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AN INDEPENDENT WEEKLY SERVING AMERICAN CITIZENS OF JEWISH~FA[TH~
THE OLDEST AND MOST WIDELY CIRCULATED JEWISH PUBLICATION IN THIS TERRITORY VOL. 15 No. 29 Week In Review By MILTON BROWN, J.TA. 1 ■ refugees and the war If one wants to realize what happens to the mentality of re fugees after being hounded for months, one should read a J.T.A. Rome dispatch of last week. There are approximately 4,000 Jewish re fugees stranded in Italy who were awaiting that country’s entry in to war, not with panic, not with fear, but with resignation. The refugees were quite aware of what fate might be in store for them. Italy's entry into the war might result in mass deportation to Nazi Germany. But these re fugees have undergone such hard ships, they have lived for months in such fear that they no longer have the capacity to add to their trepidation. And so they were waiting in hopeless resignation. Similar was the fate of 5,000 refugees in Hungary, whose Gov ernment has reportedly decided to submit unresistingly to any Ger man invasion. Hungarians have been forbidden to extend individu al aid to the refugees, and so they are cooped up in concentration centers, guarded by the police and fed by the Jewish community. One such center is a Budapest syna gogue, where the exiles sleep on straw, man separated from wife and mother from sister, except during a short period each day when they may meet in the court yard, which resembles now a pri son yard. ,If anything was more tragic than the plight of the refugees without hope, it was the situation of those who had emigration pros pects, and wondered whether those prospects would ever be realized. In Italy there are 250 who could emigrate to Palestine If Italy re mained neutral, another 100 with American visas but no funds for transportation. There were also 45 young refu gees who had come to Genoa to emigrate to the Dominican Re public. Another 325 German Jews were scattered in, other countries, having Dominican visas but unable to reach Genoa because of Italy’s ban on transit of refugees. The State Department, the Dominican Government and others were press ing efforts to obtain permission for transit through Italy, but at this writing the Rome Government had not yet relented from its re fusal to let them through. More fortunate were 800 refu gees who managed to leave France for the United States. Two hun dred of them were released from French internment camps when it was shown they could emigrate. The other hundred were refugees who had arrived from Belgium. The American Consulate in Paris was exerting all efforts to Issue visas to interned refugees having quota numbers in order to make it possible for them to be freed and emigrate. THE FIFTH COLUMN With the Nazis using invasion from within as a successful meth od of invasion, democratic coun tries have awakened to an aware ness of the "fifth column” menace. The drive against the “fifth col- Umn ” has resulted in internment of refugees, among other German nationals, in Britain and France, and now the campaign is being ex tended to native "fifth column ists.” Th e British authorities have Med the headquarters of the rittah Union of Fascists, arrest & ten, questioning 20 others, the premises and seis- JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, FRIDAY, MAY 31, 1940 Great Britain Arrests Fascists LONDON (JTA)—The British Government, intensifying ant i- Fifth Column measures, arrested 60 Fascist leaders and occupied headquarters of the British Union of Fascists. It also widened pre cautionary measures against aliens by ordering internment of women aliens. Some 3,500 women aliens, two thirds of them refugees from Nazi persecution, will be interned on the Isle of Man, it was announced by Home Secretary Sir John An derson. The women, aged 16 to 60, are in the group B of aliens, or those who have been at liberty under certain restrictions. They will be permitted to take their children with them if they desire. Striking hard at “fifth column” activities, the authorities arrested Sir Oswald Mosley, leader of the British Union of Fascists, together with other B.U.F. leaders and Capt. A. H. M. Ramsay, Conser vative M. P. who is regarded as the leading anti-Semite in Com mons. Arrest of Mosley followed a raid on headquarters of his organiza tion and a search of his home. The raid was conducted by Scot land Yard operatives. Others ar rested with Mosley were Alexan der Raven Thomson, who recently was sentenced to a six-week jail term or 25 pound fine for using in sulting anti-Semitic language dur ing a Fascist meeting, N. Francis- Hawkins, director-general of the 8.U.F., and other leaders of the organization. Jabotinsky Urges “World Jewish Committee” NEW YORK (JTA) Creation of a united Jewish front through establishment of a “world Jewish committee” for the defense of Jewish interests in the eastern hemisphere has been proposed by Vladimar Jabotinsky, president of the New Zionist Organization. The proposal was made in mes sages to Dr. Chaim Weizmann, president of the Jewish Agency for Palestine, David Ben Gurion and Pinchas Rutenberg of Palestine, and to former Justice Louis D. Brandeis, Paul Baerwald, Abraham Cahan, Prof. Louis Finkelstein, Dr. Solomon Goldman, Henry Monsky, Rabbi David de Sola Pool and Dr. Stephen S. Wise. Jabotin sky is now in this country on a visit. ing books and documents. Captain A. H. M. Ramsay, Conservative Member of Parliament, who is regarded as the leading anti-Sem ite in Parliament, has also been arrested. The United States, pressing for ward with its defense preparations, is also taking cognizance of the “fifth column” danger. President Roosevelt has asked Congress to shift the Immigration and Nat uralization Service from the La bor to the Justice Department. “While it is designed to afford more effective control over aliens, proposal does not reflect any intention to deprive them of their civil liberties or otherwise to im pair their legal status,” the Pres ident said in his message to Con gress. THE WAR AT HOME • ■ \\\ • i' Courtesy. The National Jewish Monthly. Published by B'nai B'rith. "Anti - Semitism leads to anti - Christianism." Dr. Everett E. Clinchy, Director, National Con ference of Christians and Jews. United States Government Moves To Check Nazi Activities WASHINGTON (JTA)—Presi dent Roosevelt warned this week of the “undiluted poison” of ra cial and political discord spread by the Fifth Column to create paralysis and panic, as the Ad ministration and Congress acted to control the activities of alien and native Trojan horsemen. In a broadcast firseside chat on the defense program, the President asserted that campaigns of group hatred were not making headway in America and asserted that “our moral and mental defenses must be raised as never before against those who would cast a smoke Quits Foundation Over Use Os Term American - German NEW YORK (JTA)—Dr. Jacob Gould Schurman, 65-year-old for mer Ambassador to Germany, has resigned as honorary president of the Carl Schurz Memorial Founda tion and as member of the spon sorship committee for its $2,000,- 000 fund-raising campaign be cause he objected to the term “American-Germans” i n printed appeal for funds. He said use of the term tried to transform Amer icans of German descent into "Ger mans substantively and Americans adjectively.” The foundation was established in 1930 by Ferdinand Thun, Felix M. and Paul M. Warburg, Julius Rosenwald, Victor Ridder, Gustav Oberlaender and Henry Janssen. Anti-Semitism is Halted In Rumania as War Nears BUCHAREST (JTA) —With all of Rumania’s energies concentrated on defense against possible attack, anti-Jew ish propaganda has completely disappeared from the press under official orders banning press polemics against national minorities. The more serious problems which Rumania faces have thrust anti-Jewish activities into the background. Thousands of men, including Jews disenfranchised under the re cent naturalization revision, have been drafted for building fortifi cations. Jews work side by side with Rumanians, without friction, in the strengthening of the coun try’s defense. The Government is reported to be quietly liquidating certain ele ments of the pro-Nazi Iron Guard. Among Iron Guardists recently arrested is the father of Corneliu Zelea Codreanu, Iron Guard foun der who was executed last year. The authorities are also keeping a close watch over the approxi mately 20,000 “tourists” in Ru mania, whom the Government re gards as German officers who could direct a putsch of the 600,- 000 Germans living in Rumania, most of whom are organized in local Nazi groups and 30,000 of whom are fit for military service. Two Iron Guard leaders who se cretly entered this country from Germany were arrested, marking the first breach in the incipient reconciliation between the Gov ernment and the pro-Fascist or ganization, which most Rumanians continue to view as a potential "fifth column.” The press, at the same time, was placed under rig orous orders to refrain from giv ing Germany any slightest provo- screen across our vision.” Implementing the Chief Execu tive’s anti-Fifth Column drive, the following action was taken: (1) A bill requiring registration and finger printing of aliens, de portation of aliens aiding illegal entry of others and outlawing of literature advocating disobedience in the army or violent overthrow of the Government moved for ward in the Senate. (2) The Justice Department, following the expected shift of the Immigration and Naturalization Service from the Labor Depart ment, plans to set up a centralized register of aliens in the United States. (3) Attorney General Robert H. Jackson urged citizens to cooper ate with the Government in fight ing the Fifth Column and warned the public not to join organiza tions without investigating them. (4) The Dies committee asked a SIOO,OOO House appropriation to extend its investigation to cover Fifth Column activities. Former AZA Head Is Baltimore Rabbi Baltimore, Md. —B’nai B’rith’s in vestment in Jewish youth, through its youth organization, the Aleph Zadik Aleph, paid a big dividend this week when Rabbi Abraham Shaw, a former Grand Aleph Godol of A.Z.A., was elected rab bi of the Oheb Shalom Congrega tion (Eutaw Place Temple), one of the most important rabbinical pulpits in America, to succeed Dr.' (Continued on Page Eight) . $2.00 A YEAR cation, and newspapers formerly sympathetic with the Allies be gan giving a decidedly Nazi tinge to their war reports. Orlando Slates Confirmation « For June 9th Sunday, June 9, the following boys*and girls of Orlando will be confirmed by Rabbi Morris A. Skop at 7:30 P. M.: Ruth Shirley Berkovitz, William Andrew Jacob, Miriam Reatha Kottelman, Flor ence Rita Kottelman, Marshall W. Nirenberg, Jerome Marven Soo wal, Marcia Gloria Siegel, and Stanley Tetenbaum. The Stern berg musical trio will play, ac companied by Mrs. Birdie Weiner. Guest rabbis, Manuel Greenstein of West Palm Beach and Sydney Bogner of Daytona Beach, will present the charge to the class. Ruth Berkovitz, president of the Confirmation class of 1940 will present the class gift to the Syna gogue president, Mr. Barney Co hen. Mrs. Gus Bear and Mrs. Louis Jacob, members of the school board, will present the diplomas. Individual gifts will be presented by Rabbi Morris A. Skop. A re ception tendered by the parents will be held downstairs following the services. Sunday, June 2, at 10 A. M. the Religious and Hebrew Schools will hold closing exercises, at which time Mrs. Morris Tetenbaum, chairman of attendance, will pre sent diplomas and certificates of honor. Outstanding students in the various classes will be given book prizes by the School Board. Reports will be made of the work accomplished during the past year by representatives of the various classes. Jewish Calendar Join a Synagogue Attend Its Services 1940—5700 Rosh Chodesh Sivan. June 7 Shebouth (let day) June 12 ♦Rosh Chodesh Tamuz. .July 7 Fast of Tamuz July 23 Erev Rosh Hashonah 5701 Oct. 2 1940—5701 First Day of New Year ..Oct. 3 Fast of Gedaliah Oct. 5 Yom Kippur Oct. 12 First Day of Tabernacle Oct. 17 Hoshanah Rabbah Oct. 23 Sh’mini Atseres Oct. 24 Simchas-Torah Oct. 25 Rosh-Chodesh Nov. 1-2 Rosh-Chodesh Dec. 1 First Day of Chanukah Dec. 25 Rosh-Chodesh Dec. 30-31 ♦Observed previous day as well. All holidays begin at sun down of day preceding that listed above. ..