Newspaper Page Text
AN INDEPENDENT WEEKLY SERVING AMERICAN "CITIZENS OF JEWISH FAITH
THE OLDEST AND MOST WIDELY CIRCULATED JEWISH PUBLICATION IN THIS TERRITORY fcTls No. 40 Jewish War Veteran Leaders Plan for 45th Encampment WT W M«: : : ' ; *, ..' ro be held in Boston August 28-September I—(Left to right) Harold Seidenberg of Cambridge, lass., Past National Commander, who is serving as President of the Boston Convention Corpora ion; Louis Rosenberg of Lawrence, Mass., and David L. Nair of New Britain, Conn., Co-Chairmen ' the Convention. Week In Review By MILTON BROWN, J.TA. THE MARCH OF ANTI-SEMITISM The anti-Semitic yoke was imped down tighter in south stem and eastern Europe, im sing new hardships on thou nds of Jews in Rumania, Hun ry, German - occupied Poland d Slovakia. The most sweeping action was idertaken by Rumania, which ive fresh impetus to is pro eich orientation by promulgat g a new Jewish law dividing the untry’s 450,000 Jews into three tegories. Some of the rights of Christ os are left the Jews of the first tegory, those who fought in the ont line for Rumania, and their scendants. Those among them 10 already hold public office ay retain their posts but no new pointments of Jews in this field 11 be made. Military service, the holding of iblic office, the practice of pro ssions directly linked with pub i authority, the operation of ca s, tobacco shops, movie theaters id many other enterprises are rbidden Jews falling in the sec id and third categories. These Inprise Jews in regions annexed ’ Rumania after the Great War id those of “Old Rumania” who ver served in the armed forces. All Jews are prohibited from ning farms or other rural lands, lose owning such property will so it to the Government and be compensed with bonds. The Government also issued a cree forbidding Jewish shop *pers to close their stores on turdays. Thus orthodox Jews u be unable to observe the Sab th except by returning to the d practice of employing Christ ns operate their stores for em on Saturday. The Hungarian and Slovak gov ®®ents also cracked down with eavy hand on Jews within those *®tries’ borders. Budapest de ®®d expropriation of a large por of land B till under Jewish ership. This action was with ne framework of the Hungari- resettlement program q at expropriation of 500,- acres of Jewish-owned land in ® arlier this year about JHM) acres of this land were - tn ® ver - In Slovakia, the Gov “®ent closed down all Jewish nh. hotel 8» Inns and restau ™ “rty to August. Germans struck again in Jewish War Veterans To Honor Judah Touro, Benefactor of Bunker Hill BOSTON, MASS.—The memory of Judah Touro, whose gift of SIO,OOO made possible the completion of Bunker Hill Monument, will be honored by the Jewish War Veterans of the United States in connection with their Forty-fifth An nual Encampment to be held in Boston, August 28-Septem ber 1. Touro who was born in New port, R. 1., on June 16, 1775, the date of Hie battle of Bunker Hill, made his SIO,OOO contribution af ter reading a newspaper story to the effect that Amos Lawrence of Boston had pledged a SIO,OOO gift to the Bunker Hill Building Committee if some other Ameri can would duplicate the gift. This $20,000 made possible the comple tion of the Monument, after years of financial difficulty. In 1843, at the dedication of the Monument in the presence of Pres ident Tyler and Daniel Webster, the contributions of Touro and Lawrence were commemorated in a toast made at the unveiling, a toast which has since become fa mous: “Amos and Judah venerated names Patriarch and prophet, press their equal claims, Like generous coursers, running neck and neck Each aids the work by giving it a check, Poland, ordering 65,000 Jews to leave Cracow within a two-week period for other parts of the oc cupied territory. The Nazis said this action was taken “in order that Cracow should externally have that standing which is due to it as the capital of the Govern or General’s territory.” “NO. 1 FIFTH COLUMNIST” Col. Charles A. Lindbergh’s re newed pro-Nazi utterances at Chi cago made him the target of un usually vigorous denunciations in the Senate, over the radio and in the press. The charge by Senator Claude Pepper in the Senate that the fly er was the country’s “No. 1 fifth columnist” was echoed by Ralph Ingersoll, editor of the New York newspaper PM, in a scathing front page editorial in that newspaper. Ingersoll expressed the view that Lindbergh, who suggested that the United States cooperate with Ger many if it won the war, had been aided in writing the speech and speculated on what “gang” was backing him. Two Democratic Senators, Scott D. Lucas and Josh Lee also took the flyer sharply to task. JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, FRIDAY, AUGUST 16. 1940 Christian and-Jew, they-carry out one plan, For though of different faith, each in heart a man.” Judah Touro, scion of an old Spanish family that had come to the United States byway of the Netherlands and West Indies, was one of the four children of Rev. Isaac Touro of Newport, R. 1., and Reyna Hays of Boston. His early days were spent in Newport, New York and the West Indies. Fol lowing the death of his father in the West Indies, when Judah was but eight years old, the Touro family moved to Boston, where he lived with an uncle, Michael Hays, successful Colonial shipper. After having received a fine, classical education, young Touro entered the employ of his uncle and in 1798 he was made super cargo of a ship sailing to the Med iterranean. Successfully appren ticed, Touro left Boston for New Orleans three years later after his uncle had refused to countenance marriage to his cousin, a romance that persisted through the years as neither Mr. Hays’ daughter nor (Continued on Page Eight) I consider it a privilege to call upon the presidents of the Zionist Regions and Districts and the entire member ship of the Zionist Organization of America to undertake immediately the Shekel Registration for the year 1940. Zionists know the tradition of the Shekel, its meaning and in fluence on Zionist life. Out of the treasure-chest of Jewish life the forgotten Shekel has been re trieved and year after year is again being fashioned as the sym bol of Jewish unity and achieve ment. The Shekel affords every Jew the opportunity to identify himself with the cause of Zion and the rebuilding of the Homeland in Palestine. In a world decimated by war, our work in Palestine is continu ing, immigrants are coming daily to its shores, not as refugees, but as ‘coming home;’ colonization is A Message To All Jews By EDMUND I. KAUFMAN President of the Zionist Organization of America Florida B’naiß’rith Meet In Miami on Labor Day The Fourth Annual Convention of the State Federation of B’nai B’rith lodges will be held in Miami during the Labor Day holiday on Sunday and Monday, September Ist and 2nd. The Sholem Lodge No. 1024 of the Magic City has prepared a complete and interesting program which is expected to surpass even the brilliant affairs held in Jack sonville last year for this annual occasion. Headquarters selected for the meet is the Hollywood Beach Ho tel, which is offering luxurious ac commodations, with all its facili ties opened to delegates and visi tors including golf, tennis, swim ming, and other forms of recre ation. The program calls for two lun cheons, a banquet and a dance, an initiation class honoring Isaac Le vin, a Professor Quizz program, a buffet luncheon, and several busi ness sessions. The ladies’ auxiliary is preparing a delightful program for the delegates’ wives and other women attending the affair, fea turing a Mah Jong and bridge par ty, round table discussion and ca bana party, a boat ride, and a sightseeing trip. B’nai B’rith members through All Intermarriages Annulled As Rumania Enacts Anti-Jewish Code BUCHAREST (JTA) Rumania’s new anti-Semitic code—dividing Jews into three restricted social and economic classes—was published on the front pages of all Bucharest newspapers. A separate decree law forbidding intermarriage between Jews and persons of “Rumanian blood” and annulling all mixed marriages that had occurred in the past, was pub lished alongside the general decree law reducing Jews to the inferior social and economic level reserved for them in the “new order” now being established in Europe. By far the most onerous of the new restrictions on Jewish liber ty is the retroactive provision of the special ban on intermarriage. As a matter of fact, however, it will not be the full-blooded Jews who will suffer most from this provision, but the offspring of all the mixed marriages that have oc curred in Rumania since the lim ited emancipation of Jews in 1879 after the war of independence. By the retrocative nullification of all such marriages, the offspring of first and second class Jews —and expanding, new settlements are being established on the soil of Eretz Israel. Regardless of the difficulties and dangers, our work in Palestine must continue and all must rally to the cause. I invite every Jew in America courageously, fearlessly, undaunt ed by danger or fear, to declare his solidarity with Palestine. I ask every member who will re ceive a Shekel Declaration Certifi cate to proceed at once and enroll ten Jews as Shekel-payers for the year 1940. “Proclaim Your Faith” in deeds, not in words. $2.00 A YEAR out the state wishing to attend the convention are urged to get in touch with their chapter presi dents at once. Plans are being made to care for the biggest con vention in state history, and a large attendance is expected. Officers of the state federation are: Barney J. Cohen of Orlando, president; Joe Glickstein of Jack sonville, first vice-president; Elry Stone of Miami, second vice-pres ident; A1 Block, Tallahassee, third vice-president; Samuel Stein of Tampa, fourth vice-president; Is rael Feiden of St. Augustine, fifth vice-president; Sidney Bernbaum of West Palm Beach, secretary; Louis Ossinsky of Daytona Beach, treasurer; Harry Simonhoff of Mi ami, chairman of the student un ion committee; Abe Aronovitz of Miami, chairman of the anti-de famation committee; and Milton A. Friedman, also of Miami, chairman of the A.Z.A. commit tee. (Continued on Page Seven) they number many thousands— will be reduced to the status of il legitimates and stripped of their civil rights. Except for this provision the new Rumanian anti-Semitic code is somewhat less onerous than that of Hungary, which it marked ly resembles. The law defines Jews as all persons of Mosaic faith, all offspring of such per sons, all persons born of a Christ ian mother and an unbaptized Jewish father, all Christians bom (Continued on Page Five) Jewish Calendar Join a Synagogue Attend Us Services 1040—5700 Erev Rosh Hashonah 5701 Oct.? 1940—570^. First Day of New Year ..Oct. 3 Fast of Gedaliah Oct. 5 Yom Kippur Oct. 12 First Day of Tabernacle Oct. 17 Hoshanah Rabbah Oct. 23 Sh’mini Atseres Oct. t 4 Simchas-Torah Oct. 25 Rosh-Chodesh Nov. 1-2 Rosh-Chodesh 1 Dec. 1 First Day of Chanukah Dec. 25 Rosh-Chodesh Dec. 30-31 ♦Observed previous day as well. All holidays begin at sun down of day preceding that listed above.