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HERE SHALL THE PRESS THE PEOPLE'S RIGHTS MAINTAIN, UNA WED BY INFLUENCE AND UNBRIBED BY GAIN.
CHARLES E. PAINTER, Editor. STEPHENS CITY, FREDERICK CO., VA., SATURDAY, OCTOBER 29, 1881. VOL. 1.-NO. 16. YORKTOWN CENTENNIAL! Ait Auspicious Opening-. inPOUKa MASONIC CERRMONIK'. Brilliant Speetticle on tho York Utvcr. HONORS TO .•HK-IDKNT ARTHUR Reception by the tJovernor of Virginia. 7ft. (oritri-stone tirthc .W»ittiineiit. YouktowH, Va., Oct. 18.—Alternate clouds auilKiitiehliie, with a cool aud refreshing air, wWJtWeAwi the weather at Yorktown M-day. Throughout tho nioininp public attention was dvided boiween tho beautiful spectacle presi nted by the shipping on Yorktown river and the gayoty always incident to the assem blage of any largo number of brilliantly-uni formed Templars of the Masonic order. On the vi liter the fleet of warvesacls lay at anchor, in a line stretching out for upwards of two miles, the number including the flagship Ten nessee in tho centre, tho Trenton, Franklin, Vandalia, Kearsalge, Saratoga, Poitsmouth and ft large nnmbcr of lessor vessels. All the ehipe or the navy wero gaily dressed with flags JVom stem to stern' an! flew tho tri-color of France at the foremast. The river was filled besides with steamboats, yachts and sail ves sels, and the bluft's weio thronged with spec tators of tho beautiful scene. It is not ex aggeration to say that the waters were alive with movement equal to the activity on land. It was about tight o'clock in the morning when the guns of the. shipping announced the arrival of the government steamer Dispatch with the President of the United Statts on board, a salute of thirty-four guns was fired from all the large war vessi Ib, and the yards were manned, which the President recognized by lifting his hat as his vessel pasEed along the lino until anchor was dropped. At noon the government steamer Catskill, carrying Becreiary Blame and the French guests, was saluted, and at quarter past one o'clock a French frigato and corvetto ex changed salutes with tho flagship Tennessee. Flashing guns rolled clouds of white smoke over the blue water and sent reverberating thunders from shore to shoro all tho morning It was understood that Secretary Lincoln ar rived in the Smithsonian steamer Fiahhawk, on board of which was his family and a num ber of Chicago Mends. Secretary Hunt, of the navy, and Postmaster-General James were with the presidential party. Among others from the seat of government were the following : Senators Blair, Sawyer, McDill, Vance, Johnston, McMillan, Brown, Butler, Hampton, Lapham, Miller, Mitchell, Daws, Aldrlch, Saunders, Morgan, Walker, Harrison, Pugh, Williams, Call, Bayard and David Davis. Thero were also ex-Secretary Ramsay and ex-Senator McDonald. Many of the Senators and others were accompanied by ladies. Tho members of the House of Representa tives who came were Briggs and Hail of New Hampshire, Martin ot Delaware, Goodo and other members from Virginia, Davis of North Carolina. Van Amnion of New York, Wash burn Of Minnesota, and others. Next to the President the men who excited the greatest curiosity were David Davis, Bayard and Lap ham. When tho President's steamer was anchored General Hancock, Admiral Porter, Rear-Admiral Wyman, and General Wm. T. Sherman, w ho had also como down on a govern ment vessel, went aboard the Dispatch and paid their respects to General Arthur. Admiral Porter's flag was run up on board the Trenton, which from that moment becamo the flagehip of the squadron. There was time only lor the exchange of the briefest courtesies between the high officers of the army and navy with the President when the Chief Magistrate got into a steam lunch and went ashore. Ab the signal guns on tho water heralded the arrival of the French guests in tho harbor, the Masonic orders entered the enclosure where the corner-stone ceremonies were to t»k« place. The Grand Lodge of the State of Virginia, which had been assigned the duties of the hour, was escorted by Mary Commandery of Philadelphia, members of the Grand Lodgo of Pennsylvania, and the following command cries : Beauscant, of Baltimore ; Old Domin ion, of Alexandria ; St. Andrew, of Richmond. The Fredericksburg Commandery and repre sentatives in uniform from similar associations In Rhode Island and other states, and about five hundred Knights Templar appeared in line, wearing tho showy uniforms and trap pings of their order. The corner-stone was already under a dor tick, ready at the appropriate time to be low ered into place. The platform surrounding the spot was arranged in the form of a lodge room. In front lay on a trestle; eight or ten beautifully ornamented brass guns which Lord Cornwallis had surrendered on this ground, and which had been brought from different arsenals to give interest to tho occasion. A handsomo model of the monument to bo built was placed Hoar the site of tho corner-stone. In a receptacle of the corner-stone was placed a Bilver-lined copper box, made in Richmond, Va., two and a-half feet long, two feet wide and eighteen inches deep. CONTENTS OF THE BOX. 11l the copper box deposited in the corner. stone aro the following articles : One copy of the Holy Bible, copper coin ot the United States, 1703 ; copper coin of 1783, Washington and Independence ; ono silver coin of the United States, 1776 ; three nickol medals, cop per coin of 1787, "Mind Your Business ;" cop per coin of 1773, one cent; Canada coin, 18,19 ; one French coin ; 1874 ; $ltO Virginia tivasury note of October, 18(12. $100 Confederate inter est-bearing note ; $100 Confederate treasury note ; copy of programme issued by the Com mercial Club of Richmond, Va., of the York town Centennial; photograph of Confederate flags combined ; Yorktown Centennial medal, diagramo of corner-stone as furnished for execution :Richmond (Va.)postoftico memorial —schedule of arrival and departure of mails lßßusd 20th of September, 1881 ; copy of a Vir ginia real estate journal of October 1881 ; copy of travels of Ego and Alter, published in 1879 ; copy of methods of teaching languages, and of Yorktown Centennial volume ; copy of "York town Campaign and surrender of Carnwallis, 1781;" copy of the "Warwick Richardson Almanac" for 1881 ; copy of character of Yorktown Centennial Association , by-laws of South Carolina Commandery, No. 1, chartered 1824 ; copy of by-laws of Joppa Lodgo. No. 10, Richmond, Va., copy of a sketch of Solomon Lodge, No 1, and by-laws of Winterpock Lodge, No. 94, of Chesterfield ; copy of a postal card calling meeting of Amity Lodge, No 76 of Richmond, to consider Yorktown Centen nial ; a leaf lroin the Bible on which George Washington was made a Mason , also oxtracts from records of the lodgo showing his connec tioni withlit,; alsoi a roll of 1,881 men from the Fredericksburg ,Va.) Lodge, No. 4 ; copy of proceedings of Grand Commandery of Knights Tomplar ot Virginia for 1880 ; also copy of diploma (parchment) Grand Chapter of Vir ginia s contribution , copy of Hover R A C text-book, edition 18, proceedings for 1880 ; torm of diplomas on parchment; form of chapter ou parchment ; form of commission to grand representatives; copies of official rom micHioiiH nnd di-ponsation Grand Lodge of Virginia; copy of first and fourth editions of Dover (Va.) text- books ; copy of proceedings i of laying the corner-stone by the Brand Lodge ( of Washington monummt, February 22, 1050 ; i copy of proceedings in unveiling the same, 22d i February, 1858 ; of procceliiigs for 1878, con- I taiuing ccrcmouv of unveiling monument ] erected by tho Maeons of Virginia to the i memory of Dr. John Dore, who had served as ] secretary from 1856 to lb7o ; copy of proceed- i ings for 188(1; ropy of reprint of proceedings from 1738 to 1822, sotting forth the progress of the fraternity during the Intervening yearß ; ' also giving history of the organization of tho : Grand Lodge in 1778 to 1822 ; steel-plate en- i gravings of ihc grand masters who had pre sided over tho lodgo from 1778 to 1822 ; also of the late grand secretary ; an elctrotype of the seal of the Grand Lodge ; copy of form of charter issued to subboi-dinato lodges on parchment signed by tho present grand roa«ter ; copy of form of diploma on parch ment ; copy of commission issued by grand representatives ; copy of fomiß of dispensa tion and other official documents; copy of special committee on Masonic jurisprudence, adopted in 1856; copy of report of special comruittco on Frecmaeonary and the war, i adopted in 18(14; copy of tho programme of ; the ceremonies of laying tho coruer-stono of ! this monument; copy of the Code of Virginia, edition of 1873 ; copy of Webster's Dictionary, unabridged ; a full set of lodgo jewels, of silver; liat of names of holders of Yorktown Centennial shares and membership tickets; a copy of all the music sung by the Centennial . chorus, and a list of officers and members of Amity Lodge, No. 70, of Richmond. AT THE OBAND STAND. The members of the Grand Lodge of Vir- I ginia an! other participants marched to the music of full bands to their places, and in half i an hour were ready for work. In tho mean time a large and brilliant assemblage of rep- i rescntative people from every quarter of the i Union and from all the States had assembled i in the main saloon of Layfaette Hall, near by. [ Here Governor Holliday,' of Virginia, wearing \ his empty slievo for tho loss of an arm in the 1 Confederate service, received and welcomed i the members of the congressional committee ' and commissioners of tho thirteen original ' Btatcs. The gentlemen were accompanied by ' many ladies, and there was a large sprinkling I of brilliant uniforms of regular and volunteer officers from all branches and grades of the military and naval service. The main hall'and adjoining apartments wero elaborately trim med with national and French colors. Not only tho walls, but the ceilings wero wholly i hidden by drapery, beautifully festooneed. j The flags of tho States and evevergreens, pic tures of Washington, Lafayette and Gar- ' field wcie used with fine effect in I ornamentation. The Governors of thirteen i States of tho Union paid their respesets to , Governor Holliday and the commission, as fol lows : Hamilton, of Maryland ; Hall, of Dela- " ware ; Jarvis, of North Carolina ; Colquitt, of 3 Georgia; Blackbnm, of Kentucky ; Cornell, , of New York, (who was accompanied by Mrs. ( Cornell ;) Liitlofiold, of Riioclo Island ; Farn ham, of Vermont; Smith, of Wisconsin; • Jerome, of Michigan, and Gullom, of Illionis. ' Tho Governor of Michigan, besides his mili- i itary escort, is attended by fifty-six members ■ of the Legislature of the State and two bun- , tired and fifty citizens of influence. Of all .' tho Western States Michigan takes the had in "• this patriotic demonstration. The great State of Ohio was unrepresented, except, by high officers in tho federal service. In the midst of tho international reception General Hancock, accompanied by two officers ! of his staff, entered the room, and every one ■ gave way for him as he briefly and courteously i paid his respects. , By some unfurtunato combination of circum- Htancea aud the lateness of their arrival the , French guests wero not enabled to land, and ' their absence necessitated a slight modifies- 1 tion iv the phrasing of Gov. Holliday's speech. , Secretary Blame, who was with them, was aleo j of course/not present at the interesting corner stone cermomes or the gubernatioual rccep- ■ tion. BEOIXINO THE CEUMONIEB. ' It was 15 minuets to 1 o'clock before Presi- ' dent Arthur reached tho monument grounds, i He rode np in an ambulance, and was re- | ceived with cheers by the people. Thero v. as , no time for stopping at Lafayette Hall. Frail- . dent Arthur was escorted by Senator John W. ' Johason, of Virginia, and Chief Marshal Robert E. Withers to a seat on tho platform ( in the rear of the seat of tho grand master of the Masons. As he pas sod the people on the Btand rose and tho band played ''Hail the ) Chief," and cheers greeted the Chief Mag- ) titrate from thousands of throats. Gov. Holliday, of Virginia, sat next to Presi- i dent Arthur on the stand, and near him, by . invitation, was Gov. Hamilton and his uni formed staff. Senator Johnston called tho as- i semblago to order. Rev. Robert Nelson ■ offered a prayer of pecular appropriateness, i The band played patriotic airs. Gov. Holli day delivered an address of welcome which elicited frequent applaused, and was really i a very brilliant, appropriate and eloquent speech. The Governor is gifted with a good and well-modulated voice. Senator Johnston I closed the speaking with some remarks appro priate to the occasion. Mr, Peyton S. Coles, grand matter of . Masons of Virginia, laid the corner-stone with all the claborato formalities ; the use of the golden vessels, with corn, by Lawrence, of Massachußett-j: tho square and plumb, by Tyson, of Maryland, and Dick, of Pennsyl vania ; tiif golden vessel of wine and oil aud the emblems of various orders of architecture, by representatives of the original States. Tho' ; anion and sash worn hy Mr. Coles deei'iidcd ' from Washington and Lafayette, aud tho gaval was used on one or two other occasions of national interest. At the conclusion the Presi dent of the United States was informed that the cornor-tone of tho monument about to be erected in commemoration of the surrender of Lord Cornwallis to our illustrious and be loved brother, Gen. George Washington, has been laid with Masonic honors, and ho was roqueßtod to decend and examine the work, and, if approvod, to receive it. In ohidenco to this request formally presentel by a deputa tion, President Arthur went down into the well and signified his satisfaction. This ended the Masonic rites. On behalf of tho order, Past Grand Master Beverely R. Wol ford, of Virginia, delivered an oration, aud tho monument cirnionies wore concluded. President Arthur then went ou board his vessel, expressing his pleasure with the inci dents of tho day to those about him. The President and others cordially congratulated Gov. Holliday for the sentiments of his address. The comanding officers of all the ' ships of the squadron and Senator David Daviß, who occupied a seat during the cer monies at the stand near the President, visi ted Gen. Arthur on his ship, and paid their respects officially. A majority of the Governors of States were lodged under canvas, but all the Senators and officers of high degree took to water as no.vi as they could, to get out of tho intolerable dust of Yorktown and the discomfort of primi tive modes of life. The roads of the town — they cannot bo called streets—were black with people of all colors and both sexes. At night Lafayette Hall waa illuminated and sent up showers of rockets, lighting the aky and sur ' ronudiugs with brilliant splendor. The rig ging of the war-ships boomed with colored lights liko gar.lenß in a rage of coronation splendor. Tho day spectacle, heightened by the midday splendor of the sun, was grand beyond description, but at night every war ship was a picture of colored lights more bri!. Itant than day, For the review of Thursday by the Presi dent oi tho troops under the command of General Hancock fully fifteen thousand men are already here under arms. In addition to those heretofore reported, detachments arrived to-day from North Carolina, South Carolina, Delaware, Massachusetts and New York. The Massachusetts regiment came by rail from Richmond, but the road was not complctod and they bail to tramp several miles. . SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. Tho Order of the Cincinnati, composed of the eldest lineal descendants of tho original members, who were regular continental offi cers of the revolution, wero iuvitod to take part in the centennial celebration. Several representatives accordingly assembled at Major-General Hancock's headquarters tout of the encampment, on the Temple farm. Among those participating in tho centennial, heredi tary or honorary members, are Brevet-Majoi-) General Silas Casey, Unitod States army, re tired, of the Massachusetts State Society; Gen. noratio Rogers, late United States volun teers ; Col. James M. Varnum, of Gov. Cora noil's staff, of New York ; Judge Advocate As- Bird Gardno", of Major-General Hancock's division staff; Hon. J. M. Addeman, secretary of Statu of Rhode Island ; all of tho Rhode Island State Society ; Major-General Geo. W. Morroll, late United States volunteers, and Major-General W. S. Hancock, of the New York State Society ; Major-General-Gerßham Mott, late of the United States volunteers, and Adjutant-General Wm. S. Strykcr, of tho New Jersey State Society ; Vice-President Gen. Wm. A. Irvine, and Hon. Wm. Wayne, of the Pennsylvania State Society ; Gen. Wilmot G. Do Saussera and Hon. Wade Hampton, of the South Carolina State Society. This society was founded at army headquar ters, Ncwburg, on the Hudson, in 17811, by Washington, Steuben, Lincoln. Knox and the other continental officers to commemorate in dependence, and they enjoinid on their eldest male posterity to continue tho society fur tho most patriotic and national objects. Lafayetto, Kosciusko, Rochambea'i, do Grasse, de Uar ras, tie Broglio and the principal French officers, by special warrant from Louis XVI, wero permitted to become members in order to perpetuate the recollection of an alliance which assured the independence of the United States. SECOND DAY. Yorktown, Va., October 10.—At 10.45 this morning Secretary Blame and the French and German delega tions in full uniform arrived at Lafay ette Hall, on entering which the Mar ine band, of Washington, d'scoursed musio. They passed through an aisle on ne side of which was a line of mil itary ilTuers, with senators, congress men and other persons of distinction on tho other. At tho end of the hall the President was mtt bj Secretary Blame, and the two gentlemen walked through the aisle, bidding good-morn ing to thoso present as they passed. Then they returned, and in a few mo ments the patty started for the grand stand, Pies dent Arthur and Secretary Hunt leading. They were received with cheers as they appeared upon the platform. Next crins Secretary Blame, escorting the French delegation, fol lowed by tho German delegation. Gen. Sherman with his staff, in uniform, were next in line, Gen. Hancock and staff following. Gen. Hancock had his littlo bay by the hand as he walked to the stand, and was given three cheers. After a general handshaking the cere montes were opened with prayer by Bishop Harris. Ho invoked a Divine blessiag upon tho United States and the republic of France, he prayed that God would bless all the crowned heads of the world. The Poindexter centen nial hymn was sung by the choruses from Baltimore, Richmond and Wash ington. President Arthur was then intio duced and tpoke as follows : Upon this soil ono hundred years ago our forefathers brought to a successful issue their heroic struggle for independence. Here and then was established, and as we trust made secure upon this continent for ages yet to come, that principle of government which is tho very fibre of our political system—the sovereignty of the people. The resentments which attended and for a timo survived the clash of arms havo long since ceasod to ani mate our hearts. It is with no feeling of ex ultation over a defeated foe that to-day we summon up a remembrance\of those events which have made holy the ground whereon we tread. Surely no such unworthy sentiment could find harbor in our hearts, so profoundly thrilled with expressions of sorrow aud'sym pathy which our national bereavement has evolved from tho people of England and their august sovereign ; but it ia altogether fitting that we should gather here to refresh our souls with the contemplation of the unfaltering patriotism, tho sturdy zeal and the sublime faith which achieved tho results we now com memorate. For so, if wo learn aright the lesson of the hour, shall we be incited to trans mit to the generation which shall follow the precious legacy which our forefathers left to us—the love of liberty protected by law. OX that historic scene which we here celebrato no feature is more prominent and none more touching than the participation of our gallant allies from across tho sea. It was their pres ence which gave fresh and vigorous impulse to the hopes of our countrymen when well nigh disheartened by along series of disasters. It was their noble and generous aid extended in the darkest period of tho Btruggle which spoil the coming of our triumph, and made the capitulation at Yorktown possible a century ago. To their descendants and representatives who are present as the honored guests of tbe nation it is my duty to offer cordial welcome. You have a right to share with us the associa tions which eltißtcr about the day when your fathara fought side by side with our faihers in the cause which was here crowned with success, and noun of the memories awakened by thia anniversary aro more grateful to us all than the reflection that the national friendships here so closely cemenied have outlasted the mutations of a changeful century. God grant, my countrymen, that they may ever remain unshaken and that ever henceforth with our selves and with all the nations of the earth we nay be at peace. The President was not interrupted during tho delivery of his address, but there was great enthusiasm at its close. Max Outrcy, then, in behalf of the French delegation, was introduced by Secretary Blame, and delivered the fol lowing'address : The French government has felt much touched by the friendly sentiments which In spired the United States with the thought of asking France to participate in the Yorktown Centennial, and heartily desires to respond in a manner worthy of both republics to the in vitation sent by the Prudent of tho United States in behalf of tho people of America. The manifestation of public sympathy follow ing the initiative taken by the Congress of the United States, bidding France to this national festival, has been looked upon by us not only as au act of the highest courtesy, but especi ally aa a mark of affectionate regard having tho noble aim of cementing yet more closely the ties which unite the two republics. In commemoration of this day, which represents one of the grandest events of the political ex istence of tliis country, the French government has sent a mission composad of special dele gates from different departments, and the I President of tho French republic, wishing to mark his personal sympathy, has sent one of his own aides-decamp. They thus dcßiro to show particularly their appreciation of the graceful compliment paid to our country. Each and all of us aro proud of having been called to the honor of representing Franco on this auspiciouß day. The monument which is here tj be erected will not only recall a glorious * mtjry, tat it will perpetuate the recollections of an ever faithful alliance, faithful through the trials and vicissitudes of an eventful coun try, and, as the President of the Freneb'repnblic has so truly said, it will consecrato the Union sprung from generous and liberal aspirations, and which the institutions wo can boast of in common must necessarially strengthen and develop for tho good of both countries. In coming to this Yorktown Centennial we como to celebrato the day which ended that long and bittor struggle against a great nation, now our mutual ally and friend, who hcie, as under all skies where her flag has floated, has left ineffaceable marks of her grand and civilizing spirit. Wo came to celebrato tho gloriouß date when the heroes of independence were able to set their final seal to the solemn proclamation of the 4th of July, 1770. We come also to salute the dawn of that era of prosperity where, led by her great men, America permitted tho intelligence of hor peo ple to soar and their energy to manifest itself, and thus the power of tho United States has strengthened and every year haß added to tho prestiago which surrounds her star-spangled banner. When France brought from beiond the seas the co-operation of her army and of her navy to this valliant pooplo engaged in a war for its independence, when Lafayette, Rochambeu, De Graseo and so many others drew in their footsteps the young and brave scions of our most illustrious lamilies, they yield to a generous impulse and came with dis interested courago to sustain tho cause of liberty. A blessing went with their endeavors and gave success to their aians, for when one hundred years ago, as to-day, tho French and the Americansgiasped each other's hands at Yorktown, they realized that they had helped to lay the corner-stone of a great edifice. But surely tho most far-sighted among those men would have started had he been able to look down the long vista of a century ami see at this end this renublie, then young and strug gling wiih all the difficulties which surround her, now calm, radiant and beaming with her halo of prosperity. The great Washington him self, whose genius foresaw the destiny of this country, could not havo predicted this. Truly the United States havo made, especially in theso latter yeara, gigantic strides along the rmte to still greater progress by showing to the world what can bo accomplished by an energetic nation always as respectful of its duties as jealouß of its rights. America has given a great example, and has been a cause of juicing to all true lovere of liberty. France is pTaU'Tof having contributed to found this great republic, and her wishes for your pros perity are deep and sincere. Tho mutual frienship ia founded ou many affinities of taste and aspirations, which time cannot destroy, and future generation, I trust, will assist again in this same place at the spectacle upre cedented in history of two great nations re newing from century to century a compact of fiaternal and inipeiishable affection. I will not close without thanking the Federal govern ment, the different States of tho Union of which the delegation have been guestßjJalao the peoplo of America for the sympathy and wel come extended to the representatives of France. Each of us will treasure the recollections of American hospitality and the friendly senti ments which have been manifested to us in every place and in every sphere. The Marquis De Bochambeau made a graceful response in French, in which he said : Citizens of the United States, you havo invited us to celebrato with you tho great achievement of arms, and we did not hesitate to brave tho terrors of the ocean to Bay to you that what our fathers and brothers did in 1781, wo, their bous, would bo willing to do to-day, and to attest our constant friendship, and to farther show that wo cher rish the same sentiments as our fathers in those glorious days we celebrate. In the name of my companions, who represent hero the mi n "who fought, permit me to hope that the attachment formed in these days around this monument, which is about to be erected, will again celebrate tho victory which joined our fathers in comradeship and alliance. Baron Sieuben then responded in German in an appropriate speech, which was loudly applauded. There were vociferous cheers for oar distin guished guests. He could not decline a call to speak when he retlectcd that he might aid in bringing back in a small degree, if only for a day, the old relations of mutual amity and good nature which existed ill tho days of our fathers be tween Virginia and Massachusetts. It was peculiarly his to bear the greetings of Plymouth Book to Jamestown and of Bunker Hill to Yorktown. Our earliest and latest aeknow- FMntaents are duo this day to Franco. The enthusiasm kindled in the breast of Lafayette when he heard of our Declaration of Indepen dence was tho beginning of that generous flame which inspired our subsequent relations wi'h France, and lod tho train of influences and events culminating fonr years after in the surrender of Cornwallis. Mr. Winthrop then (aced the historical incidents of the alliance ith France and tho operations before Y'ork | wii. He referred to the joy of Washington 'or tho tidings of the arrival of the Count Do Gi'asso with his fleet in Chesapeake bay. '•Thanks to God ; thanks to France from all our hearts at this hour tor this true aud pure joy which lightened the hearts and dispelled the anxieties of our incomparable leader." He depicted with graphic power the scene follow ing tho surrender. Each of tho prominent personages who participated in this event was sketched with rare fidelity. In his tribute to Washington ho says: "Virginians, you hold his dust as tbo most precious possession of your soil, and would not let it go even to the massive mausoleum prepared for it beneath the Capitol at Washington, which no other dust can ever fill. Sacredly and jealously guard his principles, his examples. No second Washington will ever be yours or ours." Addressing tho French delegation, after an elotpient review of the services rendered by France, bo said : "Welcome, welcome, then to tho representatives of France who* have conic, at tho invitation of our government) to wit ness some of tbo results of what Frenchmen did for us and bellied ub to do for ourselves so long ago, and may peace and good-will bo perpetual between the land of Lafayette and tho land of Washington. We of this genera tion cannot stand hero to-day on this soil of Virginia without a thrill of exultation and thanksgiving that we are here as brothers, from tbo St. Johns to the Bio Grande, from the Atlantic to the Pacific ; but it is of our future that it becomes us to speak. What aro to bo its issues" Wo cannot conceal oven from ourselves that all has not gone well with us of late. He referred to the vice, crime, J peculation and embezzlements, bribery and corruption, and also assassination which stalk our Btreetß, and ho urged a higher standard of civil reform. Pologamy must ceasiato pollute our land; civil service must be reformed. There must bo universal correction. Emanci pation nnißt bo made complete. Nihilism, communisms and Feniiinisms must be dis couraged. Nor can godless theories of crea tion or infidel attempts to rule out tho Re deemer from His rightful place in our hearts att'ord us any tiope of security. That way lies despair. Let that Virginia phrase, "God save the liberties of America !" bo ours in all time to como. He closed with a line of allusion to our late "basely-wounded, sorely-suffering President," and an exhortation to the States "never to be diaunitod." The oration was listened to with great interest, aud at its conclusion he was loudly cheered. The band in the meantime played "The Star Spangled Banner," Mr. James Barron Hope, of Virginia, then read tho poem, which was entitled "Anns and Man " It was of very con siderable length and contained many striking passages and patriotic senti timents. The poet then described tho invest ment of Yorktown giving pictures of the French commanders, • Musio by the band concluded the cer emonies. About two thousand people wero present on the stand but there were none outside the lines. The day, which opened with a clear sky and a de cline in the temperature of some de grees, has been quite comfortable. Gov. Ludlow and staff, accompanied by mamy ladies, arrived by the steamer William Crane this morniDg; also the Pennsylvania troops accompanied by Gov. Hoyt and Gen. Haitranft. At the conclusion of the ceremonies at the Washington monument, there was a reception in Lafayette Hall, to which the general public was admitted. Hundreds of people thronged the build ing. Secretary Blame acted as master of ceremonies, and Hon Joseph Haw ley introduced the people to the Presi dent. The reception lasted about half au hour and there were hundreds of peoplo in the line when the President lelt the building. The first to be pre sented were Gov. Long and staff, of Massachusetts, who were followed by Governor Cornell aud staff, of New York ; the Governor of Michigan and his staff and the Govornors of other States. Among those who were in the line and shook hands with tho President was the wife of ex-President Tylor. AH of the distinguished guests have gone to their respective ships and the monument is now deserted. saluting: the BnrnsH flag. President Arthur visited tho flagship Franklin this afternoon, and was salu ted by the different vessels in the har bor on his departure and return. The following order was read by Secretary Blame at the celebration to day. In recognition of tho friendly rela tions fo long and so happily existing between Great Britain and the United States, in the trust and confidence of peace and good-will between thei two countries for all the centuries to come, and especially as a mark of the profound respect entertained by ihe American peoplo for the illustrious sovereign and gracious lady who sits upon the British throne, it is hereby ordered that at the close of these ceremonies coaimeniora tivo of the valor and success of our forefathers in the patriotic struggle for independence, tho British flag shall be saluted by the forces of tho army and navy of the United States now at York town. The Secretary of War and the Secretary of the Navy will give orders accordingly. Chester A. AitTmit. By the President: Jas G. Blame, Secretary of State. THIRD AX.D CLOSING DAY <;.niiii .tlilimiv I)l.play. Yobktown, Va., Oct. 10.—The hun dredth anniversary of the battle of Yorktown was concluded to-day with a grand review of land and naval forces. It was the original intention to devote Friday to the naval display, but Presi dent Arthur's desire to reach Washing ton as quickly as possible induced the officers having charge of the celebration to curtail it one day, greatly to the sat isfaction of all parties. The great military camp was soon in active movement, preparing to tuko part in the pageant of the day. A grand stand for President Arthur and other dignitaries, including tho French and German guests, was speedily erected in front of the pavilion and furnished with chairs for those privileged to occupy them. By ten o'clock every place on the stand was filled. Thero were rows of governors of states and staff officers. President Arthur aud Secretary Hunt of the Navy came at 10:80, and the seats near them were soon occupied by the guests from France and Germany and many distinguished Americans of the civil, military and naval branches of the public service. Under the direction of Colonel Craig hill a guard of soldiers belonging to the engineer corps, and armed breach loaders, with trowel bayonets, kept at a distanco all who wero not entitled to consideration. The President of tho United States occupied tho place of honor, and grouped around him wero many of the first men of the nation, as well as many beautiful ladies. Tho vast field was alive with tents as far as tho ejo could reach; on every avenue of the camp leading to tho pa rade ground could be seen the heads of columns oi troops ready to move at the signal. Nor was there much suspense. While the workmen were nailing up supports for an awning to shield them from the snn the President took his seat, with the members of his cabinet and others. Near him was the Presi dent of the Senate, General Shernmn and staff, Admiral Porter and other naval officers. The tovernors of Mary land, Michigan and New Hampshire sat on the right with their staffs, but staff officers' uniforms were too numerous to excite interest or comment. THE (nUHS TARADE. It was a few minutes after ten o'clock A. M. when the signal gnn was fired for the column to form. General Hancock and his staff rode up to the reviewing stand, where they dismounted. The general commanding saluted tho Presi dent, and the column passed on, headed by a splendid band of music. First came the regulars of the army, of whom there were twelve companies, belonging to the second, third and filth artillery, marching as infantry, nnd four compa nies of the tenth infantry, numbering altogether about fifteen hundred men. The next division was a naval brigade, headed by the Marine Band of Wash ington, and consisting of four compa nies of marines and fifteen companies of sailors from the fleet, marching as in fantry. The salt-water soldiers wore sailor's caps and wbito gaiters. Tho whole naval force was nearly 2,000 men. A battory of boat howitzers and four Gatling guns brought up the rear of the division, while an apprentice, with a Newfoundland dogin leash, led them. Ten companies of veterans from the Soldiers' Home completed the force of regulars, and they were not the least interesting part of the display. The state Iroops took their places in. tbe order of the adoption of the consti tution. Under this rule Georgia came first of ;he militia. The Empire State of tho South was represented by the Chatham Artillery of Savannah, whose guns had been captured at Yorktown, and were piesected to the command by General Washington. The first volun teer infantry was the picked regiment of ten companies of New Jersey state troops, numbering six hundred men, uniformed in dark blue, with red blan kets rolled.*and ipiked helmets. The solid ranks) admirable marching and soldierly bearing of the command elic ited rounds of applause, which the reg ulars had failed to elicit. Little Dela ware was next, with a battalion of six full companies and a good band. Penn sylvania was fittingly represented by eleven companies, uniformed with reg ulation blue overcoats, in heavy march ing order. The contingent presented solid company fronts, and won deserved applause. Massachusetts was represented by the Ninth Regiment, in dark blue, with leather leggins, and headed by a large band in white uniforms, trimmed with gold. The command numbered 600 muskets. Their marching did not come upjto expectations, and was that of the New Jersey troops. THE MAKYLANDEIiS. General James It. Herbert and staff headed the Maryland State troops. The General rode a magnificent horse belonging to GeDeral B. Snowden An drews of the Governor's Staff. The band of the Fift Regiment played the inspiring strains of "My Maryland," and everybody cheered. TEOOrS FliOM OTHEII fcTATES. South Carolina had ten companies, wearing grayand carrying the celebrated Palmetto flag. New Hampshire was repiesented by a battalion. General Fitz Lee commanded the Virginia troops, and was greeted with cheers all along the line. He and his staff wore the full Confederate gray uniforms ap propriate to officers of their rank in that service, forming in this particular a marked contrast to the Hue, staff and field officers generally. Tho Virginia quota was made of lavalryand infantry, and numbered about 900 men. The Boston Cadets marched in the midst of the Virginia brigade, This corps is a battalion of three companies, formed in vthite coats, trimmed with bullion, and blue pants. The Cadeta did not go into camp, but during their stay here remained in*quarters on board a steamer. Four companies of the Cadets of the Virginia Military In stitute served as an escort for the crack corps of Boston, and the two organiza tions attracted universal attention. Governor Blackburn, of Kentucky, in citizen's dress and a plug hat, rode with General Fitz Lee's staff. Old North Carolina was represented by a full regi ment, in gray aud feathers. The ' 'Tar heel State" made a good showing. Now York was headed by mounted staff of officers, and a line of staff on foot. Tho Thirteenth Regiment and two in dependent companies comprised the Stute's quoto. Rhode Island turned out a battalion, headed by a splended band. Vermont had two companies in gray and one in red uniforms. Ken tucky's contingent was five companies, uniformed in gray and blue. Michigan made splendid show of COO infantry, uniformed like regulars and wearing spiked helmets. Their solid appear ance and good marching elicited much applause. '1 he Connecticut contingent of twelve companies only ariived au hour before the review, and had barely time to fall in as the last of the State troops. Two batteries of United States artillery had the left of the line and closed the pageant. In tbe midst of the enthusiasm Gen eial Fitz Lee came up am 1 shook hands with General Hancock over the saddle of a horse standing in front of the plat form. Tho greeting was warm and cor dial, and the people, pleased with the meeting of the gray and the blue in this way, cheered it heartily. General Lee was introduced by General Hancock to President Arthur and to a number of the French visitors. They were both so much cheered that a lady standing near said of General Hancock that every time the people looked at him they shouted.