexican borders.
President Hoover has approved the pro
posal and Congressman Grant M. Hud
son, of Michigan, former Superintendent
of the Michigan Anti-Saloon League, has
introduced a bill creating a “United
States border patrol service.”
The proposed service is patterned some
what on the idea of mounted police of
Canada and would embrace the customs
service, immigration inspectors, prohibi
tion and coast guard officers, and also
bring under its jurisdiction some depart
ment of agricultural agents.
Before introducing the measure, Mr.
Hudson, who is one of the leading drys of
the House, discussed the plan with Presi
dent Hoover who approves the principle.
There are now 712 customs agents on the
borders, 870 immigration inspectors, 90 in
spectors of the agricultural department,
aside from prohibition agents and many
coast guardsmen. They frequently dupli
cate the work of each other and smug
glers of all kinds profit by division of au
thority and duties according to Hudson.
If the bill becomes a law, the border
patrol will be uniformed. As according to
Mr. Hudson, “it is unanimously agreed
that a uniform, when the wearer is con
sidered a real officer, is a horror to crimi
nals.”
Mr. Hudson’s bill would give the Presi
dent power to consolidate agencies by ex
ecutive order placing the new bord°r pa
trol under the Department of Justic.j. One
of the chief arguments for it, he said, is
that criminals operating along the bor
ders usually engage in more than one vio
lation. The violations led under certain
rings include smuggling of aliens, liquor
smuggling and the narcotic traffic.
DRUNKENNESS ABROAD
(W. C. T. U. Bulletin)
Although many returning travelers tell
the newspapers that “they traveled all
over France and never saw a drunken
Frenchman,” the Paris police have no dif
ficulty in locating public drunks according
to latest official statistics.
One has to be thoroughly drunk to be
arrested in Paris, yet arrests for drunk
enness are three times as great per ten
thousand of population as in New York,
the wettest of American cities. In Paris
the arrests for drunkenness are 50 per
ten thousand while in New York they
are 15 per ten thousand. In Paris the
police are inclined to leniency in making
such arrests, whereas in New York they
are inclined to arrest anyone seen drunk.
In London the convictions for drunken
ness, not arrests, have ranged from 48 to
50 per ten thousand in the past few years.
In Edinburgh the arrests for drunkenness
are startling. They have recently gone
as high as 153 per ten thousand, while
the highest mark in New York’s arrests
for drunkenness since prohibition has
been a fraction more than 18 per ten
thousand in 1924.
These figures, we trust, will put an end
to the declaration that there is no
drunkenness in wine drinking, whisky
guzzling Europe.
WOMEN BAN DRINKS
Society Functions Going Dry; Drink
Not Considered Good Form
Mrs. George II. Strawbridge, prominent
in Philadelphia society, has sent a letter
to a number of women who are doing a
great deal of entertaining, asking them
to refrain from serving alcoholic drinks at
social functions, "in order to create a sen
timent for prohibition in support of Pres
ident Hoover’s efforts to make the prohi
bition law effective.”
This appeal is meeting with most grati
fying responses. It is reported that
guests are accepting the absence of liquors
at social functions without complaint, in
fact that it is beginning to be considered
bad form to expect drinks. As one host
ess expressed it “it simply isn’t being done
any more.”
“Objection Overruled I**
»
—Christian Science Monitor
DEATH OF DR. McSURELY
Hugh Fullerton in Columbus Dispatch
Dr. William. J. McSurely, librarian
emeritus of Miami university and the old
est alumnus of the Oxford college, who
died at Oxford, was the father of the
temperance crusade which swept the Mid
dle West in 1873 and resulted in the for
mation of the Woman’s Christian Tem
perance Union.
Dr. McSurely was then a young min
ister in the Presbyterian church at Hills
boro, Ohio. It was early in Iris pastorate,
which lasted more than a quarter of a
century before he resigned to become
librarian at his Alma Mater—Oxford.
Dio Lewis, lecturing on “Our Girls”—a
temperance lecture—came to Hillsboro
just before Christmas, 1873, and, at the
conclusion of his lecture, he declared that
the women should organize a campaign
of prayer and "moral suasion” against the
saloon.
The women, following his suggestion as
sembled in the "Crusade chui'ch” the fol
lowing morning, the morning of Christ
mas eve. After the meeting had been in
session for a short time Dr. McSurely
said: “We men seem to have failed. Per
haps the women may succeed. I suggest
that we men retire and permit the women
to pray.”
The men went outside the church. The
women, after a short prayer, decided to
act. They elected Eliza J. Thompson
(Mother Thompson), wife of Judge Henry
Thompson and “Peggy” Foraker, mother
of the afterwards Governor and Senator
Joseph B. Foraker, as their leaders .and
marched from the church, to kneel and
pray in and in front of the saloons.
The movement, known as the Women’s
Crusade, swept the entire country, closed
thousands of saloons and resulted in the
organization of the W. C. T. U. Dr. Mc
Surely remained as minister in the Cru
sade church until 1899. when he went to
Oxford, where he taught, preached and
acted as librarian. He preached his last
sermon less than a year ago.
His son, Judge William McSurely of the
superior court of Chicago, and his daugh
ter, Ella, survive.
“"WANT LAWS ENFORCED
A demand for the enforcement of all
laws was made at the closing session of
the State Grange at Spokane, Washington.
A resolution passed by the members
specifically emphasizes enforcement of the
Eighteenth Amendment because of the
organized and malicious attacks upon it
by the liquor interests which hope to nul
lify it.
A PERSONAL LIBERTY CODE
Methodist Clip Sheet
A Catholic clergyman has submitted a
prospectus of real personal liberty to Mr.
Patrick Henry Callahan, of Louisville,
Ky.:
1. The man who becomes intoxicated
has, for the time being, given up his per
sonal freedom. He is no longer master
of his own actions.
2. The man who acquires the habit of
drinking to excess has given up his free
dom even more fully. He is a slave to
the habit, and simply can not help drink
ing, thus periodically putting himself in
a position where he is not at all master of
himself.
3. While a great many persons can
remain moderate drinkers all their lives,
the percentage, 10, 15, 20—whatever it
may happen to be—will become slaves of
the drink habit. No one can tell before
hand in which group he will ultimately
be. The only safe thing is not to drink
at all. Every drunkard was once a mod
erate drinker.
4. Even a slight amount of drinking
interferes with U. tr> some extent in
this automotive age. obably the ma
jority of automobile accidents could be
traced back to drink. When a man un
der the exhilaration of drink takes an
unnecessary chance and causes an acci
dent, he has seriously interfered with the
liberty of other people.
5. Stress should be laid upon one’s
liberty not to drink. There are more
ways of interfering with personal free
dom than by law. Group opinion is much
more powerful, and many people who are
shouting loudest for personal freedom as
against the Volstead law are doing every
thing they can in their groups to com
pel persons to drink. He is afraid that
he will not get a certain business opening
or an invitation to a particular set.
PROHIBITION AND BUSINESS
(Alfred (N. Y.) Sun)
Impressive evidence of the good results
of prohibition comes from another quar
ter—the National Retail Dry Goods As
sociation. A speaker before a convention
of the association last week said that pro
hibition is diverting not less than $5,000,
000,000 a year that would ordinarily be
expended for alcoholic liquor.
A return of the prc-Volstead conditions,
he said, would mean several billions of
dollars less business in home furnishings,
automobiles, musical instruments, radio,
travel, amusements, jewelry, insurance,
education, books and magazines.
People have more money to spend or
to save; that is the one plain, indis
putable lesson of prohibition, even im
perfectly enforced. And it makes a very
embarrassing argument for those who are
trying to make the country believe that
prohibition is sending us all to the bow
wows. Most of us are walling to go there
if it means more than $28,000,000,000 in
the savings banks, $100,000,000,000 in
vested in life insurance and $5.000,000,0m)
more to spend in the stores for things we
want.
One can not look about at the every
day facts on every side without seeing
some extraordinary force at work that is
giving people of all classes many blessings
that they never had before. If that force
is not prohibition, what is it? Do the
people who hold their precious “personal
liberty” at such dear account wish to give
up their automobiles, their radios, their
Oriental rugs, their comfortable homes?
Prohibition, it is true, has not yet
brought in the millennium; it has not
given every man in the country a job and
it has not distributed prosperity with en
tire equality among all businesses. But
it lias put into men’s hands and pockets
money that they never had before. That
is one fact so obvious that even the anti
prohibitionists do not attempt to argue it.
DIPLOMATS VIOLATE LAW
Washington Police Chief Reports
the Arrests of Ambassadors for
Traffic Violations
Foreign diplomats, from an ambassador
and ministers plenipotentiary down to or
dinary attaches, were halted by police on
the streets of Washington, D. C., 37 times
within recent years for driving automo
biles while drunk and for other traffic vio
lations, Major Henry G. Pratt, police su
perintendent, reported to the Senate on
June 28 in response to a resolution of in
quiry.
The police chief’s report showed that
but 14 diplomats were halted by the police
for traffic law violations in the eleven
years from 1917 to 1927 inclusive. Last
year, however, there were 13 diplomats
halted while in the first five months of
this year, the report showed a growing
"crime wave” among the foreign repre
sentatives, with police forced to halt 10
violators of the traffic code.
The police superintendent did not cite
which diplomats were caught driving while
drunk and which violated other traffic
laws.
APPEALS TO HOUSE
Congressman Hudson, of Michigan,
' Urges Colleagues to Stand with
the President
In Congress before the summer recess
Congi'essman Hudson, of Michigan, in re
plying to a wet representative from his
state who had demanded that “the reign
of terror of the Detroit river” be stopped,
said: “When we attempt to deal with a
great traffic at whose base is greed and
appetite we have a very serious problem,
but I stand here and plead that this house
give to the government’s enforcement of
ficers the same moral support as is seem
ingly given to rum-runners and traffickers
in so-called contraband. I plead with this
house that it stand for order and stand
with the President for bringing about law
observance and not for anything else.”
Before prohibition there was annually
consumed in the United1 States an aggre
gate of 130,000.000 gallons of whisky,
last year’3 withdrawals of tax-paid
whisky amounted to 1.542,204 gallons,
reforming himself.

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