Newspaper Page Text
HEN USE FOII
If Growing Use of Concrete Is
Not Checked Men May Have
to Turn "Concreters."
President Bowen of Bricklay
ers' Union Raises Interest
ing Question in Address.
Are the bricklayers and masons be
coming alarmed at the growing: use of
concrete in building construction? In
a speech brim full of forethought and
wisdom, National President Bowen of
the Bricklayers' and Masons' Union
raised an interesting question at a state
conference of his organization in New
After referring to the present pros
perous condition of the trade and the
satisfactory relations existing between
employers and the union, he said:
"The only matter that is giving the
members of the Bricklayers' and Ma
sons' Union serious concern now is tbe
erection of buildings made of concrete.
"Buildings made of concrete are
much less durable and cost as much as
those constructed of stone and brick.
People do not seem to understand this,
however, and we should educate them
to the fact. Concrete buildings have
become a sort of fad, and unless the
style is killed the bricklayers* and
masons' trade will die.
"Time will show that concrete build
ings are far less durable than those
constructed of brick and stone, but in
the meantime members of our craft
will die of starvation and old age un
less people continue to have their build-
ings made of the latter materials."
To this statement Jos. R. Buchannan,
the veteran labor writer makes the fol
lowing comment which snould be read
by every bricklayer and stone mason
in the country:
"There is abundant evidence in sup
port of the statement of President
Bowen that concrete as a building ma
terial is displacing brick and stone. He
might have added that it is also taking
the place of wood. A tour through the
suburbs about New York will show that
the 'fad' for concrete has taken hold
upon the builders of dwellings In com
munities where heretofore nearly every
house has been "frame."
Thus, it seemf that, ir the popularity
of concrete continues and grows, the
carpenters, as well as the bricklayers
and masons, will find their occupation
The question is one which must be
tackled by intelligent trades unionism.
Makes the Test. Don't Wait.
But what is to be done? "What can
If, as President Bowen says, concrete
as a building material is inferior to
brick and stone, and this can be clearly
shown, then both the bricklayers and
the carpenters will be saved. But there
are those who claim that concrete is
superior to the other and older building
materials, and they are proving their
faith by works: they are putting up
The Bricklayers' and Masons' Union
should not wait for "time to show that
concrete buildings are far less durable
than those of brick and stone." As
President Bowen says, "Members of
our crafts will die of starvation and
old age," while time is making the
It is not necessary to wait for years
to see the concrete buildings tumble
down. It is a simple matter to apply
tne tests of time, the most important
of which are rains, heat, cold and vari
ations of temperature. The Bricklayers'
and Masons' Union could not expend a
few thousands of dollars to better ad
vantage than in giving proof of the
claims made by their president with
reference to the desirability of concrete
Probably such was the thought in
his mind when he spoke of "educating
the people" on the question.
Be Ready to Meet Change.
The bricklayers, masons and carpen
ters should make the necessary experi
ments to settle the point for two rea
The first, to head oft the use of con
crete, If it is an inferior material: the
second, to decide whether it is neces
sary to take other steps to protect
themselves and the workers in the
trades to come after them, by other
It may not be impossible, should con
crete win out, for the craftsmen who
would be displaced thereby to adapt
themselves to the new conditions.
Here's where organization again proves
its usefulness to the workers.
When it became a settled fact that
composition could be done by a ma
chine, the Typographical Union faced
the situation In a businesslike way. The
compositor moved from the case to the
It is true a few of the older mem
bers of the trade suffered by the
change but the union, by retaining
control of the trade, thus keeping the
organization intact, was able to soften
the plow to the "vets."
And the printing trade is in better
shape today than ever before. The
same may be said of the Typographical
The problem before the bricklayers
and masons, involving as it does ma
terials as well as methods of building,
may be more difficult than that of the
printers. But it looks as if they would
have to face it.
Had the printers continued to decry
the machine, and done nothing more,
^the trade would have gone to smash,
the union with it.
Seventy-flve years ago the weavers
of Lancashire, England, thought they
could head off an Invasion against their
handicraft by destroying the machinery
which was being introduced into their
trade at that time. They failed, as all
such efforts will always fall. "We do
things differently in these days. We
recognize the irresistible march of
progress, and we fall into step with It.
My advise to the bricklayers, masons
and carpenters is to treat the people as
if they were "all from Missouri, and
have to be shown."
Prove if you can that concrete is less
durable than the building materials we
are accustomed to using.
If the tests go against you, get to
work making "concreters" o'f union
bricklayers, masons and carpenters.
8 LAKE AVE. SOUTH,
Will make to your measure a well
fitting-, stylish, business suit all wool,
Silk mixed worsteds $22.00. 811k
lined dress worsteds, Very Bert Im
The largest and best assortment in
Duluth. 400 patterns to select from.
Top Coats $15.00 up
Rain proof long coats $18.00 u£
LOCAL LABOR NOTES.
Mr. .Clarence Jones, of the Typograp
hical union, left Thursday afterrtoon for
St. Anthony, Minn., where he will en
ter the State Agricultural School to
complete his studies.
Mr. J. W. Richardson, of the Car
penters Union, who has been a patient
at the St. Lukes Hospital since July
24, has improved so that he was able
to return to his home Wednesday af
Union men and friends of Mr. Rich
ardson hope that he will continue to
improve and that he will, soon regain
his health and strength and become
again an active member and counsellor
of trades unionism.
Mr. J. W. Stewart, Recording Secre
tary of the Clerk's union and one of
the popular clerks of C. W. Erlcson's
clothing store, is confined to his home
with a severe attack of the asthma.
Mr. "Billy" Altman, of the Clerk's
union, who is at the St. I^uke's hos
pital is reported as being some better
but it will be some time before he will
be able to return to work.
Mr. Altman has been employed at
McDonnell's Shoe Store.
Smoke Puradora Cigar, Clear Havana,
Union Label and Home Made.
PRETTY STORY OF
ONE LITTLE SHOE
From the London Times:
It may not be true (truth is not the
Immediate aim of the relic hunter), but
there is a charming story of a lady,
young and fair, who was painted by
Gainsborough while her husband was
at the wars. She died before her por
trait could be sent home and he, when
he arrived, had no heart to open the
wooden case in which it had been pack
ed. This was broken some few years
since, and with the picture, glowing in
its pristine brightness, was found the
tiny shoe sent by the young beauty to
Gainsborough, that the likeness of her
little foot might be exact.
From Chicago News:
"I have never given you credit for
being so very intelligent," said the
old bachelor, but—"
"Sir," interrupted the fair widdw,
"I consider that an insult, and—"
"But," continued the o. b„ "I
have always admired your grace and
"Sir," replied the f. w., with a
large, open-faced smile, "I accept
"Union Label Store"
Union Label Fall Suits, $10.00, $15.00, $18.00
Union Label Hats, $1, $1.50, $2, $3 and $3.50.
Union Label Shoes $2, $2.50, $3, $3.50 and $4.
Union Label Collars, 15c 2 for 25c.
For quality and style our prices are the low
est. Union clerks to wait on you.
MONEY Si NOT TO BE
THE RMTJOF ALL EVIL
Herbert S. Rigelow Does Up
Some Old Wine and Sends
It Out in New Bottles.
Gets Deeper into Sociological
Question That Is the Habit
of Most Preachers.
Cincinnati, Ohio., Sept. 28.—Last
Sunday evening the Rev. Herbert JS.
Bigelow delivered a stirring discourse
in the Vine Street Congregational
church on 'The Root of All Evil." He
"That famous saying of Paul's is
ambiguous. The love of money is not
the root of all evil. The World carcs
nothing for money. It is not to ntiger
crisp bank notes or to hear the chink
of coin that men spend the strength of
their days. They do not love money,
they love the( things for which they
spend their money. A man may want
money to buy bread for his children,
or he may want It to outshine his
social rivals. The moral question up
on the use to which a man puts his
money and the method by which he
"Paul's language was figurative.
The fear of poverty and the love of
luxury are responsible for most of the
evils for which the love of money is
blamed. To these tap roots we may
trace the evil of 'graft," which Is
becoming so serious for the republic.
A Black Art.
"Our dictionaries tell us that graft
ing is an art of the horticulturalist
by which a shoot having one or more
buds upon it is Inserted into the bark
of a tree. The shoot has no root of
its own, does not depend upon Itself
for support, is, in fact, a parasite,
thriving upon sap drawn from anoth
"But so completely has this word
graft been apropriated to its new use,
that when we see it in the papers today
as we so often do, we do not thing of
the useful art of the fruit grower,
but only of that black art of the poli
tician and the corporation lawyer by
which they attach private interests to
the body politic, enabling their mas
ters to suck the wealth of the public
and fatten on the common misery.
"Grafters no doubt appreciate the
shame of their calling. The man who
sells to dupes a patent medicine he
knows to be worthiest the manufac
turer who demands a higher tariff for
dear labor's sake the politician who
serves in secret the enemies of the peo
ple whose confidence he has won the
attorney who makes his specious plea
for franchises which were conceived In
treason the merchant who conspires
with railroads to drive^brother mer
chants into ruin the vandlord Who
sees every Increase of the population
and every forward stride of the race
adding to the value of his land these
men, to the degree that they are. in
telligent, must despise their ways of
getting money and they
219 W. Superior Street.,
some intimations of that larger hap
piness of having less and getting it
'But If men had rather be honest
than dishonest, if they had rather be
useful citizens than parasites and rob
bers, why is it that grafting has spread
like a plague among us?
'The reason is obivious. It Is not
because men love money. It is because
they love luxury and fear poverty.
The fear of sinking Into the social
morass with' those at the bottom, or
the effort to live on an ascending
scale of self-indulgence with those 'at
the top-—by one, or both of these mo
tives men are led astray.
•Economic betterment will diminish
temptation in these directions but
for this economic betterment we must
look to the moral energy of those
whose souls are virgin of greed, who,
for the sake of the common weal, are
willingHo feny themselves the.luxuries
of life and, if need be, to endure pov
KUBELIK'S CQ8TLY VIOLINS.
From the Now York Tribune.
Jan Kubellk will bring to America
this season three valuable violins—one
Btradivariufi and two Guarnerias The
former is valued at $14,000, and the
ethers at $10,000. Sentiment and as
sociation have much to do with Kube
lik's fondness for his violins. The
Ptiadlvariup was presented to him by
Emperor -'ran* Josef of Austria. One
of the Guarnerias was the gift from
friends in Prague, and the other he
purchased with the first $10,000 he
earned on the concert stage.
BRIEF AND SOCIAL NEWS
The fire company held its regular
election of officers Tuesday evening.
The meeting wag well attended, and
much interest was manifested in the
work of the department. Chas. Mer
ritt nominated John Robertson for
captain in 'a neat complimentary
speech. F. A. Lumbard nominated A.
A. Bruneau. Mr. Robertson was elect
ed by a handsome margin. Mr. Rob
ertson has been a resident of the
Heights ever since It was settled, and
he has always been one of its most
enthusiastic and earnest citizens. He
will undoubtedly prove to be a good
chief. Captain Bruneau took consid
erable Interest in the work of the
company during his incumbency, and
the pace he set will be an impetus to
the present captain. William Butler
was elected lieutenant, and William
Pennell was induced to serve another
year as secretary-treasurer. After the
election of officers considerable inter
esting business was transacted.
Miss Jessie 8eptt Marries Otto Hintz.
The weding of Miss Jessie Scott and
'Otto Hintz, both of Cloquet, took place
Wednesday night at the home of Jos
eph Dalson, on Orange street, Dultuh
Heights, Rev. W. J. Lowrie, of the
Highland Presbyterian church, per
forming the ceremony at 7:30 o'clock.
The attendants were Miss Lillian
Brayton and Herman Hintz, and the
little ring bearer, Ethelia Dalson, who
bore the golden token on a white satin
pillow. Mrs. F. Pettibone played the
wedding music. The bridal party stood
under a canopy of ferns and white
sweet peas, and elaborate decorations
of flowers and palms were in the
The weding super was prepared by
Mrs. Elizabeth Baudrey, a sister of
the groom, and covers were laid for
Messrs. and eMsdames William Mc
Ewen, C. O. Christensen, S. Pettibone,
D. Haplin, R. Landolt, Frank Noble,
John Hogan, J. A. Brayton, Mrs. J.
Reamer, Misses Myrtle Noble, Nellie
Hogan, Louise Halpin, Dolores Baud
rey, Edith Christensen, Alice Reamer
Messrs. Joseph Dalson, Jonas
Hogan, Hubert Christensen, Chester
Pettibone, Arthur Brayton, Lawrence
Dalson, Elnjer Brayton, Melton Christ
ensen, Edmund Christensen, Oeorgie
Pettibone and Bertie Halpin.
Mr. and Mrs. Hintz will reside in
Mrs. Adams Entertains Mr. and Mrs.
W. E. Haslam.
Mrs. Frederick E. Adams of DUltuh
Heights gave a farewell party last
Thursday evening for Mr. and Mrs.
W. E. Haslam, who have been the
guests of friends on Duluth Heights
for several weks and Will return home
The home of the Adams Is laregly
furnished in tones of gren, and sweet
peas were used with i^erris for decora
tions. Thes core cards were also green
and each bore a connundrum, the solv
ing of which designated Ihe card tables
at which "500" was'j^yed-. Mrj- .&
A. Carroll and T. E. -Johnson were
awarded prizes for guessing the most
connundrums and the, card prizes were
won by Mrs. William Donaldson, Mrs.
G. Armstrong, Samuel Mahan and E.
Frltzeen. Two pretty-favors were giv
en the guests of honor
Those present were: William Don-1
aldson, T. E. Johnson, E. A. Carroll,
J. H. Tomlin, William Butler, Samuel
Maghan, Mrs. Armstrong, Miss Jean
Hendry, Miss Minnie Purcell, E. Frltz
een, Robert Hendry, E. J. Purcell.
For Highland Club.
The Highland Club was entertained
by Mrs. John Hogan Tuesday after
noon at her home on Dultuh Heights.
Hearts were played and the favors
taken by Mrs. William Pennell. A
guessing game was also played, and
Mrs. J. A. Brayton took the favor.
Those present were: Mesdames Wil
liam Donaldson, T. E. Johnson, Wil
liam Pennell, Hugh Fawcett,' W. E.
Haslem, Max Clemans, John Wilson,
William Stewart, J. H. Tomlin, John
McDonald and J. A. Brayton.
Church Women to Be Entertained.
Mrs. C. A. Marshall, of Duluth
Heights, will entertain the Toung
Ladles' Guild of St. I^uke's church
this afternoon. The women are plan
ning to meet at the foot of the In
cline railway at 2:25 o'clock and take
the car five minutes later. This will
be the second in the series of socials
to be given by this society this win
Charles Perrott, son of'Mr. and Mrs.
Edward Perrott of Palmetto street,
was taken to St aMry's hospital Wed
nesday afternoon, where the develop
ment of a case of appendicitis will be
watched with close1 care. It is hoped
that an operation will be unnecessary.
talss Minnie Purcell, who has been
spending the summer with her broth
er, E. jr. Purcell, on Quince street,
leaves today for her home in Toronto.
Mrs. J, H. M. Parker and two child
ren left Tuesday for a visit with
friends In Montreal, Canada
The Ladles' Reading Circle met with
Mrs. Wm. Butler yesterday afternoon.
WASHINGTON ELM DYING.
From the Philadelphia Inquirer:
Age has so weakened and decayed the
tree under which Washington took
command of the American army on
July 8, 1775, that its life Is believed
to be nearly ended.
The Washington elm, long venerated
as the site of Indian councils as well
as of Washington's assumption of com
mand. has received expert treatment
in order that It might be maintained,
but the best 'that could be done has
not prevented sradual wasting away.
Recently a large limb had to be re
moved, and It is feared that others soon
must be treated in like manner.
Dr. I* Due'. p^'^
Ocaoiac rmtk .lively warranted to
Female Regulator TSSSS"SS
of Monthly Stoppage
Obstructions and Suppresa
on froA whatever PA1
cause, or return money. IS a package
or 1 for IB-Sent anywhere prepaid on
receipt of prtoe.
Insist on gettlnjr this remedy, others
wjn disappoint you/ DrUgglsts try to
PEOPLE COULD US1
ILL Blip MIES
A Referendum Vote Would
Settle the Railroad Rate Is
Congress, Now Under Suspi
cion, Would Be Purged of
Grafting and Grafters.
A great many important matters are
before the people pf the United States
for settlement, but they have no op
portunity of directly saying how they
stand on these questions, so they are
quite likely to be misrepresented by
their representatives. The two chief
issues that are crying aloud for set
tlement are railroad rate regulation and
the tariff. There Is no doubt that the
voters haVe made up their minds oh
these Issues and would quickly s#ttle
them if they could iw brought to a
referendum vote. If the people could
vote on the simple proposition: 'Shall
the Interstate Commerce Commission
be given power to fix a maximum rate
which the railroad^ may charge in
place of a rate that has been declared
unreasonable." There Is no doubt pf
the answer and the majority for the
proposition would be overwhelming. Or
if the more simple but far reaching
question: "Shall the government con
trol the rates to be charged by the
railroadB" was* put to a referendum
vote there is not much doubt that a
large majority of the voters would say
Yet under the present system of rep
resentative government Congress may
entirely misrepresent the people and
evade passing upon this Important Is
sue. If the members of .both hovflWS
of Congress were honestly trying to
represent the wishes of the voters, they
would take the simple step necessary
to have an advisory referendum vote
taken at the congressional election in
1906 and the Congress elected then
would know the wishes of their con
stituents and pass the necessary legis
The adoption of the advisory refer
endum implies the adoption of the ad
visory initiative so that if a certain
percentage of the voters of the United
States—say 500,000—desired to initi
ate a law to control railroad rates,
they could petition Congress for such
a measure as they desired. Congress
might deem the details of the bill pe
titioned for undesirable, but would have
the opportunity of perfecting It by a
substitute bill and both the original
and the substitute would go to a ref
erendum vote in order that the voters
could choose between them or they
might reject both. The discussion In
Congress on the several propositions
and the publicity in the newspapers
that such a course would certftlnly
bring about, would enlighten the vot
ers on what was best for the general
welfare, and their votes would be cast
This simple plan of Instructing their
representa£ives by the voters, would
not suit the corporations, they would
declare that their "vested Interests*'
were being interfered with, but their
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the circulation in a Buck's is absolutely perfect—the flues being so constructed that
there is no loss of heat energy by contact withihe cold air—removable, revolving
fire pots. Extra heavy anti-clinker duplex grates—gas tight magazine cover
powerful double heating attachment—Every stove sold-—(whether it be abase bur
ner—Bound Oak—Hot Blast—Steel Range or Cook stove) has our guarantee to
give you absolutely perfect satisfaction—Buck's are made to\ last—to bake and
heat—they're the best your money cairbuy.
$1.00 Down and $1.00 a Week
These very easy, comfortable terms will place in your house any Buck's stove
(of any kind, at any price)—How easy it is, by this simple plan, to own a splen
Your Old Stoves
We will make you a liberal allowance for your old stove as part or first pay-,
ment on a brand new Buck's.
side of the issue would be presented
in' committee and in the discussion in
Congress and In the numerous news
papers they control and by the im
partial ones that would give their
readers both sides of the issue.
The people as a whole are honest,
they have no wish to confiscate the
property of the corporations, nor re
duce their earnings below a reasopaMfe
return on the money invested,, so it
ib fair to assume that the popular
decision would be equitable. The great
middle class of voters, the conserva
tive class, decide elections and experi
ence shows they are -ultra conservative
and not given to experiments. The
house of representatives at lts last
session passed the Bsch-Townsend bill
with practical unonimity, which the
railroad magnates all declare is utterly
opposed to their interests, so a popular
measure that had run. the gauntlet of
two years' discussion, would probably
be more conservative in detail though
it would undoubtedly provide for the
control of rates.
The legislative branch of the gov
ernment Is under suspicion, the people
have no great confidence in those who
represent them. Grafters are said, to
be numerous and that Jour, or mora.
United tSates' senators areindisgrace
is evidence that some cannot be trust
Under the Advisory Referendum and
Advisory Initiative System, grafting
would be el^ninated, for who would
spend money on Congress When the
people have the power to veto the
acts of their representative? and thus
prevent the carrying out of corrupt
deals? The great- object must b^ td
improve representative government
through the advice and veto of the
voters, so that there can be a "square
deal* 'all around.
Committed to this program is the
American Federation of Labor, rep
resenting one-eighth of the people of
the country, also the organized farm
ers of Pennsylvania and of the state
of Washington, and the People's Sov
ereignty League, with Referendum
Leagues in nearly pvery .state.
From the New York Press:
Are average-sized handkerchiefs
to be added to the list of things one
likes but cannot have? The fad for
muslin squares of about ten Inches
seems to be growing, and before
long it may be hard to find other
sizes in shops. .The. reason these
small handkerchiefs are carried is
because they are the right size to
tuck in a glove, where there is little
danger of losing them. Some of
these dainty squares, of linen, lawn
or other material have tiny embroid
ered monograms and are edged with,
lace, real or otherwise, one's purse
settling that point. But the plain
ones, which are like cobwebs in tex
ture, are. the most favored by women
pf good taste.
COUNTRY'S LAST HOPE.
From the Baltimore Sun:
Capt. Hugh Riley, of Co. M. First
Maryland regiment, and the tallest
man in the Maryland National Guard,
tells a capital story on himself. It was
just after the outbreak of the Spanish
American war, and-the Maryland mi
litia had volunteered to serve against
the Dons. The captain stys he was
wearing his uniform and feeling very
proud of It, when he passed two street
urchins, one of whom remarked:
"Hully gee, Chlramy, dere gees de
"country's last hope."
Watch the daily papers
for details of Duluth's
WHieH start Monday morula* Oct. », at
Gra:r-T*llant Co.'s and lasts thrae days«.
LIBOR AND FARMERS
Fraternal Alliance Incubating
Betwen Workers in Field
New Jersey Federation of La
bor Makes Rapid Strides at
Newark, N. Sept. 28.—The New.
Jersey Federation of Labor at Its meet
ing last month declared not only for
tire Referendum and the Initiative and
the nonpartisan plan for establishing
the system, but among the resolutions
adopted was one that invites co-opera
tlon with organised farmers. The dec
laration is as follows
*Resolved, that we'appeal to the for-'
mers of New Jersey and all well dis-~
posed -people of all- classes to-aid In'jl.
tnls movement for popular go^
ment and pledge our hearty co-oj
tion and suport to the Pennsylvania
Federation of Labor and other organ
lzatlons which are now so earnestly
engaged in the effort to establish the
sovereignty of the people."
In Pennsylvania, too, organized la
bor and the organized farmers—the
'Granges and Farmers' Unions—are un
ited in such a program and in fourteen
other states a similar fraternal com
pact has been entered into. The farm
ers and wage .earners are combined to
establish the people's sovereignty and
thereby terminate machine rule, with...
Its graft and special privileges.
This affiliation betwen the non-par
tisan organizations of Labor and
Farmers has been brought about by
a desire for reform legislation—legis
lation which the party machines have
refused. The ground-work that has
been laid will produce wide-spread re
sults, and it is likely to do so before
the politicians' have awakened to the
The program In Oregon and the
other states that have adopted the
Referendum shows that these Farmers
and Workingmen are fUUy alive to the
procedure necessary to' reforn^ abuses,.
for the first lafw initiated has been
direct nominations, which has\resulted
in the establishment, wherever adopted,
of the nomination of servants of the
people instead of partisans of corpor
A further effect has been the entire
elimination of corruption and grafting,
for the corporations and individuals
seeking special privileges and mono
polies know that the legislators can
not 'deliver the goods." The referen
dum is an effective people's vote.
This final power in the voterg la a
great improvement in representative
MBXT BEST THING.
From the Chicago Tribune:
'T am sorry, -your excellency," said
the South African ^potentate, who was
entertaining the distinguished visitor
from the United States, "that we have ''4
no iced whale to offer ydu, but we
have something almost as good."
Here he clapped his hands.
"Slaves," he said in a loud, command-
lng voice, "bring in the pickled ele-