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P The Florida Jewish News and The Jewish Citizen ' pllij J^ 0 _ _. * N INDEPENDENT r_l_ THE QLDEST AND MQ ST WIDELY CIRCULATED JEWISH PUBLICATION IN THIS~TERRITORY OL. 15 No. 31 ■Week In Review j By MILTON BROWN, J.T.A. | I t . - - - JI ■THE JEWS IN GERMANY ■Now comes the final irony of |e war: the Jews in Germany are Eortedly being pressed into the Kzi battle aimed, among other ■ings, at the annihilation of the Kvs of Europe. | According to the London Jew |i Chronicle, a Nazi decree has |en issued making Jews in Ger |nny liable to military service, in |ntradiction to the previous pro |)ition of Jews in the Army. The |rlin Jewish Community has been |dered to open a special bureau to |gister Jewish physicians, den- Kts and engineers for army serv |jevvish communities in Holland |d Belgium have been ordered to |ovide labor squads to remove |bris of the invasion, according | this report. Bother reports reaching Switzer- Bnd state that all Jewish physi |ans in Germany and Austria who |d been ousted from hospitals | result of the Nuremberg laws |d prohibited from treating “Ary ls” have now been ordered to re- Brt for work in Nazi military |spitals. ■Thus, Germany, waging total |ar, finds need even for the ele |ent which had been cast out of |tional life and made a parish |ste. PREPARATIONS IN PALESTINE ■Palestine, battleground of his |ry, was in danger of becoming |ain a center of hostilities as It- By’s imminent entry into the war |reatened to extend the conflict B the Meriterranean and the Near Bst. B Clearing its decks for the an- Bipated emergency, Palestine en- Bced nation-wide nightly black |t, la>d plans for partial evacu |on of the coastal cities of Haifa Bd Tel Aviv if necessary, took Bier precautions against air raids Bd started preliminary measures B make possible rationing when- Ber it becomes necessary. ■ The United States Government Bs advised Americans to leave the Bear East, but only a few of the 800 American citizens in Pales- Be —about 7,500 of whom are Bws —decided to heed the advice. Badassah was making plans for ■eding of possible refugees from Baifa and Tel Aviv. ■ With the situation in the Near B st reaching a climax, the Brit- P* Government persisted in its ■fusal to permit formation of ■wish military units. A Govern ment spokesman said in Commons ■at Palestine’s best contribution ■ the war effort would be utiliza- B n °t existing resources to pro- P e general stores and equip p'd for the Allied forces in the Biddle East. ■AMERICA’S FIFTH COLUMN ■ Today (Friday) the Immigration ■« Naturalization Bureau is B/ted from the Labor to the Jus ■ce Department. This is one of the ■easures being taken by the ■overnment in its anti-fifth col- Bfi, First concrete result i he shift is that the Justice De ftment begins fingerprinting all Bp lmmi gTants. 1 federal Bureau of Investigation ■ents will hold regular confer ■ oes w ’ith intelligence units of ■e Army, Navy and State De |jneijts to integrate the work I Unn ing down fifth columnists. Palestine Prepares For Air Attack Jews Prepare to Defend Palestine : - ! ►. . ; i , J l':'-:- :: :• ••• •• U. :U. VU: ’’ :x • : V • ■: x-x.-.-v.. :• 4 : ..• . J The British enlist and train young Jew's for the second battalion to be sent from Palestine to the Maginot Line and for home defense. Local Rabbi Will Attend Detroit Meet Rabbi Morris D. Margolis of the Jewish Center of Jacksonville will go to Detroit to participate in the national convention of the Rabbin ical Assembly of America which will be held there on June 25, 26, and 27. The headquarters of the convention will be at the Shaarey Zedek Synagogue and the Book Cadillac Hotel in Detroit. This is the fortieth annual meet ing of the Rabbinical Assembly of America, which includes three hun dred Conservative Rabbis in the United States and Canada. The purpose of the convention this year will be to forward and intensify democratic institutions. The ses sions of the convention will be de voted to discussions of problems of importance to Rabbis in the American community and will in clude a consideration of Their re lationship to national organiza tions, the interfaith movement, the Jewish Center movement, local congregations, and Jewish learn ing. At the session devoted to the A Thought for Shavuoth This week Jews throughout the world celebrated Shavu oth. Shavuoth in the first year of the new world war has a special significance. Shavuoth commemorates the giving of the Torah—the Jews’ constitution, the basis of the law and ethical code of our civilization. Moses gave to the world the essentials of orderly relations among men: Thou shalt not kill, Thou shalt not rob . . . Thou shalt not kill! When that doctrine was promul gated it was a revolutionary principle for a semi-primitive civilization in which life was not held to be very valuable. Today again, alas, Thous Shalt Not Kill rings a strangely discordant note in a world busy with killings. The Jews gave the Law to the world; Hitler, history’s greatest enemy of the Jews, has scrapped it. It is no coinci dence that the man who is bent on exterminating the Jews finds hateful the moral code which Moses gave and which civilization has accepted. __. Al . , In today’s conflict both the Jews and Hitler are symbols the Jews a token of peace and orderly relations in society, Hitler a symbol of the antithesis, of unheeding force. On this Shavuoth the Jews reflected with lugubrious pride that the world has not yet progressed to the point where it can live by the ethical code which was given on Mount Si nai more that 3,000 years ago. JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, FRIDAY. JIJNfTi4 iQdn Jewish Theological Seminary of America, of which most of the members of the Assembly are graduates, Dr. Louis Finkelstein has succeeded the late Dr, Cyrus Adler as President of the Jewish- Theological Seminary. He has also been recently appointed by Presi dent Franklin D. Roosevelt as rep resentative of the Jewish people in negotiations for world peace with other religious leaders. Catholic Students Win Essay Contest About Patriot Jews KEARNY, N. J.—Three Catho lic high school students, two of them pupils in a Catholic paroch ial school and the third a former pupil of the same school, made a clean sweep of prizes in an essay contest on “Jews as American Patriots” which was sponsored by the West Hudson Lodge of B’nai B’rith. The winning essays were read at an Americanism meeting held at Congregation B’nai Israel under the auspices of the lodge, with Judge Richard Hartshorne of the Essex County Court of Com mon Pleas as guest speaker. Volunteer Jewish Units Are Formed JERUSALEM (JTA) —Air raid precautions are being intensified throughout the country as a result of latest de velopments in the international situation. High Commissioner Sir Harold A. Mac Michael has is sued an order, under the defense regulations, listing 73 build ings in various parts of Haifa as public air raid shelters. The District Commissioner’s office is compiling a register of children, aged, infirm and mothers of infants who should be the first evacuated from Haifa in the event of emergency. The Jewish Agency’s A.R.P. (air raid precautions) adviser, accom panied by a staff, is touring the country advising settlements on organization of precautionary mea i sures, arranging for warning, shel ters, fire-fighting and first aid. In the coastal colony of Nathania an A.R.P. instructor has been ap pointed and a coordinating com mittee has been set up including the local military commander, civ il administration, police and com munal heads. A Jewish special constabulary of 1,000 volunteers is being formed in Tel Aviv under the command of the district superintendent of po lice, in collaboration with the Jew l ish Agency and the Tel Aviv mu nicipality. The Government has authorized enrollment of men aged 1 30 to 45, of good character and prepared to assist the police in maintaining law and order when ; called upon. The volunteers will be given a short training course and will not be paid. The officers of the corps will also be volun teers. More than 1,000 young men and women have completed first aid courses and 7,000 more have com pleted elementary courses given by the Red Shield (Jewish Red Cross) according to an announcement in Tel Aviv. The youths are all vol unteers. Haifa’s anti-aircraft guns were given a two-hour test. The prac tice firing was described as suc cessful. Haifa is a British naval base and terminus of the pipelines form the Mosul oilfields. The Italian vice-consul in Jeru salem has returned to Italy. The regular Ala Littoria (Italian air line) plane took off from Pales tine for what was understood to be the last time. ITALIAN LINER STRANDED The Italian liner Rodi, with 170 Jewish immigrants bound for Pal estine on board, was stranded in the harbor of Rhodes. The Jewish Agency received a cable from the immigrants appealing for trans portation to Palestine. The Island of Rhodes, an Italian possession, is in the potential war zone. Despite restriction of admission of refugees, their immigration has Watson’s Return Os Medal To Hitler Lauded NEW RORK (JTA)—Rabbi J. X. Cohen, president of the New York Board of Jewish Ministers and chairman of the Commission on Economic Problems of the American Jewish Congress, who had requested Thomas J. Watson, president of the International Bus iness Machine Corporation, to re turn the decoration which he had received from Adolph Hitler, this week expressed satisfaction with the announced return of this award by Watson. $2.00 A YEAR continued steadily daring: the last few months. About 300 arrived in April and May on two large Ital ian steamers. They include several who had been released from Nazi concentration camps only a few days before their departure. A special edition of the oficial Palestine Gazette announces that the High Commissioner has been empowered, with the consent of the Mandatory Government, to em ploy Palestine police for military purposes for defense of Palestine during time of war or other emer gency. A Franco-Turkish military mis sion has returned to Beirut after a stay in Palestine of two weeks. The Tel Aviv municipality has recommended seafood wartime menus, eliminating a large propor tion of the foods which have to be imported. Extension of the war to the Near East will find Palestine with a sufficient quantity of vital com modities on hand, it was an nounced today by the controller of supplies. There is, however, likely to be a shortage of luxury articles of the sort mostly used by Europeans, it was indicated. In cluded in this category are such things as white flour and timed foods imported from abroad. Palestine is expected to become self-sufficient with respect to cot ton and woolen yarns as the result of the opening of the country’s first fully automatic cotton waste and wool spinning mill at Ramat Gan, near Tel Aviv. The plant contains two sets of the latest British and Belgian machinery to produce high and low-count yarns and will begin production on an annual capacity basis of 200,000 to 250,000 kilograms. The Jewish Agency has approved an extensive irrigation scheme for new colonies amounting to L 53,000. Jewish Calendar Join a Synagogue Attend Its Services 1940—5700 Shebouth (Ist day) June 12 *Rosh Chodesh Tamuz July 7 Fast of Tamuz July 23 Erev Rosh Hashonah 5701 Oct. 2 1940—5701 First Day of New Year ..Oct, 3 Fast of Gedaliah Oct. 5 Yom Kippur Oct. 12 First Day of Tabernacle Oct. 17 Hoshanah Rabbah Oct. 23 Sh’mini Atseres Oct. 24 Simchas-Torah Oct. 25 Rosh-Chodesh Nov. 1-2 Rosh-Chodesh Dec. 1 First Day of Chanukah Dec. 25 Rosh-Chodesh Dec. 30-31 •Observed previous day as well. All holidays begin at sun down of day preceding that listed above.