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The Southern Jewish weekly. [volume] (Jacksonville, Fla.) 1939-1992, May 07, 1948, Image 1

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AN INDEPENDENT WEEKLY SERVING AMERICAN CITIZENS OF JEWISH FAITH
THEOLDEST AND MOST WIDELY CIRCULATED JEWISH PUBLICATION IN THIS TERRITORY
VOL. 24 NO. 15
Capital Spotlight
by CHARLOTTE WEBER
(Copyright, 1948, JTA, Inc.)
WASHINGTON—
■ Rumors are current in Washing-
Iton these days that the United
■States may yet reverse itself an
■other time on its Palestine policy.
■'The rumors float about despite
■any obvious course which the U.
■S. might elect to replace the trus
■teeship plan which was substituted
■for the partition plan.
And the rumors fly despite the
■fact that the first reversal, from
■partition to trusteeship, has never
■been fully explained. Those close
■to the scene here say it happened
■this way:
President Truman was convinc
■ed by numbers of Congressmen
■and Senators and other prominent
■citizens, both Jews and non-Jews,
■ who called at the White House
■that half-a-loaf partition.— was
■ the best solution that could be
■arrived at for the decades-old
■ problem of the Holy Land. He
■ agreed to the partition plan even
■ though he did not share their very
■firm conviction. And he yielded
■to the pressure against the advice
■of certain prominent State De-
I partinent advisors.
I .Having made the decision, how
lever, he went along with it and
■ took measures to ensure its suc-
Icess, such as the appointment of
■ General John H. Hilldring to ad-
Ivise the U. N. delegation and to
■ bolster the sagging State Depart -
I ment support of the plan. Hill-
Idring was known and trusted by
■ the Jews because of his admirable
I work on the displaced persons
I problem both in the War Depart-
I ment and later as Assistant Sec-
I retary of State for Occupied^Areas.
Almost as soon as the vote on
partition was taken, however, the
whole project began to fall apart
at the seams. General Hilldring’s
job came to an end and no move
"'as made to keep him on in a ca-
Paclty in which he might have
Worked toward the implementation
°f Partition. U. S. Deputy Repre
sentative to the U. N„ Herschel
ohnson, was taken ill. In one
"a> or another all the architects
°f the partition plan were put out
°f the running.
Although pleased with the suc
cess of the partition plan, Presi-
e nt Truman soon showed his hand
ln fusing to attend a Zionist
inner which was planned shortly
* ter the November 29 decisison.
e dinner was to have been a
O’agnificent affair celebrating the
achievement of the 50-year-old
p° a l of building a Jewish state.
Resident Truman was to have
in een honored for his role in achiev
partition. Marshall was to
T aVe been a guest. President
r uman was asked to choose the
' ither Washington or New
v F . which would be most con
than! ent for him. He replied only
see f 6 ” 0t think it would be
unn y t 0 a tt en< f such an affair
mJ the Jewish state had actually
Come into being.
Radio Drama
Slated for Sunday
A radio drama entitled “The
Things I Saw,” based on Chester
Bowles’ report on his recent tour
of Europe as International Chair
man of the United Nations Appeal
for Children, will be presented by
the Eternal Light on Sunday* May
9, 1948 (NBC network, 12:30-1:00
P. M. DST). The script for the
broadcast was written by Irve
Tunick.
As related in “The Things I
Saw,” Mr. Bowles undertook his
European mission at the request
of Secretary-General Trygve Lie
of the United* Nations. He began
his trip with the knowledge that
one out of every two children in
the world today is starving; that
many youngsters have no hope of
ever growing up to normal adult
hood. He was completely unpre
pared, however, for the shock of
seeing these “statistics” come to
life in the wasted bodies of Eu
rope’s children.
He left Europe impressed with
the incredible senselessness of war
which can take such a toll in
human suffering, and with the fact
that the survivors mean to keep
peace for themselves and for their
children. “But if the world of
tomorrow is divided in two,” he
states in the script, “it will be
because half of that world . . .
will have grown up hungry, em
bittered and desperate.”
At the conclusion of the pro
gram there will be a brief address
by Aake Ording, Director of the
United Nations Appeal for Child
ren and Norwegian delegate to
the U. N.
PLAN FOR BOGOTA JEWS
ECONOMIC RECONSTRUCTION
An urgent appeal for a loan of
$1,000,000 to reconstruct the eco
nomic life of Bogota Jewry, which
was virtually wrecked during the
recent riots in the Colombia cap
ital, has been issued by the Jewish
Emergency Aid Committee ‘of that
city which was organized through
the initiative of Maximo Yagup
sky, director of the American Jew
ish Committee for South America.
ADL TO HONOR 5 FOR CONTRIBUTIONS
TO ‘AMERICA’S DEMOCRATIC UEOACY’
EL JUS w . ESwbMMiitiinN^liHM
Roosevelt Balaban Zanuck Schary Wilson
Silver medallions for “distinguished contributions
towards America’s Democratic Legacy” will be awarded
by the Anti-Defamation League of B’nai B’rith to the
five prominent Americans shown above: (left to right)
Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt, U. S. Delegate to the- United
Nations Commission on Human Rights; Barney Balaban,
who organized the spectacular Freedom Train; Darryl
Zanuck, producer of the film “Gentleman’s Agreement”;
Dore Schary, whose production of “Crossfire” pioneered
in bringing the problem of anti-Semitism to the screen,
and Charles E. Wilson, chairman of the President’s
Committee on Civil Rights.
Presentations will be made at ADL’s annual confer*
JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, FRIDAY, MAY 7, 1948
To Speak at
Rabbinical Meet
■ ■
Rabbi Ben Zion Bokser (above),
spiritual leader of the Fores!. Hills
Jewish Center and a former mem
ber of the Army’s Corps of Chap
lains, will be the principal speaker
at a symposium on the “Future
of the American Jewish Commun
ity,” at the 48th annual convention
of the Rabbinical Assembly of
America, winch wil be held at the
Sherman Hotel in Chicago from
May 16 to 19 inclusive, according
to an announcement today by
Rabbi Israel M.’ Goldman, presi
dent of the Assembly.
Delegates to the convention,
representing more than 400 Con
servative congregations in this
country and Canada, will gather
to discuss “New Demands on
Conservative Judaism.” The con
vention program also includes a
forum “Towards a Philosophy of
Conservative Judaism,” as well as
a special service of tribute to
Palestinian Jewry.
MIZRAHI BOY
Mr. and Mrs. Joseph M. Miz
rahi announce the birth of a
son on Sunday, April 25. Mrs.
Mizrahi is the former Miss
Dorothy Leventhal.
ence in Los Angeles, May 5*7, which is expected to draw
more, than 500 community leaders from every part of
the United Stated and several provinces o( Canada.
Because Mrs. Roosevelt will be abroad at the time
of the conference, James Roosevelt will accept the award
for her. Highlight of the conference will be a keynote
address by Gov. Earl Warren of California, announced
presidential candidate.
The presentation of the awards will be the basis for a
coast-to-coast broadcast over the CBS network, Saturday,
May 8, at 8:30 PJVI.,EDST. The program will feature
Hollywood stars Robert. Young and Celeste Holm.
Million Jews in Europe
Still in Need of Aid
Philip Nathan Coleman, of Jacksonville, Stresses
Needs of Survivors in Accepting Post as Florida
State Chairman of U. J. A.
“The third anniversary of V-E Day, which we will observe this
week, finds more than 1,000,000 Jewish survivors of war and perse
cution in Europe still struggling to rebuild their lives,” Philip Nathan
Coleman, prominent Jacksonville communal leader, said this week as
he accepted the Florida State Chairmanship of the $250,000,000
United Jewish Appeal for Refugees, Overseas Needs and Palestine*
New Czechoslovak
Constitution Makes
Anti-Semitism Illegal
PRAGUE (JTA) —The draft of
the new Czechoslovak constitution
which is scheduled to be submitted
to the parliament this week, will
guarantee freedom of conscience
and religion and places ,all re
ligions on an equal basis, it was
learned here.
An important new provision in
the constitution is the prohibition
on disseminating Nazi and fascist
propaganda in any form, as well
as racial intolerance and national
chauvinism. Previously, the law
only prohibited and punished per
sons who publicly incited racial
violence. The new constitution
makes any demonstration of anti-
Semitism a criminal offense.
Red Cross Sending
Medical Supplies
To Palestine
GENEVA (JTA)—The Ameri
can Red Cross is sending large
quantities of medical supplies to
Palestine for both Jewish and
Arab relief organizations, it was
announced here by the Internat
ional Red Cross, which will sup
ervise the distribution of the sup
plies in Palestine.
The international body also re
vealed that it will send additional
Swiss representatives to Palestine
to help protect hospitals, wounded
persons and prisoners of war.
Mr. Coleman stressed the plight,
of the Jewish survivors in Europe,
most of whom, he said, are still
dependent on aid from America for
their every-day living needs, as
well as for the rehabilitative aid
that they require to become once
again self-supporting citizens of
their present countries of resi
dence, or of Palestine and the
United States where many of
them hope to find new homes.
Mr. Coleman pointed out that
this year’s record United Jewish
Appeal drive must provide for the
immigration of 75,000 homeless
European Jews to Palestine and
the settlement and upbuilding of
that country; for continued aid to
the 250,000 displaced Jews in
Central Europe, to the majority
of the 830,000 Jews in Eastern
Europe and tens of thousands in
Western Europe; and for adjust
ment and administration services
for newcomers to our country, who
are arriving at the rate of 2,000
per month.
Mr. Coleman has long been ac
tive in the civic and philanthropic
affairs of Jacksonville. He is a
member of the executive commit
tee of the Community Chest and
the Jacksonville Board of the
American Red Cross, and a mem
ber of the Board of the U. S.
Chamber of Commerce’s Depart
ment of Industry and Commerce.
He is active in Jacksonville’s Ad
vertising Club and a member of
the Florida Society of the Sons
of the American Revolution.
A direct descendant of Mordecai
Sheftall, noted Georgia Revolution
ary War leader, Mr. Coleman’s
forebears were aboard the first
vessel to reach the colony of Geor
gia. Another of Mr. Coleman’s
ancestors was Philip Moses Rus
sell, Chief Surgeon of the Conti
nental Army, under George Wash
ington.
In accepting his new post, Mr.
Coleman declared that he consid
ers the position “a challenge and
an opportunity to help resolve the
homelessness and despair of Eu
rope’s Jewish survivors through
the monumental relief, rehabilita
tion and resettlement programs
of the United Jewish Appeal
agencies:, the Joint Distribution
Committee, which provides relief
and rehabilitation in Europe and
the Middle East; the United Pal
estine Appeal, which helps in the
settlement and upbuilding of Jew
ish Palestine; and the United Ser
vice for New Americans, which
furnishes welfare and Americani
(Continued on Page Five)
$3.00 A YEAR

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