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The Southern Jewish weekly. [volume] (Jacksonville, Fla.) 1939-1992, June 24, 1955, Image 3

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Friday, June 24, 1955
The Southern Jewish Weekly
ComMnlnc Vhe Jewish Journal, Tke Jewlsh Citizen and Che Jewish News
*n Independent Paper Serving American Citisena of Jewish Faith
mis newspaper seeks to serve the Jewish communities of the South with
m Oh*HOD OX conscience, a CONSERVATIVE tone, and a REFORM outlook.
Edited and Published by ISADORE MOSCOVITZ. B.SJ.
Subscription, one year $3.00; two years, $5.00.
Upon expiration, unless notified to the contrary,
subscriptions are continued.
P. O. BOX 5588 PHONE EX 8-1523 JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA
Entered as Second-Class Matter, at the Post Office,
Jacksonville, Florida, Under Act of March 3, 1879
Member, the Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Sigma Delta Chi, Kappa Tan Alpha,
Seven Arts Features and the Chamber or Commerce.
“The Oldest and Most Widely Circulated Jewish Publication
in this Territory”
OIL IN ISRAEL
B'v >!•.'
in Israel it may result in more harm than good for the country.
Josephtal said that it may be the signal for the hostile Arab
countries to try to seize Israel using the excuse that the liny
Jewish nation is competing economically against them as oil
is the Arab nations' only commodity.
That view was also shared by faculty members of the
Hebrew University with whom we talked during a tea that
they graciously invited us to attend while we were in Jeru
salem. Another point brought out against oil in Israel was
comunicated to us by the following three Chaim Weizmann
Institute officials: Julian Louis Meltzer, assistant to Myer
Wisgal, public relations Dr. Joseph Gillis of the
Mathematics Department, and Dr. Ephrain Kachalsky, a bio
physicist. They felt that if oil is found in Israel, the material
rather than the spiritual side of Israel may be stressed.
But the Israel government officials as a whole believe
that the advantages will greatly overshadow the harm if oil
is found in Israel. We share their view.
When David Ben-Gurion, Israel’s elder statesman and for
mer prime minister, pressed a button that started the oil drill
ing operations on Israel-American Oil Corporation’s first deep
test oil well on December 3, 1954, he may well have touched
off one of the most exciting and industrial and
economical developments in the country’s history.
Israel-American, along with seven other independent oil
companies, is actively exploring a total of over two million
acres of land in the hopes of finding oil and gas in commercial
quantities within the borders of Israel. The activities of these
companies started about a year ago, and are conducted under
a program of licensing by the Israeli Government, according
to that country's petroleum law passed in 1952.
Discovery of oil and gas would have a profound effect
upon that country’s economy, and such discovery could also
have reverberating effects on the world’s political and eco
nomical picture.
Although its citizens have been preoccupied mainly since
1948 with the problems of establishing a government, fighting
a war and making fertile farms out of desiccated deserts, they
did establish a system of small industry that is now the main
stay of their national economy.
Power to keep this industry going is derived almost ex
clusively from oil. There is no coal in Israel, and oil cannot
be purchased from the nearby Arab fields. Although there is
a pipeline running from Iraq to Israel’s one refinery at Haifa,
it has not been operating since 1948.
This industrial development, incidentally, is another
strong incentive for testing of Israel's oil potentials by foreign
interests. While oil companies in the Arab countries are faced
with the necessity of importing most everything from ma
chinery to labor, down to the unskilled level, and sometimes
even water, the companies in Israel find themselves in an
industrially developed country, with an abundance of skilled
labor, and a government which understands industrial prob
lems and is sympathetic with the work the oil companies are
undertaking.
This young, vigorous country uses about 8,000 barrels of
oil per year to support its rapidly expanding industrial econ
omy. Although it lies just west of some of the richest oil fields
in the world, because of the political tensions there, Israel has
to turn to such far-away sources as Venezuela and other dis
tant producing countries for her power supply. Currently $35-
40 millions, about 60% of its exchange dollars and pounds are
being spent for this oil. This is a heavy drain on the “exchange
(Continued on Page 7)
We received so many encouraging
comments regarding our editorial last
week about Tel Aviv that we decided
to write further of our visit to Israel.
One of the topics which we discussed
with prominent officials while we
were there is of international impor
tance: Oil in Israel. Dr. Giora Joseph
tal, Treasurer of the Jewish Agency,
told us in an interview that the search
for oil was being watched with mixed
emotions. He said that if oil is found
THE SOUTHERN JEWISH WEEKLY
4,- . 9 ’
By HaBM Samuel J. Fox
(Copyright, 1955, Jewish Telegraphic
Agency, Inc.)
QUESTION: What are the
"Sheva Berochos?"
ANSWER: The “Sheva Bero
chos” are the “seven blessings”
which are called “Birchas Nes
uin,” the blessings of marriage.
They are the second set of bene
dictions pronounced under the
marriage canopy at a Jewish wed
ding. They are repeated at the
marriage feast after the ceremony
after the grace has been said in
public. Where a quorum is present
each day of the week after the
marriage including some new
guests these blessings are again
recited after the meal.
*** * *
QUESTION: Is there any reason
why the number of these blessings
is 7?
ANSWER: It is claimed that the
seven blessings are representative
of the seven canopies .which the
Almighty made for Adam upon
his marriage to Eve in the Garden
of Eden. Others claim that they
correspond to the seven days of
the week following the marriage
which are considered happy days
and in which we ask the Lord to
help the couple to find supreme
happiness. Others claim that the
seven blessings refer to the seven
heavens, the seven planets or the
seven days of the week, which
might indicate the desire to bless
the couple with fullness in their
happiness. The number seven has
been taken to indicate the unity
of the Creator who used seven
days for the week of creation.
*#* * *
QUESTION: What is the mean
ing of the seven blessings?
ANSWER: The first blessing is
the benediction over the wine.
The other six bring into focus the
creation of the world, the history
of the people of Israel and the
Messianic hope for supreme hap
piness in times to come. The audi
ence is reminded that all that is
created in this world is for the
glory of the creator. They are also
reminded that man is but the sub
ject which the Lord created, and
that man is created in the image
of the Almighty and that his ac
tions must reflect this origin in
order to be proper. The hope is
then expressed that Jerusalem
shall be redeemed and happiness
shall reign in its midst as it reigns
at the wedding ceremony. The
Jewish couple is thus made to feel
that their lives are to be a holy
link in the chain of Jewish life
and the history of mankind.
ISRAEL SUPREME COURT
• ANNULS ELECTION OF
SEPHARDIC CHIEF RABBI
JERUSALEM, (JTA) The Is
rael Supreme Court has annuled
the recent election of Rabbi Itz
hak Nissim as Chief Rabbi of the
Sepharid Community of Israel.
The complaint had been brought
by a private citizen who charged
irregularities in the elections.
The government began urgent
preparations on a bill to validate
the elections retroactively and re
turn Rabbi Nissim to the post. In
a statement on the Supreme
Court’s action, Deputy Minister
of Religion Dr. Zorach Warhaftig
expressed regret at the decision
and pledged that the government
would do everything possible to
have Rabbi Nissim’s election con
firmed.
The
Jewish
Quiz
Bex
'BEST WISHES TB.ft.THE FUTURE Y&WBS.
Between You and Me...
BY BORIS SMOLAR (Copyright, US&Jewtah Telegraphic
ish groups engaged in fighting anti-Semitism—has, therefore,
placed the question of anti-Israel propaganda at the head of
its agenda ... It will be the first question that the NCRAC
will take up at its annual conference which opens today (June
17) in Atlantic City . . . Jewish leaders from various parts of
the country will report to the conference the experiences in
their communities with Arab and other anti-Israel lecturers
and propagandists . . . They will report on the impact of
anti-Israel propaganda upon the non-Jewish population and
the Jewish community in their respective cities . . . The dele
gates will then discuss measures to counter or offset this anti-
Israel propaganda . . . There is a good deal of resentment
among Jewish leaders against the Foreign Policy Association
and Town Hall for importing to this country a number of Arab
leaders for “lectures” .. . Some of these Arab “lecturers” have
gone out of their way to add fuel to the fire of intensified anti-
Israel propaganda in this country ... They spoke not only be
fore students and teachers in American universities, but also
before men’s and women’s clubs and at press conferences . . .
In Toledo, the local Jewish Community Council had to make a
public protest against an editorial which appeared in one of
the local daily newspapers as a result of statements by the
visiting Arabs ... Under the sponsorship of the Foreign Policy
Association and Town Hall, the visiting Arabs also appeared
at public forums in Detroit, St. Paul, San Francisco, Philadel
phia, Kansas City and other cities ... An evaluation of the
effectiveness of the propaganda and the lesson to be drawn
from other anti-Israel propaganda methods will be one of the
major subjects with which the NCRAC conference will deal..
*****
0
WASHINGTON TRENDS: There is no foundation to the
assertion by Dr. Peretz Bernstein, member of the Israel Cabi
net, that the United States has presented definite conditions
to Israel for an American-Israeli security arrangement . . .
However, certain hints on this matter have been dropped to
Israel Ambassador Abba Eban in the State Department . . .
These hints are important insofar as they indicate that the
State Department is no longer waiting to conclude a pact with
Israel until after such pacts are reached with the Arab states
. . . They also show that the State Department’s attitude to
ward Israel is beginning to improve . . . From what one learns
in Washington, the position of the State Department on inclu
sion of Israel in the American network of defense treaties is
not yet clearly defined . . . However, it is based on the desire
of the U. S. Government to have Israel pay compensation to
Arab refugees, to see a certain readjustment in the Arab-Israel
borders, and to bring about an Arab-Israel agreement on the
Jordan water development plan now being negotiated by Am
bassador Eric Johnston ... It can be expected that the ques
tion of an American-Israel pact will come to the forefront this
summer . . . Some members of Congress feel such a pact will
be of great benefit for U. S. interests ... They point to the fact
that the United States has now embarked on a policy of con
cluding defense pacts with all kinds of nations, even with
Fascist Spain, and they ask: “Why not with such a democratic
country as Israel?”
THE AMERICAN SCENE
Increased anti-Israel propaganda in this
country, which is making itself felt in various
parts of the land, is provoking serious concern
among Jewish community leaders who are not
even Zionists . . . This is because the anti-
Israel propaganda is being utilized by some
propagandists for attacks against American
Jewry . .. The National Community Relations
I Advisory Council—coordinating body of Jew-
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