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Minority Rabbis Backed by Handful Wealthy j Jews to Fight Zionism in U. S. A. and Palestine «JPS*—With pro*' pert erf spotting all of Ameriear Jewish life. war has pledged on Zueaas aad or. all persona and testitutlona sympathetic to that program, with the wealth of :n --fhxential Jews ar.d the power of Irreligious Jews mobilized in order to amaah every gair, the Bonist movement haa made in the United States and Palestine in forty years. That is the ambitious goal ret fr- itself by the group innocu ously called the Council fee American Judaism, which was born in this city six weeks ago. The Independent Jewish Press Service has learned the secret background of the Council and. because of the extraordinary is sues raised and the outstanding personalities involved, decided to make the lengthy material avail able to the general public. These are some of the elements involv ed ill a drama which derives spe cial significance from the present situation in Europe, where mil lions of Jews are being slaughter ed by the Nazis. (1) A small group of anti- Zionist Reform rabbis, many of them retired from public pulpits because of superannuation, has undertaken a wide-range po litical program against Zionism, to which these rabbis allegedly object because it is political In character. Asserting that Zion- j ism is "secular” and "irreligious” ! and that that is why Reform • Judaism, as they understand it, ; opposes it, these anti-Zionist rab bis have decided to enlist irrelig ious Jews as well as religious in ; order to attempt to achieve their , anti-Zionist aims, long rejected by 1 the majority of American Jewish leaders. (2) The name* of Morris Wolf, prominent Philadelphia lawyer, associated with Leaning Rosen waid of that city, Henry Ittle*on, wealthy head of Commercial In vestment Trust, Arthur Hay* Sulzberger, publisher of the New York Time*, Samuel Leidesdorf, prominent New York accountant, Paul Baerv/ald, Honorary Chair man of the Joint Distribution Committee, are among those lay men involved in the remarkable story. (Z) Match that lit the anti- Zionist fire of these rabbis and laymen into flame was Sidney Wallach, until recently "educa tional director” of the American Jewish Committee, retiring from that body under unknown circum stances. (4) Secretary of State Hull’s department can be "reached” by this anti-Zionist) group, one mem ber of it, Rabbi William Fine shriber, of thi* city, claims, quot ing a statement of anti-Zionist in tent by one of the leading mem bers of the State Department. (5) Rabbi Lazaron also under took to “see" Secretary of the In terior Harold L. Ickes before he delivered his speech on December 6th at the National Council of the United Palestine Appeal in New York in order to present the anti- Zionist position to the Secretary. Whether he “saw” him or not, Mr. Ickes said not one word about Palestine at a national Palestine Mr <p mtjp Greetings and Best Wishes $ t, Harry Frieseke ; Jf FINE PICTURE FRAMING |! Frames Finished in Gold Leaf | Phone 5-6670 Between Laura and Hogan 'Wm% 4raw *wm arm a m MT.4F MTJP MP MrJP MTJP. MUKMPJP ll “Best Wishes For a Happy New Year” i FRANK E. DENNIS, Inc. ( 5 LIVE STOCK J 2921 N. Edgewood Ate. Phone 5-0911 *%am%a ma ma ma marmarma rnarmarmarmram Smashing Os American Jewish Com ! mittee Threatened By Group Calling Itself Council For American Judaism If Anti-Zionist Platform Rejected gathering. Campaign For Large Funds To achieve its purpose, the Council for American Judaism, a \ came sponsored by Rabbi Laza ror. has launched a campaign for : $25,000 in the first month. It was assured, however, by Morris Wolf, attorney for wealth in Phil adelphia. that “far more” was in ; sight as soon as the campaign got started. On the advice of a “public relations” counsel that it • would look "nicer” to have a rab bi instead of a layman as the ex- j ecutive director erf the organiza tion, youthful Rabbi Elmer Ger ger, erf Flint, Mich., did not have to be persuaded too hard by Rabbi Wotoey to take the pert. Meeting of November 2nd The story is best told as it un- i folded itself at two intimate and private meetings at Rabbi Wol sey’s Rodeph Shalom. The aged Rabbi Goldenson in troduced Mr. Sidney Waliach. un til recently with the American Jewish Committee but now a j "free lance” in public relations. | This opposition movement is the last stand of the anti-Zionist forces, he stressed, and to achieve 1 its objective an organized group must be fought with organization. The Zionists, he charged, have ■ captured the organs and media of I public opinion. The American Jewish Committee, he charged, has "ducked" this issue. Its mem- * berg were not aggressively anti- Zionist, although they were and are basically anti-Zionist. Mr. Wallach's plan involved “grooming for action” several thousand people, at least one rep j resentative in every city, who would fight for a hearing and who ■ would have, according to Mr. Wal iach, the same functions as a Christian Science representative in a community. , At this point, Mr. Wallach mod estly suggested that he did not w'ant to earn his living doing this type of public relations, but, af ter all, he would have to have the "burden of making a living lifted” from him, if he were to do this public relations work. Rabbi Rosenau said that the Baltimore rabbis had given a great deal of thought to this cause. It was their endeavor to create a non-U. A. H. C. organ of Reform Judaism. It was his thought, however, that stressing of the American keynote would cast aspersion on thousands of those who differ. They claim to be Americans and are loyal Amer icans. The movement, he felt, is a religious one in opposing Zion ism. Rabbi Schachtel was impatient to proceed with practical matters and said the immediate engage ment of a person such as Mr. Wallach was essential. Rabbi Fineschriber agreed that the group ought to follow Mr. Wal laces plan. It was necessary to have a person like Wallach or to start a magazine, for* financial reasons. Mr. Wallach responded that a “man’s size job must be done by a man,” whether himself or some body else. He felt it would be wise to get a clarification of the views of Wendell Willkie and Secretary Hull on Zionism. In his view, money-raising for anti- Zionist purposes should be very THE SOUTHERN JEWISH WEEKLY easy. He knew men who would be ready to contribute. Rabbi Foster was opposed to joining with irreligious Jews, say ing his antagonism to Zionism | was of religious origin. Rabbi Lazaron asked the prac tical questions: How much would Wallach’s services entail ? What would he do if he had the money? How would he raise the money? Mr. Waliach said be would need from $7,200 to $7,500 a year. He would get busy doing the kind of thing he had been talking about, get a bearing for anti-Zionism. One magazine was not enough. If we show we mean business. Wal lach said, groups in every city win contribute, especially if we • can get tax-exemption. The zeal ots in every city must be found. He believed that anti-nationalism would strengthen Reform, rather than Reform strengthen anti nationalism. Would Use Yiddish Press Mr. Waliach suggested a key 1 group of individuals in New York to supervise the spending of the money and the conduct of the work. This group would have to have freedom to work and to make decisions. The Yiddish press, he suggested, should be approached, so that with “friends” inside, an occasional item would be published to inject doubt of Zionism in the readers’ minds. Rabbi Schachtel wanted t o I know whether “our movement is to be pro-Reform or anti-nation- I alist.” In his view, the main t program should be “anti-nation alist.” Rabbi Landman said he , did not like to see an anti-pro , gram but a positive one. Rabbi Shaw agreed. Then the discussion went on, with suggestions being offered for various types of magazines, methods of getting tax exemption, and putting speakers onto vari ous lecture platforms. Rabbi Goldenson asked whether the group should identify itself sole ly with Reform or strike the larg er American note. He was for the latter, although sole identifi cation with either would be a lim itation on any money-raising venture. It was Rabbi Gerstenfeld, sec- ' onded by Rabbi Philipson, who : proposed that $25,000 be raised in ’ one month, that Mr. Waliach be 1 engaged and a program be work ed out for the year. The motion ] carried. ] Rabbi Wise Reports On Meeting ' The second meeting of the 1 group, called in the same temple here on November 23rd, heard a 1 letter read from Rabbi Jonah B. I Wise of New York, a National 1 Chairman of the United Jewish Appeal and fund-raising chairman 1 of the Joint Distribution Commit- 1 tee, who described a meeting held in New York on November 16th 1 to consider purposes in which ‘ Rabbi Wolsey’s group was ex- 1 tremely interested. ! A report on a meeting which 1 he and Rabbi Wolsey had had ' with Morris Wolf, a member of 1 the American Jewish Committee, 1 was given by Rabbi Fineshriber. The most violent clash in the long history of the American Jewish Committee is now in progress. Mr. Wolf is alleged to have said that if the candidate who suc ceeds Maurice Wertheim is non- Zionist, he and his group would supply the Lazaron-Wolsey com bination with funds. If the anti- Zionists failed to gain control of the American Jewish Committee, they might secede and their funds Would be available in any case. In either case, Rabbi Fineshriber was assured by Mr. Wolf that sums far exceeding the hoped-for $25,- , 000 would become available. i Another letter was then read » bv Rabbi Wotoey from Rabbi Jo nah B. Wise. In it the latter de ! scribed a meeting in New York !on November 16th. Those present were Alan M. Stroock, soon of the I late President of the American Jewish Committee; William Ros enwald, President of the National; Refugee Service and a National Chairman of the United Jewish Appeal; Paul Baerwald. Honorary . Chairman of the Joint Distribu tion Committee; Arthur Hays ' j Sulzberger, publisher of the New York Times, who, in four years, ( made no contribution to the Unit ' ed Jewish Appeal on the ground of his principle objections to Pal estine; Edward M. M. Warburg, a lieutenant and Chairman of the Joint Distribution Committee; Maurice Hexter, once a member of the Jewish Agency Executive in Jerusalem; George Backer, President of the Jewish Tele graphic Agency; Samuel Leisdes dorf. Treasurer of the New York j United Jewish Appeal; Edgar No- ; than. Manhattan Borough Presi dent; Henry S. Hendricks and Henry Ittleson, head of Commer- j cial Investment Trust, who, in , 1942. reduced his contribution to : the United Jewish Appeal to SSO,- . 000 from the SIOO,OOO level of the previous year. Excuses for ab sence were sent by Judge Samuel Rosenan, confidant of President j Roosevelt:Lewis Rosenthiel, head of Schenley Distillers; Nathan ; Ohrbach, New York merchant, and Alexander Kahn, managing! editor of the Jewish Daily For ward. Joseph M. Proskauer, lead- ( ing and violent anti-Zionist candi- j date for the Presidency of the American Jewish Committee, con veyed his views to the group in a i letter. The rabbis, who continuously j emphasize that they are in favor ! of the upbuilding of Palestine al- j though they oppose Zionism, a greed that it would be an excellent j thing to have their next meeting in New York on December 7th, because it was the day following the meeting of the National Council of the United Palestine Appeal, which is a non-partisan fund-raising organization for Pal estine. They could then deal with the subject matter of that meet ing. , State Department Against Zionists ? Rabbi Fineshriber then told the gathering that a prominent Wash ington official, not indicating whether this might be Mr. Lessing Rosenwald, chief of the Salvage Division, a Philadelphian, had \ learned from the State Depart- ! ment, which has the final author- ! ity with respect to the American I attitude toward Palestine, that it i had not yielded to the pressure ■ brought by the Zionists on Con- ! gressmen. On the contrary, Rab- bi Fineshriber’s highly placed in- i formant alleged, the State De- j partment was considerably an- • noyed by it. ! Thus the meeting closed: with i the decision to meet again on De- j cember 7th, a date notorious in j history for the treacherous Jap- • anese attack on America by a ! group which had secretly planned ■ its deed for months while pub- I licly expressing its good will and ! sympathy. “WE FEED THE MULTITUDES” Owned aßd OpWHMI hr *» Jht M%W>rln|i to Btrt* V* Friday, December 25, Christian Ladders Organize Council On Palestine DECLARE DESTINY n» JEWS MATTER OF CHRISTIAN CONSCIENCE New York, December 14*. daring that “the destiny of £ Jews is a matter of concern to the Christian con science” and the amelioration* their lot “a duty which rests upon all who profess Christian prj* ciples”, the representatives of & moot 500 Christian leaders, clergy, men and laymen of all denom£ tione throughout the country, as. ter an all-day conference held it the Hotel Pennsylvania in York today, organized themselv* as the Christian Council on Palo tine, and adopted a Statement i Principles which pointed out that “of all lands available for the mass migration of Jews in the post-war world, Palestine is the most practicable.” The Council is committed to the establishment of a Jewish Com j monwealth in Palestine in rela tion to an over-all settlement of the problem of Jewish migratioa in the post-war era. j The principle speakers at the conference were Prof. Reinhold Niebuhr of the Union Theological Seminary of New York. Bishop Francis John McConnell of the | New York Methodist Area, an! Prof. S. Ralph Harlow of Smith ; College, Northampton. Mass. Oth er speakers at the conference wen I Rabbi Stephen S. Wise. Chairman | of the American Emergency Com mittee for Zionist Affairs, and MTs. Walter C. Lowdermilk of .Washington, D. C., who, together with her husband who is Assist ant Chief Soil Conservation Ex pert of the United States Depart ment of Agriculture, made a study of soil reclamation work done it Palestine by Jewish colonists. j Spanish j t Restaurant I “Excellent Food i ti and Service” 1 828 East Adams St. J Phone 5-9408 «*> Mrjr wr ** *#** $ SEASON’S' GREETINGS i INDEPENDENT LIFE j *1 AND ACCIDENT | INSURANCE 1 COMPANY | Phone 6-4196 5-4197 \ 2 Jenks Building 207 Main Street 5* Mr a* wr JF MCA* * Thanking Our Many Friends and Customers For Making \ J This Holiday Season Our || Most Successful One We Ex- W tend to All of Them Our ? Best Wishes For the Coming % Year. 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