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The Southern Jewish weekly. [volume] (Jacksonville, Fla.) 1939-1992, July 28, 1950, Image 7

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Friday, July 28, 1950
THE JEWISH
QUIZ BOX
BY RABBI SAMUEL J. FOX
(Copyright. 1950, Jewish Telegraphic
Agency, Inc.)
QUESTION: Who are the "Kar
aites?" T. M., Philadelphia.
ANSWER: The Karaites are a
distinct religious sect, mainly
concentrated in Russia today,
whose ancestors were originally
a Jewish sect, but who later
threw' off the name Jew and be
came an independent sect.
* * * $
QUESTION: What does the
name "Karaite" mean?
ANSWER: The name "Karaite”
comes from an elementary He
brew verb “Koro” meaning “to
read.” The Scriptural text of the
Bible is referred to as “Mikra”
because it was originally read
while all later learning such as
the Talmud was recited by heart
and only discussed and studied
orally. Therefore this sect took
the name “Karaite” because its
central point of emphasis is upon
the Scriptural text, disregarding
all Talmudic interpretations and
Rabbinic commentary. Thus Ben
jamin Na-harawendi, one of the
original leaders of the sect, called
it the “Baale Mikra” which means
“the followers of the Scriptural
text.” From this we have the
name “Karaim” in Hebrew or
“Karaites” in English.
QUESTION: What is the origin
of this sect in Jewish life?
ANSWER: Historians claim this
sect was founded in the eighth
century of the common era by a
man whose name was “Anan.”
The first followers were called
“Ananaites.” It is generally felt
that this sect arose as a reaction
to the rabbis, repudiating the au
thority of the Talmud entirely at
first. In its early days this sect
had an influence upon the rabbis
in that it caused them to lay
greater emphasis upon the He
brew text and Hebrew grammar
in general, as well as stimulating
a great deal of Biblical study in
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Registered Real Estate Broker
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Mayfair Opticians
PAUL S. LOCKERMAN. JR.
Prescriptions Filled
Lenses Duplicated
Temple Theatre Arcade,
Masonic Temple Bldg.,
PHONE 3-0055
MASURY
PAINT STORE
126 W. Bay St. Ph. 5-2888
PLUMBING AND HEATING CONTRACTOR
L. Van De Bogart
Phono 2-8681 -r- 4216 Herschel Street
Jacksonville 0, Fla.
BURNER INSTALLATION AND SERVICI
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order to refute their arguments.
Many customs and ceremonies
that we observe today were
founded as a means of indicating
opposition to the Karaite disre
gard of Talmudic Lore, the elab
orate Passover Haggadah being
only one example. The greatest
development of the sect came in
Crimea, where ten thousand of
them still live. In 1783 when
Crimea was conquered by the
Russians, the Karaites officially
declared themselves a sect totally
apart from the Jews. This help
ed them escape much of the hard
ships inflicted upon the Jews
there.
ISRAEL PARLIAMENTARY
DELEGATES IN LONDON
DIFFER ON NEUTRALITY
f
Mr. Ben Aharon asserted that
Israel’s neutrality i n another
world war “is not only practicable
but it the only line of survival”
for the Jewish state. At this point
Mr. Lubianiker broke in to add
that all groups in Israel are unit
ed in the belief that everything
must be done to preserve world
peace. But Israel’s policy of non*
identification with either Big
Power bloc does not mean “neu
trality between good and evil,”
he stressed.
Mr. Lubianiker also denied that
Israel’s financial dependence on
the United States subjects the
Jewish state to political pressure.
This has never been attempted by
the U.S., he insisted. He said that
during their eight-day visit the
members of the delegation had
noted a sincere desire in Britain
—which he said also exists in Is
rael—to “turn over a new leaf’
in relations between the two
countries.
Jewish Center
Softball League
Results Last Sunday
JW V 6
Centermen 5
Temple Brotherhood 5
Masada 3
Games scheduled for next Sun.
9 A. M.
Esquire vs. Y P L
10:30 A. M.
Masada vs. J W V
WINDOW LETTERING
and SIGNS
DUVAL SIGNS
832 FLAGLER AVE.
PHONE 9-7477
GREETINGS
MIRRORS
RESILVERED
GLASS INSTALLED
JAX GLASS CO.
707 W. Adams Street
Phone 4-6992
THE SOUTHERN JEWISH WEEKLY
LETTERS
to- th£~.
WEDiTOR
HECHALUTZ
Organization of America
34 West 13th Street
New York 11, N. Y.
July 11th, 1950
Editor
Southern Jewish Weekly
Jacksonville, Fla.
Dear Sir:
In the issue of your paper of
6-23-1950 we read in an article
by Boris Smolar the following
sentence: ..
“ Incidentally, tome in Israel are
wondering why only 5% of Am
erican Hechalutz farm trained
youth have come tp the Jewish
state . . . . ”
We don’t know who gave Mr.
Smolar this strange information
which is completely incorrect and
harmful, not only to the cause of
the Zionist Movement in Amer
ica, but to the prestige of Ameri
can Jewish youth in general.
The true figures are as follows:
Between January 1947 to June
1950 there were 790 young Amer
ican Jewish boys and girls in ag
ricultural training at eight Hech
alutz farms in the United States
and Canada. 658 among them
went to Israel and JB6 are still
in training at our farms. Only 43
did not go to Israel after having
completed their training. Even
among them are at least 35 who
continue a special training or
study program or are retained by
the chalutz movement for respon
sible educational tasks and will
definitely go to Israel.
Last year two new kibbutzim
were established by American
chalutzim in Gesher Haziv (Low
er Galillee) and Sasa (Upper Gal
illee). Besides this, a consider
able number of American chalut
zim volunteered for the Hagana
and later for Tzva Hahagana
Leyisrael and participated in the
heroic struggle for “extra legal”
immigration- into Palestine, es
pecially from Cyprus.
It is true that American Jewish
youth did not yet respond to the
call of Jewish history to the max
imum desirable extent. But those
few who decided to go as chalut
zim to Israel and came to our
training farms where they made
their first steps as workers and
settlers and learned Hebrew as
well as cooperative living, they
did not fail. On the contrary,
there are few examples in the
history of the chalutz movement
in free countries where such a
high percentage of chaverim went
from hachshara to aliya.
This is a most encouraging fact
which makes us believe that our
intensified educational activities
will bring much more young
Jews in this country to their per
sonal participation in the up
building of the Jewish Home
land. American chalutzim belong
t© the most valuable elements of
the Yishuv in Irsael. They will
not fail to build up the State of
Israel, but will be at the same
time the living link between Is
rael and American Jewry.
I would very much appreciate
it, if you would publicize this
letter, so that it may correct the
erroneous and harmful informa
tion given to you by Mr. Boris
Smolar.
Most respectfully yours,
AKIVA EGER
National Secretary of Hechalutz
Organization of the U. S. and
Canada.
The wrong kind of law is su
perfluous.
The right kind of law succeeds
in making itself superfluous.
ZOA AWARDS SI,OOO IN PRIZES FOR ONE-ACT PIAYS |
Presentation of checks totalling SI,OOO in play-writing contest sponsored by
the Zionist Organization of America. Benjamin G. Broway, ZOA President,
right, presents check for SSOO to first-prize winner Elihu Winer of New York.
Looking on are, left, William Manischewitz, one of the sponsors, and Kabbi
Louis I. Newman, New York, winner of the second prize. Third prize went to
Dr. Harry T. Zankel of Cleveland. Plans are being made for publication of
the winning plays.
Three prizes totaling SIOOO
have just been awarded by the
Zionist Organization of America
to the winners selected by Eddie
Cantor, Moss Hart and Norman
Corwin in the National Play
writing Contest sponsored by the
organization. The presentation
was made by Mr. Benjamin G.
Browdy, President, at special cer
emonies at his offices in New
York.
First prize amounting to SSOO
was awarded to Elihu Winer,
New York, for his drama, “Action
in Jezreel.” Second prize went to
Rabbi Louis I. Newman, of New
York, for “Son of His Genera
tion” and third prize to Dr. Harry
T. Zankel, of Cleveland, for “Twi
light Sleep.” Second and third
prizes were for $250 each.
Under terms of the competi
tion, which opened last year,
plays were to deal with the prob
lem of developing a full and
meaningful Jewish life in the
United States or elsewhere. All
three plays will be published by
the ZOA and made available for
amateur production, royalty free.
Manuscripts were received from
all parts of the United States as
well as from Israel, England, Ire
land and elsewhere overseas. Carl
Alpert, Director of the ZOA Na
tional Education Department,
served as Secretary of the Con
test.
Funds for the play writing
awards were especially contribu
ted by Benjamin J. Dost, Jacob
Goodman, Joseph W. Greenleaf,
Charles Heiberg, D. Beryl Mani
schewitz, Irving S. Norry, Dewey
Stone and William H. Sylk. The
National Committee of Judges
was assisted by a special Advi
sory Board composed of Rabbi
Armond Cohen, Rabbi Seymour
Cohen, Dr. Azriel Eisenberg, Dr.
William Furie, Hannah Goldberg,
Dr. Jacob Golub, Dr. Louis Kap
lan. Rabbi Arthur Lelyveld, Rab
bi David Polish, Rabbi Amram
Prero, Rabbi Edward T. Sandrow
and Rabbi Joseph Sternstein.
The best part of counselling is
listening.
BEST WISHES
Josiah M. Jordan
Certified Public Accountant
Auditor and Tax Counselor
Pensacola Jacksonvile
Dura life
INSIDE AND OUTSIDE
Paints
CAPITOL
Paint Store
1803 Main St. Phono 4-3417
NEW TYPE OF WOMEN'S HAT
FOR BLESSING OF SABBATH
CANDLES MAKES DEBUT
New York,— SONS (Sabbath
Observance News Service)— A
new type of women’s hat—for use
by Orthodox Hebrew women for
the blessing of the Sabbath can
dles—has just made its bow for
the first time in modern America
and in the world.
Introduced by the Sabbath Ob
servance Council. Inc. of Ameri
ca, whose headquarters are at
1123 Broadway, New York, the
new type of hat bids fair to make
its place among distinctive head
gear for Orthodox Hebrew wom
en. For the blessing of the Sab
bath candles, according to Rabbi
Irving Kuntz, Chairman of the
Council’s Rabbinical body, “Poale
Agudas Harabonim” (Rabbinical
Labor Federation) which has
given its full endorsement of this
product.
Production of this new hat, a
variation of the “Hinumah,” the
traditional orthodox Hebrew
bridal hat used in the Talmudic
era, will begin soon, the Council
said.
The Council, a non-profit, na
tional group, seeks to intensify
Sabbath Observance among Or
thodox Hebrews in America.
GREETINGS
LAWRENCE W.
BARRETT
Plumbing & Heating
2422 Atlantic Blvd.
Phone 9-1811
• INSURANCE
• REAL ESTATE
• MORTGAGE LOANS
• PROPERTY
MANAGEMENT
George
Carlyon & Co.
REALTORS
338 W. Forsyth
Phono 4-7767
Page Seven

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