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The Southern Jewish weekly. [volume] (Jacksonville, Fla.) 1939-1992, September 14, 1951, Image 6

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78000090/1951-09-14/ed-1/seq-6/

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Page Six
Black Jews of Ethiopia Believe
Arrival of Messiah Has Occurred
BY MARTIN LYONS
NEW YORK “The some 18,-
000 Falashan Jews of Ethiopia
have received a message that the
Messiah has arrived, and are
ready to emigrate from that dis
tant and mysterious land which is
ruled by ‘The Lion of Judah’ ” Dr.
Henry Shoskes, Special HIAS
Overseas Representative reported
on his return to the United States
following a stopover in Ethiopia
on his way back from Johannes
burg, South Africa.
In a press interview on his ar
rival in New York, Dr. Shoskes,
asked about the black, and almost
forgotten, Jews of the mountain
ous and volcanic country, report
ed that while in Addis Ababa he
discussed at length the situation
of the Jewish tribes now living
near the city of Gondora some 300
miles from the Ethiopian capital.
He stated:
“There is some variance re
garding the source of origin of
these so-called black Jews. Some
authorities feel they are descend
ants of a regiment of guard sol
diers given by King Solomon to
the Queen of Sheba on her return
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to Ethiopia. * Another source as
cribes them to the remnants of the
Ten Lost Tribes which were ex
pelled from ancient Israel, and
have left no proved historical
trace of their ultimate fate.”
Since their arrival in Ethiopia
the Jews have inter-married with
the native Ethiopians but have
retained their ancient religion
through the Torah, which is in
scribed in the old Abyssinian ton
gue known as Geez.
The HIAS representative said
he had interviewed several Falas
han leaders regarding their recent
petition to Israel to permit their
return to what they termed “their
mother land.” In discussions with
Mefuria Seggae, an executive of
the Ethiopian Post Office Depart
ment and Rahava Dea, an em
ployee of the Ministry of Finance,
he learned that the Jews of Ethio
pia regard themselves as descend
ants of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob,
the patriarchs of Ancient Israel.
“They claim that their physical
characteristics and physiognomies
are no criteria of their origin,” Dr.
Shoskes reported. “As the Ger
man Jews acquired nordic fea
tures; the Spanish Jews acquired
castillian features; the Yemenite
JewSt Arabic features; so the Eth
iopian Jews have acquired the
appearance of the native Ethio
pians during the past twenty five
centuries.”
He asserted that “regardless of
their' appearance, they regard
themselves as Jews, and hold to
the traditional Jewish beliefs.”
He added:
“It again proves that a Jew is
not changed by time nor distance,
although their physical appear
ances were changed almost be
yond recognition by the march of
the centuries.”
Asked of the possibilities of
Falashan Jewish immigration to
Israel, the HIAS representative
said that while he was in Jeru
salem, Zalman Shazar, Minister of
Education, had expressed the
opinion that a number of Fala
shan Jews will undoubtedly be
permitted to enter that country.
The same opinion was voiced by
Dr. Mark Faitlovitch, one of the
first of the modern world to make
contact with the Falashas about
50 years ago. They did stress that
immigrants to Israel from Ethio
pia would be expected to pass
physical examination.
Dr. Shoskes closed the inter
view with the opinion that “in
the in-gathering and homecoming
of the Children of Israel, from the
four corners of the earth, the
Falashans cannot be ignored.”
Greetings and Best Wishes
R. L. Slouter Co.
CONTRACTOR
Plumbing & Heating
T. T. DUNN, Owner
131 E. Forsyth Street
Phones 5-8403 or 9-9651
THE SOUTHERN JEWISH WEEKLY
Domestic Issues
Now that summer season is
coming to an end, concrete steps
are being undertaken with re
gard to Prof. Maclver’s report on
the activities of the Jewish or
ganization engaged in combatting
anti-Semitism . . . The report,
which has become a controver
sial issue in American Jewish
communal life, will come up this
week-end before the Evaluative
Studies Committee of the Nation
al Community Relation? Advisory
Council ... A week later—Sep
tember 24 — the executive board
of the N.C.R.A.C. will meet to
consider the conclusions of the
Evaluative Studies Committee . . .
By that time all the Jewish
groups affected by Prof. Mac
lver’s report will have submitted
their observations on the recom
mendations contained in the re
port . . . One need not be a prop
het to predict that no matter what
the observations are, things will
not remain as they are today in
the field of civic protection work
. . . There will, of course, be com
promises . . . Most of the larger
Jewish Federations and Welfare
Funds, which financed Prof. Mac
lver’s study consider his recom
mendations “an excellent first
step” in revaluation of the work
of the civic protective agencies
. . . They point out that back of
their desire for Prof. Mac
lver’s study were the following
questions ... 1. Were the funds
that were allocated to civic pro
tective agencies expended to the
best advantage? ... 2. Was the
cause to which these funds were
dedicated served in the most ef
ficent manner by a series of in
dependent agencies that gave
various evidences of a contentious
separation? ... 3. Were the claims
of great achievement they sever
ally made—each speaking for
himself a1 o n e—validated? . . .
And they emphasize that they are
particularly interested in check
ing the duplication of services
where such duplication exists . . .
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IRGUN ISSUE FLARES AGAIN
MENAHEM BEGIN, former commander of the Irgun Zavi Leumi
underground army, is shown above addressing 15,900 persons outside
Tel Aviv's Gan-Rena Cinema, soon after he emerged from the under
ground. At his side is a former Irgun military officer. Commander
Avraam. Behind him is a portrait of the late Vladimir Jabotinsky,
spiritual father of the Irgun and Revisionist leader. *
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Friday, September 14, 1951
• GREETINGS
R. F. NORMAN
41 EAST 4th STREET
PHONE 6-2237
Dependable
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TAMPA, FLA.
Our Desire Is To Produce The Best
Possible Printing Plates

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