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AN INDEPENDENT WEEKLY SERVING AMERICAN CITIZENS OF JEWISH FAmT
THE OLDEST AND MOST WIDELY CIRCULATED JEWISH PUBLICATION IN THIS TERRITORY ' ™ VOL. 15 No. 35 Week In Review By MILTON SHOWN. J.TA. ‘ ‘ ‘ - HITLER OVER RUMANIA Rumania has taken another long step along the road to Naz ism. A completely pro-German and anti-Semitic cabinet was formed by King Carol including members of the short-lived Goga governments of 1938, Cuzists, Iron Guardists and a member of the German minority, with lon Gigurtu, a leading pro-Nazi, as Premier. The new cabinet immediately began planning anti-Jewish mea sures, including a decree exclud ing Jews from the press. It was evident that Rumania’s Jews were in for their darkest days since— and perhaps even darker than— the period that the violently anti- Jewish government of Octavian Goga was in power in January, 1938. Developments in Rumania pro vided a classic example of the use of innocent Jews as a scapegoat. The feelings of the population ov the Soviet occupation of Bess arabia and North Bukowina were turned against the Jews with a systematic campaign of propagan da blaming “the Jews and the British” for Rumania’s troubles. Anti-Semitic agitation was held in rein only by the fear that wide spread disorders might give Sovi et Russia ail excuse for further action against Rumania. Yet, though reports of anti-Jewish ex cesses last week turned out to be exaggerated and the press was curbed in anti-Semitic incitement, there was no doubt that the new Government would proceed with a systematic attack on the Jew ish position, already undermined by years of anti-Semitic measures and disenfranchisement of more that 225,000 Jews. Wild charges were being spread against the Jews which turned out to be false whenever they could be checked. That the Jews had aided, sought or welcomed the So viet invasion was belled by the fact that three times as many Jews fled from Soviet-occupied Bessarabia as emigrated there. Two Government officials in Bess arabia and Bukowina who had been reported slain by “Jewish terrorists” turned up in Rumania alive and well. German and Italian propaganda agencies spread wild reports of Rumanian massacres of Jews. The official German News Bureau re ported the massacre of 600 Jews by Rumanian troops in Galati, but there was no confirmation of the Report. Italian papers reported the ews were fomenting trouble with the aim of destroying the Ruman ian oilfields. ANTI-SEMITISM IN HUNGARY Meanwhile, Hungary, also un er Nazi domination, also carried urther its anti-Semitic program. ® Government planned new re* “fictions on the Jews, but the Hungarian Nazis, dissatisfied with ® Sco P© of the Government’s asure, introduced their own ’ ea hing for unbelievably se re restrictions on the Jews. ri „ The bill would forbid Jews to . IVe automobiles, become mid wives, hoist the Hungarian flag, uy an ything from a peasant or ®ign any legal document. Only el est sons and daughters of Jew *S families would be permitted ° marry. Jews would be permit d to buy, sell or read only books Writt en in Hebrew or Yiddish. JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, FRIDAY, JULY 12, 1940 228 Arrivals In Month of June In Palestine Jerusalem Figures just made public by the Jewish Agency Immigration De partment revealed 228 im migrants arrived in Pales tine during the month of June. France’s Refugees Must Return To Occupied Areas LISBON (JTA) —It was relia bly learned from Toulouse that the Vichy Government, acting in com pliance with article 16 of the Franco-German armistice, is or dering all refugees from occupied France to return to their homes there. Execution of the order will mean deliverance to Nazi rule of thousands of Jews who fled to es cape the German invaders. It was also learned that the Mayor of Vichy, acting in a friendly spirit, has advised Jews to leave the city. Meanwhile, Jewish relief bodies here have received appeals to se cure the maximum number of for eign visas for Jews in France who will be affected by the order and for whom the revision of the French Constitution, under direc tion of Pierre Laval, bodes ill. The problem of Jewish refugees from France is becoming increas ingly serious. The principal diffi culty is the finding of outlets for emigration, but there are also dif ficulties in arranging transit through Spain and temporary res idence in Portugal, and in find ing overseas transportation. Emphasizing that thousands of Jews in occupied France could en ter Portugal if entry visas for Latin American countries were secured, the HIAS-ICA Emigra tion Association has sent an ap peal to its branches in South and Central America to advise wheth er these countries would relax im migration restrictions for refugees in view of the new situation. “It is not necessary to tell you with what anxiety we await your immediate —and, let us hope, pos itive reply,” said the appeal, which pointed out that the HIAS ICA itself requires refuge. Barney Cohen To Talk to B’nai B’rith At St. Augustine Using as his subject “B’nai B’rith and the Present Crisis,” Mr. Barney Cohen, of Orlando, president of the Florida Federa tion of B’nai B’rith Lodges, will address an open meeting of the St. Augustine B’nai B’rith Lodge Monday, July 15th, at 8:15 P.M. in the Synagogue Hall. The meeting will be attended by members, their wives and friends and the local Jewish community in general. The Lodge is extending a cor dial invitation to Ben B’rith’s wives and friends from surround communities to attend this affair. Sees Wider Public Interest in Jewish Musical Selections NEW YORK. N. Y. (Special)— The first records of Jewish mu sic to be made for the Victor Red Seal Classical Albums since the late Cantor Joseph Rosenblatt, were released this week, featur ing “Songs of Palestine” and “Songs of the Synagogue.” The music is recorded by Cantor Rob ert H. Segal of Temple Ohabei Shalom, Boston, with choral and organ accompaniment. W i wSm CANTOR ROBERT H. SEGAL Public relations officials of the Victor Company declared that the records are being issued as a re sult of a marked increase in pub lic interest in Jewish music caused by a broader program of Jewish education in this country and the activities of the Zionist move ment, both here and in Palestine. Included in the album of “Pal estine Songs” are some of the most popular of the melodies which have been brought to this country by recent visitors from the Holy Land. Among them are “Ba-ah Menucha,” the “Nigun Bi alik,” “Shir Eres,” a Cradle Song, “Pakad Adonay,” “Emathay” and “Yerushalayim.” There are ten songs in all. The album of “Synagogue Songs” includes “Kol Nidre,” “Kiddush,” “V’hakohanim,” a tra ditional rendition of the “Kad dish” and two others. “Tov L’ho Atlanta Boy Heads National Order of Aleph Zadik Aleph Convention Supports Defense Program PENINSULA, Ohio—A pledge of full assistance to and wholehearted cooperation with the agencies of the United States Government “engaged in preparing our defenses against the insidious influences which threaten the exist ence of our democratic institutions” was given by the Aleph Zadik Aleph, B’nai B’rith’s youth organization, in a resolu tion adopted at the closing session of its 17th annual con vention. Speaking for its more than 10,000 members or ganized in 394 chapters in over 200 communities, A.Z.A., largest Jewish boys’ organization in the country, declared that “while it still hopes for our country as we have prayed for peace in the world, current events force upon us the prac tical realization of threats to democracy and to peace. In the light of these considerations we are compelled to realize that adequate preparation for effective defense of our coun try and all that it stands for is imperative.” Irving Kaler, member of the Gate City Chapter, Atlan ta, Ga., was elected grand aleph godol (president), defeating Leon Simmons of the Highland Park Chapter, Los Angeles. The third Easterner to win the highest office in A.Z.A., Kaler is president of the Southern Region of A.Z.A. and a past aleph godol (president) of his chapter. He is a stu dent at Emory University. Willkie To Opp ose Anti - Semitism In His Acceptance Speech By DANIEL L. SCHORR NEW YORK (JTA)—Wendell L. Willkie, Republican presidential nominee, told the Jewish Telegraphic Agency this week he will include a strong statement against anti- Semitism in his acceptance speech to be made in Elwood, Ind., on or about Aug. 1.-- , - ■■■■?& Willkie also indicated he was interested in legislation to check racial agitation, but said he did not wish to commit himself to any specific measure before he had an opportunity to give the matter complete study. The brief interview with Will kie, held at his office at 20 Pine Street a few minutes before he left to catch a plane for Wash ington, followed his statement to Tiie Day in which he termed an ti-Semitism “a possible criminal move me n t,” warned that the spread o f anti-Jewish feeling would be a “calamity” and ap pealed for “tolerance and religious liberty.” “I was very glad to make that statement,” Willkie said. “Since then, I have received a large num ber of telegrams from various kinds of pressure groups.” He took from his pocket a telegram from St. Louis signed “Social Justice News,” which demanded that Will kie, in view of his denunciation of anti-Semitism, also make a state ment against “anti-Christianity.” The Republican nominee was asked what measures he would take to check anti-Semitism agi tation. He was asked specifically about Senator W. Warren Bar bour’s bill which would ban ma terial inciting racial and religious hatred from the mails. “I would like very much to see a copy of that statute,” Willkie said. “I wouldn't like to just make a hurried statement without giv ing full consideration. But I am going to give the question study, and I’ll be able to make a com plete statement when I get back dos,” composed by the noted Franz Schubert, is the only com position by the master of Jewish liturgy. $2.00 A YEAR from my vacation in Colorado. You can say that I intend to in clude a very strong statement on anti-Semitism in my acceptance speech.” In the interview with The Day, Willkie said: “I consider anti- Semitism in America as a possible criminal movement and every an ti-Semite as a possible traitor to America —that America which is so beloved and so dear to me, that America which has always sym bolized liberty, equality and bro therly love among its inhabitants. If anti-Semitism should spread its roots in the United States as it has done in most of the countries of Europe, then it would definite ly be a calamity for the United States. It would mean that the main foundations on which our country has been built are begin ning to shake. There might even be fear that the principles for which our forefathers fought and bled are in actual danger. “What man with a conscience, what man who knows the suffer ing of Israel and what “•ael has tried to accomplish and has ac complished in the march of hu manity cannot be tolerant toward Israel? I have spoken on the ra dio and clearly asserted my posi tion against race hatred, bigotry and Hitlerism. I did this long be fore I even thought of being a presidential candidate. I did it solely because I wanted to express my protest against Hitlerism and against all fascistic persecution methods. “We in America must all stand shoulder to shoulder for tolerance and religious liberty. We must all of us work for the interest of our country. We must think only of what is important for the welfare of the United States. Those who are trying to bring to our shobes from Hitler Germany or from similar countries their race ha tred, their hate of liberty and de mocracy—such people are not in terested in the welfare of the Uni ted States but are serving the dictates of other countries.” Jewish Calendar Join a Synagogue Attend He Services 1940—5700 Fast of Tamaz. July 23 Brev Rosh Hashonah 5701 Oct.? 1940—570* First Day of New Year ..Oct. 3 Fast of Gedaliah Oct. 5 Yom Kippur Oct. 12 First Day of Tabernacle Oct. 17 Hoshanah Rabbah Oct. 23 Sh’mini Atseres Oct. 24 Simchas-Torah Oct. 25 Rosh- Chodesh „.Nov. 1-2 Rosh-Chodesh Dec. 1 First Day of Chanukah Dec. 25 Rosh-Chodesh Dec. 30-31 •Observed previous day as well. All holidays begin at sun down of day preceding that listed above.