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The Southern Jewish weekly. [volume] (Jacksonville, Fla.) 1939-1992, November 18, 1955, Image 1

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VOL. 32 No. 44
My stepbrother. Mr. Edward
Schiff (we are friends, neverthe
less, and we live in the same
apartment house) brings to me
a recent “Look" magazine. Look
was listing the 100 most impor
tant people in the world, with
their pictures.
What interested Ed Schiff par
ticularly was that 7 of these 100
most important are Jews. That is
to say, 7 percent of 100 which is
certainly quite a percentage, con
sidering that Jews are an infini
tesimal part—less than 1 percent
of the population of the world. Os
course Look wasn’t listing them
as Jews but as important human
Their names: Ben-Gurion, Men
des-France, Sulzberger, publisher
of N. Y. Times; Sarnoff of RCA;
Teller, wo r 1 d-wide physicist;
Buber, Israeli theologian; Dr.
Salk. (There were two or three
other important ones in the list
who may be Jews.)
It was really good fun to take
them all aside —non-Jews as well
as Jews among the 100—and
measure them in my own living
room to make sure that they are
in fact as iiTipOi'luitt sa.a.
I could find little fault in Look’s
judgment, though I have my own
idea on how a Jew can rise to
Os course, we can't all be im
portant statesmen like Ben-Gur
ion or Mendes-France, or journal
ists like Sulzberger; yet, as I see
it. there are other ways of rising
to high importance among us, in
otar lives as Jews. This is written
to correct somehow, the prevail
ing notion of what is an impor
tant Jew.
Long, long, ago, in this column,
I was laughing at the sorry fact
that in many a community men
are raised high to importance
only because they have been suc
cessful in business. I recall, in
particular, a certain Jewish gen
tleman who before the 1929 col
lapse was a big operator in a city
out west. It was reported of him
that he had gathered millions in
the stock market. So he became
much in demand in the affairs
of Jewish life . . . chairman of
this Jewish cause and that. He
was in everything of Jewish life,
you might say—the most impor
tant man in the community.
This is not to say that he wasn't
a ****** of fine merits, behold his
rotpfM in the stock market; but
not until it became known how
he was doing in the stock
market was he appreciated and
accepted as an important man.
Now he sat at all the speakers'
tables. '
Then 1929, October, the big
crash and it became known far
and wide that he had gone prac
tically broke in stocks. From then
on he was no longer the most im
portant man in Jewish life; no
longer chairman of this and that
(Continued on Page 8)
Israel Will Not
Cede Territory
The British Government—and
the other Western Powers—were
put on notice that Israel had no
intention of ceding territory to
the Arab states regardless of the
Arab claims or big power pres
sure for such "adjustments."
In a statement commenting on
the call by Sir Anthony that
Egypt and Israel settle boundary
differences by a “compromise,’’
the Israel Embassy in London
made the following points:
1. ‘Rhe Arab governments re
jected the UN resolutions when
they launched a war against Is
rael; 2. While Israel holds more
territory as a result of the armis
tice agreements, Jordan received
central Palestine and half of
Jerusalem while Egypt received
the Gaza strip from these same
pacisr 3. Nowhere has Israel oc
cupied territory beyond that of
Mandated Palestine.
Kaganovich, First Deputy Pre
mier of the Soviet Union, sharply
attacked Israel at a dinner ten
dered by the Kremlin in celebra
tion of the 38th anniversary of the
Bolshevik Revolution.
The Soviet leader, who is the
only Jewish member of the presi
dium of the Central Committee of
the Communist Party in the
USSR, made his attack in the
Russia's Arms for Egypt
(Copyright, 1955, Jewish Telegraphic Agency. Inc.)
the Marxist merchants of death cater to their new
clients, the feudalistic Arab warlords. The New
York “Daily Worker” published an attack on Israel
reminiscent of Gerald L. K. Smith and ether ex
tremists of the American lunatic fringe. It accused
Israel of attacking Egypt and said the “policy of
the Egyptian government is an important contri
bution to world peace.” Israel was accused of
acting as America’s tool “to make Egypt another
Meyer Vilner, one of the few Israel Commu
nists, wrote that even the Egyptian commando
attacks on peaceful Israeli citizens “do not change
the basic character of the present policy of the
Egyptian government, which is a policy of inde
pendence and resistance to the formation of ag
gressive military alliances.” The Central Commit
tee of the Israel Communist Party accused Israel
of acting as the “American gendarme in putting
pressure on Egypt to force it to adhere to the anti-
#** * *
“Every time a bomb falls on
Israel a cash register may ring
in Communist Czechoslovakia.”
That is what this reporter told
a Communist diplomat at a re
cent Washington diplomatic re
ception when he asked for my
opinion of “the wonderful new
spirit of Geneva.”
Communist propaganda
I against Israel is increasing as
Archeologist to do
Research at Yale
i " ' p
Dr. Fanny Bonajuto, 48, widely
known European archeological
expert, who arrived recently in
the U. S. with the assistance
of United Hias Service, global
Jewish migration agency. She
is to do special research on a
Bollingen Foundation grant at
Yale, assisting Erwin R, Good
enough, Professor of History
and Religion. Before taking up
her work Dr. Bonajuto flew to
Downey, California, to visit her
87-year-old father, Dr. Giorgio
Finzi, a retired physicist who
Immigrated to this country last
year, also with the assistance
of United Hias.
course of a talk with Israel Am
bassador Joseph Avidar, who was
a guest at the dinner. His angry
remarks against Israel were heard
by other guests attending the
function and were counteracted
by a sharp retort from Mrs. Avi
dar, who asked Kaganovich whe
ther he wants the Jews in Israel
to be massacred by the Arabs.
Soviet military pacts of the U. S. Government.”
Moscow radio meanwhile broadcast a Tass dis
patch accusing Israel of provocative actions aimed
at her Arab neighbors. “These actions by the Is
raelis,” the official broadcast said, “were under
taken to suit those Western circles which are try
ing to inflame feelings between Israel and the
Arab states in order to intervene in the affairs of
those countries on the hypocritical pretext of
defending security in that area.”
Communist propaganda did not stop at justifi
cation of arms shipments,to Egypt. An East Ber
lin broadcast said “the United States is well-ad
vised to think most carefully about supplying
major quantities of arms to Israel, since it would
in that case lose even the last remnants of friendly
feelings which the Arab peoples harbor for it.”
Israel Premier David Ben Gurion told the
Knesset that the Communists knew as well as he
did that the heavy munitions being poured into
Egypt “are not intended to improve the labor and
living conditions of the masses of Egyptian work
ers.” The Czech government nevertheless main
tained “the peace loving policy of the Arab coun
tries is universally known.”
Communists refer to American munitions manu
facturers as “merchants of dejfth.” Yet Israel is so
far unsuccessful in its effort to buy defensive wea
pons for use against -the Red guns and planes of
Egypt, the newest Soviet Satellite. But the State
Department is still basking in the artificial sun
shine of Geneva. The New York Times reported
that American reporters were advised by the State
Department “to indicate Geneva success.” It would
be a difficult task.
U. S. Warns Egypt and
Israel Against War
WASHINGTON, (JTA) The Stale Department has officially
announced that Israel and Egypt had been warned of stern action
by the United States against any side that starts a war. They were
told that the U. S. Government "would be very favorably disposed
to the side which convinces us that it desires to maintain peace."
State Department spokesman
Lincoln White said the American
position was that it would be
“utter folly to start a war.” It was
indicated in other quarters that
if an Arab-Israel war should
break out, economic sanctions
would be used against either or
both parties; also that the Ameri
can fleet based in Italy and Brit
ish Mediterranean naval forces
might be ordered to blockade the
ports of Egypt or Israel, or both.
It was learned here in govern
ment circles that, in keeping with
the views expressed by President
Eisenhower and to avoid an Arab-
Israel arms race, the State Depart-
census of the Jewish population of
this city will be launched by the
Jewish Community Council, it
was announced here. Letters ask
ing for volunteers to aid in the
first such census here have been
sent to the entire mailing list of
the United Jewish Compaign.
Current estimates of Houston’s
Jewish population range between
14 000 and 25,000.
ment will restrict American sales
of defensive arms to Israel to a
minimum. Official sources said
the State Department is aware of
heavy Communist arms ship
ments arriving in Egypt, but
nevertheless remains convinced
that Israel military strength will
continue for some time to be su
perior to that of Egypt.
Defense Department experts
have advised the State Depart
ment that it would take from one
to three years before Egyptian
military training will reach a
level necessary for effective use
of Communist equipment espe
cially jet planes and submarines.
Therefore, the State Department
advised President Eisenhower
that there is no great urgency to
Israel’s plea. The amounts of
munitions to be sold Israel for
“legitimate self-defense” is there
fore expected to be correspond
ingly small.
Earlier, in Denver, President
Eisenhower declared that the Uni
ted States does "not intend to
contribute to an arms competi
tion" in Egyptian-Israel fighting
"because we do not think such a
race would be in the true interest
of any of the participants."
The President also said, how
ever, that this country continues
“willing to consider requests for
arms needed for legitimate self
defense.” Mr. Eisenhower’s pre
pared statement was read at a
news conference here by Herbert
Hoover, Jr., Under-Secretary of
State, who said in reply to a
question that the President’s
stated willingness to consider such
requests left the way open for
further study of Israel’s request
for arms.
Presidential Press Secretary
James Hagerty said Mr. Eisen
hower considered the statement so
important he asked Mr. Hoover
to personally read it to the press.
The statement was drawn up by
the President after a 30-minute
conference with Mr. Hoover.
In what appeared an appeal to
the Soviet Union, Mr. Eisenhower,
said: “I hope that other nations
of the world will cooperate in this
endeavor, thereby contributing
significantly to world peace.”
The President reaffirmed the
Tripartite Declaration of 1950
under which the United States,
Britain, and France guaranteed
the existing Arab-Israel borders.
He said the United States be
lieved that was a policy which
would best promote "the interests
and security of the area." True
security in the Near East, file
President said, "must be based
upon a just and reasonable settle
$3.00 A YEAR

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