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The American issue. [volume] (Westerville, Ohio) 1912-19??, July 01, 1930, Image 7

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn2008060406/1930-07-01/ed-1/seq-7/

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a regular syndicate controls the trade in
one part of the city while in other parts
“favored” wholesalers divide up the traf
fic among themselves, shutting out other
men in the wholesale trade.
The wets would have us believe that
every police officer would do his
duty were it not for prohibition.
They seem to have had difficulty
way back in 1902.
AN AMAZING ADMISSION
Editorial from The Pittsburgh Leader of
August 17, 1902
By all odds the most amazing confes
sion of police protection for the illegal
sale of liquors are those contained in the
statements attributed to Assistant Supt.
of Police Wilson and Capt. C. K. Gallant,
reported elsewhere.
An announcement is made that “cer
tain” speakeasies are to be closed. Asst.
Supt. Wilson, with a fine contempt for the
law, and for his oath of office, is said to
have “left it with Capt. Gallant as to
what places were to be closed.” Capt.
Gallant with a frankness that is ab
solutely dazing, says, “I did not notify all
to close.”
Why wonder that the chief newspaper
defender of the ring gags at its task and
utters an ominous warning? Why wonder
that the whole police department is de
moralized and the men are making gross
blunders daily?
DRINKING BY THE YOUTH
They told me—Drinking among the youth
of the country was unheard of be
fore prohibition. This doesn’t seem
to be exactly true.
BOYS SAY THEY BUY LIQUOR AT
DRUGSTORES
News item from The Pittsburgh Sun of
May 1, 1908
When Judge Robt. S. Frazer, who sat
In court this morning, was told that some
drugstores in the hill district are worse
than the saloons and that little boys
could get anything they wanted in the
stores, he said that this must be stopped.
The arraignment of the drugstores came
up during the hearing of George Burnell,
12 years old, and Harold Kane, 13 years
old, negroes, who were charged with steal
ing tobies and being bad generally.
VICE CRUSADE WILL GO TO COURT
News item from The Pittsburgh Leader
of July 2, 1908
Assistant City Solicitor L. S. Levin will
go into quarter sessions court tomorrow,
presenting a petition asking five promi
nine downtown cafe proprietors to show
cause why their license should not be re
voked on the evidence that they had been
selling liquor to young girls. . . This is
in accordance with the Brooks liquor li
cense law and comes as a result of the
crusade against vice, which the police de
partment has been carrying on.
FLOUTED ALL LAW
It is apparent that the powerful liquor
interests flouted any law that at
tempted to regulate their business.
LICENSE COURT HAS SENSATION
News item from The Pittsburgh Leader
of April 9, 1908
According to a declaration by Judge
Robert S. Frazer, concurred in by his col
league, Judge John D. Shaffer, the Brooks
Law during the past year has been con
stantly violated in Braddock by nearly
all the retailers as well as the whole
salers. . . .
Judge Frazer spoke his mind. He said:
“The Brooks Law, according to infor
mation coming to the court, has, during
the past year, been almost continually
violated by nearly all of the retailers and
wholesalers in Braddock. This is said
most advisedly and with regret. It has
been ascertained that in nearly all of the
retail houses in Braddock, women have
been in the habit of nightly frequenting
rooms at the rear of the bar, where they
remained until they wrere intoxicated. Un
fortunately, this court did not have the
special information In r.me to ask every
retail applicant, otherwise the number of
licenses would have been still fewer than
they will be.
“As for the wholesale licenses, this
court is reliably informed that the pro
prietors of the stores have been con
sistently employing foreign agents to so
licit trade among the foreign element and
have been paying commissions to their
drivers and others upon their turning
In orders. Much liquor, too, has been
dumped into prohibitory territory, mani
festly against the spirit of the law. Ap
plicants, on having been asked, have in
dividually denied the allegations as far
as they refer to them, which has pre
cipitated a critical state of affairs.”
The declaration of the court was the
cause of an immensd sensation.
The loots told me—Conditions are worse
under prohibition—BUT—
NINETY-FIVE PER CENT BECAUSE
OF DRINK
Editorial from The Pittsburgh Leader of
January 6, 1901
According to the report of Jail Warden
Soifel the total number of prisoners re
ceived at the jail in 1900 was 9,182. In
the previous year 8,440 prisoners were ad
mitted, this being the largest number for
any one year up to that time. The in
crease is, doubtless, to be accounted for
on the score of prevailing prosperity.
More money means more pleasure for the
individual; more pleasure, more license;
more license, more crime.
The jail physician states that 95 per
cent of the prisoners came to grief
through the abuse of strong drink. There
in lies the key. In flush times, the saloon
has more than its share cf the largesse
that flows from the pockets of the masses
and the percentage of drunkenness and
of the evils that spring therefrom rise
accordingly. There is a more valuable
temperance lesson in these figures from
the county prison than is embodied in all
the lecturing and preaching that is done
by professional crusaders.
"There never teas a right endeavor but
it succeeded. Patience atul patience and
we shall win at last. Never mind the rid
icule, never mind the defeat! Up again,
old heart, there is victory yet for all jus
tice."—Ralph Waldo Emerson.
LIGHT WINES AND BEER
They told me—Beer is not a bad drink:
The people ought to have it. Read
what eminent German authorities
say about beer.
BEER CAUSES 78 PER CENT OF
DRUNKARDS
Editorial from The Pittsburgh Post of
May 9, 1903
At the recent meeting of the Anti-Al
cohol Congress in Berlin, it was stated
by Dr. Delbruck, of Bremen, the presi
dent of the Congress, that beer-drinking
as a means of combating alcoholism has
been clearly shown to be a failure.
It leads often to the use of distilled liq
uors, but in itself it produces all the evils
of whisky. “Of 149 patients who were
treated in a North German private asy
lum for drunkards, 41 had been alco
holized,” said Dr. Delbruck, “by drinking
spirits, 30 by wine drinking, and 78 or
more than half—by the excessive con
sumption of beer."
The belief that delirium tremens was
unknown among beef drinkers was a mis
take. It was impossible to convey by sta
NEEDS OF TODAY GREATER THAN THOSE OF YESTERDAY
The storm of protest against the liquor traffic that had been steadily growing in in
tensity for a score or more years prior to 1912, in that year began to assume cyclonic
proportions. The period which followed up to the time when the Eighteenth Amend
ment was ratified, witnessed the most intensive agitational and educational campaign
against the liquor license system in the history of temperance reform in this nation.
The fruit of this educational, well-directed campaign was the Eighteenth Amendment.
It had been conducted at no small cost of time and money, freely and gladly given by
people who had grown weary of liquor domination. They counted the price not too high
for this success of writing a national prohibition policy into the organic law of the
country.
DRYS ASSUMED THE FIGHT WAS WON
For several years after the Eighteenth Amendment became operative this same zeal
and devotion on the part of the people who had set themselves against the liquor traffic
was manifested and then came an apparent lagging of interest. This was not surprising,
for perhaps it was natural for most people to believe that the goal had been reached.
Prohibition was written into the Constitution and they believed that the beverage liquor
traffic henceforth was to be nothing but an unpleasant memory. It is now evident that
the beverage liquor traffic is not dead. At any rate its ruling passion in life—defiance
of law—is certainly strong in death. The present widespread propaganda for the over
throw of this law demands something of the zeal and devotion, contributions of time and
money at least commensurate with that period when the battle was being fought for the
writing of this policy into the Constitution. The fact is, the contributions of both time
and money should be much greater than in those days because we are combating a better
organized, better financed, more determined enemy than was faced in the days of license.
The report of Mr. Curran, President of the Association Against the Prohibition
Amendment, made to the Subcommittee of the Judiciary Committee of the House of
Representatives, shows how freely the enemies of prohibition are contributing their
money and the largeness of their gifts is evidence of their devotion, whatever may
prompt that devotion.
SURPRISINGLY SMALL EXPENDITURE
The Anti-Saloon League of America carried forward its part in this campaign for
national prohibition at a surprisingly low expenditure of money and the League played
no small part in the campaign that resulted in the Eighteenth Amendment. For the
period between 1912 and 1922 approximately $18,000,000 was secured in pledges by the
Subscription Department of the Anti-Saloon League of America to carry forward the
work of agitation and education. Of this amount of pledges about one-third was turned
over to the respective states in which the pledges were secured. Of the remaining
$12,000,000 the National Anti-Saloon League collected $5,315,498 and spent it in meeting
the expenses of the campaign extending over this period from 1912 to 1922. These ex
penses included the tons of literature circulated, the expenses incident to public meet
ings and practically every other known means of educational activity. Five million
dollars collected and spent for education covering a period of ten years in the light of
the results achieved is a record of judicious spending and wise management.
COST OF COLLECTION NEGLIGIBLE
The actual cost of securing and collecting these pledges was negligible. Of the en
tire amount of pledges secured not more than $100,000 was obtained by personal solicita
tion. The pledges were obtained in public meetings, in church services, luncheons, pub
lic forums, conventions and gatherings of similar character, which meetings in them
selves helped promote the major phase of the League program, education and agitation.
The agitational and educational value of the public meeting as a means of inform
ing, arousing and crystallizing sentiment is beyond estimate. Thus the public meeting
is of vastly more value than merely the means of securing pledges.
The newspaper reports of the cost of collecting this $5,000,000 are entirely mislead
ing. The fact is, the money reported by the newspapers as “collection costs” does not
represent the cost of collecting the $5,000,000, but is a report on how the $5,000,000 was
expended. This included expenditures in the mailing of temperance literature in great
quantities, which constitutes a large part of the educational program of the national
Anti-Saloon League.
WHAT OF THE FIGHT TODAY?
But what of the fight today? Since 1922 there has been a decline in contributions
from the old standbys. There is comparatively little of the old unpaid subscriptions
referred to above that can be collected. New friends are constantly coming to the sup
port of the movement but the demands are far greater than ever before and the financial
support is inadequate. This campaign we are now in to combat the attacks made by the
wets on the national prohibition policy, to safeguard its permanency, requires even more
money to meet its necessary and legitimate demands than was required for the campaign
to write the Eighteenth Amendment into the Constitution. If it is worth while fighting
to obtain the victory it is vastly more worth while to fight to retain it.
The situation demands the COODeration and helD of every true frien^i of nrnhibiiion.
tistics the extent of misery caused by
what he described as “beer alcoholism.”
Prof. Cramer, of Gottingen, held that the
alcohol habit is curable if taken in time
and treated at a suitable drunkards’ asy
lum.
The icets tell us that beer is a food and
would soli'e the problem. Read what
Judge White said about American
beer.
NOT GOOD DRINK. JUDGE WHITE'S
OPINION OF AMERICAN BEER
News item from The Pittsburgh Leader
of January 5, 1900
Judge J. W. F. White, sitting in the
criminal court, entertains a very poor
opinion of the beer brewed in America
and takes every oportunity he secs or ex
pressing it.
Yesterday he told those who must drink
beer, they had better drink the imported
beer, and today he said that the beer
bought in this country does not intoxi
cate but makes brutes of men who drink
it. That is due, the aged jurist said, to
the drugs in the beer.
Judge White concluded by asserting
that more crime results from beer drink
ing than the drinking of other liquors.
THEY ALMOST HAD ME
FOOLED
They told me—National prohibition is
corrupting police and public offi
cials—something unknown under
license.
AN EVIL THAT MUST BE CHECKED
Editorial from The Pittsburgh Post of
March 4, 1890
There are reported to be about 4,000
speakeasies in Philadelphia, and so great
is the evil that the judges who are to sit
in the license court have given special in
structions to constables to inquire into
and report these lawless rum shops to the
courts for supprsesion and punishment.
The Philadelphia Tunes, commenting on
these facts, makes some remarks which
apply with equal force to the conditions
of the illegal liquor traffic in Allegheny
County.
“The police force of this city is the one
cause of this flood of drunken demorali
zation and defiant lawlessness that now
disgraces this city. There are not 100 of
the nearly or quite 4,000 speakeasies in
operation in Philadelphia that are not
known to the police; but instead of loos
ing them and bringing the criminals to
punishment, they are protected, compelled
to pay the price of protection to the po
lice or to the party, and to vote and work
at elections as the police direct them in
obedience to orders from the city admin
instration.
DO YOU REALIZE IT?
Extent to Which Wet Propaganda
is Being Pushed by Many
Magazines
The Cadiz Republican truthfully says
that the extensive propaganda to restore
liquor is not realized by the average man
and woman. The average citizen knows
that many of the metropolitan newspapers
color their news columns as well as their
editorial pages in opposition to prohibi
tion, but they do not know how many
magazines of national reputation are feed
ing their readers with wet propaganda.
The Republican quotes from two of these
to show how far afield they go to slam
prohibition:
From the Living Age:
“The average middle-class American girl
esteems it an excellent thing to get in
toxicated on every possible occasion, and
the American boy is proud of his ability
to carry a skinful of liquor without col
lapsing. Wives are proud to say that their
husbands are suffering from ‘hangovers.’
Husbands encourage their wives to get
drunk in their own homes.”
From Scribner’s magazine:
“There are some who predict a boot
legger president.” “The United States is
the only nation in history that has de
liberately financed the criminal classes.”
“Drinking is a civilizing agent, a benefit
to health and nerves.”
North Carolina has a law making it
compulsory to teach the evil effects of al
cohol on the human system. Teachers
who fail to give the prescribed number of
lessons on the subiect will be dismissed.

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