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AN INDEPENDENT WEEKLY SERVING AMERICAN CITIZENS OF JEWISH FAITH
TH £ OLDEST AND MOST WIDELY CIRCULATED JEWISH PUBLICATION IN THIS TERRITORY VOL. 24 - NO. 18 Capital Spotlight by CHARLOTTE WEBER (Copyright, 1948, JTA, Inc.) WASHINGTON— The story of how and when President Truman made up his mind to extend U. S. recognition to the provisional government; oi Israel may not be known for a long, long time. There are two versions of when the decision was made. Presiden tial Press Secretary Charles G. Ross called reporters into his of fice the Saturday morning follow ing the exciting, surprising an nouncement. The President, he told the press, had decided several days before to extend recognition to the new Jewish state as soon as it had been proclaimed. Matters of protocol prevented the Presi dent from moving before the letter of request had been received from the Jewish Agency, however, he said. A radio columnist, on the other hand, reported the following night that the decision had been made the same day it was announced, that it was the product in part of pressure that day from several New York City Democratic lead ers. The President decided at lunch to recognize the new state, the columnist reported, hurriedly cleared the decision with Secretary of State Marshall and Gen. John Hilldring, new State Department advisor on Palestine, and then had White House aide Clark Clifford phone the Jewish Agency to ask them to write the request letter. How far between the two the truth lies probably won’t be known until someone now close to the White House writes his memoirs. A strong indication that the decision may have been as hastily arrived at as the radio columnist’s wport was the atmosphere of ®*»plete surprise with which the announcement was greeted in both Administration and Congressional *kdes. It surely seems that such * decision, if it really had been JJJde as early as implied by the "“He House, would have started least a gentle ripple of rumor *' for(l the announcement. to any ra * e ’ move * a bound he interpreted in many circles *f a m <>ve designed to recoup e of the political prestige IT 68 dent Truman lost when the • • substituted the trusteeship JU* for the partition plan. No hiv u h ° W lofty the motives may e been that prompted the de faitort f the White House Has not every possible bit move ltiCal advanta & e out of the Secretary Ross, in the m tf 8 * morning conference, jT Ckly volunteered the informs* had I!*!!* telegrams and messages been pouring into the White •f “ oVerwhe| mingly in favor” e Resident’s action. Ross reporters to the « in!*’ 8 Btatemen t of March tnnteT 8 ' *° r a trusteeship and sothi n Palestine. There was m t inconsistent in the two - 0n8 > Ross said. A Salute to the New Jewish State i fji Stage and screen star, Raymond Massey (center), on behalf of Actors’ Equity, Theatre Incorporated and the American Fund for Palestinian Institutions, has just presented Aaron Meskin (left) and Hanna Rovine (right), of the Habimah, National Theatre of Israel, with two flags—the Stars and Stripes and the new Flag of Israel. Presentation, made on the stage at the Broadway Theatre, New York, following the premiere of “The Golom,” symbolized good wishes of the American theatre for the new Jewish state. Southerner Says ‘‘No Substitute for Religion” “There is no substitute for re ligion. Man can no more create something just as good than he can manufacture a tree or build a sunset. And why even make the effort? Why construct any make believe to take the place of yearning in every clean human heart for the supreme satisfaction to be found in self respect. “In the light of the historical sciences we have come to regard religion not as something that has come to man from the outside but rather as the rich fruitage of his own spirit, for which there is no substitute. Jewish survival depends upon a religious program, that program is only collectively j effective when it is individually understood, appreciated and prac ticed. “There is no blueprint for good ness, no diagram for understand ing, no positive pattern for love, !no outline for respect. Brother jhood is religion and there is no limit to the emphasis which should Ibe placed upon it." Thus Harris Abrahams of Vine .St. Temple, Nashville, Tenn., summarized the value and import- I ance of brotherhood before the National Federation of Temple Brotherhood’s National Executive Board Meeting recently held in Cincinnati, Ohio. Mr. Abrahams, one of the lead ers of the important National Education and Religious Emphasis Committee is one of the youngest men ever unanimously appointed to the National Board. Mr. Abrahams is not only active in local Temple, Brotherhood, and civic affairs but has for some years been quite active in Na tional Jewish affairs. A recent honor bestowed upon Mr. Abra hams besides appointment to the NFTB National Board is his ap pointment to serve as a special (delegate from the NFTB to the JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, FRIDAY, MAY 28, 1948 National Federation of Temple Youth. ‘‘Then They Joined Hands and Died Together” The troopship S. S. Dorchester was torpedoed and sunk in the North Atlantic in February 1943. On board were four chaplains of three faiths: George L. Fox and Clark V. Poling (Protest ants), John P. Washington (Catholic), and Alexander G. Goode (Jewish). When the ship was hit, each of the four gave his lifebelt to nearby men without them. Then they joined imnds and prayed to the one God they all served for the safety of the men struggling to leave the fast-sinking vessel. Survivors finally landed in Greenland. They said, “This is the picture en graved on our minds and hearts as the S. S. Dorchester disap peared beneath the waves.” Heroism became almost commonplace during the war; there was so much of it. But the death of the Four Chaplains is touched with a special luster—and meaning. A meaning that Americans can never forget. So that we shall remember, our government will issue a com memorative "Four Chaplains” three-cent postage stamp today, on May 28th. The engraving shows the sinking S. S. Dorcheßter and, above the stricken ship, the calm, friendly faces of the Protestant, Cathdlic, and Jewish chaplains who died hand in hand. A well-deserved honor—this issuance of a stamp. But, we honor the Four Chaplains best when we live as they did. We honor them best when we defend every American’s right to work, to worship, to get a good education and to live in a decent house —without regard to race, creed, class or name. We honor them when we SPEAK UP for our fellow Americans who are defamed or discriminated against because of their race or religion . . . when we refuse to spread cunning or evil rumors against any man because his country of origin or religion is different from ours. We honor these immortal chaplains best when we oppose and help overcome those divisive forces, still in our midst, which seek to disunite America by setting race against race, religion against religion, class against class. We honor these men—the priest, the rabbi, the ministers —by remembering that they died, as we must live, for Americans of every faith, every race. That’s being American! Slate of Emergency in Israel BY A. SCHWARTZ (Jewish Telegraphic Agency Correspondent) TEL AVIV (JTA) —A state of emergency was declared this week throughout Israel by the Provisional Jewish Government to continue for a period of three months during which the Israeli Cabinet is empowered to issue emergency decrees. The first decrees issued provide: 1. All the rights and authority hitherto vested in the British Ad ministration in Palestine now pass to the Government of Israel. 2. Every Jew who landed in Palestine during the Mandatory’s regime becomes a legal citizen of Israel. 3. The flag of Israel is to be Jacksonville Jewish Community to Raise $650,000.00 An emergency campaign to raise $650,000 for U. S. and overseas needs will begin in Jacksonville immediately, it was announced Sunday night by Harry Gendzier, representative of the Jacksonville Jewish Com munity Council. $3.00 A YEAR hoisted on all ships registered as Palestinian, while the final design of the Israeli flag is to be decided shortly. The flag will, however, include the Star of David. Israeli planes went into action this week bombing Arab troop concentrations near the Trans jordan frontier, while enemy planes attacked the residential sections of Tel Aviv many times. Mayor Rokach of Tel Aviv cabled President Truman, Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov and U. N. Secre tary-General Trygve Lie protesting the “indiscriminate murder of women and children” in Tel Aviv by Egyptian planes. He asked that Egypt, as a member of the United Nations, be compelled “to discontinue such barbarities.” The Jewish planes all returned safely to their base after carrying out their mission, an official Haganah communique stated. This was the first time that Haganah had reported Jewish air force ac tion since the proclamation of Jewish statehood. The attention of the Jews in Israel was temporarily diverted from the several fighting fronts to the U. N. Security Council discussions at Lake Success. A feeling of bitter contempt prevail ed among the inhabitants of Tel Aviv as they listened by short wave radio to the arguments of Sir Alexander Cadogan, Britain’s representative to the U. N., oppos ing the American proposal for sanctions against the Arab aggres sors. Hebrew University and Hadassah Hospital Under Heavy Attack A Haganah report from Jerusa lem said that the Hebrew Univer sity and the Hadassah Hospital on Mt. Scopus were under heavy Arab artillery fire. The report indicated that heavy fighting is still raging in the Old City of Jerusalem, with Abdullah’s Legion attacking the Jewish sector from the Armenian and Moslem quarters. The British military commander in Haifa issued an order prohibit ing the carrying of arms in certain zones of the city. Hitherto, Ha ganah men were permitted to carry arms openly since the city came under Jewish control. The Syrian Army’s invasion base was completely destroyed by a daring operation of Jewish Army units behind enemy lines which re sulted in the demolition or capture of large quantities of war material amassed to supply the Syrian forces invading Israel’s territory. According to a Haganah com munique, the Israeli forces batter ed their way into the Syrian camp east of the Bnot Yaakov bridge, after shattering strong opposition. Barracks were blown up, tents set afire and armoured vehicles and other material destroyed. Large quantities of all types of ammu nition, heavy armor and artillery 5 were found in the camp.