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American people? You may lay it in part to education
but that is usually a slow, steady process. Here the increase is sudden, radical and increasingly larger. May it not be fairly said that since these remarkable changes date from 1919 and 1920 that with the coming of prohibition hundreds of thousands of families had money to buy milk for all the family instead of beer for part of the family. Now they could afford butter in stead of lard and oleomargine on their bread and they bought it and ate it. The ice cream parlor and soda fountain took the place of the beer hall and the rear wine room. THE FAMILY BEER TRADE In the old license days the residential saloons of our cities did a thriving business in what was known as the “can trade.” It was not an uncommon sight to see women and children, with pitcher or pail in hand, has tening to the corner saloon for the family daily ration of beer. As a rule it required many trips each day with pitcher or pail to supply the average beer-drink ing family. The after-supper trade was especially brisk. Or who can forget the beer-carrier—that apparent ly indispensible individual of so many factories com ing from the nearby saloon back to the factory with his burden of beer pails. These he carried on two long poles, one held in either hand, from each of which dangled a dozen or more pails. These fellows became expert in evenly balancing the pails without spilling the beer. Today these beer-carriers have been sup planted by the milk man who makes regular stops at many of the largest factories, delivering orders for hun dreds of bottles to the workers. The fact that the number of employees in the man ufacture and bottling of cereal beverages, soft drinks, soda and mineral waters has nearly doubled since pro hibition is significant. There are other arguments to be found in these sharply upturned production lines in a score of other by-products from this huge milk sup ply. In the face of these facts it is not hard to under stand why the American milk producers and the agri cultural groups generally are stout defenders o* prohibition. PHENOMENAL INCREASE IN THE PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION OF DAIRY PRODUCTS, MINERAL AND SODA WATER UNDER NATIONAL PROHIBITION The following figures are taken from the 1925, 1926, 1930 Statistical Abstract of the United States, issued by the United States Department of Commerce under the headings dairy products, beverages, etc. product 1909 1919 increase 1924 increase over 1919 Milk . 7,466,406,000 gals. 7,805,144,000 gals. 338,738,000 gals. 9,198,304,000 gals. 1,393,160,000 gals. Butter . 1,619,415,000 lbs. 1,628,216,000 lbs. 8,801,000 lbs. 2,087,091,000 lbs. 458,875,000 lbs. *Ice cream. No record 133,056,000 gals. 181,564,000 gals. 48,508.000 gals. 1928 inc. or 1928 over 1924 232,185,000 gals. 50,621,000 gals. INCUKASB OB DECREASE YEARS WAGE EARNERS + OR — fBrewery and malt employees. 1914 62,070 1919 34,259 -27,711 ^Mineral waters, soda waters and other soft drinks. 1914 15,506 1921 33,202 +17,696 1923 29,274 —3,928 1925 27,384 —1,890 1927 26,972 -412 ^Beverage—Mineral and Soda Water. 1914 15,506 1921 33,302 1927 26,972 POUNDS Tobacco production. 1909 1,055,765,000 1919 1,371,504,000 1924 1,106,340,000 ♦Apparently prior to 1919 the manufacture of ice cream was not of sufficient importance to justify statistical attention, but in the first five-year period (1919-1924) for which statistics are given it increased more than 38 per cent, and in the next four years (1924-1928) it registered a larger Increase than it did in the previous five-year period by 28 per cent more in 1928 than in 1924. tin view of the very fanciful estimates put out by the beer advocates that the return of the manufacture of beer would greatly relieve the unem ployment situation, it Is interesting to note that the total number of brewery employees in 1914 was 62,070, that by 1921 there were still 18,551 who were still engaged in the cereal beverage manufacture having less than one-half of 1 per cent of alcohol. Prom 1923 on, all nouintoxicating beverage* including mineral and soda water seem to have been classed together in the table. tUp until 1919, malt beverage employees were listed separately. After the coming of prohibition, at least after 1923, they were listed under th« general classification of beverages which included mineral and soda waters and other soft drink*. Remarks About Speakeasies By William E. (Pussyfoot) Johnson THE Statesman, the chief exponent of the British raj in India, has this to say: “One reason why Mr. Gandhi should go to America is to study prohibition, and if ever he does, we hope he will be taken round the speakeasies.” It is wholly unnecessary for Mr. Gandhi to go to America to inspect speakeasies. He could find plenty of them right in Cal cutta where the Statesman is published. He could find them in every important city in India—plenty of them. In its losing fight to suppress speakeasies, and at the same time license the drink traffic, the Indian government compels the renters to keep their houses open. Licensed liquor dealers who leave their bars closed for even an hour are subject to fine and imprisonment. But Mr. Gandhi need not even leave London to find speakeasies. “Sly grog selling” is an important industry in England requiring constant attention of the constables. Rather than go to America to find speakeasies, Mr. Gandhi could run up to the Highlands of Scotland and inspect the she beens. For centuries, the shebeens of Scotland have competed with the licensed liquor dealers in quenching the public thirst. And Mr. Gandhi might run over to Ireland and inspect the il licit distilleries in the western parts. He could there get a bucket full of information. He might step into the library of the British Museum in Lon don. There he would find a whole alcove of books on smuggling and the chronic lawbreaking operations of liquor dealers running back to ancient times. And Mr. Gandhi might drop into Geneva and inspect the rec ords of the International Congress on Smuggling held a few years ago. For three days, official delegates from nearly every nation in Europe plus two official observers from the League of Nations cudgled their brains as to how best to suppress smuggling and illicit liquor operations IN EUROPE. No, it is not at all necessary for Mr. Gandhi to come all the way to America to learn about speakeasies. All this frantic screaming about bootlegging in America does not account for the same sort of sin in other lands. One time a wag put a piece of Limburger cheese in the pants pocket of a drunken friend. On waking from his stupor, the in ebriate went about smelling of everybody in his efforts to locate the stink. He finally located it in his own pocket. If the editor of the Calcutta Statesman will look about him, he will find no difficulty in locating speakeasies without troubling his excited soul about wicked America.