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■Friday, November 18, 1949
■ The Southern Jewish Weekly §An Independent Paper Serving American Citizens of Jewish Fa This newspaper seeks to serve the Jewish communities 'of the Sou B without purporting to represent any. ot tne bou Owned and Published by ISADORE MOSCOVITZ, B.S.J. Subscription, one year $3.00; two years, $5.00 ‘ Upon expiration, unless notified to the contrary, subscriptions are continued. IP. O BOX 903 PHONE 9-7990 JACKSONVILLE, FLORID Entered as Second-Class Matter, at the Post Office, Jacksonville, Florida, Under Act of March 3, 1879 Member of the Jewish Telegraphic Agency “ Member of the Office of Jewish Information Member of Seven Arts Features Member of the Chamber of Commerce “The Oldest and Most Widely Circulated Jewish Publication in this Territory” I I RABBI KAPLAN WANTS REFORM JEWS I TO CLOSE BUSINESSES ON SATURDAY In a recent issue of a Jewish i paper printed in Miami, Rabbi Jacob . H. Kaplan of the Magic City issued * a challenge to the Reform Jews of America to keep the Sabbath day ■ holy, and to close up their stores - - v '. M and businesses on Saturday. Rabbi Ts *' J ;| Kaplan was for many years presi- - > % : ■ i ■dent of the Florida Association of ' ■ ißabbis and is widely known 'JB ■.throughout the South. His com jjments are certain to evoke consid- ' J§ arable interest throughout this ter- ■dmmtmk riiory. While his remarks may not imilmlmM. ■succeed in gaining many new ad- Iherents to observe the sanctity of the Sabbath, we hope that who have kept their stores and offices open on Rosh Hashonah and Yom Kippur will think twice before I openly flaunting their wilful violation of the most sacrec ■Jewish holidays. Says Rabbi Kaplan: In 1918, when I was rabbi in Cincinnati, Ohio, I preach led a sermon which was published in three Jewish papers, or ithe subject: “A High and Holy Appeal to the Conscience o ithe American Jew.” I am now writing "A Challenge to the Americal Jew ; especially to the Reform Jews of the United States." Reform Judaism has done everything to make Judaisn ®a dynamic force —not a static existence. We have with phil iosophic insight recovered many of the ceremonies that wer< Idiscarded and given them new life. We must do one mor< ■thing—keep the Sabbath holy. We have been taunted that Reform Judaism has special |hed in the commandments "not to do" and has forgotten th« f commandments "to do." I The Sabbath is the greatest human institution which th< ■Jews have given to the world, but we have become negligen in its observance. The Sabbath is more sound in its psycho! °gy than even those Jews who observe it realize. Consciousness means change. The hypnotist who make his subject look or think of one thing only has his subjec hypnotized. If we had gone on doing seven days in the wee’ the same thing we would be utterly unconscious of the dignit of human personality. A Sabbath, holy unto the Lord, make Possible for man to appreciate that he is man, created in th< image of God. By giving the world our Sabbath we hav made human beings conscious that they are human being: children of God. A generation ago there was some thought of transferrin "* e Sabbath from Saturday to Sunday. We might the have transferred the sanctity of the Sabbath from one day t another. Today the sanctity of the Sabbath is lost and w have nothing to transfer. The only thing we can and mus w, as an example to the rest of the world, is to keep the Sal hath and invest it with the sanctity it once had. We must do this, as Reform Jews, for Reform Judaism ha Preserved the dynamic power of religion in ifs adjustmen constantly to the knowledge and the needs of the day. Th jyond needs an example of the sanctification of life. Th< worm Jew has it in his power to bring that blessing to man lnd by keeping sacred the Sabbath. We have lost the Sabbath out of respect for business e s , ose some of our business in honor of the Sabbath. Bu; e w RI not lose any business. My faith in the average fiuman being leads me to believe that the average human be unt i se^ n S the respect of the Jew for his religion, will wail 1 j the Jew opens his business on Saturday evening out of yalt y *° the spiritual essence of life. Reform Jews to close their businesses or DR. JACOB L. KAPLAN.