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The labor world. (Duluth, Minn.) 1896-current, October 04, 1902, Image 1

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Vol. 7, No. 45
The call further says fchat only bona
fide wage workers, Mho are not mem­
bers of, or eligible to membership in,
other trade uniqns, are eligible as del­
egates from fede.ral labor unions.
As a matter of information to the
Duluth trade* assembly let it be said
that Relegates must be selected at
least two weeks previous to the con­
vention, and their names must be for­
warded to the secretary of the American
Federation of Labor immediately after
their election.
Don't allow favoritism to influence
('Hiiilidateg For Legrialatare Are
I rgeil to Support Labor Bill*.
A new movement was started today
by organized labor under the auspices
of the better times agitation committer
of New York. Several labor organiza­
tions and trades unionists have decided
to make labor legislation the means by
which all candidates for public offices
shall be pledged to use their best ef­
forts to bring about legislation of bene­
fit to the people and to protect them
from the operations of the coal and
other combines and such injunctions as
have been issued against organized la­
bor by Judges Keller and Jackson.
The better times agitation committee
sent a ciicular to the labor organiza­
tions and trades unions today asking
their officers and men to call at the
headquarters of the committee and co­
operate in the work.
Samu-?1 Gompers, President of the
American Federation of Labor, has
shown his interest in this new move­
ment, which coincides with his ideas on
labor legislation, by asking the com­
mittee to expound its aims and methods
in the official organ of the American
Federation of labor. Why not try some
of the Duluth candidates for the legis­
lature on such a proposition?
The International Typographical
Union has now 550 local branches, with
an agregate membership of over 40,000
Gompers Issues Call for the Tv snty-Second Conven­
tion of Federation of bor, to be Held
at New Orl "ans.
Duluth's Opportunity to be Represented—Manner of
Settling Grievances—Re presentation Accorded—
Delegates Must ^*e Wage Earners.
Samuel Gompers has issued the Will you in selecting your delegates. Be fully
fur the twenty-second conventtoi of
the American Federation of Lab to
be held New Orleans on Nov /iber
13th. The convention will be he/) one
month earlier this year. The ca' I says
that representation in the cof rintion
•wi!] be on the following basirj: From
National or International U» rns, for
less than four thousand mew ffcrs, one
delegate four thousand or *xre, two
delegates: eight thousand or more,
three delegates sixteen /flfusand or
more, four delegates thirt/-two thous­
and or more, five dekgrates sixty
thousand or more, six delegates, and
so on and from Cent'.*! Bodies and
State Federations, ant! from local
unions not having a national or inter­
national union, and f/om federal labor
unions one delegate.
represented. Be ably represented by
your be0, most faithful and experi­
enced members.
There are always a number ot
grievances to come befone the con­
vention, which under the law of the
federation are disposed of as follows:
Organizations having grievances
against other organizations are re­
quired to meet by representation for
the purpose of adjusting the questions
in dispute before the same can be con­
sidered by the convention. A grievance
which has already been considered by
a previous convention can not be taken
up by the forthcoming convention, un­
less three years have elapsed from the
time of the decision being: rendered:
provided, however, that the organiza­
tion feeling aggrieved has obtained the
consent of the executive -council to
again bring the subject-mutter to tlie
attention of the convention.
As to hotel and railroad rates the of­
ficers of the federation say that the
former accommodations ate the very
best, and that the railroad rates will be
announced later.
Duluth has not been represented at
the A. F. of L. convention: since 1899
at Kansas City. It certainly should
have a delegate at this convention.
comprising compositors, G*rman print­
ers, photo-engravers, mailers, type­
founders and newspaper writers, and
until very recently stereotypers and
electrotypers, the two latter having
been released by a referendum vote to
form a national organization of their
own.. There are 4§3 English Typo­
graphical- Unions, 21 German-American,
known as "The Typographia 17 pho­
to-engraver branches, 15 of mailers, 6
of type-founders and 7 o£ newspaper
The Stock Yards butchers of Chi­
cago and other western packing cen­
ters have won a strikeless victory. J.
Ogden Armour, has conceded practic­
ally all the demands of the Amalga­
mated Meat Cutters and Butchers'
Workmen's Association. The men are
granted shorter hours and more pay.
Under the old scale the highest paid
butchers received 45 cents an hour.
They are now to get 47% cents. Thq
lowest paid butchers, who were receiv­
ing 16 and 17 cents, are to earn 22%
cents an hour. Ten hours are to con­
stitute a day's work, with time and a
half fo rovertime.
A new organization at San Francisco
called 'the Union Labor Central Club
has issued a circular letter to all the
unions in the state asking them to
elect one delegate for every 400 mem­
bers or fraction thereof. These dele­
To Get a Suit or Overcoat, as by the
Time Severe Cold Weather Sets in
You Will Have It Paid For.
MEN'S SUITS in all sizes and styles from
$5, $8, $10, $12, $15, $18, $20—and at
HEN'S OVERCOATS—nobby and stylish,
from $10, $15, $18, $20, $24—and at
BOYS' SUITS—From $1.50, $2.50, $3.00,
$4.50, $5.00 up to $8.00
BOYS' OVERCOATS—From $4, $5, $7, $10,
$12—and at
LADIES—We have Skirts, Coats and Suits
$4, $5, $6, $7, $8 and $10. up to $20—and at
W#now have on sale an assortment of soiled displayed Window
Goods, such as Lace, Tapestry and Chenille Curtains, Table Covers,
Albums, Mackintoshes, Coats, and a few damaged Clocks and
Consumers of Coal Have Dim
Idea of How Grim a Fight
Has Been Waged
By Miners.
Fight is Jill Organized Labor's, as
Well as the Miners—Men
Must Be Fed—
Help Them.
For the past three months it has
seemed as though the miners' strike
might be settled any day and there­
fore it was hardly worth while to write
of it comprehensively. But at this
writing, with anthracite coal selling at
$25 ton in Chicago, nearly $10 in Du­
luth, and practically as scarce as dia­
monds, the* coal miners' strike is the
one absorbing topic of conversation. It
has reached the point where the aver­
age consumer feels the pinch and be­
gins to have a fellow-feeling and some
comprehension of what it may mean
to attempt to live without an income
as over .150,000 miners have done for
four months. That is ,the consumer
who finds the prices going up on every­
thing on account of the scarcity of coal
begins to have some dim Idea of how
grim a fight has been waged. In the
small degree that he suffers inconven­
ience he sympathizes with those who
have suffered much more.
Conference after conference has been
held by. the trust magnates, politicians,
philanthropists'- an^TlaBor representa-'
fives, but at this time the coal opera­
tors seem to be as stubbornly en*
trenched as on the first day of the
strike. They cannot break the ranks
of the men and they are supremely in­
different to the fact that the energies
of the country are going to be paralyz­
ed of the scarcity of coal continues.
Perhaps it would be more accurate to
gates, according to present plans, will
meet on Sept. 10 and nominate a state
labor ticket or indorse one of the regu­
lar party nominations.
President Archie Valiquet of Chi­
cago, president of the Tug Firemen's
and Linemen's union was in conference
all day with the Grand Grievance Com­
mittee of the Licensed Tugmen's as­
sociation and it was announced that
•hereafter all firemen and linemen will
be hired by the master and engineers
of tugs and that only union men will
be employed. President McCarle of the
Licensed Tugmen's association, said
that all lodges of the association are
satisfied with the terms of the set­
tlement made with the tug trust.
$11 Week
$1 2 Week
$1 2 Week
SI 2 Week
say that the coal operators are so blind
that they believe that the public dis­
comfort will react in their favor and
that the miners will be forced to return
to work. They never were more mis­
taken in their lives.
At the seat of government there is an
unusual gathering of Members of Con­
gress long before the session. They
are all uneasy over the situation and
many of them are openly talking of
government confiscation of the coal
monopoly for the use of the people
The trust representatives are there too
in force, although it is two months be­
fore congress will be in session. It
is recognized that if the government
should take a forward step in regard to
one monopoly it would set the pace for
the others.
In reality there is not the slightest
reason to believe that the government
will interfere—except perhaps to send
up a division of the regular army if
violence should be threatened, but it is
significant that the members of con­
gress and official Washington and all
glibly the most radical plan*. ot gov
ernment utilization of trust monopolies,
They evidently think that the tempers
of the people demands something of
this sort.
Where they make the greatest mis­
take is in thinking that talk alone will
satisfy the people. Without dipping in­
to party politics it may not be amiss
(Recent Census Reports Accountable
For It—Bat There are Many Farms
That Report "No Income"—Thresh­
ing Machine Agent Has Different
Idea—Why Does Kot the Bureau
Give Some Data on Mortgages?
Persons in other walks of life are
patting the farmer on the back be­
cause the census bureau has just re­
ported the number of farms in the
United States'on June 1, 1900, as being
5,739,657, with a total valuation, includ­
ing implements, machinery and live
^stock, iof $30,514,G01,63& It certainly
sounds well, as does the gross farm in­
come for 1899, computed at $3,764,177,
But there are very many farmers
•who receivte congratulations of city
friends with a sardonic smile. These are
not only the owners of the 53,000 farms,
ranging in size from one to 1000 acres,
who reported "no income" from their
crops or annual products, but they are
the hardworking "chastisers of the
soil" everywhere, even in those most
important states in the agriculture of
the country, New York, Pennsylvania,
Ohio, Indiana, Illinois. Iowa and Mis­
An agent for a large Eastern manu­
factory of threshing machines, steam
ploughs, traction engines, etc., spoke
of the matter to a group of men in the
corridor of a Herald square hotel.
"My business," said he, "is some-,
times a rather painful one. It takes
me among the big and little farmers
in the South, West and Northwest. If
some of them are as prosperous as the
census makes them out, I'll be hanged,
if they know it. I happen to know
they're not, and I know it even better
than a large number of them know if
themselves. Why doesn't the census
give the total amount of mortgages
held against the farms in the United
States? Because it can't.
"I don't mean the mortgages against
the land and tenements only, though
those figures would crush you. Why, a
few years ago there were $2,000,000,000
against the farms of Kansas alone.
'But ^there'l* 'something besides, and
that's where my business comes in.
We're only one of a dozen firms that
sell traction engines. It doesn't take
a to in a a to a
$2000 machine on easy terms which wjll
do the work of eight or ten mem Hie
can ljitch one of our multiple ploughs
to it, do his own and the threshing
of his neighbors, run It into the woods
and use it as a sawmill.
"It's a fine thing, and he 1-aises some
money oil notes, or pledges his crop and
The following have contributed:.
Senator Daugherty $10.00
Bakers' Union $11.00
Gordon O'Neill $1.00
T. J. Ultican $1.00
A Friend $5.00
George Smith $1.00
Fred MoKelvey $1.00
Henry Perrault $1.00
A. Victor Johnson $1.00
Steam Fitters' Union $5.00
Joseph Mannheim $1.00
H. W. Lanners $1.00
A Friend $2.50
M. M, Gasser $5.00
Hendrisks Dry Goods Co... $2.50
Painters' Union $10.00
Letter Carriers $10.00
Tinners' Union $5.00
Dr. Boyer $5.00
Amount sent to Miners $64.00
Balance on hand $15.00
to remind our readers that there is a
Congressional campaign in progress
and the coal strike injects an element
of great uncertainty. This is why the
party leaders on both sides gather in
Washington and New York and affect
great concern in the miners' affairs.
It would be a wise prophet who would
venture to predict what will come next.
At the present moment there is scarce­
ly any prospect pf a settlement. The
miners are as determined as the day
they went out, more than four months
Organized labor has contributed hun­
dreds of thousands of dollars that the
miners' families may be fed. Those In
a position to know say that never be­
fore in any strike did other unions
contribute so liberally as to the miners
during this struggle.
So it is the fight of all organized la­
bor as well as of the miners. The min­
ers themselves have the utmost confi­
dence in their president, John Mitchell,
.and feel certain that he will lead them
jto victory. He has conducted the whole
with the.diBcre^laa
of ageneral leading -aS arn
a -vastly greater responsibility to lead
hungry men than a disciplined army of
The Duluth friends of the miners are
asked to continue their liberal support
until the end of the strike. Make all
checks payable to A. V. Johnson, treas­
urer, and send same to this office.
gives us a chattel mortgage on the
machine for the balance. He's a mighty
proud and stuck up farmer—until I
turn up and sue out that mortgage.
"Of course' some of them make the
machines pay for themselves. But very
few farmers anywhere know enough to
keep their farming implements, let
alone themselves, out of the wet, and
such delicate machinery as ours must
always be kept dry, well oiled and in
perfect repair.
"Well,, in a year or two the average
machine is a sight. We are ready to take
it in hand, and I am there to jog the
poor farmer along and get our money
out of him, or the forced sale of the
mortgaged goods follows.
"It's a sad business sometimes, but a
profitable and extensive one. Our ware­
houses are always full of new machines
or old ones undergoing repair. The
farmers are always ready to assume a
new debt."
Death of John F. O'Snllivan, Weell
Known Labor Writer.
J. F. O'Sullivan of Boston, member
of the executive board of the Typo­
graphical TJnion, and the organizer of
the first newspaper writers', union was
killed by a train last week in Lynn. Mr.
O'Sullivan has been a regular attendant
for years at the conventions of the
American Federation of Labor, repre­
senting the Massachusetts state branch.
He was an associate of W. E. McEwen
on an arbitration board in Chicago in
1899 which settled some differences in
the Cooks' and Waiters' National Un­
ion. He was married, and his wife was
formerly Mary Kenny,. at one time a
factory inspector of Illinois.
Carpenters' Union No. 1 of Chicago
has a proposition to bring before the
Chicago Federation of Labor for in­
dorsement, which, if adopted, will pre­
vent new unions from going on strike
until tihey have been affiliated one
year. The claim is made, and the car­
penters say justly so, that the new
unions* formed this year have kept
the labor movement of Chicago in tur­
moil for the last five months, and it is
time a halt was called in these mat­
ters. The proposition has also been in­
dorsed by the Carpenters' District
Council' of Cook county, Illinois.
The Trnth Will Out.
The Parson—(to stranger)—This is the
first time I have had the
pleasure of
seeing'you at our church. "Where is
your regular place of worship, may I
Young Man—Why,er—at her father's
house to.be sure.
The Washington headquarters of the
Majority Rule advocates is bubbling
over with joy. Chairman Geo. H. Shib
ley says he is confident that in prac­
tically all the legislatures elected this
year there will be two-thirds or more
who are pledged to permit the voters
to ballot upon the question of adopt­
ing Majority Rule—the Optional Refer­
endum and the Initiative and that it is
almost sure that the system will be in­
stalled in national affairs when con­
gress convenes in 1905. In an interview
today he says:
"The movement for genuine Majority
Rule has now gained such a momentum
that the Republican and Democratic
parties are bidding against each other.
In some states each party is represent­
ing that it is the leading advocate ot
the Referendum and'the Initiative. Such
is the case in Missouri, Illinois, South
Dakota. Oregon and California, at least.
"In New York state a Republican leg­
islature provided that the charter of
Greater New York shotild not become
operative until adopted by a Referen­
dum vote. And the present mayor, Seth
Low, is advocating a Referendum vote
on the liquor question."
"In Michigan, Governor Pingree was
a staunch advocate of the Referendum,
and a Republican legislature enacted
a law requiring franchises for street
railways in Detroit to be submitted to
a Referendum vote. A portion of the
law was unconstitutional, and the stat­
ute became void but last June the Re­
publican aldermen of Detroit adopted
a rule of procedure requiring ordi­
nances for franchises to go to a Refer­
endum vote after third reading and be­
fore becoming law. on the written de­
mand of S ner cent of the voters. The
afah Mr
Gives First Entertainment of Sea­
son Very Soon.
The Butchers' Union will give Its
first of a series of entertainments on
Tuesday, October 14. The music will be
furnished by the members of the union.
The committee having the matter in
charge are John Lawson,, R. Carrier
and Wm. Lunell. As the butchers repu­
tation as hosts extends far and wide,
there is assurance that a good time
will be had.
Some rough riders were telling about
their exploits 'in Cuba while a vet­
eran of the civil war sat silently by.
Presently one of them said to him:
"Well haven't you any .experiences to
tell us about?" "No," said he, "noth­
ing worth mentioning but I know a
story of a hero that you might like
to hear. There was a man who dis­
tinguished himself in the Johnston flood
and was fdnd of telling hom many*
lives he had saved, which was very
"After a while, hie died, ar^d, of
course, went to heaven, and St. Peter
introduced him around as one of the at­
tractions of the Heavenly City.
"One' day Peter met' him and asked
him how he liked the place. 'Oh, very
well,' .said he. 'The people are very
Both Parties in Several States Declare For Initio*
tive and Referendum in Their Politic
cal Platforms.
Many Municipalities Now Have Majority Rule In
Vogue on Giving Away of Franchises—Will
Tend to Solve Trust Question.
The Best Housekeepers'
Keep It Constantly
On Hand,
A High Grade Hard Spring Wheat Flour that
Gives Universal Satisfaction.
Only Flour Mad* in Duluth, Just Try it Once,
-J IJ.
Fivb Cents.
per cent of the voters petition for a
vote within thirty days after the pub­
lication of an ordinance it must be
submitted to a vote of the. people.
"The Democratic party," said Mr.
Shibley, is committed by its national
platform to the Referendum and the
Iniative. This has been approved by
nearly all the Democratic state con­
ventions and the Campaign text book
of this year has 5 pages on the benefits
of the Optional Referendum and the
"Today it is an assured fact that in
1904 the voters will decide to handle the
trust question through Majority Rule—
which will solve the problem. Yet to­
day there are not a hundred men who
realize the imminence of the Majority
"And Majority Rule will bring down
the black flag of Conquest yet scarce­
ly a hundred men realize that the new
system will be in operation in 1905.
"The president is publicly asking for
a costitutional amendment stripping
the states of pOwer that the control
of trusts may be in the few men in
congress. He does not realize the pos­
sibility that on election day of this
year the legislative power may be
transferred to the voters themselves.
At any rate by two years from now,
the establishment of the Optional Ref­
erendum and the Iniative in national
affairs will be beyond question. The
only question is, which
parties will have a majority among
the councilors in the national house and
senate? and which party will hold the
administrative office?
"Before this will be decided the
water 'will' begin to leak from the
trust stocks, and duringthe sue
much interested and ask me to talk
very often but there's one thing I dont
like. There's a man that follows me
around and every time when I've told:
my story, he says, "Oh, hell!" and it's
very annoying.'
"So Peter said if he would point out
the man, he would try to have it stop­
ped. 'Why, there be is now," said the
hero of the Johnston flood. 'Don't you
see that little old man?'
"Why, don't you know that man?*
said Peter, 'that's Noah.'
The Armour Packing company's plant
in Kansas City was unionized last
week. Before joining t»he Butchers'
Union some of the men went to the
management and asked whether or not
the company had any objection to the
move and they were informed that, on
the contrary, the company preferred its
men to organise that the- unions of
this country had grown to such pro­
portions that it was far safer for ft
business man to deal with them offl*
cially than deal with individuals.
Limited Practice.
Myer—The lecturer spoke solwly, al­
most painfully, as one not accustomed
to talking.
Gyer—Well,- I don't wonder "at that.
You See, he has been married thirly
three years.
the oldline

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