Newspaper Page Text
Vol.11. No. 10.
OH CHILD [MIR CURSE Tells of Some of the Conditions Which Prevail in Modern Factories. .. Industrial Czars of Our Own Country Infinitely Worse Than Nicholas. New York. July 8.—Dr. Max Adler, •the eminent writer on industrial sub jects, says: "I want to nail on the threshold of tny discourse the words of Elizabeth ©arrett Browning: 'How long, O. cruel -Station, will ye trample on a child's heart?' said Dr. Adler in beginning. •'We have recently passed' the anniver sary of the first factory law passed "by the British government," he contin ued. 'When the rise of modern ma chinery brought a demand for cheap factory operatives the workhouses of England were filled with children. No body owned them, and nobody cared. Somebody had the idea of shovelling them into the factories: and children •were fed. to the machines as literally as in ancient idolatry they were fed to Moloch. "Then,' 'he said, "came the time of fourteen hour days for children of ten der years the time when they rotted away by the thousands. British states men, roused at last, passed laws against this use of workhouse children: but the time came when the protection was needed against the parents of children •who sold them in slavery. After that •were the very worst conditions in mines and factories." Dr. Adler had the women of his audi ence weeping when he read from the testimony in a parliamentary inquiry the case of a seven-year-old boy whose father used to wake him before day break, carry him to the mill, and leave him there to tend a machine for six teen hours a day. "In the mines,' 'he continued, "chil dren of five were employed. Little girls made ten or twelve trips a day up through the hot galleries of that in ferno, carrying a half hundred weight of coal on their backs. An admirable device to develop strong, healthy mo thers from their girlhood! Women crawled two feet galleries on their hands and knees dragging by a long chain attached to a leather belt, a cart holding three or four hundred pounds of coal. "This thought keeps hammering it self on my brain: Ho wis it that hu man beings are capable of such bru tality? Why is it that in England, an Anglo-Saxon country, where wo man is suposed to be a kind of god dess, the womanhood was crushed out of little girls and grown women grov elled and dragged carts? "I take no comfort in calling these men brutes. The explanation is. that periods of expansion, political, artistic, and especially commercial, are times of great moral danger. The joy of ex pansion is so keen, the desire so strong that every other consideration is lost. So in that great period of industrial expansion, new markets, new pro cesses gave active, energetic men the chance to win the golden prize. The cry of the babes was unheard. "The same spirit," Dr. Adler said, "has brought the same conditions in a modified form to the United States of today. The best authority estimated that two years ago, before certain fac tory laws were enacted, there were 20, 000 children under 12 years of age at work in southern factories. "They were mainly of pure Ameri can stock. In the North the number of children is not so great relatively, but it is greater in aboslute numbers. Pennsylvania has 40,000 under 16, of whom a great part are certainly under 12." As an offset to the little boy of the English parliamentary report, Dr. .Ad ler told of a 12-year-old lad in a cigar factory at Wheeling. He works from 6 a. m. to 6 p. m. The room is dark the atmosphere filled with tobacco dust. When the inspector talked to him he ^as coughing. "Where are you ill?" he was asked. "I have a pain .there and there," he said, pointing to his chest and the email of his back. "Shouldn't we be ashamed of this?" asked Dr. Adler. "This isn't Russia. It is cheap to be indignant at the czar. What do you think of our own czars of industry? What do you think of us as a civilized people? Where is the motherliness of our women where is the chivalry of our men? "In our own state there is less cause for complaint. New York has the best laws on the subject of any state— If they were enforced. That is the trouble with a democracy. They are always in a hurry. As soon as a law is adopted they sweep on to correct Rome other evil. No one stops to see If the law is enforced. "It is known that the canning fac tories work children of seven for 12 hours a day. In a late investigation it ca,me out- that the Chelsea Jute Mills employ 85 children under the age limit. The number of workers in the tweat shops Is about 100,000, and there must be many lltle children among these. "No law can prevent the employ ment of children In this industry until ienerqent house manufacture is pro si ibited. We need a national commls •ion to see that the age limit is raised ill over the country. We cannot have 1 uniform national law. Conditions llffer In- different states,. An act for the appointment of auch a commission LIKE CHI'S AMICE The Way Rockefeller's- Critic Would Spend a Million Dol lars If He Had It. How Bigelow Would Use the Same Amount to Secure Justice for the People. Cincinatti, O., July 9, 1905.—At the Vine street Congregational church the pastor, Herbert S. Bigelow, commented on Dr. Washington Gladden's plan of spending a million dollars. He said in part: "Dr. Washington Gladden said that if he h^d a million dollars he would spend it on a church, bath houses, free con certs, a sanatarium for consumptives, and model tenement houses for the por. "He rules out charity, yet these things are after all charities, though less harmful than mere almsgiving. "Is Dr. Gladden's advice the best that can be given to the man with the million? It may be, but it does seem so to me. That use of money does not seem to be the highest. There is, I believe, another way by which a man with a million might become a great benefactor. "Beneath all these proposed chari ties lies the problem of poverty. I would spend my million teaching peo ple the political causes of poverty and helping them to organize politically for the eradication of those causes. What kind of a social order is this, that it should seem beautiful or a good thing for one man to provide for another a church or a bath, or a con cert, or a hospital, or a model tene ment? Dr. Gladden and I want to maintain our own churches we want a bath in our home we want to pay for what we get, whether it be con cert or hospital service and we do not want to live even in a model tenement. Sick of Doctoring Symptoms, "Last week I received a letter from a Brooklyn preacher which contained this sentence: 'I am growing to be less interested in doctoring the symptoms of social ills and more Interested in going to the roots of the trouble. To get people interested in political activ ity is clearly to me a more economical use of one's energies.' "I agree with that preacher. The problem is, how to spend our million dollars, or our talents, or the working years that are ahead of us, so as most speedily and surely, to bring the. people into that condition in which they will not have any need of charity, not even the charity of bath houses and model tenements and free concerts. "I would begin first of all by send ing out crusaders, who by pen and voice and organization, would teach the peo ple to get the Initiative and referen dum,. that is, the constitutional right, in city, county or state, by a petition of a reasonable number of the voters to compel the submission to the people of any law, and the enactment of any law which receives the support of the majority. Portland Point* the Way. "In Portland, Oregon, the other day, a company asked for a telephone fran chise. The council, protecting the in terests of the old company, refused the request. The people straightway de manded a popular vote on the question, and by vote of about eight thousand to four hundred, they reversed the ac tion of their supposed representatives. "Whenever the people have the power which they now enjoy in the state of Oregon, they can get public baths, if they wish them, and free concerts and hospitals, supporting them by public money. And when they have the in telligence to meet the expense of these public services, not by a tax on labor products, but by taking, through tax ation, the unearned increment of land value, they will be in a faid way to help themselves. "Once headed in this direction, they will be able to work out their social' salvation without any man's charity." is now before congress." Dr. Adler took up in order the argu ments ^advanced against childl abor. "It was said," he remarked, "that ne cessity knows no compunction that the success of certain industries, their abil ity to stand on foreign competition, de pends upon child labor. "And I'd answer, let them be ruined, and we-U go hunting and fishing rather than do this infamous thing." Nevertheless, he showed this is a fallacy. Cheap labor is not cheap nor dear labor dear. Experience has hown that when, children are cleaned out of an Industry it works to a benefit. The men become more efficient and the owners find mechanical ways of doing the work formerly given to the child-' ren. "Then they ask us if we are going to deprive poor families of the child's earnings. That rests on another eco nomic fallacy. When 1 nany industry the men put their wives and children to work, the earnings of the family tend to equal the earnings of the man alone before the change was made." He showed that in the human being at least 16 years must be allotted for unhampered growth and development. The child must develop physically through play, morally through the shelter of the home, mentally through the school. "There is no use in taking the child out of the factory unless we put him In school. And there is no use in put ting him in school unless we make the school fit to develop the best that is in him." AGITATION FIR Well Laid Plans of Selfish In terests Thwarted by Activity of San Francisco Labor Men Who Will Not Stand for Modification of Act. Secretary Taft Roundly Scored by Labor for Insinuating That Chinese Exclusion, Act Was Not Passed Fairly, and Was Against Public Policy. San Francisco, Cal., July 8.—Chinese exclusion is stil a debatable subject— In certain quarters. For some time past there has been much talk in these quarters of "modifying" the Exclusion Act. It is not the intention, at least so far as appears on the surface, to alter the law so as to permit the im migration of Chinese labor. Here and there, particularly in the south, may be found a suggestion that a certain amount of coolie immigration would be a good thing, if only for the purpose of "waking up" the Indigenous labor to a realization* of its "proper place" in the scheme of industry, and of the futility of attempting longer to main tain the old idea of free and independ ent labor. These suggestions are for the most part tentative, merely feel ers, so to speak. For the present the agitation on the subject of Chinese Ex clusion is confined in the main to proposals for facilitating the admission of the exempted classes, merchants, travellers, students, etc. These propos als involve either a change in the terms of the Exclusion Act,, so as to broaden the scope of exemption, or a relaxation of inspection methods, or both. In either or both cases, the re sult would be the same, namely, to seriously jeopardize, if not actually de stroy, the efficiency of the Exclusion policy as a measure for the protection of American labor. The important point that is missed, or ignored, by these proposals is that there is no visible difference between any two classes of Chinese none, at least, that cannot be overcome by Chinese di plomacy or cuning. To attempt any general plan of discrimination between Chinese of various classes would be to throw down the bars entirely. Any such attempt would simply result in "confusion worse confounded," leading to further agitation, with the inevit able result of a movement for the total abolition of all exclusion- laws. Possibly the present agitators for a modification of 'the C^hinese Exclusion act foresee the Inevitable and are plan ning to that end. At any rate it is quite clear to those experienced In the practical phase of the subject, that Exclusion, to be effective at all, must be applied to all classes. The difficulty experienced in the administration of the exemption clauses of the present Ex clusion Act proves this point. That difficulty cannot be removed or lessen ed by enlarging the exemption fea tures to adopt the later plan would be, in effect, to enlarge the difficulties of the situation As a matter of fact, there are at present no serious difficulties in the situation, except in the minds of those who are oppposed to Chinese Exclusion in policy, principle and practice. In considering the agitation for a relax ation of Exclusion, It must be borne in mind that the agitation emanates from, and finds its sole support among, certain classes, the commercial classes, who, in this, as in all other matters, are actuated by the sordid ambitions of "trade,"utterly regardless, and even contemptuous, of the effect of those ambitions upon the present and future welfare of the American people. The commercialist is anxious to trade with HUE WORKERS URGE THE REFEUIM PLIII Insist That Labor Unions De mand Pledges from /All Candidates. The United Mine Workers of America have decided on a national agitation for the initiative and referendum. A circular addressed to labor organ izations says that candidates for office should be impressed with the necessity of pledging themselves to the plain and appeals to trades unions to agitate for the adoption of the system. "An appeal issued by the United Mine Workers insists that party politics have been valueless in the attempt to secure legislative reforms and demands that all candidates for office shall be questioned as to their attitude oh the system of initiative and referendum. It points out that success has at tended labor's efforts for this system in Montana and other sections of the West. CARBONDALE WAS NOT BURNED DOWN CARBONDALE, Col., July 5.—The re port circulated last night that this town had been destroyed by Are was erroneous. The conclusion arrived at was probably due to the fact that tele phone communication was interrupted by the burning of several pole*. Ohe brick and several frame buildings were destroyed, the loss beta* about S5.900. X, 'V DEVOTED TO, THE INDUSTRIAL WELFARE OF THE HEAD OP THE LAKES. DULUTH AMD SUPERIOR, SATURDAY, JULY 8, 1905. IMMKRATMN If STIRS WESTERN IAMR MEN TO ACTION the Chinese people, and it makes no difference to him whether these people. a*e located in China or in the United States. The* views of the Exclusion opponents seem to have 'met with a response in government circles. .Presi dent Roosevelt has so far been non committal in his expressions on the subject, although his ideas of the "square deal," as aplied to this par ticular case, evince a more or less clearly defined sympathy with pro Chinese sentiment. One member of the cabinet, however, has been less evasive than his chief. Secretary of War Taft, in certain public utterances, has left nothing to be desired on the grounds of frankness. MT. *Taft has come out flat-footedly for a modification of the Chinese Exclusion Act, and has even suggested that, pending, or failing such modification, the administration of the (present law should be relaxed so to facilitate the admission of Chinese. These expressions on the part of a high public official, who was but recently Invested with the regency of the exe cutive office, and who has been wisely credited witlT~an ambition to fill that office by virtue of election, have creat ed a great deal of comment, somewhat mixed, but mostly of an unfavorable character. The Temarks of Mr. Taft, being in the nature of a challenge to the people of the West, have been taken up by the people and press of that section and answered in emphatic t§rms. Perhaps the most pointed of the Western replies to the Taft dellver arfce, or mandate, is contained in the resolutions adopted by the San Fran cisco Labor Council *on June 2S. The Labor Council's resolutions are as fol lows: Whereas, Secretary of War Taft, in a public address at Miami University, Oxford, O., on June 15, 1905, character ized the Chinese Exclusion Act as "un justly severe," and intimated that said law was passed by Congress and is now enforced through fear of "certain unreasonable and extgeme popular lead ers of California and other coast states and Whereas, Secretary Taft, answering the question raised by himself, as to the continued enforcement of the Chi nese Exclusion Act, used the following language: "Does the question not answer itself? Is it not the duty of all members of Congress and of the executive to disre gard the unreasonable demands of a portion of. a community, deeply pre judiced' upon this subject in J&e far West andinsist upon,extending jus tice and courtesy to a people from whom we are deriving an# are likely to derive such immense benefit in the way of international trade,?" Therefore be it Resolved, By the San Francisco La bor Council, that we deny the state ments of Secretary Taft concerning the nature of the Chinese Exclusion Act &nd denounce the insinuation made against the people of the whole coun try, as contained in the charge that the said act was passed by Congress and is now enforced by the'authorities, not of sound public policy, but through fear of certain elements further, Resolved, That we condemn ther sug gestion of Secretary Taft that all /nembers of Congress and the execu tive shall disregard the wishes of the people, or even of' a "portion of the community," as contrary to the com mon^t conceptions of the respect due by all persons to the public will, and as particularly unbecoming on the part of a public official further, Resolved, That we deny the charge of prejudice, either in the conception or administration of the Chinese Exclu sion Act, and declare the same to be based upon full knowledge of the facts eencerning Chinese Immigration, WORKERS LOCKED IN TO PREVENT STRIKE Fall River Cotton Operatives Win Wage Increase in a Sensational Manner Novel Part of It Is That All of the Employe^ Were Non-unionists. Fall River, July 9.—A sensatianal strike occurred this morning in the carding rooms of the Iron Works Cot ton Mills Nos. 4 and 5, when one hun dred men, women aid girls made a sud den demand fot* a wage increase. The employes In mill No.4~left work went to the yard and called uponn the operatives in No. 5 to join them, but the overseers locked and barred the doors. The employes then ran to the winodws and clambered down the fire escapes. The windows and doors in mills Nos. 1, 2 and 3 were then locked, but at noon many of the help ^In these. mills quit work. After a conference between the strike leaders 'and:the mill managers, it was decided to grant the. increase demand ed and the .strikers Will return to work tomorrow moriiing. The mills are owned by M. C. D. Bor den, the millionaire cotton factor, and the workers non-union. All the mill owners fear they will son be com pelled. to gr*nt a general ^nere^e. :T- COOUtS As an Official of the Nation It Is His Duty to Uphold the Law as He Finds It, and Not Ridicule It, as It Is Apparent He Is Attempting To Do. Imperative Demand of the Working People of t^ie Coun try Is That the Door of the Great United States Shall Remain Closed to Chinese. gained by a long and harmful experi ence therewith, and a determination to project American labor from the degrading and destructive effects of association and competition with Asia tic labor further, Resolved, That we commend the auc tion of the authorities entrusted with the enforcement of the Chinese Exclu sion Act, in the use of every possible means of detecting and frustrating at tempts to evade the provisions of said Act, beleveing' and knowing that the slightest relaxation of inspection meth ods would result in the admission of large numbers of coolies in the guise of merchants, travellers, etc. further, Resolved, That we insist upon the maintenance and continued enforce ment of the Chinese Exclusion Act In every detail and by every means necessary to accomplish the object of that measure, namely, the preservation to the Aemrican people of the oppor tunity to labor upon American soil and to enjoy the continued develop ment of a civilization founded upon American ideals, an object more worthy and of greater importance to the whole people of the United States than that involved in the question of Oriental commerce, important as the latter ques tion may be from a purely commercial standpoint. These resolutions leave little to be said in explanation of Western senti ment toward Secretary Taft and those whom he represents in this instance. Whatever may be the views of Presi dent Roosevelt and his cabiiiet, what ever may be the views of certain ele ments in the commercial world, the people of the West are united and firm the^iLetermination. that the Chi nese exclusion policy shall be main tained intact. And the same may be said with equal force of the people in all sections:of the country. Proceed ing" upon the theory iftat/the people still govern the countlry, It may be assumed that the Exclusion policy will continue to be a mandate of the gov ernment. Of course, if it shall turn out that the cabinet governs the coun try—why, that is another matter. In their treatment of the Chinese the people of the eWst are not pre judiced. Their action is based upon experience dating back fifty years, which has demonstrated the impossi bility, of coping with the Chinese un der any system of "restriction" or limitation. The prejudice in the mat in acocrdance with the dictates ter exists entirely on the part of those who would invite Chinese immigration and on the ground that such course is "good for the commercial interests." There is a question here that may be open to debate upon its own merits. But there is no room for debate upon the proposition that Chinese immigra tion is bad, even fatal, to the Aemican people. Upon that proposition the only thing to be said is that the question as to whether or not the door of China shall remain "open" American com merce is of no imporance at all, as compared with the imperative demand that the door of the United States shall remain closed to Chinese labor, which means practically all classes of Chinese- ..... FOUNOEyy LABOR Great Co-operative Movement Begun by Business Ven ture of Union Men. Prominent West labor men have es tablshed a million-dollar co-operative concern, which, they say, marks the beginning of a great national coopera tive movement. They assert that sim ilar concerns' will soon be established in the large cities of the United States. The new concern established is known as the American Co-operative Association, with' headquarters at El gin, 111. It is capitalized under the laws of Arizona, and with a license to do business under the laws of the state of. Illinois. J. H. Brower, founder of the associa tion, in an official statement, says: "We shall write a new chapter In the history of organized labor, and It shall Be a chapter dedicated to victor ies achieved through the aplication of practical business co-operation to la bor's problem of how to make both ends meet." 1 PRIIfTXSRS LOCKED OUT. SAN FRANCISCO, July 5.—Two hun dred printers and 100 pressmen, it is said, have been locked out by employers in the ebnflict between 4 the Typothae and the unions over the question whether the men shall work eight .or nine hours. J«L iC& rjMkMiSn, Great Attorney Says Working men Will Uphold DecLara ation of Independence. Hope of the Country Is the La bor Movement and the Soli darity of Labor. Ottawa, Kan., July 9.—The "reform rally" which began in this city on July 4 at the Ottawa Chautauqua is largely attended. CTarencer"Darrow, the Chi cago lawyer, and spokesman in behalf of labor, was the principal speaker. Thos. Lawson, of Frenzied Finance fame* also spoke. Mr. Darrow spoke in part as follows: Liberty and Opportunity. "All that there is of America, all her greatness and her wonderful achieve ments in the past are due to two things alone—and while these two shall be maintained, our future will be as certain and as substantial as our past. "But while the Declaration and the Constitution still proclaim the same equality and liberty that they proclaim ed so long ago, the powerful and the greedy, with their combinations, their trusts, their^ great organizations, are fast undermining and destroying that equality and liberty which our consti tution was intended to preserve. Not the Home of Equality. "America, once the home of equality, once the land where" there were no rich and no poor, presents today as great a cgfitrast betwpen wealth and pov erty- as any nation in the world. "Labor has learned that while cap ital is organized' in every branch of ac tivity, while it has"taken to itself a constantly larger way all the natural opportunities form which wealth is cre ated and all the machines by which wealth is made, there is no way to pro tect its rights, except by counter com binations in retffiH^ What Labor Stand* For. "These great combinations of labor stand for the solidarity of the working man. They stand for the right of man hood against the power of wealth they stand for the calim that individuals are more than dollars, that Combinations 4f men are more sacred than columns of figures representing the clearing .houses of the banks. "These comttB8SS$66fiCtif men, some timse poorly dVfHed and ill-advised, even selfish, brutal and unreasoning, are after all the main defenders of hu man liberty today. "The- great strength of-the trade un ion movement mus.t in some form pass into energy directed towards the res cue of the earth from the few who possess It through ^destroying special privileges which, fea've-ever for all time made the great mass but hewers of wood and drawers of water, and de pendent on the strong. Love* Freedom Best. "The patriotism thai is worthy of a place in any human heart takes little account of mountains and rivers and forests or of boundary lines, but makes much of the men and women and child ren of the earth. It loves the country best where freedom is the broadest and opportunity'tire greatest. "It looks eag&ly forward to the time when forts and garrisons, swords and cannons and standing armies shall no longer disgrace the earth, In longs for the day when nations rand individuals shall learn that peace -is more profit able and glorious 'than war when the walls and boundaries and restrictions which divide nation from nation and man from man shall fade like a cruel dream, and perfect libery and perfect order shall' dwell together on ~the earth." TEN MEN INJURED BY EXPLOSION COTjUMBUS. Ohio, July 5.—C. H. Boardman, of this city, general mana ger of the Tidewater mines at Vivian, W. Va., stated tonight that he had re ceived a dispatch direct from the mines saying ten men Were injured by the explosion that occurred in the mines today and that none waB killed. Of the ten hurt, two are in a critical con dition and the others are seriously in jured. The explosion, according to Mr. Boardman's information, was caused by gas. PRESIDENT GREETS EPWORTH LEAGUERS DENVER, July 5—President Roose velt today telegraphed greetings to the members of the Epworth League,-who are assembling in this city for their seventh annual- international conven tion. The president's-telegram, which will be read at-the opening session, is as follows: "Pray, express to the In ternational' Epworth- League convention my heartiest greeting*. I wish them God speed in' working for the practical application of their iriotto: 'Look up, lift up.'"' ''a TWO CHILDREN ABE BURNED TO DEATH DES MOINES Iowa, July fr—The five year old son' of Samuel Squillman of Seymour, Iowa, and the four year old son of a neighbor, George Billiard, were burned to 'death today in a lire which destroyed Squlllman's home. The children had been playing with fire crackers, l^ft, over from the Fourth, which are supposed to have caused the Are. FLOATS BIGLOAN. DENVERv July 5.—The Colorado 4b' Southern Railway -company Died here today a mortgage »on all Its holding to secure the Central Trust company of New York for'^alowjVof $100,000,000. The money is^ to vbe expended for-ex-: tensions and iipifroY Went* FIVE CENTO. WITH MUCH CIUDIGE Holds That Man Can No Long er Be Won with Charity World Wants Justice. Depicting Conditions in Russia He Annoys Congregation About Tyranny, Philadelphia, July 9.—In addressing his congregation on the impending Rus sian revolution, Dr. Madison C. Peters used some pretty strong language on conditions in our own commonwealth. OPERATORS MAT GO ON STRIKE MINNEAPOLIS, July 5.—telegraph operators on the lines of the Great Northern and Northern Pacific hive issued an ultimatum and if their de mands relative- to salaries and hours are not acceded to before that time a general strike will be called July 8. H. B. Perham, president of the or der, has been making a tour of the sys tems and was in Helena, Mont., yester day. With J. J. Dermody, a member of the executive board, he has been conducting negotiations. with the rail way officials which so far have been fruitless. Those in touch with the situ ation say that the men are ready to strike if necessary. They Consider the time opportune, because of the heavy traffic entailed by the Portland'exposition and by the Yellowstone park season. BOYJTBURJTDOWN FAMOUS OLD HOUSE BOTSON, July 5.—Mischievous boys have destroyed with firecra cVens tb« famous Brookfarm house, the ar dent dwelling in West Roxbury, irnere^ sixty years ago Ralph Waldo Emerson, George William Curtis. Margaret Ful ler, Frank S. Sanborn, the Elder Park er, Chas. A Dana, and a dosen more kindred spirits set up their short lived idealistic Social Democracy. It was there that Hawthorne wrote at the be ginning of his literary career. The old house has been "vacant a lonpr time. CONSUMPTIVE COMMITS SUICIDE ST. PAUL, July 5.—George M. Hur ray, 1010 Iglehart street, took a dose of carbolic acid at his home- last night and died in his wife's arms. Murray had been suffering from consumption for some years and had twice at tempted to kill himself. The last at tempt was made several months ago.' when he tried to shoot himself. He 'J gave as a reason, for the attempt that he did not wish his wife to contract consumption. FRENCH COURT IS -J DASHED TO DEATH LASCHAMP, July S.—Count Thlel. while driving ah automobile to attend the international race, collided with a stone wall near the small town of Lepuy and- received Injuries Which caused his death two houtr later. A lady who accompanied him was dangerously tn-:£s§ 1 saying, among other things, that "one half of the wealth of' this country an nually goes as a tribute to 25,000 per sons." The remarks, caused the rich members of his congregation to feel uncomfortable, and several got up and left the church. He said in part: "We are living in times of popular discontent. The American people, too. are sleeping ton a volcano. .Capitalists may give their millions for churches, colleges and charities, but money gifts cannot certify to the motives which prompted them, especially when, right or wrong, the people have come to think the money given by the rich really be longs to the working men. "Men can no longer be won by chari ty. They demand justice. They are tired of the'old gospel of contentment, when preached by the people who have all the comforts this world can give,' who have more than they can use of the costliest food and finest raiment, while at least 10,000,000 in Aemrica to day would be glad to eat the crumbs which fall fro mthose tables and Wear the cast-off clothes. "One per cent of our population owns more wealth than the remaining 90 per cent. This extreme and indefensible inequality is all that the agitator need ask. The Morgan and Standard Oil syndicates control not less than $200, 000,000 of the $450,000,000 of banking capital invested in New York city. De Tocquevolle warned us more than fifty years ago that the greatest peril in America would- arise from plutocracy. Twenty-five thousand men own one half of the wealth of this country and 200,000 own quite 80 'per cent. "One-half of tfte wealth produced in' this country goes annually as a tribute to 25,000 persons, and thus about one— half of our population of 80,000,000 are working all the time for 25,000 of their felloW' men. One hundred and twenty-five families in the United States' have more money than all the other 80,000,000 put together. "Twenty m«n In thl. hnvfi It -1 in their power, by means of the yealth they control, to arrive at an under standing, artd any day they could, if they so chose, stop every wheel of com merce from revolving,.block every ave nue of trade and' strike dumb every electric key. "These men control the circulation of the currency they may, at their will, embarrass business, enrich whom they will, control production, corner the ne cessities of .life and increase prices so as to make good living for the masses prohibitive, throttle competition, buy Judicial decisions and make our halls of legislation halls of spoliation." j. .. 3 BARBQURSVILLE, jfy., July 5.— The boiler in the sawmill of Henley Fugate, near.B$s.Branch, esplodfll to killing two afcn «n6 -Injuring ggr* =5*1 iffc"