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ADL Survey Shows College Students Less Prejudiced Than General Public That American college students show less anti-Jewish prejudice than the country's population as a whole, is disclosed in a report made public yesterday by Supreme Court Justice Meier Steinbrink of New York, national chairman of the Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith. Based on a study of social dis tance attitudes among both col lege seniors and freshmen con ducted for the League by the Elmo Roper organization, the re port reveals that college students are overwhelmingly opposed to quota systems and other discrim inatory admissions policies which exist in many American colleges. The study was made in connec tion with ADL’s forthcoming an nual survey of anti-Semitism, “A Measure of Freedom,” by Arnold Forster, ADL director of civil rights. 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Box 1243 Atlantic Beach, Florida LEAH MATHEWS, District Manager ———— — ————— I Mr Please send me, without obligation, World Book’s three free GIFTS for my I family’s future. I i Name I I Address City Zone or R.FJ3. State shortly by Doubleday. Only one out of 10 seniors ex presses a preference for colleges which discriminate. By contrast, almost one-third of the general adult population—including col lege graduates and non-graduates —are so inclined. “On the basis of this finding we know now what we have always suspected,” Justice Steinbrink said. “College quota systems have been defended by some as pro tection for non-Jewish students. It is now evident that these stu dents themselves reject the bi gotry of their protectors.” To determine how much pre judice college students feel to ward Jews, researchers asked a series of key questions which probed such senstive areas as ed ucation, social contacts, housing, employment and intermarriage. A standard of comparison with the general population was provided by a previous ADL study made by Roper in September, 1948. %/pur Wife Wifi Need Income for Life When You Die At 35, only $10.15 per month will provide $50.00 each month for 10 years for your loved ones. GULF LIFE INSURANCE CO. "Yours for Life" Frank E. Diamond 604 Hogan Street Phone 4-5593 Jacksonville, Fla. THE SOUTHERN JEWISH WEEKLY One surprising conclusion is that the low index of prejudice among college students is not at all, according to the study, the result of attending college for a four-year period. Tests made on 50 American campuses in the first few weeks of the 1949 fall term show that the incidence of pre judice is the same for seniors who already have had the benefits of almost four years of college, as for freshmen who have yet to be come acclimated to .or influenced by college life. An explanation for the fact that American colleges have made no “significant contribution” in de creasing anti-Semitism despite the clear-cut and consistent dif ferences between college seniors and adults—“is harder to arrive at than the facts of the differences themselves,” the study declares. Since the laboratory questions di rected at both freshmen and sen ior groups show no marked dif ferences between the two groups, “we must face the conclusion that a college education today does not appreciably change entrenched at titudes towards minority groups.” “One factor in the low level of prejudice among both freshmen and seniors,” said Justice Stein brink, “is the general belief that idealism is a function of youth. The attitudes of today’s college students may be considerably more narrow and prejudiced 10 or 20 years from now. Our past studies show that when we separ ate college graduates from the general adult population and com pare the two groups, anti-Semit ism and minority bias is more prevalent among the college edu cated.” “It may also be that the major job of education in the field of anti-minority sentiments is being done in high schools and that the only prejudiced students left are bitter-enders with whom educa tion has already proved ineffec tive,” said Justice Steinbrink. “We have no conclusive proof thaat such is the case, byt it is a real possibility.” In general, the study discloses, social distance patterns for college students are typical, if less in tense, of the nation’s attitudes to ward its minority groups. Pre judice weighs heaviest against Negroes, Mexicans, Chinese, Fili pinos, Jews and Italians in that order. Here is how the attitudes of college seniors compare with those of American adults on specific questions: Do you think Jews are getting too much economic power in the United States? Thirty-eight per cent of the general adult popula tion said “yes;” among seniors, 23 per cent. ... too much political power? Adults, 19 per cent; seniors, 6 per cent. Would you prefer not to work side by side with Jews? Only 5 per cent of the seniors replied “yes.” Adults, 14, per cent. Would you prefer not to have Jews move into your neighbor hood? Adults, 22 per cent; seniors, 10 per cent. Would you prefer not to have Jews as guests in your home? Adults, 15 per cent; seniors, 3 per cent. The highest degree of non-ac ceptance is shown in answers to the question: Would you prefer not to have one of your near relatives marry a Jew?” One out of four seniors opposed inter- Welcome Always! CARLETON’S DRUG STORE 1990 San Marco Blvd. Phone 9-1626 FROM Gls TO UJA VIA JWB jig m in <!n A CHECK FOR S2OO representing contributions to the United Jewish Appeal pledged by Jewish U. S. military and civilian personnel of Frankfurt, Germany; during 1949 Yom Kippur Services, is presented to Chaplain (Capt.) Morris M. Matthews, Frankfurt Military Post | (far right), during the recent Hanukah Festival. Chaplain Matthews forwarded the money to the National Jewish Welfare Board (JWB), agency authorized to serve religious, morale and welfare needs of Jewish Gls here and overseas, for transmittal to UJA. Presenting check to Chaplain Matthews is Lt. Col. Harry Pickus, Philadelphia, supply officer for the Hanau Signal Depot. Soldiers participating in presentation ceremony are (1. to r.)-—Pvt. Alvin Knopf, Pvt. Irvin Butanski, Col. Pickus, Lt. Louis Pollack, PFC. Abraham Jacobson, and Chaplain Matthews^ marriage. 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