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AN INDEPENDENT WEEKLY SERVING AMERICAN CITIZENS OF JEWISH FAITH '
THE OLDEST AND MOST WIDELY CIRCULATED JEWISH PUBLIC ATION IN THIS TERRITORY . VOL. 18 NO. 49 BETWEEN YOU AND ME BY BORIS SMOLAR JEWS IN THE AMERICAS: jews in the United States know quite a lot about the history of the Jews in European countries. . . . - They know little, or almost nothing, about Jewish life and history in Latin-American coun tries ... - “The Story of The Americas” by Leland Dewitt Baldwin, published by Simon and Schuster, contains many incidents which throw light on the role played by Jews in the develop ment of Brazil and other South American lands ...» It was the Jews of Pernambuco who in 1644 attempted to prevent a revolution against the Dutch which was fi nanced by a wealthy planter, Jose Fernandes Vieria ... - The Jews having no reason to desire the restoration of Portugese rule be cause of the Inquisitift warned the Dutch authorit|BsSß Vieria’s activities ... - From “The Story of The Americas” we also learn how Brazil, under the Portugese, used to deliver Jewish refugees to the Inquisition in Lisbon . . . - The author who begins his book with the voyage of Columbus and concludes with the breaking off of relations between La tin-Amer ican countries and the Axis, be lieves that Columbus “may have been a Jew” ... - He says that licenses to Ynigrate were at that time strictly limited to orthodox Catholics and to those of “Old” Christian origin, that is without Jewish or Moorish blood . . . - Nevertheless, more than one voy ager took along Jewish interpret ers, he established ... - In the early days of Spaniafc-America, Portugese Jews practically con trolled the trade of Lima, Mr. Baldwin claims ... - The boOk which tells the history' of the en tire Western hemisphere as one continuous narrative is a profound study of the discovery, settlement and development of the New World . . . - SOLID EDUCATION: Sltfe Bloch Publishing Company, oldest Jew ish publishing house’in the United States, is now celebrattftg its 90th year of existence v'. . - One can truly say that there is not a Jew in the United States who hasn’t at one time or another benefitted from the books published by this concern ... - Though a private enterprise, the Bloch Publishing Company has become a national Jewish institution as a result of its contribution to Jewish educa tional activities in this country. • . . - Which reminds us that the Jewish Publication Society of America, a non-profit making in stitution, has entered the fifty sixth year of its existence . . . - Since its establishment the Jewish Publication Society has published over 250 titles and has distributed close to four million books . . . - Two of its recent books are a mong the three Jewish titles se lected this year by the American Library Association as the best Jewish books of the year . . . - These are Dr. Salo Baron’s “The Jewish Community” and Leo Schwarz’s “Memoirs of My Peo ple” .... The Chicago Jewish Forum, a quarterly magazine, has Just announced the three winners of its “1942-1943 Writers Con test” .... The first prize of 175.00 went to Prof. M. F. Ashley, Montagu, Philadelphia, for an ar ticle “Are the Jews a Race?” . • JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 15, 1943 s—— ; ’ RefugeeT ff ßack^he^Lttack^~FamedEiiiigreT Give Art Works, For Bond Drive ■jJH bT Famous refugees have given pricc hßl IS® II !<**•* original manuscripts and paint •’ings to be disposed of in promoting sale of War Bonds. National Reft*- gee Service, whose work is finance. -by United Jewish Appeal, took Ujjr , f leading part in organizing projc-1. a I Part of collection has been c\- hibited at New York Public Library. »j Top Photo: Miss Heidc Hermanns, I pianist, one of participants, turns over „ manuscript contributed by Thomas Mann to Franklin Hopp< i Books and Authors War Bond Com mittee. Lower photo: Miss Elizabeth Bergner,'-film ntur, member of sjion I soring committee, and George I Grosz, who donated one of h>- | paintings, sort out co.itrihvtio.is. LJ. —-—« Refugees Give Priceless Collections To Promote War Bond Sales ■ To “Back The Attack” in the war loan drive, the most distin guished refugees in America have assembled a priceless col lection of their original manu scripts and art works, which they donated to the U. S. Treasury Department to be disposed of in promoting the sale of many thousands of dollars’ worth of bonds. Original manuscripts of out standing works by Thomas Mann, Emil Ludwig, Genevieve Tabouis, Lion Feuchtwanger, and many other writers of first rank; mus ical manuscripts by Darus Mil haud, Isadore Philipp, Robert Casadesus and others; paintings and drawings by Eugene Spiro, Rafaello Busoni, Maxim Kopf, B. M. Herko, George Grosz, Wil liam Thoeny, and many more poured into New York head quarters of the bond drive from all over the country in response to the appeal. The project was organized by a group of famous refugees with the collaboration of the National Refugee Service, whose work is supported, by the United Jewish Appeal. An appeal to emigre authors, artists, musicians, and others to send in original works for promotion of bond sales was sent out by Miss Elizabeth Berg ner, stage and movie star; Mme. The second prize was given to Martha Manerof, Chicago, for a short story “A Thorny - The third prize was won by George F. Rorflich of Sweet Briar, Virginia, for an “Zionism in Changing World Pol itics” ..." More than 100 . Scripts from all over the nation were entered in the contest . . . Lotte Lehman, opera star; Prof essor Albert Einstein; Bruno Walter, orchestra conductor; Franz Werfel, and Messrs. Ludwig and Mann. Three Hundred Rabbis Submit Petition To Washington On Rescue Os Jews From Europe WASHINGTON, (JTA) — Fou of a deligate of 300 rabbis calle< at the White House this week am left a petition urging that Jewisl refugees be admitted to the Unite* Nations, neutral countries am Palestine and that a special inter governmental agency be create* to deal with the problem. More than 100 of the rabbi; were from New York. The other came from Chicago, Los Angles Detroit, Baltimore, Philadelphia Columbus and other cities. Rabbi Israel Rosenberg, Wolf Gold am B. L. Levinthal of the Union o Orthodox Rabbis of the Unite* States, and Solomon N. Friedmai of the Union of Grand Rabbi* were received by Marvin Mclntyr one of the President’s Secretaries The visit was sponsored by th Emergency Committee to Sav the Jewish People of Europe. Earlier, Vice-President Henr; A. Wallace and a score of con gressmen greeted the delegatioi on the capital steps. The petitioi was read in Hebrew by Rabt Eliezer Silver, co-president of th Union of Orthodox Rabbis, and i English by Rabbi Aaron Buracl of New York. Among the con gressmen who welcomed th Germans Murdering Jews In Northern Italy JURICH, (JTA) — German troops in Northern Italy have murdered hundreds of Jews and a reign of anti-Jewish terror is in full swing in all the Nazi-held sections of Italy, according to reports reaching here this week. The reports said that all prop erty belonging to Italian Jews has been confiscated by the Ger man occupation authorities and villas of wealthy Jews have been plundered. Many Jews were killed when they resisted Nazi soldiers who had come to loot their homes. German refugees seized by the Nazis are reported to have been immediately executed. The Italian Jews were pointed out to the Gestapo by local fascists, the reports add. The blackshirts provided the Germans with lists of all Jews, natives and refuges, residing in their districts. Mussolini’s puppet cabinet issu ed an order that the anti-Jewish laws which were relaxed after the arrest of Mussolini be strictly en forced. An unidentified broad caster on the German-controlled radio declared that the “new Italy” will punish all traitors, but the first who must pay will be the Jews. He added: “We do not demand e-ny Bt. Bortholoraow’e day, or pogroms, but in behalf of sufferers in our country, we de mand that the Jews, who are im placable enemies of our race, our country and Fascism, be neutra lized.” On the other hand, the Italian radio stations which are under the control of the Anglo-American forces, this week carried a broad cast announcing that Gen. Ba doglio issued a circular order on September 22, addressed to Italian police authorities in the liberated part of Italy, informing them that ir Rabbis were Speaker Sam Ray id burn of the House of Represent id atives, and Senators Alben W. ih Barkley and Charles L. McNary, id majority and minority leaders of id the upper house. The rabbis then r- went to the Lincoln Memorial. On id the steps, Rabbi Isaac Horowitz led a memorial prayer for the is dead of Europe. The group joined rs in prayer for the President and s, the United Nations. They then a, sang the Star Spangled Banner in is Hebrew. id Earlier in the day, Bishop Jf James Cannon, Jr., of the Meth id odist Church, called at the press m conference for “something more is than soft, sweet words,’’ to help re the persecuted Jews of Europe, s. At the same time, a call to set ie aside Sunday, October 10, as a re day of prayer in Christian chur ches for Jews of the world; was •y issued by the Right Reverand i- Henry St. George Tucker, pre >n siding bishop of the Protestant >n Episcopal Church, the Rt. Rev. t>i Francis J. McConnell, resident of ie the Methodist Church, and the Rev. Dr. Henry Sloane Coffin, !K moderator of the Presbyterian ie Church. $2.00 a Year measures have been taken to re peal all the anti-Jewish laws in the Italian territory under his Jurisdiction. FIRST GROUP OF REFUGEES FROM LISBON ARRIVES IN PALESTINE JERUSALEM, (JTA) The first group of Jewish refugees to arrive from Lisbon reached here this week after a lengthy voyage. The 31 men and women are the vanguard of several hundred re fugees in Portugal and Spain for whom the Jewish Agency has secured immigration visas. HEADS CHAIR OF JEWISH STUDIES DUKE UNIVER SITY GRADUATE SCHOOL JjPp ■ ■HHk A- k 1 WL+ H I m r <Kk •' - ' aH Hi Dr. Judah I. Goldin, for the past four years director of the B’nai B’rith Hillel Foundation at the University of Illinois, who has been named the first occupant of the newly-established Chair In Jewish Studies at the Graduate School of Duke University. Jewish Calendar Join a Synagogue* or Temple Attend Its Services 5703 - 1948 Rosh Hashonah Sept 30 Fast of Gedaliah Oct. 2 Yom Kippur Oct. 9 Ist Day of Tabernacle.... Oct. 14 Hoshannah-Rabbah Oct. 20 Sh’mini Atzeres Oct. 21 Simchas Torah Oct. 22 Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan Oct. 29 Rosh Chodesh Kislev....Nov, 28 Ist Day of Hanukkah.... Dec. 22 Rosh Chodesh Tebet Dec. 27 * Also observed previous day. Holidays begin on the evening preceding dates designated.