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STEPHENS GITY STAR.
IIEKE SHALL THE PI.ESS THE PEOPLE'S RIGHTS MAINTAIN, UNAWED BY INFLUENCE AND UNBRIBED BY GAIN. ... i . ! 9- — ' ■ ' ' " By BEN. S. GILMORE. STEPHENS CITY, FREDERICK CO., VA., SATURDAY, MARCH 24, 1883. VOL. II—NO. 36. Somebofly'g Darltnar. [Tho following lines were written In 1864, by Mrs. E. Q. Spmgue, now of Wyoming, R. 1., .nd first appeared in the Waverly Magazine. rhey were suggested by seeing a young drum mer-boy lying dead in Lovell General Hospital, at Portsmouth Grove, K. I.] Into a word of the white-washed halls, Where the dead and tho dying lny Wounded by bayonet, shells and bulb, Somebody's darling was borne ono dny. Somebody's darling! so young and so bravo Wearing yot on his pule, sweet fitco, S*on to bo hid by tho dust of the grave, The lingering light of his boyhood's gmco. Matted and damp are tho curls of gold, Kissing tho snow of that fair young brow; Pale are the lips of delicate mold, — Somebody's darling is dying now. Back from tho beautiful, blue-veined brow Brush all the wandering waves of gold; Cross his hands on his bosom now, — Somebody's darling is still and cold! Kiss him once—for somebody's sake; Murmur a prayer, soft and low; One bright curl from its fait- mates tuko, — They wore somebody's pride yon know. Somebody's hand hath rested there! Was it a mother's, soft and white? And have the lips of a bister dear Been baptized in those waves of light? God knows best! lie was somebody's love; Somebody's heart enshrined him there; Somebody woftod Mi name above, Night and morn, on (lie wings of prayer. Somebody wept whoo ho inarched away, Looking so handsomo, brave and grand; Somebody's kiss on his forehead lay; Somebody clung to his parting hand. Somebody's waiting and watching for him, Yearning to hold him again to her heart; — And there he lies wilh his blue eyes dim, And his smiling, childlike lips apart. Tenderly bury the fair, young dead, Pausing to drop in his grave a tear; Carve on the wonden slab at his head, "Somebody's darling similiters here." The Country Doctor. Dr. Brinsley belongs to the noble »rmy of martyrs and heroes known as '•country doctors." Do was the sort of man you could lovo if you loved him; otherwise you would probably Jislike him, for lie was very peculiar; everybody said so. Xow there are leveral ways of being peculiar, and the doctor's ways wen; nut always pleasant ways • -unless yiju loved him. His wife had loved him, and tv her he had seemed the most perfect of men. lie suited her ami she suited him, and they had been very happy, lt must not be supposed that her love had been of the cooing kind. Perhaps the doctor would not havo enjoyed that. Darling Becky rejoiced in making bright, spicy, impudent remarks to her husband. Beniarks which made his big brown eyes sparkle with delight; then ho would meet her half way, and they would fight the most interesting little duels, followed by the most affec tionate reconciliations. But it was now three long years since poor Becky had been resting in her quiet grave and the doctor's friends had decided that lie needed some one to keep house for him. After much persuasion ho had >een particularly introduced to Miss Delia Swan. "What a name!" thought the doctor, but as he looked at her he saw that she was fair, gentle, healthy and twenty-six. "A good, sensible age. must be neat and orderly," was his verdict. In a moment of enthusiastic selfishness he had proposed to her, and in a moment of enthusiastic devotion she had accepted him. They were married. She lived in his house, she poured out his tea and coffee, she entertained his friends, and everybody said: "Oh, how much nicer Bhe was than that other woman!" She was very popular with everybody, but she was not at all popular with the doctor. To him "that other woman" was still all the world and the brightness thereof. So homeless did he feel in the presence of this much nicer woman that his visits to Becky's grave were the only happy hours of his new life. After awhile he became more accus tomed to Delia, and then he began to give her free and frequent lectures on Becky. "She" used to say so and so, Bhe used to do this and that, and as she had been right then, she must be right now and forever, and in every thing. Delia had married "from a sense of duty." and deserved to be punished, but it seemed to her that her punish ment was greater than she deserved. She would not have wished that her husband should forget tho wife of his youth, but she had expected that he would have some regard for tho woman whom he had invited to pre side over his household, and she had hoped to make him comfortable; to "do her duty by him," as she expressed it. Part of that duty she had performed in the most admirable manner; never had the doctor's house been so clean; never had his shirt bosoms shone with such luster; but the heart which beat behind them she had been unable* to conquer. Was it her fault ? Had she not tried to be kind, to be patient, to be meek ? Vu, httt It WM tt» tryin« tbt.l bftd spoiled lt all and shrflacked the sweet ( boldness which love alone can give. She was almost afraid of that un gracious man, and she was jealous '. of Becky, much loved, happy Becky. At the end of six months of such a life the doctor noticed that Delia looked pale and thin. "You need a little more fresh air," he prescribed, "and I shall take you out as often as I can." Not without some in ward fear, but attired in her very best, Delia sat in the buggy by the side of her lord. It was a balmy spring afternoon, nature looked so fresh, so bright, so happy, that a little of this happiness breathed itself into Delia's sad heart. The doctor must also have been touched by these benign influences, for never beforo had he been so kind, so at tentive to h(T, so talkative. She ' smiled several times; twice she abso lutely laughed. She sat a little '■ nearer to him, her cheeks bloomed ; and she was beginning to feel quite comfortable, when, as luck would have it, they happened to ride past a very small cottage, so very small ' that Delia said, "Oh, look! I wonder how people live in such a tiny bit ' of a house?" The doctor's brow grew dark. "In such a house as this," he said in his most impressive manner, "in just • such a house as this my wife and -I • lived in the greatest happiness when ' we were first married." Had Delia been suddenly shifted from India's coral strand to Green- ! land'« icy mountains the shock could hardly have been greater. "His ' wife," she thought, "then if she is ' his wife, what a".n I?" Peculiar 1 reasoning, perhaps, but Delia knew very well what she meant. All ' that evening she sat silently sewing '• and answering the doctor's remarks with a primness of dignity that sur prised him. But be. asked no ques tions and took refuge in thoughts of the old days when Becky sat in that ' same chair, sewing too, but with such bright, loving looks, such an ' interesting way of savin;' things! And now, what a difference! What, in truth, was this woman to him? Not a wife, not even a companion, ' only a housekeeper. And ho gazed ! at her reflectively. It so happened ' that Delia, who had been making desperate efforts to overcome her I sulky mood, looked up at that mo ment and caught tho full meaning ' of the doctor's eyes. Had he slapped her face she could not havo felt it more, but she gave no sign. With ' white fingers that trembled a little ' she folded her work and said, "1 am tired, I will go to my room." ' Delia did not sleep much that ! night. "I must leave hurt," she de- ! cided at last. "I will not live with ' him unless lam really his wife. I ' cannot." Leave him; but how? She would not go back to her mother's house where questions would be asked which she was detormined not to answer; and bestdes it was too I near. Whero could she go? A few hours afterwards that question was answered. She received a letter post marked "Denver, Colorado;" it came from "dear cousin Mamie," and as she read her letter Delia's face 1 brightened; "it is jest what I want- i ed," she said to herself. 1 One evening, when the doctor 1 came home, Bridget met him at the t door and said, "Missus has gone, sir; 1 she had to go a kind of sadden, but she said she would write and tell you." "All right." answered the i doctor, "fione to her mother's," he 1 explained to himself. "I suppose < there is some, sort of fandango 1 going on there." He made himself 1 very comfortable. It was a cool evening, and he smoked his cigar, and put his feet on the stove, with | "no one nigh to hinder." But what 1 the doctor really liked was to be hindered; he enjoyed watching the mild shadow of disapproval stealing 1 over Delia's face; if she had frankly and briskly expressed her opinion, then taken it back prettily, he might have fallen in love with her; but Delia always relapsed into meekness, and all was lost. As the days passed the doctor began to miss his housekeeper. "Why does she not write? Cold-blooded creature!" The cold-blooded creature wrote- Her letter was dated from Denver. It said: Dear Sir—l thought you would be happier without me, so I came here. lam visitirig cousin Mamie. With best wishes for your happiness, I re main sincerely, Delia Brinsley. "A pretty letter—and 'dear sir' to mcl Gone to Denver! Who could have supposed she had spirit enough for that? Littlo goose! Gone to Den ver, by Jove!" Tbe fteetor laughed, he \i\mm\ him self, he was delighted. The next; evening he was on his way to Colo- , rado. That same evening, in far-off, lovely Denver, Delia and Cousin Minnie were comparing notes about ' their husbands. Delia had been very j cautious and Mamie was enthusiastic : . about the doctor. "If he was my hus- : band 1 would llirt with him and make him fall desperately in love with me," she declared. "Flirt with him!" exclaimed Delia. ! "Certainly, it would be all right, and so interesting! Now, John is so good ' natured and always the same, 1 some-, times wish ho would be a little bit cross, just for a change." "What a sadly ftiutir world this is," thought Delia when she was alone, f "no one is really contented and happy." Then she became very home sick; not only did she miss the doctor, I but she also missed herself, s:io had always been so prudent, so submissive, and now she had done such a wild, wicked thing! Had she not promised j "for better and for worse?" r One morning thero came a tremen dous ring at tho door. D.!lia knew that ring, she heard it all over her and ; turned pale. "Bound to get in," said j Mamie, as she hurried to the door. "Is Mrs. Brinsley in?" asked a big voice. Mrs. Brinsley was in. She came - g forward smiling, rosy-cheeked, collect ed and transformed. <£he held out her hand; she was glad to see the doctor; she presented him to Cousin Mamie. They sat down. "Where are you . stopping?" asked Delia. "At the . Windsor." And she became as deeply interested in the Windsor as if the doctor had come expressly for the pur pose of ending his days there. But Dr. Brinsley was not altogether defense less. "I came to see if you would take a ride with me. The carriage is at the door. Come just as you are." "Oh!" said Delia. And she went The mountains were "perfectly mag nificent," as Delia remarked, but thi doctor made quick work of them. "How soon will you be ready to J come home?" he askod quietly. "I don't know. I intended to stay all summer. I think—l think—" But she could not tell him what she thought. She was glad ho had come; she wanted to go back witli him; she loved him, now. But did he love her? If he would only lie a little more gentle, more lover-like. The doctor was not very gentle; his manner was clear cut and decided, but—if she . would only have looked at him! "How soon will you como home?" he repeated. "I want you to come home." Then, slowly, she lifted up her eyes to his. Was this the way he used to look at Becky? Not quite; no one ' shoul.l ever see that look again in the ' doctor's eyes. But Delia did not } know that, and it seemed very good to ! her to be looked at in this way. "I will go whenever you like," she answered at last. ' Then the doctor did say something ' gentle and lover-like. They were married already. Let 119 1 ' hop? "they were happy ever after wards. ' ———«. 1 Some Strange Beliefs. ( The Chinese hill tribes believe that , man litis only three souls, and these are satisfactorilydisposed Of. Oneappropri- , ately and conveniently remains in tho grave, another takes up his position at the ancestral board, and the third f roams about unrestrained in t v io spirit \ . world, and not necessarily upon earth- Many of the hill women are fond, as 1 j in India, of giving their dead child • ! < dog, or (by dint of prayers aud suppli- j cations) the departed spirit of an old \ and experienced person as a guide, , that the wanderer may not miss its f way on the path to tho spirit world, j ( For this reason it was that the Mon. | , golians sent slaves to accompany their ( dead princes. The Chinese, howover f , have a more humane idea. They be- , lieve that since it is likely that the t dead man will be unable to find his j way safely to the world of spirits, and j may as probably as not stray from the right path, the kings of the under world would furnish him with a little j , devil to act the part of guido and ser- J vant to the newly-disembodied spirit j on its journey. The Poles used to have a notion of a similar kind, though 1 they, like the Chinese, did not displaj 1 i it in such an unpleasant way for sur. < vivors. It was their custom to lay | ] bears' claws in tho grave to serve tht i dead man as hooks, with the help ol j 1 which lie might climb the great glass j ' mountain. According to the common ' ] notion among the Karens the dead re- ! new as "plu-pho" in the world of I'lu, I 1 under the sovereignly of the great 1 King Cootay or Theedo, the oocupa- ; : tions which they had followed while j as yet mortals upon earth—a curious 1 hint at the caste system of the Ilin. j doos, which hits no place with the Ivti renni while they arc alive,--[Coruhi T l Mitglzlne. VERY DANGEROUS. ▼lilt to n NHro-Ulycrrlnr Fartory.-A I'lnec Where vl.nn I.ivn Are In loustaut ItauUM'. Near the village of Tweed, Canada, and at the water's edge of Stoco Lake, is a fair-sized, unpretentious, isolated wooden building, the appear ance of which would cause a stranger t) inquire why a good building was erected in such an isolated locality, and it was so closely guarded, as a ' solitary Jwatchman, day ami night the year ronn. cnecks the stops and in quires the business of the curious as they stray near. As the eyo pawing upwards reads "JUtro-glycerino factory i —very dangerous," in big letters above the door, the use for which the building is int»nded and the neeesuty for watchful care if ap parent. At the door were seen lying iron casks sheeted inside with lead, and in these casks are imported the pure glycerine and mixed acids used In the factory. A cask of mixed acid is hoisted by machinery to the tipper story and dumped into a mixing tub, in which the mixing blades aro turned by a man who is stationed in a tight box and has in front of him a thermometer. As tho glycerine runs into the acid a vapor is engendered in which life is scarcely supportable, hence the man at the crank is stationed in a close box The acid and in their admix ture rapidly heat, and the compound has to be toned ilown by cold water or ice; hence the greatest watchfulness is necessary at this point. As the heat is allowed to run up to 80 degrees, and nitro-glycerino explodes at 90 degrees, there remains but 10 degrees of heat between the men and eternity.or, as the manager remarked, if the heat run up to 90 degrees they would not have lime to pucker their mouths to say "good-by." It is needless to say that, while the I work is going on, strangers aro never allowed to enter tho building, as it is necessary that every man should have his individual attention at such times upon his work. "Strict rules govern our men," remarked tho manager, "as the least venturo at experimenting would leave no ono to tell how the ac cident happened." The nitro-glycerine thus manufactured has an explosive forco ten times greater than that of blasting powder, and is used on very heavy work, but we sell very little in that shape, remarked tho manager, as it is run down a tunnel to the room below, where it is manufactured into dynamite, daulin or vigorite, all of which have nitro-glycerine as their basis, but are known by different names to designate the degree of power. As rapidly as possible, the nitro glycerino is mixed with charcoal, wood pulp, or other mixtures, and reduced into a commodity more readily handled; for although dynamite is understood to be exfcremelyjlaiuzerous tp handle, it is rammed into the cartridges with a stick with as little apparent fear of the result as would be the case were the substance so much dirt. The etirtridges are made to hold from » pound to two pounds each, and are •eftilly packed each day and taken to an isolated magazine owned by the company. Tho output of the factory is about 1000 pounds daily now, but the owners expect to increase the capacity to meet the require men's of a rapidly increasing demand, as this is the only factory of (he kind in Ontario, and the development of the mines has rapidly increased the demand, as blast ing with powiler has been almost en tirely superseded by the use of dynam ite, which is not only more efficacious but safer to handle. The manager re marked: "I have to pay my men large salaries, although the work is compara tively light, as a very slight accident would put them out of the way of drawing their salaries. I have worked at tho business for the past five years, and own a mill in Algoina as well as this one here, but in this business life is the result of vigilance."—[Manu facturer's Gazette. GLASS EVES. How The.. Delicate optical Delusion! Are Made. Artificial eyes are not of recent in vention, for the early Egyptians used many crude specimens, the erblephari and the hypoblepharia. The former was formed of a circle of iron which passing rouni-the head had at one of its extremities a thin sheet of metal covered with very fine skin, on which was painted an eye with eye-lid and lashes, thus forming a kind of painted bandage which concealed the cavity of the lost eye. The latter exhibited somewhat of a likeness to the method now adopted, but was made of a metallic shell something like a walnut shell on which was painted the iris, the pupil and the white of the eye.and was placed in the orbital cavity and kept in place by the eyelids as is now done. The great objection to this wan the weight of the metal ana the constant I fixity of the look. The data of tho introduction of glass eyes is not recorded, but they , have been found in the heads of mummies staring with unearthly , light. In olden days solid glass eyes were used, but the artificial eyo of to-day is of shell-like formation, and j in its construction remarkable nicety and skill is required. j ( With the exception of a few small j modifications in detail and finish, the ' manufacture of artificial eyes has not ! made any particular steps forward In the last half century. Each nv.mu- | facturer has a secret of his own ns to I tho combination of the material used and tho mode of applying them. This secret, which in most cases is ( handed down from father to son, is ( jetil iii.-iy guarded, and strangers are f rarely permitted to witness any of tho ( processes of manufacture. Tho artifi- . cial eyo being only a light shell of \ enamel without any precise, form, since j it has to bo suited to tho dffierent sizes | and shapes of eyeballs, is placed under j the eyelid, and is composed of two . parts; tho one exterior, which gives tho colors of the iris, of the sclerotic,|or white on tho eye, m well as tho blood vessels of the healthy eye; tho other, the interior, which fitting into and capping the stump, receives movement from it. The manufacture of artifi cial eyes consists in threo distinct operations, as follows: The artist seats himself at his table with a lamp or gas jet beforo him which is blown by a bellows and blow pipe, worked by tho foot, and gives a pointed jet of flame of the strength he desires. Within reach of his hand are placed rods of enamel of different colors. He begins by taking a hollow tube of Colorless crystal, one of the extremities of which being soon melted in tho tiro of the jet forms a ball when blown. As the color given by the crystal has no resemblance to that of tho sclerotic, usually called the white of the eye, his first labor is to color the ball in such a manner that it •may be of tho same Into as tho natural eye. To attain this result, ho applies to tho hall, enimjl of different colors which amalgamating with tho crystal in a pasty state, gradually gives it the desired tint, which differs in each individual, This tint obtained, he makes a circular opening in the center of the, ball, destined to receive the globe of the eye. When the hole is made tho ball is put on ono side. The globe is made by first forming the iris, which is done by tho use of sev eral amalgamations of enamel accord ing to requirements of tho case. The|iris finished, a spot of black ename is placed in the center to form the pupil, which is then encircled with its aureola. The infinitely small libera found in tho iris are then drawn. The globe when finished is soldered to the sclerotic by means of the lamp, after which tho artist rectifies any small imperfections which ho may observe, and it only remains to pare the ball in order to obtain a shell, which, rounded at tho edges, may perfectly resemble the living eyo with which it is to be placed, not only in form but also in color. The enameled surface of a well-made eyo is really lovely, and when even closely exam ined it lias every appearance of the natural, eyo both in brilliancy, depth and light. Prices vary from $15 to $50, accord ing to circumstances, although all are equally will finished. PEARLS OF TH OVOIIT. A felicity that costs pain gives dou ble content. Money is well sjient in purchasing tranquility of mind. There is no deeper law of nature than that of change. Indolence is the rust of the mind and the inlet of every vice. A passionate woman's love is always overshadowed by her fear. Wrong none by doing injuries, or omitting the benefits that are your duty. Time should never be squandered. Every man should have a noble, worthy aim in life. There will always be something that we shall wish to have finished, and be, nevertheless, unwilling to begin. | A good man will be doing good wheresoever he is. His trado is a compound of charity and justice. Foolishness places itself in tho fore most rank to be observed; intelligence stands in the hindmost to observe. There is always hope in a man that actually and earnestly works. In idle ness alone is there perpetual despair. If you wish to appear agreeable in ' society, you must consent to be taught ] many things which you know ol- ' ready, ' Tie SI i a hi. Prospector. The genus prospector, a man of medium night, a rather lightly but ' iirinly-knit frame, age anywhere be tween twenty-live and thirty-five, a ! tine face, gentle but firm, bronzed with ' exposure to many ji fierce storm, stamp ed with the unmistakable expression ' impressed on the features of those who, ' day after day, stand face to face with ' danger and death, a face that a girl in t' distress will turn to without hesitation; ' that a rowdy will turn from with feat and hatred. His first movement be- i trays the frontiersman. A rapid pierc- \ ing glance around the park, neither human foe nor edible gamo being in sight, his next glance is to the sky. Apparently satisfied with the inspec tion, his first care is to tend to his jack' . or "burro," to use the mountain phrase; then having liberated the burro with a ' drag on the end of his rope which wil' ' effectually prevent his straying from that park, he turns to his fire, blows it I into a blaze, puts on his coffee pot to , ' boil, and then to his toilet. Three ' inches of comb, two square md eso' looking glass, a coarse towel, a piece of yellow soap, a tooth brush, and the toilet table is furnished. Now follow , him to the dressing-room; a dozen steps i down the creek takes him to where a little dam lias formed a crystal pool. Down on tho moss-covered rocks goes the broad white hat, the collar of the blue flannel shirt is rolled back disclos ing the neck and chest of tin athlete. Oh how cold, how refreshing, how in- I vigorating the water is, fresh from the j snow above. The toilet is finished, breakfast is the next consideration. i The coffee hat ing boiled is placed on | one side to settle; the bacon fried, the | batter for a pile of "slap-jacks" beaten up, he fries one of the abominations- j throwing it into the air and catching it on the reversed side with the precis- | ion of an old timer, ard now ho plunges into the tent and emerges with Lie "chuck box," or in English, 'mesa chest," into the innermost recesses Ol which he dives, and from the conglom eration of cartridges, buckskin thongs, sjcel traps, needles and thread, sailorV' I palm, mineral specimens, thro- or four ' letters, a book very torn and dirty, p pair of Mexican spurs, odds and ends of string, etc., etc., produces a small canvass sack of salt, ditto of sugar, a half gallon can of syrup, and breakfast is ready and the table is set. To dis patch the meal takes but a little whilo- Short as the time is, however, it is not wasted, for observe the upturned face, the eager searching glance, peak after peak is scanned, formation, color noted until apparently satisfied with tho in- l spection. The meal is finished, plate j and cup washed and put away; the morning pipe is lit and smoked while he I goes through his pockets to see if his outfit is complete, matches, compass knife, magnifying glass, all safe. Catching up the burro and picketing him on fresh grass finishes the morn ing chores and we are ready for the day's work. Lyin?. Thero is a story of a candidate for n ! Yorkshire borough addressing the elec- ' tors in flattering terms, and telling (hem that for "the hope of being their ; representative ho had given up valua ble prospects in India, and travelled many hundreds of miles." "What a jolly fool you must be," was the un sympathetic remark of one of the crowd. ! The spe: k r had, in fact, returned to England because liis prospects in India had proved delusive. Exaggerators ol ' th-s class have been held up to deri- i sion for centuries. Lando (sixteenth ! century) tells of an Italian ecclesiastic who was so given to drawing the long bow that his friends openly derided his tales. He at last hired a simple country lad, whose whole duty it was to stand behind his master's chair and corroborate his anecdotes. The boy ' did his work for a time ; but at length his employer ventured on a tale so amazing that the honest servant start led the company by exclaiming, "Nay, master, take back my livery ; I cannot | swear to that." Epitaphs offer a very usual field for exaggeration. Few Imitate the sensible conciseness of an inscription in a Hampshire church, where the survivor merely adds, after the name of the deceased,"To those who | knew him a narration of his virtues would be needless j to those who knew him not it would be tedious"—a fact too often lost sight of by the writers of monumental inscriptions. Facts themselves may bo presented in a light which exaggerates them to the listener. Bosweil once praised the profuse hospitality of a gentleman ' who "never entertained less Chan a I thousand in the course of a year. That is to say, about three persons dined with him daily." Both "ways of putting it" were true, but they convey ed widely different meanings.— Latip \ ((on <?wG«. I J Peculiarities of Mexicans. Among all classes there is too much 1 t)f the idle "rest and be thankful" spirit. Nature has been bountiful; the nec essaries of life are easily ■•cured; the need of exertion is minimized; a few beans or a handful of corn, a little fat, and some chillies will form the unvary ing diet for weeks. Bat all ate in veterate gamblers. Although some times too lazy or Improvident to provide even comfortable food, they will sit for , hours over cards or dice, and in their infatuation pawn everything on which they can raise money. In selling their chillies, their eggs, poultry, or other produce, they seldom have any ; fixed price; their demands tire mainly graduated by the apparent capacity or I generosity of the purchaser. Contract ing to supply miik, for example, to the railroad construction gangs, alter ar ranging for a very ample remuneration, and going on for one, perhaps two, | weeks, they wilJ complain that their rows are doing badly, get a few extra cents per gallon, and perhaps a week later make a similar stand for a further advance. Tho mercantile classes in the towns, although they seldom havo much capital, are tolerably straitfor ward, endeavoring to meet their en gagements, and have a wholesomo I horror of a protested bill. Every vil lage celebrates, at least once a year, its firsta, where dancing, an extra amount of gambling, cock lighting, and somo ■ times bull-baiting are the entertain- I ments, and where tho liberal consump. | tion of cheap intoxicants bring business into the Court of Elcaldi or Justice of Peace. The Mexicans are generally more pusillanimous a id superstitious 1 than the Indians. Secret societies exercise a good deal of authority. Both in Old and New Mexico tho Penitates count their numbers by ! thousands, and enjoin among their votaries lasting and humiliation, from which, however, exemption is freely accorded on payment of certain doles. On occasions, self-flageliation and stripes inflicted by brother devotees are proceeded with until the infatuat ed victims are covered with blood. For several hundred yards along a path thickly strewn with prickly cactus, others go on hands and knees to prostrate themselves before the cross. Bearing a cross weighing several hundred pounds, with arms outstretched and secured, others toil for miles, usually to some sacred chapel or almost inaccessible mountain top. When the poor enthusiast, fainting under his burden, is about to drop, at tendants place their shoulders under the arms of the cross, and trfford a J temporary support. These perform | ances shatter yearly the health of j weakly devotees, and kill some.— London Times. Diseases From Bad Teeth. It appears not to be generally under stood even among the cultivated people, although the fact has been dwelt upon with emphasis by the best medical authorities, that the presence of carious, crowded, or asymmctrica' teeth in tho human mouth is tho prp genitor of a long train of nervous di*. l eases, comprising not only facial neuralgia and its concomitant troubles, but diseases of the ear, inflammatory aa well as functional, eventuating often in partial loss of hearing, defects of vision, nasopharyngeal catarrh, and other tormenting maladies. Ono of our acutjst and most successful spec \ iali&t* in the treatment of nervous dis eases has become so fully convinced by long experience of the part played by i defective toetli in the development, not lof neuralgia only, but even of tho more obscure neuroses, that he always insists, as a condition precedent to the acceptance of the case, that a thorough examination of the cavity of the mouth shall be undertaken by a competent dentist, for, he says, not only may a , single diseased tooth result in persist ent nervous disturbance, but disease of the brain, decay or perversion of the ■ mental faculties, even epilepsy and ! tetanic spasms often have their start* ' ing-point in dental hrotations; and ha ! has observed cases in which, while lay ing the foundation for a long train ot i nervous troubles, the irritated organ itself gave no sign, either by local pain or vague discontent, of the agency it ; was constantly exerting to produce j serious disturbance at some distant point. In common with tho most aural surgeons, a distinguished special ist, of this city, has long since adopted the practice of examining the teeth of 1 every patient brought to him for treat ment of ear trouble, particularly of partial deafness and general irritation [ of the organ; and, speaking the othet day of the large number of pupils from the public schools who attended the public aural clinics at the hnapital with which he is connected, "it is rare," he saio, "to find a single patient in whose , case dental irritation is not to be con l sidered among the prominent causatlY« 1 factor*, "-JVVw fork Thm,