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The Southern Jewish weekly. [volume] (Jacksonville, Fla.) 1939-1992, August 18, 1939, Image 1

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VOL. 14—No. 40
Week In Review
The 21st biennial World Zionist
Congress opened this week in
Geneva's Municipal Theatre. This
Congress marks the beginning of
a new epoch in Zionist history.
When the first congress met in
Basel in 1897 it launched a Zion
ist movement whose task it was
to build a Jewish homeland in the
face of restrictions imposed by the
Turkish Government. For the en
suing 20 years Zionism was klmost
an underground movement.
In 1917, the Balfour Declaration
opened a new era in which the
Jewish homeland was to be erected
with the support of the British
Government. The next 20 years
were the halcyon period of Zion
ism, years of large immigration,
unprecedented prosperity.
Now the 1939 Zionist Congress
marks the beginning of a new pe
riod in which, if the Jewish home
land grows, it will again be in the
face of the opposition of the roil
ing government. Britain has de
clared its policy of establishing an
independent state; she has banned
Jewish immigration for six months
beginning October 1.
Zionism, despairing of outside
aid, must turn again to its inner
fountains of strength. How these
forces cait best be coordinated and
exerted is the central problem
facing the delegates in Geneva.
To what extent should Zionism
defy His Majesty’s Government?
How, concretely, should the Brit
ish policy be resisted? These are
the questions being pondered in
Britain, seeking to head off any
militant program of resistance,
has given warning that such a
move will meet with failure. The
weekly, Great.' Britain and the
East, unofficial mirror of the Co
lonial Office’s viewpoint, declared
editorially, on the eve of the con
gress, that it would be futile to
try “to sabotage and reverse the
Government policy.”
© "
One point on which all Zionist
factions appear to be united is the
determination that Jewish immi
gration will continue, regardless of
British restrictions or prohibitions.
Nearly every day boatloads of il
egal immigrants are captured off
Palestine’s coast. A time bomb
exploded on a new police launch
patrolling for illegal immigrants;
a police sergeant was killed and
iwo others were wounded.
Violence continued during the
We ek, featured by the explosion
a land mine in which three
Jewish supemumery policemen
were killed and two wounded, one
them fatally.
Refugee ships continue to ply
the seven seas. Six hundred ar
rived at Smyrna, Turkey, on a
J hip whose engines were disabled,
twenty-three were picked up on
•shing smacks off Monte Carlo.
than 900 sailed from Con
‘tanza, Rumania, on a ship flying
he Panama flag.
. The plight of these ships is spur
"lng efforts to ameliorate the ref
ugee problem. Paul van Zeeland,
of Belgium, has ac
:e Pted the presidency of the Co
rdinating Foundation, recently
iP r med to facilitate emigration
i ~ ... sbHßi
HL fUn
The Temple which King Solo
mon built on Mount Moriah in
Jerusalem nearly three thousand
years ago is on view, in a com
plete and authentic model, in the
Jewish Palestine Pavilion at the
New York World’s Fair, where it
is a featured highlight of a spe
cial section entitled “The Holy
Land of Yesterday and Tomor
The work of the Reverend Jacob
Jehuda, architect-designer of Je
rusalem, who devoted fourteen
years of intensive research and six
years of actual construction labor
to the task, the Temple model
covers an area of 81 square feet.
It shows in great detail the many
buildings of the Temple Area
which were constructed by 183,300
artisans during King Solomon’s
reign and which stood for nearly
400 years before they were de
stroyed by Nebuchadnezzar, King
of Babylon, in his conquest of the
Holy Land in 586 B. C.
The thick, fortress-like walls
surrounding the Temple Area, the
spacious courtyards and porticos,
seminaries and store-houses, the
priests’ residences and the Temple
proper have been built in plaster
and wood and designed to appear
like the granite marble and cedar
wood which were used in the con
struction of the original Temple.
from Germany.
Refugee Organizations in Paris f
are discussing possible coloniza
tion in three Latin American ;
countries. General Rafael L. Tru- j
jillo, commander-in-chief of the
Dominican Republic’s army, ar
rived in the French capital and
was scheduled to confer privately
with leaders of relief organiza
tions about colonization in the
West Indian Republic. At the
same time, information was re
ceived of the possibility of buying
a private estate in northern Bo
livia, larger in area than Switzer
land, for refugee settlement.
Limited colonization prospects
were also held out for Dominica,
French colony in the West Indies.
The Southern Jewish Weekly Sponsors
Maintenance Fund Drive For Palestine Pavilion
With this issue The Southern
Jewish. Weekly launches a cam
paign for contributions from its
readers to the Maintenance Fund
of the Jewish Palestine Pavilion
at the New York World’s Fair.
On our editorial page appears
an appeal issued by the Board of
Directors of the Pavilion for pub
lic support for this exhibit, so
powerful an instrument for the
enlightenment of the general Am
erican public on the ideals, aspira
tions and abilities of the Jew.
Never before has American public
opinion been enabled to gain such
direct and accurate knowledge of
the Jewish labor of reconstruction
in Palestine —never before has the
true character of the Jew been
so clearly presented to so many
hundreds of thousands of people.
Over a million and a half vis
itors, including a large proportion
of non-Jews, have seen the Pales
tine Pavilion since its dedication
on May 28th, when so many scores
of thousands of Jews came to
witness the solemn ceremonies
that they established a paid at
tendance record unequaled at the
Fair on any other occasion. The
picture of Jewish Palestine which
the Pavilion lays before the eyes
of so many hundreds of thousands
! of people —the dramatic, dynamic
picture of an old land reborn
'through the labor of erstwhile
victims of persecution —is recog
nized by all as a potent force for
the creation of good will toward
the Jew, here revealed as a pro
ductive worker capable of the
most difficult pioneering tasks.
“Living testimony to the eternal
faith and creative energy of the
Jewish people,” is what Senator
William H. King of Utah has call
ed the Palestine Pavilion. It
embodies, he adds, a modern mir
acle in which Jewish intellectuals
‘become the most successful col
onizers of the twentieth century.”
A large number of visitors from
all over Florida will attend the
annual convention of the state
federation of B’nai B’rith lodges
which will meet in Jacksonville at
the Mayflower Hotel on the week
end of September 2nd and 3rd.
The committee in charge of the
affair is as follows:
Nat Shorstein, general chair
man; Morris Witten, finance chair
man; Herman Rosenblum, pro
gram chairman, assisted by Her
bert Partken for the arrangements
for the luncheon and by Harold
Cohn with banquet details; John
Rosenblum in charge of registra
tion; Ben Chepehik, in charge of
catering; Isadore Moscovitz, in
charge of publicity; Mrs. L. H.
Grunthal, in charge of th» ladies
committee, and Herbert Meyerson,
bar committeeman.
The activities for the big week
end will open at 10 o’clock Sunday
morning at the Mayflower Hotel
when registration of all visitors
will take place. The opening ses
sion will be held at 11 o’clock,
followed by _ a_lu.ncheon at noon:
Dr. Frank Coret of Miami, presi
dent of the state federation, will
deliver an address of welcome and
outline the plans and purposes of
the gathering. At this luncheon,
Similarly Dorothy Thompson,
noted columnist, hails the Pavilion
because in it “the Jews of Amer
ica for the first time present to
the whole American people a viv
id picture of the positive achieve
ments of nearly half a million
Jews in Palestine.”
“A special significance at this
time, when the problem of a ref
uge for Jews persecuted by totali
tarian governments is growing
more acute from day to day,” is
ascribed to the Palestine Pavilion
by Mayor Fiorello H. La Guardia
of New York, while Dr. Robert
F. Searle, Secretary of the Greater
New York Federation of the
Churches of Christ, declares that
“this Fair would be incomplete
without the tangible recognition
of the very great contribution
which the Jewish people have
made to the enrichment of the life
of mankind.”
Dr. Albert Einstein, the world’s
greatest living scientist, has said
of this exhibit: “The thing that
will strike the discerning observer
about the Palestine Pavilion is its
quiet nobility, the spirit of sim
plicity and harmony which per
vades it.”
Dr. Chaim Weizmann, President
of the Jewish Agency for Pales
tine, views the Pavilion as ex
tremely important in the present
Mr. Sidney Becker, Treasurer
Palestine Pavilion Maintenance Fund
Care of Southern Jewish Weekly
Box 903
Jacksonville, Fla.
Enclosed please find $ , my contribution toward
making possible the maintenance of the Jewish Palestine Pa
vilion as an instrument for the enlightenment of the American
public on the true nature mid scope of Jewish aims and
achievements in Palestine.
Street and Number.
City and State :
Sidney Kusworm, national treas
urer of B’nai B’rith and one of
the outstanding speakers in the
country, is expected to deliver the
principle address. Greetings will
also be extended from the various
delegates from lodges throughout
the state.
A general business session will
start at 2:30 in the afternoon and
last until five at which time a
model initiation of the new class
of Ben B’riths will be conducted.
The membership drive for local
Your reservation for the
B'nai B’rith banquet and
dance must be phoned in at
once to either Mrs. Nat
Shorstein, 7-6994, or to the
■Jacksonville Jewish Center,
members is being led by Joseph
Straus and Ben Chepenik who are
making an effort to enroll as
many new men as possible so that
they may participate in this spe
cial initiation.
Sunday night at 7 o’clock the
main banquet will be featured. A
nationally prominent figure is
slated to address this gala affair.
Alvin Kartus, president of the
Fifth District of B’nai B’rith will
(Continued on Page Five)
critical situation. “The threat to
our future must be met, and at
once,” says Dr. Weizmann, with
vigorous, constructive effort. Let
the Palestine Pavilion carry our
message to the heart of America.”
Just as the Palestine Pavilion
was built with funds supplied by
the rank and file of American
Jewry, so it depends for its main
tenance on the response to the
present appeal for a Maintenanqe
Fund. The Southern Jewish
Weekly joins in this appeal and
urges all its readers to do their
bit toward making it possible for
this pavilion to remain open for
the duration of the Fair.
While large gifts will of course
hasten the completion of the Pal
estine Pavilion Maintenance Fund,
The Southern Jewish Weekly feels
that small donations are prefer
able, as a large number of small
contributions will indicate that a
large proportion of our community
recognize the importance of this
exhibit of Jewish productive ca
Send your contribution to Sid
ney Becker, Treasurer of the Pal
estine Pavilion Maintenance Fund,
using the coupon below. Begin
ning with next week The Southern
Jewish Weekly will list in its col
umns all gifts received at its of
fices toward the Fund.

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