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The Southern Jewish weekly. [volume] (Jacksonville, Fla.) 1939-1992, December 01, 1939, Image 1

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pmTir No. 3
I Week In Review
thanksgiving day
I In the 25 states which celebrat
ed Thanksgiving Day last week
Ed 23 this week there were many
Eho found much to be thankful
■or. The contrast between a na-
Kion at peace and free from perse-
Etion, and a Europe plunged in
Ear and ridden with oppression,
Eas emphasized by speakers and
1 Among the most grateful were
■he refugees in the United States,
Ehose escape from European op-
Eression most closely paralleled
Bhe first Thanksgiving. In New
Eork and other cities refugees
Eeld special synagogue services
End Thanksgiving commemora
I While Thanksgiving was being
Ebserved in the United States, the
E'azis were proceeding with mass
nmoval of Jews to the Lublin
■reservation,” persecution was be
ing sharpened in the German ter-
Ktories and the war was adding
lo the misery of Jews as well as
1 With approximately 50,000 Jews
Iflready-nrovedt© the-Lufelin dis-
Brict. it is reported that present
Eazi plans call for increasing their
Eumber to more than a half mil
lion within a short time. Ar
rangements have already been
Eiade for transports from Vienna,
Bohemia-Moravia, Poland and, fi
lially, the Old Reich.
I Within the “reservation,” ac
lording to reliable reports, aU
lewish men below the age of 70
End women below 55 are forced
lo work 12 hours a day, except
lor a half-hour lunch period, on
Bovernment projects such as road
luilding and farm work. Jewish
lommunities are forced to finance
Ind organize the migration.
I Transported in cattle trains, the
lews are no longer delivered to
|he city of Lublin, which is over
crowded, but ordered to leave the
Bain many miles from the city
Ind to reach Lublin on foot, ac
cording to reports reaching Paris,
•hey are given 24 hours to estab
themselves in deserted and
llmost demolished towns and then
Ire taken away by storm troopers
■or forced labor.
I The State Department in Wash-
Pgton, because of its interest in
Pie Intergovernmental Committee
|o Refugees, has been making
■onstant efforts to obtain more
■efinite word on what is going on
Pithin the “reservation,” but with
■nt much success. A Government
■fficial likened Poland to a wild-
B®ess so far as obtaining any
■formation upon the state of the
■°untry’s interior is concerned
■ While there is still no semblance
I complete news from German
■ccupied Poland, reports continue
E t of the ferocious persecution
E J ews ’ The Jewish population
■ Warsaw has been cooped up in
I ghetto > barred from the
■ taide world by wire barricades,
pithm which a typhus epidemic is
I The Commission for Polish Re-
| e Sports that permission has
been obtained for the dis-
Pibution of relief in Poland on a
■on-sectarian basis, and Quaker
officials have rushed to the
Pmtory to supply milk and cod
f Ver oil to undernourished child
pie American Friends* Ser
(2 Committee in Philadelphia
| a that the relief activities
“Chanukah at Home” is one of the famous genre paintings of
Moritz Daniel Oppenheim 1(1801-1882), reproduced here by the cour
tesy of the Jewish Theological Seminary of America.
Oppenheim studied at the Munich Academy of Fine Arts and
later in Paris and Rome. He settled in Frankfort-am-Main in 1825
and achieved such fame for his portraits and Jewish scenes that, at
the instance of Goethe, he received the honorary title of Professor
from Grand Duke Karl August of Saxe-Weimar.
This scene is of a German family gathered to celebrate Chanukah,
showing the traditional lighting of the candles, the games of cards,
chess and TRENDEL (tops), and the general atmosphere of com
fort and homely pleasure associated with the holiday.
The Chanukah holiday, which
falls between December 7 and 14
this year, is a commemoration of
the almost miraculous rescue of
the Jewish people in Palestine
from bitter oppression in the year
165 B. C. under the leadership of
Judas Maccabaeus. The historical
parallels of the trials of the bibli
cal people and the Jewish people
today make the Chanukah story
one of especial inspiration.
Chanukah means “Feast of
Lights”, for special lamps are
lighted on the eight evenings of
the holiday to recall the small
lamp which kept alight in the
Temple during the Maccabean
Thank God For Peace
Commander Jacksonville Post No.
199, Jewish War Veterans of
the United States.
Such should be the prayer on
every American’s lips on Thanks
giving week-end. In the United
States we have countless things
for which to be thankful.
America’s blessings are many,
for liberty brings many blessings.
would probably be concentrated on
the Jews since they were -
from official Nazi aid.
Advices reaching Paris speak
growing starvation among Jews
Nazi Poland. Deaths are mountn
daily, owing in large part to fo<
scarcity. The only food general
available in the Lublin reservatu
is potatoes, and the consequei
malnutrition is a contributing fa
tor to the spread of disease the
Friendly peasants are prevent*
from giving food to Jews.
struggle. The story is told in the
Books of the Maccabees.
A representative collection of
lamps used at Chanukah time by
families and communities since the
fall of the Temple may be seen in
the Museum of Jewish Ceremonial
Objects at the Jewish Theological
Seminary of America in New
York City. European lamps from
the last three centuries have been
added to the collection recently
through the acquisition for safe
keeping of the Museum of the
Jewish community of Danzig.
When these items have been re
paired and catalogued, they will
go on public exhibition.
Tyranny and aggression brings
only misery and death.
On Thanksgiving Day we gath
ered in our houses of worship to
pray for peace—not to avoid
bombing planes dropping death.
On Thanksgiving, America’s ex
servicemen pledged themselves to
wage unending combat against all
the enemies of our country’s peace
and security—Communism, Fas
cism, Nazism, and anti-Semitism.
Twentv-one years ago we laid
Chamberlain Seeks End Os
Nazi’s Brutal “Tortures”
LONDON (JTA) —Listing the British Government’s
war and peace aims, Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
said in a broadcast:
“Our war aim can be stated very shortly. It is to de
feat our enemy and by defeat I do not merely mean the de
feat of the enemy’s military forces, I mean the defeat of
that aggressive, bullying mentality which seeks continually
to dominate other peoples by force, which finds brutal sat
isfaction in the persecution and torture of inoffensive citi
zens and, which, in the name of interests of state, justifies
repudiation of its own pledged work whenever it finds it
Jewish Men’s Club
To Elect Officers
Next Tuesday Night
At a meeting held this week in
the Jacksonville Jewish Center it
was unanimously decided to hold
an election of officers for the en
suing year next Tuesday night.
A nominating committee consist
ing of M. W. Goldstein, W. Silver
man, P. Selbef, H. Broida, and Itz
Greenberg was appointed to bring
in a slate of officers. Nomina
tions will also be made from the
The organization which during
the past year featured a number
of outstanding events of the Jew
ish community will continue its
program along general social, cul
tural, and athletic lines.
All young men in the city are
cordially invited to attend this
meeting and to take part in the
election of officers.
Non-Jewish Students Oppose
Intermarriage And Hitlerism
WASHINGTON—The majority
of non-Jewish college students are
friendly in their attitudes towards
Jews, and bitterly hate Hitler’s
anti-Semitic program, but at the
same time they oppose intermar
These facts were brought out
in a survey conducted among
2,000 Gentile students in 21 dif
ferent colleges by Rabbi Ralph
Blumenthal, of Huntington, W.
Va., who reports on his experi
ment in the forthcoming December
issue of the National Jewish
When asked: “Would you marry
a Jewish person?” 27% of the
Gentile students answered yes;
57% no; and 16% were uncertain.
When asked whether they approv
ed of intermarriage between Jews
and Christians, 33% said yes; 60%
no; and 7% were uncertain.
Religious differences was given
most often as the cause for these
attitudes, although a large num
ber opposed intermarriage because
they believed the differences in
cultural background, such as cus
toms, ideals, and traditions, would
prove difficult obstacles to hap
piness. Some were opposed be
cause they had no wish to endure
unpleasant social consequences;
others, because they believed that
hildren of mixed marriages would
When asked what their attitude
vould be toward a Jewish family
hat moved next door to them,
.9% reported a favorable attitude;
.9% unfavorable; 49% were indif
erent; and 13% didn’t know.
Only 15% favored a complete
itoppage of immigration; 52%
were for maintaining the present
.mmigration level; 26% favored
Meanwhile, Home Secretary Sir
John Anderson issued an order al
lowing refugees who arrived in
England before September 3 to
register for work at employment
exchanges. Such aliens, it was
stated, may be employed if no
British worker is available for a
specific job. Views of the trade
unions will be taken into account
before permission for employment
is given. Aliens with high tech
nical skill will be used immedi
The order opens wide prospects
of employment not only for refu
gees but for British unemployed
as well, the J. T. A. was informed.
Several cases have been reported
where employment of a Jewish
specialist makes possible the start
of new labor processes giving em
ployment to many Britons. Refu
gees are now also replacing Ger
man specialists who returned to
the Reich prior to outbreak of
the war.
reducing it; and 7%, increasing
A surprising development in
good will was shown when the
students were asked whether they
favored admission of Jews into the
fraternities and other social clubs.
45% said yes; 42% said no; and
13% were unable to make up their
Eighty-six per cent disapproved
Hitler’s treatment of German
Jewry; 6.7% approved; and 7.3%
didn’t know.
Jewish Calendar
Join a Synagogue
Attend Its Services
Chanukah l>ec. 7
♦Rosh Chodeeh Tebet Dec. 13
Fast of Tebet Dec. 22
Rosh Chodesh Shebvc Jan 11
♦Rosh Chodesh Adar I Feb. 10
♦Rosh Chodesh Adar II Mar. 11
Fast of Esther March 21
Rosh Chodesh Nisan April 9
Purim March 24
Passover (Ist day) April 23
Passover (7th day) April 29
Passover (Bth day) April 30
Rosh Chodesh Iyar May 9
Lag B’Omer May 26
Rosh Chodesh Sivan June 7
Shebouth (Ist day) June 12
♦Rosh Chodesh Tamuz July 7
Fast of Tamuz July 23
Erev Rosh Hashonah 5701 Oct. 2
♦Observed previous day as
well. All holidays begin at sun
down of day preceding that
listed above.

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