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a regular syndicate controls the trade in
one part of the city while in other parts “favored” wholesalers divide up the traf fic among themselves, shutting out other men in the wholesale trade. The wets would have us believe that every police officer would do his duty were it not for prohibition. They seem to have had difficulty way back in 1902. AN AMAZING ADMISSION Editorial from The Pittsburgh Leader of August 17, 1902 By all odds the most amazing confes sion of police protection for the illegal sale of liquors are those contained in the statements attributed to Assistant Supt. of Police Wilson and Capt. C. K. Gallant, reported elsewhere. An announcement is made that “cer tain” speakeasies are to be closed. Asst. Supt. Wilson, with a fine contempt for the law, and for his oath of office, is said to have “left it with Capt. Gallant as to what places were to be closed.” Capt. Gallant with a frankness that is ab solutely dazing, says, “I did not notify all to close.” Why wonder that the chief newspaper defender of the ring gags at its task and utters an ominous warning? Why wonder that the whole police department is de moralized and the men are making gross blunders daily? DRINKING BY THE YOUTH They told me—Drinking among the youth of the country was unheard of be fore prohibition. This doesn’t seem to be exactly true. BOYS SAY THEY BUY LIQUOR AT DRUGSTORES News item from The Pittsburgh Sun of May 1, 1908 When Judge Robt. S. Frazer, who sat In court this morning, was told that some drugstores in the hill district are worse than the saloons and that little boys could get anything they wanted in the stores, he said that this must be stopped. The arraignment of the drugstores came up during the hearing of George Burnell, 12 years old, and Harold Kane, 13 years old, negroes, who were charged with steal ing tobies and being bad generally. VICE CRUSADE WILL GO TO COURT News item from The Pittsburgh Leader of July 2, 1908 Assistant City Solicitor L. S. Levin will go into quarter sessions court tomorrow, presenting a petition asking five promi nine downtown cafe proprietors to show cause why their license should not be re voked on the evidence that they had been selling liquor to young girls. . . This is in accordance with the Brooks liquor li cense law and comes as a result of the crusade against vice, which the police de partment has been carrying on. FLOUTED ALL LAW It is apparent that the powerful liquor interests flouted any law that at tempted to regulate their business. LICENSE COURT HAS SENSATION News item from The Pittsburgh Leader of April 9, 1908 According to a declaration by Judge Robert S. Frazer, concurred in by his col league, Judge John D. Shaffer, the Brooks Law during the past year has been con stantly violated in Braddock by nearly all the retailers as well as the whole salers. . . . Judge Frazer spoke his mind. He said: “The Brooks Law, according to infor mation coming to the court, has, during the past year, been almost continually violated by nearly all of the retailers and wholesalers in Braddock. This is said most advisedly and with regret. It has been ascertained that in nearly all of the retail houses in Braddock, women have been in the habit of nightly frequenting rooms at the rear of the bar, where they remained until they wrere intoxicated. Un fortunately, this court did not have the special information In r.me to ask every retail applicant, otherwise the number of licenses would have been still fewer than they will be. “As for the wholesale licenses, this court is reliably informed that the pro prietors of the stores have been con sistently employing foreign agents to so licit trade among the foreign element and have been paying commissions to their drivers and others upon their turning In orders. Much liquor, too, has been dumped into prohibitory territory, mani festly against the spirit of the law. Ap plicants, on having been asked, have in dividually denied the allegations as far as they refer to them, which has pre cipitated a critical state of affairs.” The declaration of the court was the cause of an immensd sensation. The loots told me—Conditions are worse under prohibition—BUT— NINETY-FIVE PER CENT BECAUSE OF DRINK Editorial from The Pittsburgh Leader of January 6, 1901 According to the report of Jail Warden Soifel the total number of prisoners re ceived at the jail in 1900 was 9,182. In the previous year 8,440 prisoners were ad mitted, this being the largest number for any one year up to that time. The in crease is, doubtless, to be accounted for on the score of prevailing prosperity. More money means more pleasure for the individual; more pleasure, more license; more license, more crime. The jail physician states that 95 per cent of the prisoners came to grief through the abuse of strong drink. There in lies the key. In flush times, the saloon has more than its share cf the largesse that flows from the pockets of the masses and the percentage of drunkenness and of the evils that spring therefrom rise accordingly. There is a more valuable temperance lesson in these figures from the county prison than is embodied in all the lecturing and preaching that is done by professional crusaders. "There never teas a right endeavor but it succeeded. Patience atul patience and we shall win at last. Never mind the rid icule, never mind the defeat! Up again, old heart, there is victory yet for all jus tice."—Ralph Waldo Emerson. LIGHT WINES AND BEER They told me—Beer is not a bad drink: The people ought to have it. Read what eminent German authorities say about beer. BEER CAUSES 78 PER CENT OF DRUNKARDS Editorial from The Pittsburgh Post of May 9, 1903 At the recent meeting of the Anti-Al cohol Congress in Berlin, it was stated by Dr. Delbruck, of Bremen, the presi dent of the Congress, that beer-drinking as a means of combating alcoholism has been clearly shown to be a failure. It leads often to the use of distilled liq uors, but in itself it produces all the evils of whisky. “Of 149 patients who were treated in a North German private asy lum for drunkards, 41 had been alco holized,” said Dr. Delbruck, “by drinking spirits, 30 by wine drinking, and 78 or more than half—by the excessive con sumption of beer." The belief that delirium tremens was unknown among beef drinkers was a mis take. It was impossible to convey by sta NEEDS OF TODAY GREATER THAN THOSE OF YESTERDAY The storm of protest against the liquor traffic that had been steadily growing in in tensity for a score or more years prior to 1912, in that year began to assume cyclonic proportions. The period which followed up to the time when the Eighteenth Amend ment was ratified, witnessed the most intensive agitational and educational campaign against the liquor license system in the history of temperance reform in this nation. The fruit of this educational, well-directed campaign was the Eighteenth Amendment. It had been conducted at no small cost of time and money, freely and gladly given by people who had grown weary of liquor domination. They counted the price not too high for this success of writing a national prohibition policy into the organic law of the country. DRYS ASSUMED THE FIGHT WAS WON For several years after the Eighteenth Amendment became operative this same zeal and devotion on the part of the people who had set themselves against the liquor traffic was manifested and then came an apparent lagging of interest. This was not surprising, for perhaps it was natural for most people to believe that the goal had been reached. Prohibition was written into the Constitution and they believed that the beverage liquor traffic henceforth was to be nothing but an unpleasant memory. It is now evident that the beverage liquor traffic is not dead. At any rate its ruling passion in life—defiance of law—is certainly strong in death. The present widespread propaganda for the over throw of this law demands something of the zeal and devotion, contributions of time and money at least commensurate with that period when the battle was being fought for the writing of this policy into the Constitution. The fact is, the contributions of both time and money should be much greater than in those days because we are combating a better organized, better financed, more determined enemy than was faced in the days of license. The report of Mr. Curran, President of the Association Against the Prohibition Amendment, made to the Subcommittee of the Judiciary Committee of the House of Representatives, shows how freely the enemies of prohibition are contributing their money and the largeness of their gifts is evidence of their devotion, whatever may prompt that devotion. SURPRISINGLY SMALL EXPENDITURE The Anti-Saloon League of America carried forward its part in this campaign for national prohibition at a surprisingly low expenditure of money and the League played no small part in the campaign that resulted in the Eighteenth Amendment. For the period between 1912 and 1922 approximately $18,000,000 was secured in pledges by the Subscription Department of the Anti-Saloon League of America to carry forward the work of agitation and education. Of this amount of pledges about one-third was turned over to the respective states in which the pledges were secured. Of the remaining $12,000,000 the National Anti-Saloon League collected $5,315,498 and spent it in meeting the expenses of the campaign extending over this period from 1912 to 1922. These ex penses included the tons of literature circulated, the expenses incident to public meet ings and practically every other known means of educational activity. Five million dollars collected and spent for education covering a period of ten years in the light of the results achieved is a record of judicious spending and wise management. COST OF COLLECTION NEGLIGIBLE The actual cost of securing and collecting these pledges was negligible. Of the en tire amount of pledges secured not more than $100,000 was obtained by personal solicita tion. The pledges were obtained in public meetings, in church services, luncheons, pub lic forums, conventions and gatherings of similar character, which meetings in them selves helped promote the major phase of the League program, education and agitation. The agitational and educational value of the public meeting as a means of inform ing, arousing and crystallizing sentiment is beyond estimate. Thus the public meeting is of vastly more value than merely the means of securing pledges. The newspaper reports of the cost of collecting this $5,000,000 are entirely mislead ing. The fact is, the money reported by the newspapers as “collection costs” does not represent the cost of collecting the $5,000,000, but is a report on how the $5,000,000 was expended. This included expenditures in the mailing of temperance literature in great quantities, which constitutes a large part of the educational program of the national Anti-Saloon League. WHAT OF THE FIGHT TODAY? But what of the fight today? Since 1922 there has been a decline in contributions from the old standbys. There is comparatively little of the old unpaid subscriptions referred to above that can be collected. New friends are constantly coming to the sup port of the movement but the demands are far greater than ever before and the financial support is inadequate. This campaign we are now in to combat the attacks made by the wets on the national prohibition policy, to safeguard its permanency, requires even more money to meet its necessary and legitimate demands than was required for the campaign to write the Eighteenth Amendment into the Constitution. If it is worth while fighting to obtain the victory it is vastly more worth while to fight to retain it. The situation demands the COODeration and helD of every true frien^i of nrnhibiiion. tistics the extent of misery caused by what he described as “beer alcoholism.” Prof. Cramer, of Gottingen, held that the alcohol habit is curable if taken in time and treated at a suitable drunkards’ asy lum. The icets tell us that beer is a food and would soli'e the problem. Read what Judge White said about American beer. NOT GOOD DRINK. JUDGE WHITE'S OPINION OF AMERICAN BEER News item from The Pittsburgh Leader of January 5, 1900 Judge J. W. F. White, sitting in the criminal court, entertains a very poor opinion of the beer brewed in America and takes every oportunity he secs or ex pressing it. Yesterday he told those who must drink beer, they had better drink the imported beer, and today he said that the beer bought in this country does not intoxi cate but makes brutes of men who drink it. That is due, the aged jurist said, to the drugs in the beer. Judge White concluded by asserting that more crime results from beer drink ing than the drinking of other liquors. THEY ALMOST HAD ME FOOLED They told me—National prohibition is corrupting police and public offi cials—something unknown under license. AN EVIL THAT MUST BE CHECKED Editorial from The Pittsburgh Post of March 4, 1890 There are reported to be about 4,000 speakeasies in Philadelphia, and so great is the evil that the judges who are to sit in the license court have given special in structions to constables to inquire into and report these lawless rum shops to the courts for supprsesion and punishment. The Philadelphia Tunes, commenting on these facts, makes some remarks which apply with equal force to the conditions of the illegal liquor traffic in Allegheny County. “The police force of this city is the one cause of this flood of drunken demorali zation and defiant lawlessness that now disgraces this city. There are not 100 of the nearly or quite 4,000 speakeasies in operation in Philadelphia that are not known to the police; but instead of loos ing them and bringing the criminals to punishment, they are protected, compelled to pay the price of protection to the po lice or to the party, and to vote and work at elections as the police direct them in obedience to orders from the city admin instration. DO YOU REALIZE IT? Extent to Which Wet Propaganda is Being Pushed by Many Magazines The Cadiz Republican truthfully says that the extensive propaganda to restore liquor is not realized by the average man and woman. The average citizen knows that many of the metropolitan newspapers color their news columns as well as their editorial pages in opposition to prohibi tion, but they do not know how many magazines of national reputation are feed ing their readers with wet propaganda. The Republican quotes from two of these to show how far afield they go to slam prohibition: From the Living Age: “The average middle-class American girl esteems it an excellent thing to get in toxicated on every possible occasion, and the American boy is proud of his ability to carry a skinful of liquor without col lapsing. Wives are proud to say that their husbands are suffering from ‘hangovers.’ Husbands encourage their wives to get drunk in their own homes.” From Scribner’s magazine: “There are some who predict a boot legger president.” “The United States is the only nation in history that has de liberately financed the criminal classes.” “Drinking is a civilizing agent, a benefit to health and nerves.” North Carolina has a law making it compulsory to teach the evil effects of al cohol on the human system. Teachers who fail to give the prescribed number of lessons on the subiect will be dismissed.