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AN INDEPENDENT WEEKLY SERVING AMERICAN ~CTTIZENS OF .IPWkh crru"
THE OLDEST AND MOST WIDELY CIRCULATED JEWISH PUBLICATION IN THTK TRBBTTnRV ' Jo\ 15 No. 41 Week In Review By MILTON SROWN, J.T.A. , .~- ■--- -» «■ ■*■ ■*--* ***.*a I RUMANIA’S ANTI-JEWISH LAW The long-awaited Rumanian an j-jewish code has been an lounced, to the accompaniment of the arrest of more than a hundred lews and immediate plans for im plementation of the anti-Semitic egislation. The effect of the law is to de prive the great majority of Ru mania's 450,000 Jews of the right to hold positions in the Govern ment service, in many professions ind in business. Partial exemp tions are allowed for the families )f war veterans, but not more than 10,000 persons are so fav jred. Perhaps even more severe than the anti-Jevvish code itself is a separate decree forbidding inter marriage and annulling all past mixed marriages. As a result of this decree, thousands of children if mixed marriages are reduced to the status of illegitimates and are Jeprived of civil rights. The Bucharest bar, the national tobacco monopoly and other or ganizations are rushing to imple ment the anti-Jewish code. They lave already taken action to oust Jews, and the' Goverment is ex pected to speed action in other fields. At the same time, more than 100 Jews have been arrested, most >f them on charges of spreading ‘alarmist” propaganda. These per sons have been interned in a con jentration camp. The first arrests under the law banning Kosher daughter were also reported. A ichochet and several other persons vere arrested in Satu Mare for il egal distribution of kosher meat. Among those especially hit by he wave of arrests are Jewish lewspapermen. Among those ar ■ested is Adolf Grindea, a corres- Jondent of the Jewish Telegraph ic Agency. Mikhail Dan, another oumalist, was reported arrested )n charges of spreading “false re ports” and allegedly acting as a Iritish intelligence agent. Under the pressure of the Axis, 0 which Rumania now kowtows, he Bucharest Government has de luded the Jews into the position »f a lower social strata in the Ru “ania of the “new order.” Hence °rth, the “blood Rumanians” will * the patricians of totalitarian umania and the Jews will be the Plebeians. DEVELOPMENTS IN FRANCE The Nazi policy on the Jews was ently stated by Das Schwarze orps organ of the Gestapo and J e e “ te guard, which declared th e banishing of all Jews in t ope to some remote comer of globe would be one of the par miount clauses of a German *f? e - The effect of this policy is i’fance' SGen Nazi-occupied Pfess in Paris, under Ger domination, is waging a re ess anti-Jewish drive. News oril have °P ened a campaign hettn® r iping out of Paris o su?‘ Some newspapers refuse e | ) j^m^ iver^ Bemente from cbn!! tiCUlarly seve re anti-Jewish is reported in Alsace-Lor he to 80 ? 16 15,000 Jews have left W,° ry ’ Permitted to take eWi° n y a small P art of their grngs. Another 20,000 re trim^? 11 they sub jeeted to outfaL nt restric tions. Police raids mue on a wide scale in the oc- JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, FRIDAY, AUGUST 23. 1940 Walled Ghetto Is Seen for Warsaw GENEVA (JTA) A wall-en closed ghetto is envisaged for Vvarsaw’s Jews by the Nazi au thorities in the former Polish cap ital, it was revealed this week, with receipt of the full text of an edict just issued by the new War saw District Chief, Herr Leist. If the edict is executed, Warsaw’s ghetto would become the first of the wall-enclosed type since the Middle Ages. Not all of Warsaw’s Jews, how ever, will be compelled immediate ly to live in the ghetto. In addi tion to those Jews already living in the sectors set aside for the ghetto, only Jewish newcomers to Warsaw and those changing their residences in other sections of the city will be obliged to move to the wall-enclosed area. Non-Jews living in the ghetto are not compelled to leave it, but if they move at all they must (Continued on Page Five) Soviet Police Arrest Jews GENEVA (JTA)—Russian se cret police last night arrested thousands of Jews, mostly from Galicia, and dispatched them to Birobidjan, Tobolsk, Archangel and its environs, and the White Sea region, in the far north, ac cording to reports from Russia reaching here. The majority of those seized were said to be rabbis, intellect uals and traders, the reports as serted. The secret police also were reported arresting any persons re ceiving telegrams from abroad. At the same time the Krakauer Zeitung, official Nazi organ in Po land, said that 67,000 persons, on ly 1,700 of them Jews, had left the Government-General area for Russia. The newspaper also re ported that a Jewess, Helen Alo patka, was sentenced to eight months imprisonment at Cracow for not wearing an armband to signify her race. Local Delegates Are Announced For State B’nai B’rith Convention in Miami Delegates from the Jacksonville chapter of the international order of B’nai B’rith who are expected to attend the fourth annual con vention of the State Federations lodges in Miami over the Labor- Day week-end are as follows: Dr. Leonard H. Grunthal, president of the local group, Nat Shorstein, Morris Witten, Isadore Moscovitz, Philip Selber, Ben Chepenik, Ira Stein, David Harris, John Rosen blum, Rabbi M. D. Margolis, Rab bi I. L. Kaplan, Herbert Panken, I. M. Lieberman, Joe Glickstein, I. oilverberg, Dave Davis, Harold Cohn, Abe Newman, and ADe Rothstein. More than 250 delegates are expected to attend from Jackson ville, Tampa, Orlando, Tallahas see, Daytona Beach, Gainesville, West Palm Beach, St. Augustine, St. Petersburg, Sarasota, Fort cupied area Jews are banned from, large Paris cases and from the Stock Exchange. Bank accounts of some prominent Jews have been blocked. A Predominantly Jewish City Soon To Be ‘Judenrein’ ■ffv •• \ Lodz has been the industrial center of Poland. Its industry was predominantly in Jewish hands. There was a vast Jewish popula tion living from this industry. The Nazis made two great changes: they changed the name of Lodz into the name of Litzmannstadt in commemoration of General Litzmann, who commanded Ger man troops in this area during the last war. The old General Litz mann became one of the first Na tional Socialists and a Nazi mem ber of the Reichstag. When Litz mann as the personality to be boosted in as a military hero be lieving in Hitler’s mission. The second change is the Nazi’s in tention to make Lodz “judenrein” (free of Jews). They intend to chase the hundreds of thousands of Lodz Jews out of Lodz and to “clean” Lodz from any Jewish vestiges. What will remain of the great city of Lodz? Lauderdale, Sanford, Lakeland and Miami. The convention will be held at the Hollywood Beach Hotel in Hollywood, Fla., starting Sunday, September Ist, and ending on Monday afternoon, September 2nd. Yeshivos Director Tours The South Mr. H. L. Selig, executive direc tor of the United Yeshivos Foun dation, organized two years ago to rescue the Jewish day schools of New York from financial col lapse, is now touring the South in the interests of the Foundation. Cities to be visited on the pres ent tour include San Antonio, Houston,. Fort Worth, Dallas, Shreveport, New Orleans, Bir mingham, Richmond, Norfolk and Washington. Mr. Selig has been as sured a welcome in all these cit ies which may expect from him a workable solution of the educa tional problems of their orthodox Jewish communities. Willkie Deplores Nazi Persecution of Jews EL WOOD, Ind. (JTA) —Formally accepting the Repub lican presidential nomination, Wendell L. Willkie last Sat urday advocated conscription, warned that only the British navy stands between aggression and America, and denounced Nazi persecution of the Jews as “barbarous and worse than medieval.” Citing the experience of his own grandparents, who fled from sim ilar persecution in Germany, Will kie pledged to keep America “as a land free of hate and bitterness, of racial and class distinction.” “I have more reason than most of you,” Willkie said, “to feel strongly about this (equal oppor tunity for all Americans) because the United States gave my fami ly their first chance for a free life. The ancestors of both my father and mother, like the an cestors of millions of Americans, lived in Central Europe. They were humble people, not members of th6 rulihg or wealthy classes. Their opportunities were restrict ed by discriminatory laws and class distinctions. “One was exiled because of his religion, another was persecuted Senior Dadassah Will Participate In 1940 Zionist Shekel Campaign Mrs. David de Sola Pool, na tional president of Hadassah, the Women’s Zionist Oragnization of America, has issued a call to the members of Hadassah throughout the country to give added service to the Zionist cause by enlisting the members of their families and their friends in support of the Shekel Campaign. Stating that the Shekel is one of the strongest and richest in struments of Zionist activity to be found, Mrs. de Sola Pool says that every man and woman whose heart responds to the Zionist cause can become an integral part of the greatest movement in the last two thousand years of Jew ish history by enrolling as a Shek el Payer. Mrs. de Sola Pool’s statement is as follows: "Hadassah, the Women’s Zion ist Organization of America, wel comes heartily the current Shekel Campaign, which gives every Jew the opportunity of identifying himself with the cause of Zion and the rebuilding of the Jewish Na tional Home. “Though the Shekel represents only a mite in terms of dollars and cents, it is one of the strongest and richest instruments of Zion ist action to be found. For it means that practically every man and woman whose heart responds to the Zionist cause can be an in tegral part of the greatest move ment in the last two thousand years of Jewish history. “Hadassah, conscious of the im portance of the regular and an nual payment of the Shekel to the World Zionist Organization, has consistently made it a part of its membership dues. The largest Zionist group in the world, Ha dassah is also the largest single Shekel paying organization. Nev ertheless, although every member of Hadassah is also a Shekel hold er in the World Zionist Organiza tion, the National Board calls up on the members of Hadassah throughout the country to give added service to the Zionist cause because he believed in the princi ples of the French Revolution, and still another was jailed for be lieving in the right of free speech. As their descendant, I have fought from boyhood against these re strictions, discriminations and ty rannies, and I am still fighting. “My grandparents lived in Ger many. They were supporters of the democratic revolutions in that country, and when the revolutions failed they fled to the United States. How familiar that sounds. “Today also people are being oppressed in Europe. The story of the barbarous and worse than me dieval persecution of the Jews, a race that has done so much to improve the culture of these countries and our own, is the most tragic in human history.” by enlisting the members of their families and their friends in sup port of the Shekel Campaign. “There is significance in asso ciating such effort with the Shek el —the ancient symbol of Jewish unity and dedication of spirit to the modern symbol of Jewish hope and achievement.” 12,000 Immigrants of Czechoslovakia Invest 2,000,000 lbs. Tel Aviv, August 14 (Palcor Agency)—There are now 12,000 immigrants from Czechoslovakia living in Palestine, who have in vested a total of 2,000,000 pounds in the industrial and agricultural upbuilding of the country, it was revealed at a two-day conference of Czech migrants beginning here today. Present at the meetings are 78 delegates from 40 differ ent places in Palestine, both rural and urban. Jewish Calendar Join a Synagogue Attend He Services 1940—5700 Erev Rosh Hashonah 5701 Oct 2 1940—570* First Day of New Year ..Oct. S Fast of Gedaliah Oct. 5 Yom Kippur Oct. 12 First Day of Tabernacle Oct. 17 Hoshanah Rabbah Oct. 23 Sh’mini Atseres Oct. fe4 Simchas-Torah Oct. 25 Rosh-Chodesh .Nov. 1-2 Rosh-Chodesh .Dec. 1 First Day of Chanukah Dec. 25 Rosh-Chodesh Dec. 30-31 •Observed previous day as well. All holidays begin at sun down of day preceding that listed above. $2.00 A YEAR