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AN INDEPENDENT WEEKLY SERVING AMERICAN CITIZENS OF JEWISH FAITH .
THE OLDEST AND MOST WIDELY CIRCULATED JEWISH PUBLICATION IN THIS TERRITORY Voi. 12 NO. 42 Spotlight On the Middle East BY SAUL CARSON (JTA Correspondent at the U. N.) ***** —UNITED NATIONS Just as the Big Four Foreign Mtekiers, preparing for the open* teg of their Geneva conference test week, were ready to shove tee Middle East problem into a corner, relegating Israel-A ra b conflicts to a peripheral role. Sec retary-General Dag Hammarsk jold here shifted the spotlight. By calling Maj. Gen. E. L. M. Burns, tee UN's Palestine truce chief, to come here for consultation. Mr. Hammarskjold placed the Middle East problems into full glare. It was a masterful stroke in an ef fort to highlight the fact that the ene place in the world where a warlike situation truly endangers peace and security is the Near East. It is no secret among observers here that fears concerning the im minence of war in the area entail Israel, rather than i\e Arab States. Everyone kn ws that Egypt, despite the fact that it has already begun to receive some of tee armaments from the Commu nist bloc, is not yet ready to start a war. But diplomats here are not so sure about Israel. They see many signs of mounting sanction for the preventive war idea in Is rael. They see sufficient provoca tion for such an attitude. They wonder how long Prime Minister Moshe Sharett can hold the Is raeli people and the Israeli army in check in the face of Egypt’s growing military strength, Syria’s increasing willingness to play Cairo’s game, and the West’s con tinuing failure to give Israel cither a security guarantee or arms. They wonder —and they hope that the UN’s spotlight on tee Middle East may help awaken tee West. The real choice in the Middle East, in the view of UN officials, k not between war and peace; it k between war and a tenuous continuation of the armistice agreements drawn in 1949 and Wretched dangerously so many times. The UN must, if it is at all possbile, keep those thin arm imtirm lines from breaking. Dag Hammarskjold's prestige as a quiet wonderman in the field of diplomacy cannot afford to let fiat thread snap into open war fare. Gen. Burns is Hammarsk jold's field commander, and the Secretary-General is determined to bolster his subordinate's efforts to hold that line. The UN has failed in its efforts to metamorphose the Israel-Arab armistice agreements into peace pacts. Gen. Bums said as much in a speech at Tel Aviv before he left for UN headquarters. That statement of Burns received at tention. But he made another as sertion which seems to have been (Continued on Pago 4) • Owner of Priceless Violin Seeks i Second Treasure —U.S. Citizenship ( * MM: B H Professor Simon Englander, Polish, 63, exhibits the priceless violin that he saved from destruction at the handa of the Nazis In Warsaw, to a United Hiae Service aide at the Jewish Inter national migration agency’s World Headquarters in New York, where ho called to get assistance in filing his application for American citizenship. The distinguished musician, who is now first violinist of the Indianapolis Symphony Orchestra, was assist ed by United Hias five years ago in his immigration to the U. S. He was a member of the Warsaw Philharmonia Orchestra for more than two decades. When the Germans cam* in, they ma chine-gunned the entire orchestra. Professor Englander was the only one who escaped, feigning death after being wounded in the leg. He is a highly regarded composer, and has given many con certs both abroad and'in this country. His wife Johanna, also a Polo, whom ho married in the U. S., is a ghetto and concentra tion camp survivor. His first wife died in a concentration camp. Nazi General Freed by U.S. in Germany BY MILTON FRIEDMAN (Copyright, 1955, Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.) » ***** —WASHINGTON m States was lor.ner Col. Gen. Sepp Dietrich. After beating Jews on Berlin streets, Dietrich rose to command Hitler’s SS bodyguard. In the Nazi Party’s 1934 blood purge, Dietrich carried out Hit ler’s personal order to assassinate Ernst Roehm. As a reward, he was promoted to the rank of general in the SS (elite guard). Hitler showered him with decorations. Dietrich’s record of atroci ties was such that he was sentenced by the United States to life imprisonment. He was freed as a result of Secretary of State John Foster Dulles’ policy of releasing Nazi criminals remaining in American custody. Today, however, neither Dietrich nor the Nazis freed by the Soviet Union openly espouse Hitler ism. The loudest Nazi expressions today come from the Egyptian Government. Premier Nasser has railed against “Jewish control” of the United States. His associate, Col. Anwar Sadat, has said “Hitler is my hero.” The official Egyptian radio, “Voice of the Arabs,” broadcast a revealing commentary on October 19. It said: “America must not find ex cuses for Israel and say the Israeli people were persecuted by Hitler. All Arabs know that the JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 4, 1955 Less than 11 years hfter his SS machine gunners killed 100 cap tured American soldiers at Mal medy, Belgium, a Nazi storm troop general has been freed from a United States prison in Germany. The benefits of the “spirit of Geneva” were mean wmle extended by the Soviet Union to 9,626 convicted Nazi war criminals who were set free. The man freed by the United American support to Israel has a worse effect on Arab refugees and the people of occupied Pales tine than Hitler’s persecution of the Jews. Hitler did not send the Jews out of their country. He did not derive them of their father’s lands. He did not confiscate their money. Israel came into exist ence in 1949 after Hitler’s death.” Thus speaks the Egypt which has been sup plied with munitions by the Soviet bloc, the same bloc which depicts itself as the “camp of peace.” Communist robots continue to crusade “against fascism.” Israelis have observed the Communist application of the “spirit of Geneva” in light of the Biblical reminder that “the voice is Jacob’s voice but the hands are the hands of Esau.” Israel has looked to the United States for sup port. But the State Department has so far refused to provide Israel with the arms she needs for self defense. American strategy is aimed at wooing Egypt away from the Cominform. It is feared by the State Department that an action favorably to Israel, like the shipment of American arms to off set the imbalance created by the flow of Commu nist weapons into Egypt, would antagonize Egypt. Secretary Dulles has therefore sought to minimize the importance of munitions arriving in Egypt. The State Department has hinted that Israel might attempt “preventive war”; that Israel “ex tremists” are untrustworthy; that Egypt has some justification for fearing Israel aggression, and that Communist nations are offering arms to Israel. These excuses are advanced to confuse public opinion and avoid action to fulfill Israel’s urgent appeals. Secretary Dulles’ attention has been directed by one Israel newspaper to the 6th verse of the 36th Chapter of Isaiah. It says: “Lo, thou trustest in the staff of this broken reed, on Egypt, whereon if a man lean, it will go into his hand and pierce it: so is Pharaoh, King of Egypt, to all that trust in him.” Not Preventive War But Arab Attack Is Danger, Sharett Says in Geneva GENEVA, (JTA) Premier Moshe Sharett of Israel has ar rived here to seek action by the Great Powers to prevent war in the Middle East. He told newsmen that the danger was not that Israel would launch a preventive war on Egypt but that the Jewish State would be attacked. He said it was his duty to warn of the "serious danger which faces Israel" following the delivery of modern arms to Egypt by the Soviet Union. “It is to be hoped that Israel won’t be forced to wage war again,” Mr. Sharett declared. “If she must, she will do it. But we hope she will be spared this.” Asked about the possibility of a preventive war, Mr. Sharett said “I hope to God Israel won’t be forced into this situation of a preventive war as a short-cut to security. The danger is not that we will make a preventive war but the danger is that Israel will be attacked. But why,” he asked, “is it necessary for Israel to be attacked?” (In Washington, the State De partment said it had no comment" on Mr. Shareti's declaration that Israel will not shrink from war if she has no alternative.) Mr. Sharett said he expected to meet Soviet Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov here as well as the French Foreign Minister Antoine Pinay, and hoped to see Secretary of State John Foster Dulles again. He had long meetings in Paris with Mr. Dulles and Harold Mac millan, the British Foreign Sec retary. The Israel Premier de clined to reveal his timetable of meetings with the representatives of the Big Four. The Israel Premier was che cen ter of attraction for newsmen and photographers when he descended from the plane that carried him from Paris. He was personally greeted by Andre Dominici, rep resenting the Swiss Federal Council, who brought him good wishes from President Petitpierr. Sharett Failed to Get Arms Assurances from Dulles, Macmillan Diplomatic sources generally agreed that neither Mr. Dulles nor Mr. Macmillan gave Mr. Sharett any assurances in their meetings in Paris that they were prepared to provide Israel with arms to offset Egypt’s accretions from the Soviet bloc or to extend any guarantees to Israel beyond the terms of the Tripartite Pact. The position taken by the two diplo mats appeared to be that the Communist arms shipments to Egypt had not upset the balance of power. There was some speculation whether Mr. Shareti's reception by M. Pinay would have another outcome. While it had generally been expected that France would be more sympathetic to Israel's cause, M. Pinay was said to be under considerable pressure from French rightwing circles not to enter into any commitments with Israel. Likewise, there was some ques tion about the proposed Sharett- Molotov meeting. Mr. Sharett did not confirm that a definite ap pointment had been fixed. The Soviet spokesman, Leonid Ilyi chev, refused when he met the press this week, to confirm that the meeting would be held. His only comment on the Middle East situation —which does not appear on the agenda of the conference of foreign ministers—is that the ministers themselves would de cide on “additional points.” Hanging over the conference and chief interest here was the - Middle East question which the four statesmen are expected to deal with only "informally" out side the conference room. $3.00 A YEAR