Newspaper Page Text
VnLls-- No. 39
Week In Review By MILTON SROWN. J.TA. r . AAA» drive on the fifth COLUMN August 27, post offices through out the country will begin distrib uting to America’s 3,600,000 aliens forms containing 15 questions and collecting their fingerprints. Thus gets under way the most compre hensive registration of aliens in American history. The registration is made nec essary by the Government’s con cern over the fifth column, as evi denced by question 15 which asks the registrant whether within the last five years he has been “affili ated with or active in organiza tions devoted in whole or in part to influencing or furthering the political activities, public relations or public policy of a foreign gov ernment.” The registration blanks will be printed in six languages, includ ing Yiddish. Registration Direc tor Earl G. Harrison, promising there would be no “witch hunt,” emphasized that the registration “does not carry with it any stig ma or implication of hostility to wards those who, while they may lot be citizens, are loyal to this country and its institutions.” Meanwhile, there remained the iroblem of native fifth columnists. Charles E. Coughlin announced that he was resuming his Sunday broadcasts in October, but it ap peared that he was meeting dif ficulties in finding outlets. The anti-fifth column section of the new National Association of Broadcasters’ code bars such speeches as Coughlin’s. On a continent-wide basis, the fifth column was considered at the Pan-American Conference in Havana, which adopted broad measures to check subversive ac tivities. A resolution was passed providing that each of the 21 American republics adopt within te territory all necessary meas- Rres in accordance with its consti tutional powers to stop subver sive activities. The republics agreed to ex change information especially re ading plots discovered in one re sublic directed against another. the minds of the delegates were !* ch cases as that of Dr. Fried , Ried, who turned up at the wrman consulate in New York er being removed from his posi °n 48 German consul in Porto e gre, Brazil, when the Brazil -2 ,°7 ernme nt protested against fifth column activities. De ands for removal of Ried were oiced here, and the State Depart * sa >d it had the case under -onsideration. RUMANIA’S ANTI-SEMITIC PROGRAM ® an ti-Semitic program of the tun, Gigurtu Government in umaoia was carried a few steps “JJher last week. nj n ” e m i n istry after another— In terior and Labor—an dismissal of all em i yes of Jewish origin. In addi -3 JeWB were ousted from labor was an toced that they would lose their Wi«, aS i . municipal employes, lews i. t ** ousan ds of Bessarabian already been repa nnmkJ 0 Untar ii y from Rumania, "there were given or b»w« Iw ir, w * aun nve *•»*• "hfirji, ’. expulsion was fluently deferred pending a loq r *** aent decision on the ques- KsawoK. 8, &eneraJ expulsion of Jews from the Old Hitler To Use Anti-Semitism To Conquer U. S. NEW YORK (JTA) —Warning that Hitler intends to use anti- Semitism, anti - foreignism and other prejudices to conquer the United States, Demaree Bess, foreign correspondent, in an arti cle from Paris in the Saturday Evening Post, urges a “counter revolution” based on “fair play and racial equality and coopera tion between all groups and class es.” “Hitler knows,” Bess writes, “that if National Socialism is ever to capture America, it will have to depend upon native Americans with un-American ideas. The Na zi dictator knows that his true allies are American demagogues who play upon such prejudices as anti-foreignism and anti-Semi tism.” World Jewry Mourns Jabotinsky, Dead of Heart Attack at Age of 59 JERUSALEM (JTA) —A work stoppage, closing of en tertainment places and black-bordered Hebrew newspapers this week marked the unanimous tribute of Palestine Jewry to Yladimar Jabotinsky, leader of the New Zionist Organiza tion, organizer of the Palestine Jewish Legion during the last war and writer, who died near New York City late Sat urday night. Eri Jabotinsky, only son of the Zionist leader, was released from Acre prison, where he was serv ing a one-year term for aiding extra-legal Jewish immigration, and was observing the seven-day period of mourning required by Jewish law at the home of an aunt in Haifa. His release was brought about by intervention of James S. McPherson. Government Chief Secretary, following news of Jab otinsky’s death. The central committee of the Palestine N. Z. O. decided to ob serve-a year’s mourning, to light a “Ner Tomid” (Eternal Flame) in his memory and to keep the president’s chair vacant at all fu ture meetings. The Zionist-Revi sionist party proclaimed a work stoppage.. The Palestine Jewish National Council called a special meeting of mourning. A meeting of the Jew ish Agency Executive was also held at which Isaac Gruenbaum delivered a eulogy and announced that a cablegram of condolence had been sent to Jabotinsky’s wid ow in London. In Tel Aviv, black flags were flown from public bulidings. The Municipal Council cabled the N. U. S. Shekel Board Urges . Jews To Proclaim Faith The United States Central Shekel Board has distributed to Zionist groups and parties 100,000 Shekel Declaration Sheets and hna appealed to every Zionist and Jew throughout the country to secure at least ten Shekel Payers. The appeal reads: “Proclaim Your Faith. Acquire the Shekel in token of your confi dence in the future of the Jewish National Home in Palestine and your support of the world Zionist Organization as the agency striv ing for the redemption of the Jew ish people through the rebuilding of Palestine.” JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, FRIDAY. AUGUST fl. I<w> Heads Jewish War Veterans Edgar J. Burman, National Commander of the Jewish War Veterans, who will hold their 45th annual encampment in Boston, August 28th until September Ist. Z. O. in London that “world Jew ry and Zionism are mourning the irreparable loss.” The Council pro claimed an official day of mourn ing for Tuesday, when the funeral was held in New York. The Habi ma Theater in Tel Aviv interrupt ed a performance to pay tribute to Jabotinsky as a playwright. The Nathania Town Council as sembled for a meeting of mourn ing and heard a eulogy by Mayor Oved Ben-Ami. Places of enter tainment were closed and a work stoppage was held this morning. Services were held at Yeshuron Synagogue with Chief Rabbi Isaac Herzog attending. At a meeting of the Group “B” General Zionists, Joshua Suprass ky suggested the transfer of Jab otinsky’s remains to Palestine — from where he had been exiled in 1920. The World Mizrachi Central Committee announced that it mourned the Zionist leader as “an outstanding personality and one of the fighters for Jewish redemp tion and freedom.” Newspapers of al parties—even those which had been Jabotinsky’s most ardent opponents—joined in (Continued on Page Eight) Each Shekel Payer is required to sign the following declaration: “Heartened by the heroic sac rifices of the Yishuv in Palestine —the citadel of the undying hopes and aspirations of the Jewish peo ple —we proclaim our solidarity with the defenders of the Jewish National Home and pledge to them our unflinching support. “In token whereof, we affix our signatures herewith and pay the Shekel fee of 50 cents, certifying to our membership in the World Zionist Organization for the year 1940.” Roosevelt Warns Racism Imperils All Americans NEW YORK (JTA) —Racial and religious discrimina tion imperils the fundamental rights of all Americans, Pres ident Roosevelt declared in a statement to the Committee of Catholics for Human Rights. The President, who sent the message on the occasion of the first aniversary of the Commit tee’s foundation, praised the or ganization for “its noble work” and expressed the hope that it would continue to be successful in its fight against anti-Semitism. “Freedom of conscience, as writ ten into the Federal Constitution, through the wisdom and foresight of the Fathers has been a guaran tee of peace and happiness during all our life as a nation,” the Presi dent said. “Any selfish group which would discriminate against any of our fellow citizens because of race or religion would thereby endanger the fundamental rights of all. “Only by common recognition Reich Adds Restriction on Jewish Emigrants; Ban Berlin Phone Service GENEVA (JTA)—Germany has found time, in the midst of the war, to impose new restrictions on her Jewish population. The German authorities are re ported to have imposed new and severe restrictions on the amount of personal property which Jewish emigrants are permitted to take therti. Jews who remain in Germany are permitted now to enter food stores only between 4 p.m. and 5 p.m. daily. Bessarabian Jews Must Quit Country BUCHAREST (JTA)—It is un derstood that,in recent days a large number of Bessarabian Jews have received orders from the Ministry of Interior to leave the country within five days. Dr. William Filderman, presi dent of the Union of Rumanian Jews, intervened with the Interior Minister against the threatened expulsion of Jewish refugees from Bessarabia and North Bukovina, and the Minister promised to ex amine the question. The Buchar est newspaper Porunca Vremii contines its attacks on Dr. Fild erman, reprinting his home ad dress. The 1 paper declares that the reaction against Jews in Rumania is complete as France and Brit ain have lost their influence and the United States is too fax’ away to help the Jews. At the time of the Russian en try into Bessarabia and North Bukovina an estimated 30,000 Bessarabian Jews were living in Rumania proper. It is impossible to state with any accuracy how many have since emigrated to Soviet-occupied territory, but it is safe to say that at least two thirds, or about 20,000, still re main in Old Rumania. Minister of Finance George Leon has decreed that all officials of Jewish descent be dismissed, since August 1. The Labor Min istry has taken similar action. $2.00 A YEAR of the principle that all men are entitled to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness can we at tain the national unity which is essential to the maintenance of the democratic way of life and those cherished institutions which, it fosters and encourages.” The Committee was formed last year by a group of prominent Catholics to oppose propaganda spread in the interests of systems and theories antagonistic to f the principles of democracy and the teaching of Christianity. Since its organization the Committee has distributed 1,000,000 copies of its official publication, The Voice for Human Rights, throughout the country. Jewish telephone subscribers in Berlin received notices cancelling service save in the cases of doc tors, nurses and hospitals. Where Jews have extensions to apparat us subscribed to by “Ayrans” the latter were requested to sever the connections. Jewish hospitals have been for bidden to paint the red cross on their roofs. Hungary Plans To Begin Emigration LONDON (JTA) Hungary’s third anti-Jewish law which is nearing completion, provides fbr mass emigration of all Jews un der 50 years of age, the German wireless reported. The emigration will be financed by Jewish capital, which will be retained in Hungary, the report said. The broadcast asserted that Hungary had al ready contacted other govern ments desiring to “solve the Jew ish problem thoroughly” by mass emigration. Jewish Calender Join a Synagogue Attend He Services 1940—5700 Erev Rosh Hashonah 5701 Oct 7 1940—570.* First Day of New Year ..Oct 3 Fast of Gedaliah Oct 5 Yom Kippur Oct 12 First Day of Tabernacle Oct. 17 Hoshanah Rabbah Oct 23 Sh’mini Atseres Oct 14 Simchas-Torah Oct 25 Rosh-Chodesh .Nov. 1-2 Rosh-Chodesh .Dec. 1 First Day of Chanukah Dec. 25 Rosh-Chodesh .Dec. 30-31 •Observed previous day as well. All holidays begin at sun down of day preceding that listed above.