Friday, September 21, 1951
BY RABBI SAMUEL J. FOX
(Copyright, 1951, Jewish Telegraphic
QUESTION: Why does the
Jewish woman cover her head
and face with a cover while mak
ing the blessing over the Sabbath
candles on Friday evening? (Y.
U., Boston, Mass.)
ANSWER: There are a number of
reasons advanced for this custom.
Principally, a blessing is made in
Jewish life before an act is done.
In the case of the Friday evening
candles, this would be improper
since by making the blessing the
woman accepts upon herself the
sanctity of the Sabbath and she
therefore couldn’t perform the
act of lighting the candles which
is a desecration of the Sabbath if
it is done after the Sabbath is ac
cepted. She therefore shields her
eyes before making the blessing
immediately after the lighting of
candles so that she doesn’t enjoy
the light of the candles until the
blessing. Blessings are made be
fore acts to remind man that he
must pay tribute to G-d before
he acts. Another reason suggested
traces the origin of this practice
to the case where the woman, not
quite prepared for the Sabbath at
the time of the kindling cere
mony, yet afraid it will be too late
to do so later, would ask another
to do it for her. She would screen
her eyes from the lights of the
candles to show that even though
her candles are already lit she
has not accepted the Sabbath yet
and reserves the right to make the
blessing a little later. The cover
ing of the head was so impressive
that it became the exception
rather than the rule. Others claim
that a woman does this out of
humility because she remembers
that it was on the eve of the Sab
bath that Eve talked Adam into
eating the forbidden fruit. For
whatever reason it may be, cover
ing the head for the Sabbath
blessing over the candles has be-
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QUESTION: If travelling is
prohibited on the Sabbath, why
is it permissable to travel on
board ship on the Sabbath?
ANSWER: Travelling on a ship
.on the Sabbath is only permitted
when the traveller boarded the
ship prior to the oncoming of the
Sabbath and established a sort of
residence there. This would there
fore not constitute travelling but
rather residence in a floating
horrie. Actually a voyage may be
considered as such. In cases where
the ship embarks on the Sabbath
itself, observant Jewish passen
gers always board the ship before
the Sabbath, making the Kiddush
there and establishing it as their
Dick Rosenberg, President of
the Youth Group of the Temple
Ahaveth Chesed. announced the
resumption of his organization’s
He stated the beginning with
this month, the project of cele
brating the residents’ birthdays
at the River Garden Hebrew
Home for the Aged will be re
sumed. This project, under the
chairmanship of Jean Lippman,
will have its first affair at the
Home on Sunday, September 23,
1951, at 2:30 p. m.
Honored guests will be all resi
dents whose birthdays fall in the
month of September. The Youth
Group provide the entertainment
ISRAEL PREMIER HOLDS
TALKS ON COMPOSITION
OF NEW CABINET
JERUSALEM, (JTA) Pre
mier David Ben-Gurion held two
successive separate conferences
this week-end with leaders of the
General Zionist and Mapam
Parties in an effort to determine
whether the two groups will serve
in the same Cabinet under the
leadership'of the Mapai.
It is felt here that the meetings
have reached the decisive stage
and that while differences exist
on foreign and domestic policy,
the main problem is the number
of Cabinet posts demanded by
each of the parties. The Mapam
decision on whether or not to par
ticipate in the Cabinet will be
taken at a special conference of
the party’s central committee.
THE SOUTHERN JEWISH WEEKLY
Gutman Makes Plans
For Age Home Socials
Mr. Arthur J. Gutman, Chair
man of the Social Committee of
the River Garden Hebrew Home
for the Aged, announced that
many new activities have been
planned for the coming Fall sea
son. as well as the continuation of
After a successful Summer sea
son, which included weekly out
door Supper Picnics, and square
dancing, the first of a series of
Fall lectures was held at the
Home on Tuesday, September 18,
1951, at 2:30 p. m. Mr. Leonard
Moss, President of the Jewish
Community Council, spoke on
“Israel Today,” and illustrated his
lecture with movies which he
took on his recent trip to Israel.
The Forum will be held monthly
at the Home.
The Rosh Hashonna issue of
“Our Home News,” a newspaper
written by the residents of the
Home, is now available. This
quarterly newspaper, under the
direction of Mrs. Sidney Entman,
presents news items and articles
of interest to the residents and
The first Monthly Birthday
Party, a project sponsored by the
Youth Group of the Temple
Ahaveth Chesed, will be held on
Sunday, September 23, 1951. All
residents having birthdays during
the month are honored. The pro
ject, under the chairmanship of
Jean Lippman, provides enter
tainment, refreshments, and an
enjoyable afternoon for all resi
The Golden Age Club meetings,
sponsored by the National Council
of Jewish Women, will open the
Fall season with its first monthly
meeting in October.
The Ladies Hebrew Sheltering
Aid Society, the auxiliary of the
Home, plan to celebrate Chanu
kah with an annual affair during
Mr. Gutman stated that plans
are under way for a choral group
under the sponsorship of Cantor
Abraham Marton, of the Jewish
For outdoor recreation, a shuf
fle board court is now being pre
pared on the grounds of the
Mr. Gutman met with the Resi
dents Committee of the Home last
week, and said that the folks look
forward to the Fall season with
anticipation. They will continue
to plan, he said, both interesting
and stimulating activities.
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