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Newspaper Page Text
Work To Do.
The Labor World heretofore has called attention to ihe im portance of extending the work of organization to unclassified workingmen. Whatever the future may have in store, whether it be good times .or bad, such organizations are es pecially important at this time. The stability of our unions de pend upon union education. Real good times are not the best for organization work be cause the benefits and necess ity of unions are less apparent. When bad times come the greatest danger to unionism comes from the pressure of the unemployed, and the inability of the unions to furnish work for all their members prevents many from fully appreciating their benefits. Union men have learned the lesson that it is more profitable to work two days a week for $2 per day than four days per week at $1. Unor ganized men can see the benefits but they do not appreciate the method or the means by which the result is reached. It is the province and duty of unionism to teach this truth and to so utilize it through the shorter work day agitation that the unemployed may be by a division of the opportunities of labor enlisted with us in the contest for fair conditions, liv ing wages and equality of op portunity. Now that the campaign is over, and political excitement is abating the time is ripe for such work. The eight hour day will never come from legis lation, at least not while the Minnesota Iron company's dol lars have an equal vote with free born American citizens, and we might just as well put in our time bringing what in fluence we can to bear upon local conditions with the object in view of obtaining a practi cally universal eight hour day through our own efforts. THE LABOR WORLD Organized labor isn't a party to the culmination of the con spiracy. Ninety per cent of its membership stood by the prin ciples of their organizations and voted against the gold standard. Had all labor been organized the election returns would have told a different tale. The Duty of Organized Labor. Free coinage of silver had the almost unanimous support of or ganized labor, because the mem bers of the unions had discover ed that wages depended upon the demand for labor, and that the volume of money, for use in business transactions, was the most important element in that demand. The defeat of free silver, at the polls has been due, more than to anything else, to the ignorance, misinformation and subserviency of the unorganized workingmen. Coercion was practically power less as against those men who were members of unions that control their own trade condi tions, or, who, through union education, were sufficiently grounded in the faith they professed, to know that the dire ful results by the goldites assert ed as certain to follow free coin age, were not only illogical and unnatural, but impossible. But the men, not so backed up, were not only led, in order to retain their situations, to vote for a policy which is destructive of their own interests, but in innum erable instances, on account of faulty economic and industrial knowledge, they were mislead as to facts, principles and issues, until they become mere pawns and puppets of employers, who, through self-interest or economic ignorance, were the pliant tools of plutocracy. The results of the election em phasize the necessity of a broad er policy on the part of labor or ganizations, of greater emphasis being laid on economic education, not partisan but scientific, and a more thorough baptism of the whole labor movement with the spirit of patriotism and human brotherhood. Political economy and human brotherhood—in their truest sense, one scientific and the other religious—are two kindred ideas as inseparable as man's soul and body. That religion, that ignores economic justice, is as powerless for the accomplishment of results as the phantom, that, unseen to mortal eyes, haunts the charnel house and, that economic sys tem, which ignores human brotherhood, as putrid as the unburied corpse from which the spirit long since has taken its flight. Our organizations are not places for partisan discussions of that all are agreed. But we sub mit that the science of political economy is not partisan,nor is the doctrine of mutual interdepend ence and human brotherhood sectarian. The world without either of them cannot get along. And as the churches have forgotten human brother hood, and statecraft ignores political economy, organized labor must take them up and not only teach them but bring about their practical real ization, else monopoly and ani malism ruin both man's physical and spiritual estate. The populists in Duluth, with the exception of less than a half a dozen, staid loyally by W. J. Bryan and the silver cause. The fourth precinct of the fifth ward, which two years ago was the only one in the city carried for Owen, this jrear is the banner silver pre cinct of the city the vote on congressman standing 343 to 82, or more than 4 to 1* for Towne. For president the vote was 306 to 121, or nearly 3 to 1, for Bryan. No change in the money sys tem will bring relief unless it carries with it the abolition of private property. 9