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The labor world. [volume] (Duluth, Minn.) 1896-current, February 01, 1902, Image 1

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VOL.
I-
..
.-1
NATIVE MUin
WeBWEN WAS BOR\ AIMD REARED
IN THIS CITY.
Uii Parent* Are Among the Oldest
Inhabitants—He Has Struggled
Through Adverse Circumstance*
to a Position in Life o# Honor nnd
When the business and laboring in­
terests were at variance on account of
the frequency of injudicious boycotts
he did more than any individual in
the local labor movement to bring
about the happy relations that exists
today. He is regarded as a fair, con­
servative and practical advocate of
labor, and is held in high regard by
ithe business as well as laboring in­
terests of the city, with whom he has
been much in contact.
He served as a member of the Board
of Health in 1899 and until the new
charter legislated that body out of
office. He was a member of the first
committee that went to the Twin
Cities in 1897 for the purpose of ar­
ranging for a try-city charter.
HILL ENDORSES.
(Secretary of Duluth Improvement
Association Gives Reasons.
Gentlemen: Referring to my knowl­
edge of W. E. McEwen as a person
who would well represent Duluth, in
1he city council, I am pleased to say
that he seems eminently fitted for the
position of alderman for the follow­
ing reasons:
As a well-known labor advocate he
has large influence with the working
men of Duluth, while, as a citizen in
general, and as an alderman in par­
ticular, he would be sufficiently cau­
tious and discreet to well guard and
protect the interests of the city.
«.».
Respect—Has Held Macy Honorary
Positions With Credit.
W. E. McEwen, Democratic nominee
for alderman of the Fifth waffl, is a
Duluthian born and bred. He was
the first white boy born in that part
of Duluth, west of the point of rocks,
and now known as Central Duluth. His
parents' marriage was the first service
of amy character held in the Second
Presbyterian church. He is the oldest
Bon of William McEwen, telephone
operator at the police station. His
TrtQther died when he was but ten
years of age. He was educated in the
Duluth public schools, learned tHe
plumbing trade and worked at it con­
tinuously until he purchased the Labor
Vorld in March, 1900. His first money
was made selling newspapers when but
nine years old. He continued at this
until he left the High School at the end
of the Junior year, and began to learn
the plumbing trade. In the labor
movement he has held many positions
of honor and trust. His first experi­
ence in this line was secretary of a
newsboys' union in 1889, secretary of
Plumbers' Helpers' union in 1891, sec­
retary of Journeymen Plumbers' union
3895-1900, secretary of Trades Assembly
one term, president four terms, vice
president of Minnesota State Federa­
tion of Labor one term, and in 1896 was
elected secretary which position he
now holds. Was a delegate to the
Kansas City convention of the Ameri­
can Federation of Labor and served on
an important arbitration committee in
Chicago.
THOMAS E. HILL."
PRACTICAL MAN.
What Is wanted in government as In
business is practical men who will not
permit visionary ideas to sway them in
their work for the people. The time for
the visionary man is tomorrow, the
work of the practical man is for today.
He who feels his way slowly through
the world is he who can maintain a
point of advantage at the summit of
his glory. Mr. McEwen is thoroughly
practical, as all who know him will
testify. He has a good conception of
business afafirs, and therefore can not
fall to be a good alderman.
THE
"IFIT COMES FROM
CATEL
Y'S IT'S COOP."J
WE SELL
Ladies' Suits,
Ladies' Jackets,
Ladies' Collarettes,
Ladies' Skirts.
Ladies' Scarfs and Muffs,
Ladles' Mackintoshes,
Children's Jackets,
Men's Clothing, Ready
made or made to order.
Children's Clothing,
Men's Mackintoshes,
Clothes Wringers,
Washing Machines,
Lamps,
Photograph Albums,
Silver-plated ware,
Framed Pictures,
Carpet Sweepers,
Family Bibles.
Teachers' Bibles,
Parlor Clocks,
Kitchen Clocks,
Chairs,
QUEER ARGUMENT
USED BY OPPOXESTS TO GET VOTES
FROM McEWEN.
Say He Is, a Labor "Agitntfpr" and
Will Be a CIrhn Legislator—Fal­
lacy of Their Argument Exposed.
labor agltattn* icno'vrs-this~aiid" .iie
M™ I yj-(ai^t
Labor Advocate Not a Demagogue.
Pleads for a Better Feeling Be­
tween Capital und Labor.
In his candidacy for alderman of the
Fifth ward, some of Mr. McEwen's op­
ponents have very tactfully used the
argument that he was a labor agita­
tor, and would not be a good man in
the city council. This can best be an­
swered by a reproduction of the fol­
lowing editorial, written by him in a
recent number of the Labor Wdfld:
"The enemies of fair play between
the employer and the employed char­
acterize the editor of this paper as a
labor agitator. We are proud of the
distinction as coming from such a
source. If by labor agitator is meant
one that believes in the supremacy
of law, equal justice to rich and poor,
to the employer as well as to the em­
ploye, then we accept the title with
all that it implies. The labor agitators,
far as we know, (and our acquaint­
ance with them is by no means limited)
are lovers of their country, of good
government, of American institutions,
and bent on perpetuating those bless­
ings of civil liberty and justice that
have made the American nation what
it is today, and which if adhered to
will continue to bless the people for
ages yet to be. AVhatever else the Jabor
agitator have their political prefer­
ences like other men. They may hon­
estly differ in their judgment of the
most desirable political methods to at­
tain wished for ends, but there exists
among them a community of interest
nevertheless. They favor law and or­
der, and when avarice imposes upon
labor burdens too grievous to be borne,
the so-called agitators are the first
to counsel moderation, obedience to
law and the peaceable solution of con­
flicting interests by arbitration. Every
fair-minded man must admit that in
every instance of oppression in this
generation the oppressed were more
easily prevailed upon to submit the
matter to arbitration than was the
oppressor, and the much abused labor
agitator was on the .scene as a peace
maker and not as a disturber. Labor
and capital are gradually getting near­
er and nearer to each other. The
friendly attitude is the attitude of suc­
cess for both. No man has any stand­
ing in labor circles today who shows
a disposition to stir up antagonism be­
tween labor and capital. They are
and must of necessity be friends. The
i*
Iron Beds,
Bedroom Suites,
Fancy Rocking Chairs.
Center Tables.
Dining Room Tables and
Chiffoniers,
Sideboards.
Wardrobes.
China Closets,
Couches,
Folding Beds.
Book Cases,
Desks,
Carpets,
Smyrna Rugs,
Art Squares,
Chenille Portiers.
Tapestry Portiers.
Chenille Table Covers,
Tapestry Table Covers,
Fine Lace Curtains,
Etc., Etc., Etc.
OASH OR EASY
PAYMENTS,
THE STORE WITH THE BIG
ELECTRIC SIGN.
Open Saturday Evenings Until 10:30.

.• I Ifi At
»**-.* •"•.•• .':V_, .-! N Vi7!*' .*.%, r: 7
iiWtB"
forth his best endeavors to keep them
friendly. Certainly this is nothing to
be ashamed of. The man who would
throw a s£raw in the way of the
friendly feeling that should exist be­
tween labor and capital is a dangerous
man and an enemy to both. The occa­
sional instances of the oppression of
labor by individuals of the money class
as well as the occasional instances of
injustifiable uprisings by individuals
of the laboring class, point to the nec­
essity of a higher standard of enlight­
enment and justice for both, and the
labor agitator is putting forth his best
efforts in that behalf. An individual
must be as blind as a bat who does
not see that there has been a vast im­
provement in industrial conditions in
recent years, and that the labor agita­
tor was an important factor In bring­
ing these conditions about. Nor would
we overlook the friendly assistance
given to the cause by very many capi­
talists and employers of labor. In­
telligent discussion, universal educa­
tion and the benign teachings of
Christianity are the lovers of civiliza­
tion, and their uplifting influences are
year by year manifesting themselves
more and more upon the lives and
conduct of both employer and employe.
To the philosophic mind the occasional
disruptions between labor and capital
today are but the rattling of interests
once diverse but now assimilating and
7,. No. 40 DULUTH AND SUPERIOR, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 1902.
making common cause for the ad­
vancement of the race. It is but the
travail of old methods and conditions
giving birth to the new. The day of
the calamity howler, and mischief
maker is ended so far as labor circles
are concerned and the era of better
things has been ushered in, and it is
the duty of every lover of his race and
country to lend a helping hand in per­
petuating the conditions of peace and
harmony between the two interests—
each so necessary for the well being
of the other, labor and capital."
CITrS AFFAIRS.
A Municipality Should Be Conducted
on Business Lines.
While Mr. McEwen's life has been
largely devoted to labor matters, he
has been a careful observer of muni­
cipal affairs. He has seen the city
grow from- a small village to a metro­
politan city. He has lived here long
enough to profit by the experiences of
the past. He believes that the city
should be run on strictly business prin­
ciples. In his paper recently he com­
pared the city with a large corporation
and the alderman with the board of
directors, holding that as it was the
aim of the latter to have their cor­
poration managed in such a manner
that good dividends might be paid to
the stockholders, it is the duty of the
board of aldermen to see that the city
is managed along the same lines. He
does not believe in "penny wise and
pound foolish economy," for many nec­
essary improvements must be made,
but he is strongly opposed to extrav­
agance. It is much easier to spend
other people's money than It is your
own.
VOTE EARLY.
Every Citlsen Shoi/dTVote Early in
the Day.
When election day arrives, the first
thing to do on your way to your work
is to vote. Get it off your mind. Some­
thing might happen during the day
that would prevent you from getting to
the polls on time to cast a vote. The
polls open at 6 o'clock in the morning
and close at 7 o'clock in the evening.
The following are the boundary lines
of the five precincts in the fifth ward:
First precinct—Voting place, 331 West
Michigan street. Boundary, west side
of Third avenue West to east side of
Fifth avenue West, and from the water
front to the boulevard.
Second precinct—Voting place 23 Fifth
avenue West. Boundary west side of
Fifth avenue West to east side of Sixth
avenue West to north side of Second
street, then west to east side of Seventh
avenue West, then north to Boulevard.
Third precinct—Voting place, 707
West Superior street. Boundary: West
side of Sixth avenue West, then north
them of Seventh avenue North to Boulevard.
Western boundary east side of Eighth
from water front to south side of
Boulevard.
Fourth precinct—Voting place 1123
West Michigan street. Boundary from
Eighth avenue to east side of Twelfth
avenue West water front to south side
of Boulevard.
Fifth precinct—Voting place Hock
well's store, Duluth Heights. Boun­
dary, all that portion of the ward from
Third avenue to Twelfth avenue, north
of Boulevard to the city limits.
T. C. PHILLIPS
Speaks His
Well of McEwen and
Work in General.
T. C. Phillips, of the firm of Phillips
& Co., says that he has known Mr. Mc­
Ewen for several years and refers to
him in the following language:
"My acquaintance with Mr. McEwen
began when he was president of the
Trades Assembly. I have been much
in touch with him since that time, and
can truthfully say that he is a safe
and cautious man. One thing I have
noticed in particular with him, is that
he is practical in ail his undertakings.
The average labor leader is liable to
become visionary, but it is not so with
him. He seems to be well balanced in
his discussion of all questions.
When You
Buy Here
It isn't necessary to ask If your
credit is good, for It is. We are al­
ways glad to arrange payments to
please you—weekl? «,» monthly. We
sell only such qualities as we know
to be trustworthy. An examination
of our goods and prices will prove
that our credit figures are as low
as the lowest cash prices elsewhere.
Wc are glad to extend to you all the
conveniences of our—
Easy Payment Plan
Without Extra Cost or Interest.
GATELV
SUPPLY CO.,
8 E. SUPERIOR STREET.
MWLMMtSTAMS
LABOR PRESS OF THE STATE IN­
DORSE McEWEK'S CANDIDACY.
Say He Is One of the .Brightest Men
in the Labor Movement—He Is
Broadminded an# Liberal Enough
to Know That the Interests of
Labor Are Blest Served When
Serving All the People.
For six years Mr..McEwen has been
an officer of the Mihnesota State Fed­
eration of Labor. iDuring that time
his career has been'watched with in­
terest by every unipn workingman in
Minnesota. The libor press of the
state has spoken of his candidacy in
the following manner:
Minnesota Union -Advocate: He is
one of the brightest, and most upright
men engaged in any. movement in this
state, and is bound jto leave his mark
on the municipal lift of Duluth, as he
has left it on the aifairs of organized
labor in this state. As showing the
spirit in which Mr. McEwen enters on
the contest for public honors, and
which will animate him if he is elected,
we take pleasure in quoting the follow­
ing words from a recent issue of his
paper: "In the aldermanic contest we
stand for good government, a faithful
adherence to the rights of all parties
and localities, and for such administra­
tion and legislation as will best con­
duce to the prosperity of our city. We
have no axes to grind, no yet theories
to experiment with, and no other ob­
ject or aim than to serve the people
faithfully and well." The public will
be well served that has intelligence
and sense enough to elect men of Mc­
Ewen's character and ability.
The Minneapolis Unipn: We are
pleased to see that Brother W. E. Mc­
Ewen, editor of the Duluth Labor
World, and secretary of the State F.
of L., has been nominated by the Dem­
ocrats of that city as their candidate
for alderman. There is no abler man
in the ranks of labor in the state than
that same "Billy," and in addition to
that he is an honest advocate of re­
form measures, and stands for what
is the best and highest in the labor
movement. We-jyill guarantee that if
he is elected, and we hope he will be,
there will be no member of the council
in that city who will make a better
record, nor one who will look closer
after the interests of the whole people.
He is broad minded and liberal enough
to know that the interests of the work­
ers is best served by|serving the Inter­
ests of a whole city }&nd if elected will
be a credit to the ^Workers, and do
much to overcome the prejudice wliich
exists in many quarters against elect­
ing worltlngmea: taLttesponalble public
Here's hoping he will have a good,
clean majority."
THE ENTIRE WARD.
McEwen Will Work in the Interest
of City and Ward.
The citizens of Duluth Heights are
interested in the election of Mr. Mc­
Ewen, not because they feel that they
are entitled to an alderman any more
than any other portion of the ward,
but being interested in the city they
feel that he has some good qualifica­
tions for the position of alderman. They
wish to testify in these columns as they
intend to do at the polls as to Mr. Mc­
Ewen's standing in the community in
which he resides. If elected he will
represent no class or interest save that
of the whole ward. It will be his am­
bition to serve faithfully and well all
of the people of the ward. The fifth
ward is the largest in the city. It is
the most densely populated it has the
most costly buildings the greatest bus­
iness interests in the city. Besides be­
ing the largest it is the greatest of all
the wards. The choosing of a repre­
sentative in this ward is an important
matter. It is not so much of a poli­
tical proposition as it is a business
proposition.
WORTH CONSIDERING.
John Panton Speaks Knowingly of
McEwen's Efforts.
John Panton, senior member of the
firm of Panton & White, proprietors
of Duluth's mammoth department
store, in answer to this committee
says: "While our firm is not in poli­
tics, yet in justice to Mr. McEwen it
is our duty to say that in all the time
we have known him in the labor
movement we have found him unusu­
ally fair and honest in his dealings.
He has had several conferences with
us in the last few years, and in all of
them I have found him to be reason-,
able and consistent.
STRAIGHT TIP.
M. S. Burrows Has Known McEwen
For Many Years.
M. S. Burrows, proprietor of the
Great Eastern Clothing House, says:
"I have known Mr. McEwen since his
boyhood days. Since he has been in
the labor movement I have been in a
position to know him well. I have
watched his career with interest, and
have conversed with him on many oc­
casions. He is a careful student of
conditions, earnest and consistent as
an advocate of labor and is truly in­
terested in the business development
of Duluth."
GOOD OPINION
and
From Well Known Capitalist
Employer of Labor.
R. Li. McCorrrtick, vice president of
the Duluth Universal Milling Com­
pany, says of Mr. McEwen:
"Organized labor, and the city of
Duluth are extremely fortunate in hav­
ing a man in the labor movement who
is so fair and conservative as Mr. Mc­
Ewen. His eagerness to see the citv
become a great industrial center is
highly commendable."
ih
i*
HHIC OWNBtSW
McBWE* IS A STAUNCH ADVOCATE
OP MUNICIPAL OWNERSHIP.
Has Been a Careful Student for
Years—Declares That It Is a Labor
Question—His Difference Between
Private and Public Ownership—Is
Not a Radical and Will Move
Slowly and Cautiously.
Mr. McEwen has long been a strong
advocate of municipal ownership.
In the early days, before the ac­
quirement of the Gas & Water plant
was strongly advocated, he was a
student of the question. His labor
organization had declared for the
municipal ownership of all public util­
ities, and he has always taken the
stand that the municipal ownership
idea was pronouncedly a labor ques­
tion. The following article from a re­
cent edition of his paper will perhaps
explain his attitude far better than
anything that this committee might
say:
"Trades unionism has long favored
municipal ownership of the means of
distribution of water, light and trans­
portation, the latter of course including
both freight and intelligence. While
political economists have contended
solely for the quantitive increase of
wealth, the trades union has and is
contending for a higher social ideal—
"the attainment of the greatest quan­
tity, the highest quality and the most
just distribution of wealth.' In the
distribution of these public necessities
there are found two general methods.
1. Monopoly method, in which the dis­
tribution is made by private agencies,
usually by corporations legalized by
legislative enactments, the business
being managed solely with the object
of profit. The charges for the services
rendered being the the highest price
that can be exacted from the users,
and the services the poorest that the
community will stand for. 2. Muni­
cipal ownership method, by which the
ownership of means and management
of distribution is done by the govern­
ment established by the people them­
selves. The officials in the manage­
ment are held to accountability by the
people who place them in position of
trust, and are looked to for sufficient
quantity, the highest quality and a
Just distribution, and for a remunera­
tion under one of the following three
principles. 1. The revenue principle,
by which the government aims at giv­
ing the best services at a remuneration
sufficient to cover all cost of service
and depreciation, and in addition a
profit which is covered into the gov­
ernmental treasury with a view of de­
fraying other expenses of government,
toff qnlpg
other forms of property. 2. The cost
principle under which the services are
rendered at actual cost of operation
and depreciation, the user being ex­
pected to simply remunerate in accord
with the actual benefits derived from
usage and 4. The principle of gratu­
ity, by which every citizen is furnished
a sufficient service for his need, free
of charge, the expense of service be­
ing defrayed by a general tax levied
on properties.
"Between the two general methods of
distribution of water, light and trans­
portation the union movement has long
cast its influence with the municipal
method, but as to the most perfect of
the three principles under which muni­
cipal ownership Is conducted there is
some division of opinions, which, how­
ever, are not of a magnitude to retard
either the municipal ownership move­
ment nor the unanimity of the labor
forces in its advocacy."
Mr. McEwen will work unceasingly
for the acquirement of all public util­
ities, and yet he will not permit his
enthusiasm to get the better of his
judgment on this matter, for he fully
realizes that the city should act
cautiously, moving only as fast
as a healthy progress will permit.
BANKER TESTIFIES.
Chas. F. Leland Speaks Highly of
Mr. McEwen's Efforts.
Chas. F. Leland, president of the
Commercial Banking company, in an
interview with this committee has the
following to say of Mr. McEwen:
"I have known W. E. McEwen for a
number of years. I rfmember when
we met at St. Paul during the discus­
sion of the anti-boycott bill. He was
spokesman for the labor committee,
and I was impressed with the able,
fair and conservative manner in which
he championed labor's side of the
dispute.
"No personalities were resorted to,
and I sincerely believe that the happy
agreement reached at this meeting was
largely through the efforts of Mr. Mc­
Ewen. I have followed up his work
since that time, and am thoroughly
convinced that no one in the city is
more interested and hopeful for the
city's welfare than he."
M'EfrEN A STUDENT.
From the many testimonials appear­
ing upon this page it can be seen that
those who know Mr. McEwen in a
business way have implicit confidence
in him. As an advocate of labor he
stands high among the workingmen.
In all his life in the labor movement
he has endeavored to act in a consist­
ent manner and with a full measure
of success. Most advocates in any
movement are too liable to become
fanatical In the cause they espouse,
simply because they devote their entire
time to the subject. Mr. McEwen is
a student both of economics and stan­
dard literature. His library contains
some of the best works. Carlyle is
his favorite author, and he can be
found any evening at his home, when
not otherwise engaged, deep in thought
in some of the great "Hero Worship­
pers" works. The writer has counted
over sixty reference books in his little
library.
THIS
... TO THE...
Voters of the Fifth Ward.
edition of the Labor World is edited by a com­
mittee of citizens of different political affiliations,
who have been neighbors and friends of W. E.
McEwen for a number of years.
Since Mr. McEwen became a candidate for Alderman
of the Fifth Ward, he has been too modest to boom his
own candidacy in these columns. His neighbors, who
are interested in his political as well as his business
success, after several attempts, finally succeeded in in­
ducing him to permit us to edit this edition of his paper.
We can say with perfect frankness that it is with
considerable pride that we present his name to the voters
of the Fifth Ward for their careful consideration. We
who know of his private character, as well as his public
actions have no hesitancy in recommending him as an
honest, able and conscientious man. He is in no way
responsible for any article that appears on this page.
(Signed),
THE* BIO—
OL-ASS
STORE-
Bargain Counter 2—
'Duluth Heights Citizen Com.
CUJtS. H. MERRITT, Chairman,
btociv 9
OUR FINAL SHOT AT ALL
REMNANTS AND ODD..
LOTS OF MERCHANDISE
Tomorrow night we take our Annual Inventory, and
not a dollar's worth of the goods displayed on our Bar­
gain Counters in the morning will be taken into stock.
There will be Bargains galore. It is the last day of our
fiscal year, and we will make it a very interesting one.
Bargain Counter 1-
A lot ofEmbroidery Remnants
Millinery and Caps. This is the way we clean our stock.
50 Ladies Dress Hats worth up to $5.00—Saturday
Infants' Caps, about 200 of them, worth up to 95c cach,
pick Saturday at IOC
Bargain Counter 3
Listen to This!
All Remnants of Silks—
All Remnants of Dress Goods, black and colored
All Remnants of Velvets—
All Remnants of Linings—go at exactly
HALF PRICE.
Bargain Counter 4—
Odds and Ends Almost Given Away.
Boys' Pants worth 50c Boys' Unlaundered White Shirts
worth 50—Men's fancy Percale Shirts worth 75c—Men's Fleece
Lined Underwear worth 50c—Anything on the
Counter for
Dl)ll)TI DENTAL PARLORS.
man Class service at a MMeraie Fee.
Sets of Teeth $5.00
Crowns .$5.00
Alloy Fillings •••$1(00
Gold Fillings $2.00
We have the best equipped Dental Office in
the city and employ only graduate dentists.
We have been in our present location 5 years.
DULUTH DENTAL PARLORS,
$ West Superior St., Near Lake Ave.
.'
V''
FIVE CENTS.
DyumtiiiNMl
go
at.lca yard.
Another lot of Embroidery, worth to 15c, goes at 5c yard.
A lot of Narrow Ribbon worth 5c to 8c, goes at 2c.yard.
Another tot of Wide Ribbons worth up to 35c, at 8c yard.
A lot of Torchon and Fancy Laces worth np to 15c, at 2c.
'1§:i
"3 I
1
i.
1-1
25c
4

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