W, A. SCOTT. President.
Escort to the Liberty Bell Injured.
From the New York Herald:
Philadelphia, Pa.—Persifor Frazer,
Jr., a member of the First City Troop,
was thrown from his horse while riding
with his command, as an escort to the
liberty bell, in Broad street, Saturday
afternoon, and severely injured.
His right ankle is sprained, and on
account of the swelling it will be im
possible for the surgeons to determine
for a day or two whether any of the
bones have been fractured.
Mr. Frazer is a son of Dr. Persifor
Frazer, who, as a handwriting expert,
testified in the Molineux trial. He
graduated from the University of Penn
sylvania in 1896. He is prominent in
Philadephia society, and married Miss
Mary Newbold Welsh, a daughter of
J. Lowber Welsh, one of Philadelphia's
moet widely known financiers.
Are You Looking
For the "UNION LABEL"?
If so we have splendid
Ins the Union Lakel, at—
IF YOU WISH A:
$8, $10, $12, $13.50.
gone Handsome Patterns at—
$18, $20 and $25.
DATS, with Union Label, at—
SPRIXG OVERCOATS, with Union Label, at—
$8, $10, $12, $15.
CXION LABEL HATS, at—
$1, $1.50, $2, $2.50, $3.
All the latest Spring Blocks.
REMEMBER, we (narantee each and every article
bonffbt of as. so /on ran no risk whatever.
CHAS. W. ERICSON,
219 WEST SUPERIOR ST.
VAL BLATZ BREWING CO.,
"STAR'1 Milwaukee Beer,
uuiofilyor the Cigar Mtkers' Interna
Issued by Authority or the Cigar Makers'International union of America.
See that this label aDDears on the box
from which you are served.
ihg 0Pl1iflrt iMtlitCqin EMM MtlM tan MM MM MMtraifiWSMtM
T« tXM tuxcn 'IKUXUTIOMl UWOIa*
««ictn(ni ir rte Hoi)AiuTummwiauauM.w(irMtof Trtiriri inufsiwi—g
Ml IsiiingtMauyfMtAis KM MCCrt«(Wla».
PATRONIZE HOME INDUSTRY.
SMOKE HOME-MADE CIGARS THAT BEAR THE ABOVE LABEL.
OLDING YOUR OWN
is a pleasure when you can hold it
in the brewing of beer that will com
pete with the best breweries in thia
country or Europe in the manufacture
of pure, rich and creamy bottled beer,
that possesses the qualities of all with
the palatable flavor and strengthening
qualities of the best beer. Try it as
an appetizer and tonic—it is rood.
and Mailing Co.
EITHER PHONE 241.
R. L. McCORMICK, Vlce-Pres., A. P. Goodman, See. and Trea®
Hayward, Wis. Dulnth, Minn.
THAT PUT-IT-OFF HABIT
Is bad. If your wife wants to try a
sack of Duluth Universal Flour whv
not sret it at once? You will be more
than Dleased with the result. Ask your
srrocer for it. The only flour made In
Duluth at the Dresent time.
Duluth Universal Mill Co.
Offices Board of Trade. Both Phones.
M. F. Connel. P. J. McLaughlin.
Zenith Phone 1130.
IDEAL PLUMBING I
ANI IIEAir CO.,
Steam andQas Pitting. I
Jobbing Promptly Alt«dA?4 to.
Estimates Cheerfully Given.
105 W. FOURTH ST. DULUTH, MINN.
Can Smoke Through His Ear.
From the Cincinnati Enquirer:
Canton, Ohio, has a man who can
smoke through his ear. John Watson
a week ago had a friendly boxing bout
with another young- man. He receiv
ed a stinging blow on the left ear, but
thought nothing of the matter until
several days later, when he accident
ally discovered that he could, when
smoking, make smoke come from the
ear. Medical men were consulted, and
it was found that the tympanum had
been burst, although Watson has suf
fered no pain, and declares he can hear
as well as ever. Doctors dispute that
Watson can hear w«ll from the Injur
ed ear, and marvel that he felt no pain
after the mishap.
Look for the Union Restaurant Card.
INCIDENTS IN THE LIFE OF AX
Scottish Paper Prints Interesting
Account of His Life—His Father
Wns a Weaver—What Prompted
Him to Make Donations For Li
braries—Was Telegraph Operator.
Third Man Injured In Civil War.
We clip the following from the Peo
ple's Journal, Scotland's greatest week
ly, on Andrew Carnegie, who is known
across the water as "The Laird of
Skibo," and which may be of interest
to our readers:
The Carnegie week in Piitsburg was
recently celebrated with great rejoic
ings. As in former years stories of the
millionaire and incidents of his early
life were on everybody's lips. It was
stated that Andrew Carnegie came by
his fondness for books and libraries in
a legitimate way. His father was a
Scotch Liberal, a weaver of Dunferm
line, and was one of three men, all
weavers, who, 75 years ago, gathered
their little handful of books together,
and placed them at the disposal of their
fellow-workmen. Shortly after Andrew
Carnegie graduated from the woollen
mills of Allegheny and became a mes
senger boy in the Pittsburg "Tele
graph" office, he had his own first ex
perience with libraries and librarians
in his attempt to acquire knowledge.
At that time there was a wretched little
free library in Allegheny on Federal
street, just above Colonade Row, the
property made famous in the Jack Rob
inson will case in Media. Andrew Car
negie made aplication for books, and
was refused on the plea that he was
not a "working boy." At that time
clerks, telegraph operators, and other
boys and young men not employed in
mills, factories, or workshops were not
regarded as "working boys", and as
he was a telegraph operator young Car
negie was refused the privilege of the
library. At this time young Carnegie,
as he subsequently confessed, had a
burning desire to become a reporter
and subsequent the editor of a news
paper. He did not achieve his ambi
tion, but he has always been exceed
ingly ready with his pen and tongue.
Stung by his rebuff at the Allegheny
library young Carnegie made an attack
on that institution in the Pittsburg
"Dispatch," over the signature "Work
ing Boy," with such signal success that
he forced the librarian to ask an inter
view, at which the differences were ad
justed and Carnegie was admitted to
its privileges on the score of being a
One of the three "don'ts" credited to
Mr. Carnegie is "don't speculate." The
other two are "don't drink," and "don't
Indorse." And yet Andrew Carnegie's
colossal fortune is based on speculation.
With a number of others, shortly after
the oil excitement broke out in north
western Pennsylvania, Mr. Carnegie
took a "flyer" in petroleum, and pur
chased 300 shares of stock in the Storey
Oil farm, on Oil Creek. Oil was as
great a gamble then as it is today,
and so Mr. Carnegie took the risk. Luck
was on his side, as it has ever been.
At first the venture did not promise
to be a success. He became discour
aged, and sold one-third of his stock
at a nominal figure. He went to Scot
land on a visit, and while there some
big wells wer struck, and he came back
to find that his shares were worth
hundreds of thousands of dollars. His
ultimate profit was $1,000,000. While a
great deal has been said about Andrew
Carnegie, very little is heard about his
brother, Thomas, or "Tom," as he was
familiarly known in Pittsburg. Thomas
Carnegie was the antithesis of his
brother Andrew. He was tall and slen
der, and did not bear the marks of his
Scottish origin as plainly upon his face
as his elder brother. He was a nervous,
wiry man, whose inseparable compan
ion was a Pittsburg "stogie." He was
a partner in the Carnegie interests,
president in fact, and was lifted into
financial and social life by Andrew as
the latter rose. Thomas Carnegie has
been dead a dozen years, and is almost
forgotten now by all save his associates
of that time.
The old Hope cotton mill in Allegheny
where "Andy" Carnegie worked is still
standing, although it is not in opera
tion. From the cotton mill he rose to
be a messenger boy, and it all came
about through his father's love of play
ing checkers. The elder Carnegie used
to visit Pittsburg to meet some check
er-playing cronies, among whom was
Jofon Brooks, then a clerk or manager
in the Pittsburg Telegraph office. One
night Mr. Carnegie, in speaking of his
elder son, said that he did not know
what he was going to do with Andrew.
"Send him over and I will make a mes
senger boy of him," replied Brooks.
Tliat is how Carnegie got into the tele
graph business. In the same office with
him as messenger boys were four other
lads who have since become famous
in one way or another. They were
Robert Pitcairn, now superintendent of
the Pittsburg division of the Pennsyl
vania railroad, and many times a mil
ion aire Henry W. Oliver, another great
iron master of Pittsburg, whom it is
said Senator Quay has selected for his
successor in the senate David M'Cargo,
another railroad man, and William C.
Moreland, for many years. a leading
lawyer of Pittsburg. Andrew Carnegie
was one of the little handful of men
who witnessed an epoch in telegraphy
45 years ago. It was the sending of thq
first message from New Orleans to New
York. It was considered a wonderful
thing, almost impossible of achieve
In those days operators worked on
short circuits, but the managers de
cided to try the experiment of wiring
from the far south to the north. James
D. Reid was general superintendent of
the telegraph line, with headquarters
in Pittsburg. On the day set for the
trial, Superintendent Reid, David
Brooks, and Carnegie, M'Cargo, Oliver
Pitcairn, and Moreland, who were then
operators, gathered round the instru
ment adjusted for the purpose. At a
signal, New York called Philadelphia,
Philadelphia called Harrisburg, and
then in quick succession Pittsburg, Cin
cinnati, Louisville, Memphis, and New
Orleans opened. In describing that
scene, one of the number said recently:
—"For a moment there was absolute
silence in the office. No one seemed to
breathe, so great was the tension. Then
came a few faint ticks growing louder,
and an instant later an unbroken mes
sage was sent between the north and
the south." In every instaiice the men
who have cast in their lot with Andrew
Carnegie have been lifted into wealth
and prominence. Those who have
dropped out have not always retained
their good luck. The latter is the case
of some of his old partners. Andrew
Carnegie is what the Rothschilds would
call a "lucky man." Their house will
have nothing to do with unlucky men.
Andrew Carnegie would be a perfect
treasure to them. One of the little
known episodes in Andrew Carnegie's
life is his connection with the civil war.
He was the third man wounded during
the Rebellion. When Thomas A. Scott
undertook to help President Lincoln as
assistant secretary of war in the mat
ter of railway transportation. Carnegie
was placed in charge of a portion of the
telegraph work. He followed General
Butler's troops southward on an engine.
He rode on the pilot inspecting the
wires. At one point between Eldridge
Junction and Washington he found that
the Confederates had 'grounded" the
wires by pinning them to the earth. He
stopped the engine to release them. As
he did so one of the wires bounded up,
cutting a deep gash in his cheek, and
he entered Washington his face cov
ered with blood.
Some years ago Mr. Carnegie was
asked to make a subscription toward
a library at Lincoln, Neb. The first 25
dollars had been given by an Omaha
man, Mr. Rosewater, of the "Bee."
Years before this Mr. Rosewater had
been a telegraph operator at the time
that young Carnegie was also an oper
ator in Pittsburg. They had "talked"
frequently over the wire between the
cities where they were employed, but
had never met. It was Mr. Rosewater
who made the request for a donation
from Mr. Carnegie. It was forthcoming
very promptly, and in sending a mag
nificent subscription Mr. Carnegie re
cognized the bond of a telegraphic
brotherhood in a peculiar way. Down
in a corner of the letter below his sig
nature he wrote "Sevnty-three," which
in the sound manual of the telegraphers
is a code signal used in exchanging
greetings. It was his greeting with his
check to his former brother telegrapher.
Plasterers' Union Entertains Its
Friends In Royal Style.
The Plasterers' union gave its annual
social on Thursday evening at Kala
mazoo building. It was a grand suc
cess. The plasterers are royal enter
tainers. There is more real good fel
lowship among the members of this
union than is usually found in trade
unions. This happy condition is ac
countable for the fact that the mem
bers bear the reputation of being good
entertainers. Ed Perrot, Sam Maghan,
Richard Callahan and W. J. Watts
were the committee in charge. The
evening was spent in dancing and sing
ing. Refreshments were served by the
ladies. The West Superior union was
the guest of the evening. LaBrosses
orchestra furnished music, and Otto
Sturm very kindly prompted.
Teacher—George Washington couldn't
tell a lie.
Johnny Wardman—Hully Gee! Jest
fink uv de stir he'd make if he ever
A preacher, raising his eyes from his
desk in the midst'bf his sermon, was
paralyzed with am^ement to see his
rude son in the galrery pelting the hear
ers in the pews below with horse chest
nuts. But while the good man was
preparing a frown of reproof, the young
hopeful' cried out:
"You 'tend to your preaching, daddy.
I'll keep 'em awake."—Pattern Makers'
The story is told that recently in Los
Angeles five prominent gentlemen
chanced to meet. One was a Russian,
one a Turk, one a Frenchman, one an
Englishman and the other an .Ameri
can. The gentlemen became bosom
friends, and finally a champagne sup
per was proposed, at which each gen
tleman, to be in keeping with the times,
was to give a toast to his native coun
try, the one giving the best toast to be
at no expense for the wine. Here are
the toasts given:
The Russian: "Here's to the stars
and bars of Russia, that were never
The Turk: "Here's to the moons of
Turkey, whose wings were never clip
The Frenchman: "Here's to the cock
of France, whose feathers were never
The American: "Here's to the stars
and stripes of the United States of Am
erica, that never trailed in defeat."
The Englishman was the last at bat,
and he scored thusly: "Here's to, the
rampln', roarin' lion of Great Britain,
that tore down the stars and bars of
Russia, clipped the wings of Turkey,
picked the feathers off the cock of
France and ran like hell from the stars
and stripes of the United States of Am
The Englishman paid for no cham
The House In "Richard Carvel."
bought the old Paca mansion on Prince
Georges street, Annapolis, for $15,000,
intending to convert it into a hotel.
The place was bought from the estate
of the late Richard Swan. The house
is that old colonial residence which
Winston Churchill describes in "Rich
ard Carvel" as the home of Dorothy
Manners. The Paca house was built
by Governor Paca, who was governor
of Maryland in 1782.
Look for the Union Restaurant Card.
The New England. The Crystal.
The North Land.
DEBS ON FREEDOM
ORGANIZED LABOR IN STRUGGLE
FOR FREEDOM AND LIBERTY.
Workingmen Must Depend Upon
Themselves to Change the Condi
tions Which Oppress Them—
Unions Should Staunchly Contend
For Such Concessions as Possible
Under Present Conditions.
The country we inhabit is generally
supposed to have been in a state of
peace since the close of the Civil War,
excepting the brief period required to
push the Spaniards off the western con
tinent. And yet during this reign of
so-called peace, more than a score of
bloody battles have been fought on Am
erican soil, in every one of which, the
working class were beaten to the earth,
notwithstanding they outnumbered
their conquerors and despoilers at least
ten to one, and notwithstanding in each
case they asked but a modest conces
sion that represented but a tithe of
what they were justly entitled to.
To recall the bloody scenes in the
Tennessee mountains, the horrors of
Idaho, the tragedies of Virden, Pana,
Buffalo, Chicago, Homestead, Latimer,
Leadville, and many others, is quite
enough to chill the heart of any man
who has such an organ, and yet above
the cloud and smoke of the battle there
shines forever the bow of promise, and
however fierce the struggle and gloomy
the outlook, it is never obscured to the
brave, self-reliant soul who knows that
victory at last, must crown the cause
Thousands have fallen before the fire
of the enemy, and thousands more are
doubtless doomed to share the same
"Freedom's battle one again
Bequeathed from bleeding sire to son,
Though baffled oft'
Is ever won."
The struggle in this and other lands
by the children of toil is a struggle be
tween classes which in some form or
other has been waged since primitive
man first captured and enslaved his
weaker fellow being. Through the long
dark night of history, the man who
toiled has been in fetters though
day they are invisible, they yet bind
him as securely in wage slavery, as if
they were forged of steel.
How the millions toil and produce!
How they suffer and are despised! Is
the earth forever to be a dungeon to
them Are their offspring always to be
food for misery?
These are questions that confront the
workingmen of our day, and a few at
least understood the nature of the
struggle, are conscious of their class
interests, and are striving with all their
energy to close up the ranks anl con
quer their freedom by the solidarity of
In this fight for freedom the organ
ized men in the western states have
borne a conspicuous and an honorable
part. They have, in fact, maintained
better conditions on the whole, than
generally prevail, and this they have
done under the fire that would have re
duced less courageous and determined
men. But, notwithstanding their or
ganized resistance they must perceive
that in common with all others who
work for wages, they are losing ground
before the march of capitalism.
It requires no specially sensitive nat
ure to feel the tightening of the coils,
nor prophetic vision, to see the doom
of labor if the government is suf
fered to continue in control of the capi
talist class. In every crisis the shotted
guns of the government are aimed at
the working class. They point in but
one direction. In no other way could
the capitalists maintain their class su
premacy. Court injunctions paralyze
but one class. In fact, the government
of the ruling class today has but one
vital function, and that is to keep the
exploited class in subjection.
Labor unions most of them with anti
quated methods are inadequate to cope
with the situation in any crisis, and
when the smoke of battle clears away,
their members lie stark and dead on
the field, or languish in prison, or are
forced to leave wife and child to tramp
among strangers in quest of a job.
Every battle that has been fought
teaches the one lesson, that the work
ers must unite upon class-conscious
ground, that they must vote as one
against every capitalist candidate even
though it be their best personal friend
that they must nominate their own can
didates up on a platform that recog
nizes clearly and declares unequivocally
in favor of their interests, and to stand
by them until they make their own
class the governing class and abolish
the wage system and the countless
crimes that follow in its train.
Let the labor unions staunchly con
tend with all its power, for such con
cessions are possible under the present
system, but at the same time let the
members who compose them open their
eyes to the fact that an industrial rev
olution is in progress, and that to se
cure inestimable blessings they must
make their class, the only class essen
tial to modern society, the governing
class, which means the abolition of
class rule and wage slavery and the
inauguration of a reign of freedom.—
Eugene V. Debs.
Mrs. Stanford In Control.
Although Mrs. Stanford has trans
ferred from $25,000,000 to $30,000,000 to
Stanford university, she remains in
supreme control of the institution, and
can discharge any professor whose
views she does not approve.
Pairtrize umm Resiawans.
Members of organized labor and their friends are
requested to patronize only such restaurants that display
the Union Card.
UNION RESTAURANTS. NM-UtfM RCSIIMS
The Ori l.
The Boston. B**1*
Cooks' and Waiters' Union No. 53.
The Labor World has made arrangements with
the publishers of some of the leading periodi
cals of the United States, and can furnish them
with the Labor World for one year at a nominal
cost. Here are some of our liberal offers:
The World's Leading Liberal Review—price per year, $2.50. We will
give the ARENA and the LABOR WORLD for one year for the
price of the Arena alone. Get tihem both for $2.50.
A monthly periodical devoted to the NEW THOUGHT, embracing
Practical Metaphysics, Psychical Science, the New Psychology, Oc
cultism, Etc. The greatest journal of its kind in the world. Price
per .year $2.00. Get '.'MIND" and "THE LABOR WORLD" for one
year for only $2.00.
Leslies' Popular Monthly
An entertaining and helpful magazine that will brighten an even
ing's leisure. Everybody knows what it is. We will give THE
POPULAR MONTHLY, also a handsome Art Calender and the LA
BOR WORLD for one year for $1.50.
A Weekly Magazine of high character. It reflects the best genius
of American life. It prints more articles from the ablest writers
than any other paper in the United States. The independent costs
$2.00 per year The Labor World costs $1.00 per year both cost $3.00
per year. We give them both for $2.00.
LIFE OF M'KINLEY
Soldier—Statesman—President. A volume that should be in every
home, in every library, and that every American will read with inter
est. It tells of the beautiful life and heroic death of a great man.
It presents a noble example for emulation by the youth of America.
It tells of the Christian hero, who was great in life, but greater in
death. The price of this book alone is $2.00. We will give the Life
of William McKinley and the Labor World for one year for $1.50.
The above are some of the best offers ever made by a news
paper in America. We are determined to build up-our circulation at
any cost. Our clubbing offers cant be beat. AGENTS WANTED IN
EVERY LOCALITY—Salary or Commission. Mail all orders to:
WM. E. M'EWEN,
Publisher/ No. 333 Manhatten Building, Duluth, Minn*
ARBUTUS KELLEY RYAN
Bust Five Cent Cigar in the City.
CULVER & CO., 18 W. First St.
HAVE YOU TRIED THEM DO SO AND BE CONVINCED THAT THE
La verdad and La Linda.
CIGARS ARE THE FINEST THAT MONEY WILL BUY, AND
SKILLED LABOR CAN PRODUCE.
Ron Fernandez Cigar Company.
UNION LABEL. HOME MADE.
WE ARE LEADER* IN
Union Label Cigars
Tha Fallowing AraSoma af Our Choteaat Brands!
Epicuro, La Cuba, Leaders, White Ash, Red Cro&s, Union
Hade, Union Hade (hand), Turf Queen, Union Boquat,
Duluth, Free Cuba, Emblems, Coronation, Navy Pride.
J. J. CULLEN,
fuse to employ Union help.
LAKESIDE AND LESTER PARK.
Loft 56 140 feet, For $150 to $500, an Easy
Buy your lot of us and we will loan you the money to
build when you are ready.
LAKESIDE LAN® CO., 303 LOBSttle BfllMtlg.
PURE WINES AMD LIQUORS
JS&azs! v, ,»V
For FAMILY AND MEDICINAL PURPOSE.
There Is Nothing Purer than 9. I, LEVIN'S
501 WEST SUPERIOR STREET.
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