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The labor world. [volume] (Duluth, Minn.) 1896-current, April 24, 1909, Image 1

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If 'S
Motive Power That Impels the
Advocates of Protection
is Selfishness.
Enables Certain Interests to Take
Money Without Giving Any-r
thing in Retnrn.
Attempts to revise or change the
tariff laws have always been marked
fby shameful exhibitions of greed. ..Sel­
fishness has always been the motive
that Impelled the advocates of pro­
tection. Whether the desire for high
tariff duties is based on the idea of
protection for the benefit of the whole
nation, a section a state, a city, or only
those engaged In a single line of pro­
duction, It is a narrow, selfish idea,
that Is disgusting to honest, thought­
ful, broad-minded inen.
Desire for Graft.
To the greedy Belflshness hereto­
fore exhibited 'by high tariff advocates
those who are now "on the Job," the
"friends of the tariff," have added
graft. They brazenly flaunt their
plans to rob the people by advocating
tariff duties without even a pretense
that they would have any other effect
than to enable certain Interests to
take money without giving anything
in return. They ask for ahlgh tariff
simply because It would give a select
few opportunity to practice graft un­
der cover of law.
The Lumber Trade.
Take lumber, for instance. Nobody
will sa ythat lumber is an "infant
Industry." It does not need fostering
or encouragement. On the contrary,
It has been coddled and encouraged
too much—so much that it has prac­
tically exhausted one of the coun­
try's most valuable resources. There
Is no claim, not even a pretense, that
a tariff duty on lumber will produce
any material amount of revenue, hence
It would be of no 'benefit to the gov­
ernment. The country uses about
(forty billion feet, of which less than
one billion feet is imported. On the
other thirty-ninfe billion feet the peo­
ple pay tribute at the rateVf $3 to $5
*ber barons ao 'frot taop at adding
aimply the amount of duty—-they put
on "all the traffic will bekr."
The Actual' Motives.
That the motives behind the pleas
for high tariff duties are greed, graft
and selfishness is shown toy the atti­
tude of Congressman Dickema. The
fifth district congressman and several
fhis friends are stockholders in tan­
neries. Therefore, the congressman
favors free hides. Mr. IMekema and
some of his constituents are also in­
terested in beet sugar factories. There­
fore, the congressman objects to free
sugar—he and his friends want the
special privilege of exacting about a
cent a pound on sugar from 99 people
who are. not financially interested In
the production of sugar for the benefit
of one who Is so interested..
The Payne Bill.
Greed, graft and selfishness have
also been exhibited in changes in the
Payne bill during the past month.
Every change made or proposed has
been in the interest of certain inter­
ests, without regard of right or justice
and without considering the welfare
of the country as a whole. Even the
revenue-producing effect of the sched­
ules has been diregarded, the "friends
of the tariff" having devoted their
efforts entirely to squaring them­
selves with their constituents with a
view of re-election. As a re»ult the
bill as sent to the senate must be
changed in order to secure revenue
and those' whose greedy, grafty spec­
ial privileges have been cut off will
try to have the senate restore them.
Senatorial Attitude.
What the senate may do with the
Payne bill is uncertain. Most of the
senators also represent special priv­
ileged classes and will strive to pro
^ct their interests. They will:. want
to make changes, not for revenue, but
for robbery.
Surely General Hancock. w%is- right
when he declared: "The,, tariff has
become a purely local Issue." it should
not be so. For the good, of the people
it should 'be purely national*, The
duties should be fixed without regard
to the greed and graft in the so-called
principle of protection. The country
should have a "tariff for revenue on­
ly." No other kind is authorized by
the constitution and no other kind
can be of any benefit to the country
as a whole.—The Observer.
Port Arthur, Ontario Trades and La­
bor Council Asks for An
PORT ARTHUR, Ont., April 22.
-—The Trades and Laoor Council at
its meting last night had a fresh
batch of reports of afouses and griev­
ances from men working on railway
construction. Correspondence has been
received from the labor department
slating that the department had no
facilities for conducting an Inquiry on
Its own initiative. A resolution was
"passed asking for a royal commission
to Investigate the condition of con­
struction camps. It is claimed many
Americans are being grossly abused.
Conditions Upon Which the Fu­
ture of the Trades Union
Movement Depends.
Modern Usages Should be Util­
ized in the Accomplishment
of Our Aims.
From the standpoint of age the or­
ganized labor movement is still garbed
in its infantile raiment, and many of
the conceptions of its champions con­
spicuously indicate the formative peri?:
od of its. existence. In all great efforts
of the past these same characteristics
had a prominent place, and when .it I
is comprehended that our movement
springs from the immediate necessities
of the workers, whose environment
precludes only limited opportunity as
yet to attain helpful knowledge, the
wonder is that our activities have
yielded such beneflcient results.
The Perfect Unattainable.
The scheme of nature has notvyet
revealed a state of perfection, but there
is an inherent something which ac­
companies the improvement of our
past methods. Radicalism, in its, ac­
cepted sense, means a rapid. trans­
formation from the existing state to
another, and rarely accomplishes the
results predicted. This can be ac­
counted for by the fact that changes
in human affairs are controlled in
large part by the characteristic human
instinct, which is invariably sluggish
in its operation. The shipwrights in*
the early part of the last century be­
gan an agitation for the ten-hour day,
but forty years elapsed before the goal
was reached—thus practically 110
years have elapsed in establishing par­
tially the eight-hour day among the
tradesmen of our country.
Lessons of the Past.
The present day necessities, how­
ever, are of equal -concern with the
achievements of the past, and we. must
predicate oar future -and present"en­
deavors upon the experiences gleaned
In our forrrter efforts. It is .not under-v
stood that antiquated methods are to
be employed. On the other hand, it
is urged tha£ modern usages ai^etd .Jbe^
£^llz$^ acrwTnpIfdhfnent.-o^ our
aims, ^-eo^ittons^whiGh suEtWlfia: W
must be carefully scrutinized and tafc-r
en advantage of. The knowledge of
the time when to act is as important
a factor as the courage to act.
The successful labor official of the
future must be fortified with a gen­
eral knowledge of commercial condi­
tions,- with acumen sufficient to take
advantage of favorable circumstances,
as well as to be strong erilough to
check any tendency toward too much
speed and radical action.
Industrial Outlook.
The present industrial outlook de­
mands careful study by labor men.
The tendency today in the commercial
field Is recessionary and no Institution
formed by mankind can successfully
change the course of the commercial
tide when recession begins. Com­
mercial laws are as immutable as
natural laws. The commerce of this
country has made giant strides in the
last decade and the momentum at­
tained was of such velocity and vol­
ume so great that reaction must come
in pursuance to natural law. A horse
driven at breakneck speed is unable
to travel a great distance, but a mod­
erate pace will place many miles to his
credit. Our commerce has traveled
at high speed, and as a result the
reaction is at hand. The entire force
and ability of evry labor official, as
well as every member of our local
unions, should be directed toward
maintaining the conditions which now
obtain in the various crafts. The
time is not propitious for making ad­
vances, but the unions should be
steadied by closer affiliation and inter­
nal development.
Adverse Court Decisions.
Our membership cannot be dismayed
by adverse court decisions or attacks
made by antagonistic associations, for
its foundation is laid too deep and
strong in th hearts of the workers.
But by unintelligent methods we mpy
be temporarily hampered.. It is nO
sign of organic weakness to squarely
face the present outlook and take pre­
cautionary measures. On the other
hand, it Is an. omen of strength, for
if the labor organization can acquire
facility In adjusting Itself to chang­
ing conditions its future is secure and
greater strides can be made in the fu­
ture than have been achieved in the
Present Indications.
By a study of the commercial occur­
rences of the past it is noted that the
laws governing trade
naturol, a
season of great activity always being
followed by a season of sluggishness.
The period of briskness has been'ex
experienced in recent years, and the
operation of industrial enterprises'.-wlil
now slow down in conformity with
reasons stated above. The price 'of
iron is the thermometer of committee.
When iron is high in price we invar­
iably find an upward trend in all other
commodities, with business enterprises
expanding, but when iron begiii's: to
sag in price it will carry with it eVSnt-^
ually all other commodities. This Is
not a theory, but is sustained by his­
tory. •••••.
During the past few months Irorii
that we are in a period of falling priC6r
It is quite true that reductions have
not as yet appeared generally, but
wh*n it is stated that the reduced
price cf iron has not stimulated buy­
ing it is plain that commerce is de­
clining. The transition from a perio!
or cycle of high to low prices is not
accomplished in an erratic manner
By reference to our former general
industrial depression the acute stage
was reached in 1893. Two or three
years prior to this, however, the trend
was downward, and when the bottom
•was reached, in the year named and
commerce commenced to take the up­
grade it required a number of years
to again reach normal conditions.
Logic of Events.
too* foif^ ""i" """. 'wIthout Jeopardizing the beist interests
as...fallen in price, which indicate^^pf the "organisation —M: Grant Ham­
ilton,- General Organizer American
If the logic of events in the past can
bo depended upon, and every indica­
tion points in that direction at this
time, we are within two or three years
of a. general industrial deoression. The
government deficit the falling price
of iion the large numbs? of unem
P'cyed a cessation of the expanding
of enterprises and a general reduction
of wages in the iron Industry with
but few large undertakiugs being pro­
moted, suggests that the slowing" down
process is upon us.
If labor organizations can but real­
ize this important phase of the gen--
fv S *,
a a a 9
tain 'in- a- i*™
tain in a large part conditions
we have so valiantly fought for. But
If we forget or refuse to take cog­
nizance of prevailing conditions seri­
ous consequences will follow. From
this time on during the coming few
years it should be the aim of every
labor official to promote good fellow­
ship in the movement, avoiding con­
flicts wherever possible, and by all
means relegating Jurisdictional ques­
tions. There are many questions, it
is true, which require settlement—
primarily that of two organizations
in the same craft or where jurisdic­
tions overlap. But if these crafts af­
fected are receiving like wages, hours
and -conditions 'of employment, it would
be a wise course to follow to fodrmu
late a working agreement and pro­
ceed harmoniously, providing, of course
that these crafts- are recognized by
the regular movement.
A tremendous impetus can be given
the movement if our international of­
ficers were to inaugurate a campaign
of education along craft lines, leaving
for the time being the question of
numbers. The effective organization
is1 not necessarily the large one, and
effectiveness counts for more than any
olher factor,, and its strength in this
direction will have more influence in
attractinjft^j&Nvbers than anything else.
"No r^ttption in Wages." This
should be otir constant endeavor in the
future, and our unions must exercise
their best efforts to maintainr condi­
tions already existing and yield not
creases, unless, they can be procured
The man in whom the people of Minnesota believe—the man who declares for right and jus­
tice without fear or favor, -and at whose hands the infamous tonnage tax met its Waterloo.
Members of Organized Labor
Urged to Observe the Day by
Appropriate Exercises.
By Rev. Charles Sielze.
The American Federation of Labor
has decided that the second Sunday
in May shall annually be observed as
Labor's Memorial Sunday. For five
years the Presbyterian department of
Church and Labor has been observing
"Labor Sunday" on the Sunday pre­
vious to Labor Day, but in order to
bring the celebration of this day into
harmony with the general plan of or­
ganized labor the day was changed
to trie second Sunday in May, This
year Labor's Memorial Day falls
S a
?™*ll J?™® Phase of the labor question upon
this occasion.
Entitled to Recognition.
.• 'X
Sunday, May 9th, and I have just
written to the ministers of the 11,000
Presbyterian churches in the United
States requesting them
Labor Sunday has been made a
calendar. day by our department. We
believe that, just as Memorial Day and
the several "Birthdays" show our ap­
preciation of those who rendered pat­
riotic service, and just as the Church's
"holy days" do honor to those who
served mankind spiritually, so Labor's
Memorial Day should be observed by
the churches in honor of the millions
of toilers who daily serve mankind
in the humibler places of life. It should
be given a wider scope than the re­
cognition ifterel-y of those who have
passed away. The day should be made
of such significance that it will en­
courage those-who are today engaged
in the task of uplifting our common
humanity. Workihgmen will thus have
an opportunity to demonstrate their
interest in the great labor movement
And hotter did the battle wax,
On that infamous tonnage tax/
Till the vote upon the senate floor
Stood thirty-eight to twenty-four.
When of justice we had lost command,
Then John A. Johnson took a hand,
And proved that- he at heart was fair
And fit to fill the Governor's chair.
'Which may mean so much to the work­
ing people of America.
Exercises Suggested.
A special souvenir program has been
prepared by the Presbyterian Depart­
ment of Church and Labor, of whjch
thousands of copies have already been
sent, upon request, to those who ex­
pect to1 observe the day. In many
cities the central labor bodies have
accepted invitations to march to the
church to listen to the address" and
to take part nt'he special exercises
which have been prepared.
The plan has the' hearty endorse­
ment of some of the most prominent
labor men in America.
Appeal to Worker*.
May I suggest that the workingmen
in every city respond to the appeal of
the ministers who expect to observe
this day and if no invitation has, as
yet, been issued to them by the local
minister, it might be a good plan to
encourage him to observe the day by
requesting him to conduct such a ser­
While Dudes in Uniform Have M«r»
Room Than They
NEWOPORT, R. I., April 23^-That
they may not, rub or smudge .the el­
bows of uniforms of the gold* lace na­
val officers stationed at the naval .tor­
pedo station at Newport, R. I., the
260 highly skilled mechanics^ who ride
everj- d%y .on the government's. ferry
Wave from the federal landing, to the
station, are crowded, among the horses
and cattle. The men who pay the
ta*es which run the -boat are not al­
lowed to ride with the officers, who
pay no taxes. Indignation is at white
heat. The workmen dare not nu^e a
ptfbiic murmur for fear of losing their
jobs and probably will call the. atten­
tion of congress ..to, the' Wayr they. ,are
crowded among the cattle and horses,
while a few naval officers, have more
room than they need. ..
Northern Mhaaesota People Re
lieved ofAnxioty for Tbeir
His Exoelleney Governor Johgson
Consigned the BUI to "Innoe
uousDesuefcude." ..
(Every man, woman and child In
Northern Minnesota realizes the grav­
ity of the .situation from- which our
people have emerged.
They: Realize, too, the supreme im­
portance at a critical, moment of hay­
ing a man in the executle .chair of tfet!
state .who is the governor pt the whole
-people—Who can ris£ above sectional
preference and prejudice, and deal out
exact justice to every- section and ev­
ery interest. -V.'
It Is |p^atifyvlnjg to note that all citi­
zens, regardless of. party affiliation,
are, in a/bscdute accord upoh the fact
that lllnnesoto. has just such a govern
ro In thfe tpersoii of John A. Johnson.
pis veto metfsage on the tonnage tax
bill is a masterpiece logically, rhet­
orically legally. It puts the ini­
quitous mesunire to sleep vigorously,
intelligently and conclusively. His ex­
cellency's arguments are so unanswer­
able that the«tonnage tax agitation
will never again be resurrected It is
burled' for all time. The following is
the full -text of
The Veto Message.
ST. PAUL Minn., April 20.—To Hon.
A. J. Rockne, speaker of the house
of representatives:
Sir: I have the honor to return
herewith, without my approval House
File No. 227: "A bill fo» an act de­
fining and classifying mineral lands
and providing for the taxation .of the
Objections to this measure may be
summarised *0 fol}o»ws:
First—(Notwithstanding the able and
sincere labor be8t°w®a upon it by its
author, Mr. ^orge, the bill remains
principle and administrative
features, a more or tess uneertain and
ill-rdl^sted experiment, not fully un­
derstood _ev$n .y: its frlefd% ipi—
tensely feared by the sections of t^e
to -whlcfe ift
-Ixi *p^[lcatlpii it7 thrMiitona ,to
violate the fbi^inentld principle of
taxation, that of eruallty, at the sagptm
time that fails to meet the consti­
tutional requirement of uniformity''in
taxing, the same clastr of subjects.
8tHkes Blow at .Prosperity.
Siecond—'It is certain that the moral,
industrial and practical effect of the
bill, if made a law at this time, will
be to strike a severe blow at the de­
velopment and prosperity. of all the
great mineral bearing counties of
northeastern and north central Min­
nesota, affecting alike the agricultural,
manufacturing, commercial, financial
and educational growth and success,
as well as the settlement of all our
northern lands, both public and pri­
vate aqd the investment, ..of both
home and foreign capital'therein.
Third—"The passage of the proposed
tonnage tax measure at this time, when
(both its provisions and the principles
upon which is is based are so little
understood and Indeed sogenerally
misunderstood, -has plunged the whole
subject of taxation under the new
state constitutional amendment Into a
sea Of political and sectional feeling
and prejudice, which not only makes
a just, efftotent and scientific -measure
Impossible' of enactment at this time,
but threatens sectional hatred which
jnay disrupt and endanger the future
best development of our great com­
monwealth besides making the sufbject
of just state, taxation the mere foot­
ball of partlsan and sectional politics.
Can Take Ample Time.
Fourth—Minnesota Is adiievlnf
marked suocess in tin assessment and
taxation of Iron one lands under the
present ad valorem system so that
there Is urgent and, vttai pttbtto
need of a measure of this Idnd at this
time, and nothing to prevent the state
•from talcing ample time under the
provisions of the n«nr constitutional'
amendment, and with: the aid of the
state tax commission,, to work out
a system of taxation on a thoroughly
scientific, dispassionate and etuHsMe
basis, devoid of polltlcat and sectional
feeling, and one that will commend
itself to the people of Minnesota at
la^ige, regardless of section or party.
Industry 'or class, for its justloe and
equality bf prlnclple, as Well as fbr
its efAc^ent. careful wrought and
thorxwghly practicable administrative
features. 1-..
As regards'tti£e success of bie state
In seeiirlng revenue from the iron ore
properties under thepresent ad va­
cite ybu
to the statistical exhibit of the state
auditor onf 1fcge' krffi of his last bl
ennlal ireport. It there' appears that
•the taxable^ value of iron ore prop­
erties AfXnnesota. has been raised
from *6,606,000 in ISM to $186,006,066
in 1908 or. lncreased 80 told in ten
years, '-«nd* that1 -'the taxes levied ta
he pald^ in to^ «(tate ireMpry.
this source Increased, from I1S.000 in
-1S98 to 1000,000 a lit 190«, Increasing
14 fpld In the brief period tea
$ If
the reveQVe now ^derived flrom iron
Commissioned by Trusts and Mon£
opolies and Representing
Politically Corrupt State.
Servile -Senators Who Bow tq
Such Leadership Must be
en From Public Life.
The Beylew of Re views inits sum­
mary of the tariff situation, assumes
as Bomethling every reader ah*mlf
know, that even President 'Taft will,
have to reckon with Senator AJdrich,
in trying to get any of his reform
Ideas into ttte tariff bill that will
dfUially pass. Inferentially other senar«
^yrs cut no figure whatever.
W« have long known the £act
Statfed by the^.Bevlew of Reviews, but
none the le^at, the thou«Ait of K, is
enough to. make one's blood -boll frfttg.
TKS Mfinnesota 8enators.
Hoyr- do th| soverign people of IDIH
nesota like the idea of having their
two senato^j 'sit down like two
"bumps on ar log," and comptaomtly
accept the dictation of a trust and
monopoly sohemer of ttie Aldrich
stripe, who conies from the smallest
state in. the Union in area &nd thet
largest in political corruption? Htar
do ^i«y like it? Is there any hope of
our-people getting their eyes openedT
In answer to. the question Who gives
Mr. Aldrtch his commifslon to rnleT
La Follette's weekly Magaxine an­
swers? "He, Aidricfti, is senator from
tlie smallest state in the Union in
point of territory, 'and ftoin uqr view­
point, except Mr. AJdrkSi's influence
in goveipment, alone makes it
preeminent. Ex-Oovernor Garvin ofr
Rhode Island has held up tiiat state to'
coptfmpt as one In which the elector
ate Is corrupted by money and In
large measure purchased and pur4
chasa$le. Ttoe Aldrich rule, therefiore.
If- the ouAptit of a small community in
which money power determines ita
reprssentation in ^ie senate.
is, true l^curgfts the great law^
giver came from a «tat? quite'' a»
«nall. It is. true Mr. Pitt influeneod.
stst^aausM| wfcen
Aldrieh's Conmctnn^.
Mr. Aldridh Is connected most di^.
But Mr. AMbleMi coamMm
rule would be von if -It were not
the aioQpiesc pce of the peoide of tlm
United States, in Ms rule. He ndea
as th« Review of Ravlew
But the scepter would fWH bom bis
hand if the people ltvhig' in crtlMF
states tihah Rhode bland wtmM
and drive from publio Mfe the
who bow to Hi leadia'rtilp.
c^ fwter fbr^ Pariiamtet. But
Was glreat
lus. Mr. Aldrk^i is -not a man of
genius as a law giver. He is g?eat
hot throug^i bis" personality, but
through the. power back of him, great*
er than himself. Mlr. Aldricb is siot a
Pitt. His potent miCluenoe as the in­
strument of certain powerful forces
does not constitute constructive, y,
statesmanship. In
personal and family ctnAf
business ways with the Standard Oil]
Grotip. Mien all is said. Us commhM*
slon to rule coanss from rallway%,
trufit ootnpanles, Insnrance oamvaafe^j
and the great' monopolies and comb!
nations which Staftdaad Oil osof A
The rule of liflr. AKMph may or
not fee a disgrace to TThniln Tnlsnq
Let Rhode bland look to that. Bat
tor the ssnatom of ottisr ststes in
wiikb the people an sopposed to!
Mle^ to bow to h* Aidrtoh power and
accept the Aldrtdt dictation shoUM
the signal ft* suoh an tHxrlsing of thaV^l
voters to thowe states, as shall,
an end to the AMrlob rule
In the Utalted States ssnate, .hy TS-.}'^
tiring 1bi«r' senators wbo support that
AMrtob «M1 drop out cf the senate
these days,
his place
will arlsa anothsr who, no matter
wfis^ Us naone cr.Siis shinties, will
Jast ai dusymii iiHy. just as com
Vlata^r for tiae interests as he, unless
the people of every state Democratic-J
anld AepUbllean, arp^se themselves and
fight. There Is ndt a voting precinct
hi the United States in which thore is
no|ra fight to make. Aldrichlsm must
be mads local issuo everywhere If 1%
Is to be beaten.
Meehanles of ths City of Toronto Wiil
Qo Out May 1st Unlsss
Bosses YisW^
TOdHOINTp Aipril 22.—There is a
growing Asbontent among the,C. P. R.
medianlcs here oyer Oe fact that the
com^aoy has not granted the men a
wage ^chedgtievaliice the recant str^ce.
Men are being paid in socordatK« wttli
the view* of the ccmtpahy, and ft la
claimfd that men who entered the ser
vi^e at theVtiine of the strike an la
many lnstatnoss being showb a fvalM^
•An cumritoye.at^tbe shopa baaalahid^
that lf an understanding .repBrtlng^
the sohedute la aot
will walk cot on* Misy -Ji.
aim thai thla iroQid'ha aa
ate tkne ior a.
MUiiiiijr a
moenwd oiilBg to

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