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THE LABOR WORLD
Pibllibed Bvcrr Saturday,
Bstabllshed In 1896 by Sabrle Q. Akla
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WILLIAM E. McEWEN, Publisher.
HARRY H. TURNER, Editor.
NIGHT SERVICE BUBNS
UP MESSENGER BOYS
The study which the National
Child Labor committee has made
of the messenger service of the
"Western Union,, the Postal Tele
graph and the smaller companies,
shows conclusively that no boy
should have a place on the night
Owen R. Lovejoy, the secretary
of the committee, says: That the
reader may understand the nature
of forces affecting child life in
the night messenger service, he
must dismiss from his mind this
popular picture of a small boy in
uniform running at top speed to
carry a telegram to its destination,
This is a dominant feature of the I
day messenger service, but at
night it plays a subsidiary part
and in the case of many local
companies has no place whatever.
"In a large city in the middle
west the sign of one of the com
panies doing a national business
announces Messengers Furnished
Day or Night for Any Kind of
Service,' and a New York 'up
state' city has an enterprising
local company which proclaims on
large calendars, 'We furnish boys'
to run errands or to do work of
any kind. Single errands ten
cents.' One of their street
agents, an undersized boy of four
teen years, was eager at 10:30 at
night to 'show' us the lowest re
sorts in the city, giving names
and street addresses which fur-1
ther investigation proved to be
"Among the duties of messen
ger boys as reported by one of our
investigators within the past six
months, are mentioned the fol
lowing Waiting on table wheel
ing an invalid buying a woman's
underwear in a department store
taking care of a baby assisting
a woman to dress carrying busi
ness reports to distant cities' pur
chasing candy, flowers, cigars and
liquor acting as a house watch
man in the absence of its owner
folding circulars and mailing in
an oifice acting door boy at a
reception, and as escort on the
The day messengers do legiti
mate work and a bright boy is
often given a better position by a
business man with whom he come
in contact. No such opportunity
is open to the night boy. His
errands are of a different sort.
Besides the wear and tear which
any night work makes op grow
ing boys, these little fellows have
entered one of the "dead ends"
or "blind alleys*' of 'industry.
The investigation showed that
very few enter good office posi
tions or learn trades. They are
doomed at 14 or 16 to join the
great ranks of the unskilled, and
from the ranks of the unskilled
boys are recruited later the un
But ^jyorse than this is the use
made of the night messengers in
illegitimate errands. They are
sent to saloons to buy "half
pints to drug stores to get
opium in "plain packages to
disorderly houses .to carry notes
and make assignations.
The committees' evidence On
this last point is of a character
to prohibit general publication.
Suffice it is to say that growing
boys are found in numbers in
many cities whose chief earnings
were the tips secured for such
service. They were in complete
possession of the vernacular, the
names of houses and inmates, the
practices—even the revolting di
seases—of the "Tenderloin."
With this evidence before it,
the New York s^ate legislature
has passed an act, now before
Governor Hughes for approval,
prohibiting the employment of
any person under 21 years of age
for night messenger work.
Twenty-one is none too sharp a
line to draw. The messenger
companies suggested 18, but the
National Child Labor committee
convinced the legislature that a
boy of 18 is in even more danger
than a younger boy in the "Ten
derloin"—a fact, perfectly clear
on a moment's thought.
The New York act ought to be
introduced next winter in every
state legislature in the country.
There can be no. two ways of
looking at the matter. Night mes
senger service is a device for the
moral and physical destruction of
boyhood, and it must be stopped.
This is a campaign in which
newspapers, ministers, teachers
and the general public can work
together. Even the managers of
the companies are in favor of it
when they learn all the facts.
LOVE FOR HUMANITY
INSPIRED THIS STORY
The Beast," wh.eh was pub-
a recent magazine serial,
notnhl °U °rm *S
an exposure of political corrup- trol thereof, act as a unit.
It is a stirring chapter in the
true history of the United States
Business-Organized Politics com
bination. Heart-breaking strug
gles they were, too. But nowhere
in this narrative is there a note of
pessimism or of bitterness.
Throughput it all there runs warm
human sympathy, and hope, and
faith in democracy.
"We are struggling towards
better things, a happier country,
a more perfect civilization," says
Judge Lindsey. "We may never
arrive, but whatever the end, the
aim is worth the agony. Let us
struggle. Let us hope."
"The Beast" is a fascinating
story. Harvey J. O'Higgins, the
author, took the narrative as dic
tated roughly by Judge Lindsey
and worked it into literary form.
And he did so with a master's pen.
We would that every man with
mind not already subsidized by
mammon might read it.
ENLIST OFFICIALS TO^
SOLVE FARM PROBLEM
Where to get hired men for the
farm is becoming an increasingly
Every season brings in its re
ports of a shortage of "hands" to
harvest the crops.
Efforts have been made to di
vert the immigrant from the fac
tory to the field.
Even greater efforts are being
put forth to find away of keeping
the boys on the farm.
But nothing yet has been found
to stem the tide of labor flowing
from the country to the city.
The problem has been taken up
by Commissioner J. D. Beck, of
the Wisconsin Bureau of Labor
and Industrial Statistics. And he
has hit upon a novel solution. It
is, briefly, the establishment of a
farm labor employment agency in
every county clerk's office in the
To Commissioner Beck's letter
requesting co-operation in this
plan, the county clerks responded
most encouragingly. Later, a com
plete list of the clerks who' will
take hold of the work will be pub
lished,^ that farmers and-other*
desiribghelp, andmenand women
desiring employment,, will know
where to go to get together.
The Operation of this plan will
be followed with widespread in
terest. If it proves successful
even in a moderate way, it will
undoubtedly stimulate similar
movements in other states.
MEN CAN STARVE WHILE
MASSED WEALTH WAITS
A. manufacturers' association,
resisting a strike by union
than great captains of industry in con-
The scene is laid in Colorado, tremendous natural advantages
an par Ku ar Denver, but they insist on the individual, sin
the conditions so faithfully por
trayed are to be found in every
other state. The "Children's ciency.
Judge" tells of his struggles with An "open" shop really means a
Vice-Organized "closed" shop. It ia closed to or-
ployes, issues a statement to the
public in which it says:
"We shall insist upon an open
shop and no member of any organ
ization will be permitted to recog
nize the union."
"The open shop" is a taking
phrase. Many people are won by
it. Come now, let us reason to
gether and see what it really
"Equality is equity." There cpn
be no equality where weakness
struggles against strength—where
the unorganized individual meets
organization. Take the Lake Car
riers' association as a typical case.
On the great lakes the independ
ent carrier hajs almost disappeared.
The United States Steel corpora
tion has a great fleet, owned by a
subsidiary corporation and officer
ed by high-salaried, brainy men.
The big railroad have their fleets.
Each of those single fleets repre
sents an organization.
But these great organizations
are not content with the enormous
power thus secured. They organ-
zie the organizations and bring all
in their Lake Carriers'
so that millions upon
invested in the
Present- vessels on our great lakes and the
The employe must work or his
family will starve. Wealth can
wait. But not content with their
gle-handed and olen, meeting or
ganization at its greatest effi-
ganization on the part of the em
ployes. It is closed to collective
It means more power to the la
bor crusher and a lowering of the
standard of living.—St. Paul Daily
THERE'S A REASON.
The king is dead! Long live
Van Cleave is dead but John
Kirby reigns in his stead.
Kirby was last week chosen
head of that subservient body of
labor crushers, the National As
sociation of Manufacturers, at its
annual convention in New York
The present incumbent is well
fitted to fill the shoes the hand of
death recently bereft of a tenant.
He is a born reactionary—a hater
of the working class. Though pos
ing as a manufacturer he is'that
pliant tool the Big Interests love
so well and so "well know how to
In^us speech of acceptance Kir
by seized the opportunity to utter
a tirade against the Civic Federa
tion. Now with Kirby and the
Socialists both berating the Civic
Federation that august body must
certainly be doomed*
Stay! Is not Samuel Gompers
a prominent member ol the Civic
Federation! And the Socialists
and Kirby both detest Grdmpers.
DON'T go to your meeting and
sit all through the proceedings
like a stick, and then go outside
and grumble about what was done
at the meeting. Get up in the
meeting, give "your opinion and
do your share in running the
DON'T think you do your whole
union duty when
dueft and attend meetings. Put
your shoulder to the wheel and
help with .the pushing. Your union
needs officers and committeemen,
and your officers need your^sup
pOH help them out. .•
THE LABOR WORLD
hall and carry on whispered
conversations during. meetings.
When you do thiryou ar© retard
ing progress and injuring the
cause for whicji you are organ
DON'T crossfire, do your talk
ing in the meeting in a gentleman
ly manner, and you and your
brother members will feel' better
when you are through and you will
have accomplished something.
DON'T be a sorehead if you
put up a good argument on any
subject, and are fairly beaten,
bear your defeat like a man arid
DON'T growl about a ring run
ning things in your union jump
right in and help with the work
in the organization and see how
soon your work will be recognized.
Nine times out of ten the so-called
ring are the workers and the kick
ers are the drones.
DON'T think you should help
no other union but your own. We
all need every other union's help,
some time or other. We are uni
ted, and have as opponents organ
ized capital, regardless of the na
ture of their business, so that ev
ery time we aid a union in times
of trial we strengthen unionism
and aid ourselves.
A workingman in utter misery
was bemoaning his fate, when sud
denly a beautiful fairy appeared
before him. "Here," she said,
"take this wand. You have but
to use it correctly, and you your
self can right all your wrongs and
compel your oppressors to cease
their injustice." So saying, she
placed the ballot in his hands. And
he Oh, he loyally made a present
of it to the very rascals against
whom his outcries had been di
Speaker Cannon shows that his
ideas are the same as they former
ly were, But his tongue has lost
its cutting ed£6 and his mmd lacks
its former swiftness/1 No wonder
he is not now a«cepM)le to the
real powers in his party. He is,
like the old and faithful clerk,
doomed to discharge' after year*
of obsequious service.
"Who will take the places of
Aldrich and Hale? Who is fitted
to-?" asks that capitalist flim-flam
mer, the American Economist. We
give it up, unless it is in order to
nominate Old Nick and one of his
chief aides for the job. In point
of qualification they may prove
PETER POWER SAYS:
It the United States Steel corpora
tion preparing to carry its war of
trade union extermination into the
That is a question that Is upper
most In 'the minds of leading officials
of the United Mine'Workers. At the
recent Indianapolis convention of the
miners, Fres T. L. Lewis and others
declared .that the steel trust has been
quietly gobbling up thousands of
acres of. coal lands, and it was pre
dicted that sooner or later a struggle
would be. precipitated.
For, more than a, year the steel
trust has been endeavoring to .destroy
the seamen's union on the great lakes
and during nearly the same period,
the octopus has waged bitter war
against the iron, steel and tinpltfte
workers at the trust plants in Ohio,
Pennsylvania and Indiana.
Now tjie steel trust, lis showing, its
teeth in the Illinois mining district.
The combine -controls the Bunsen,
mine at Danville, to which the' militia
w*s ordered the othei: day to tirgak
The Bunsen Coal company refuses
to join the Illinois Coal Operators'
association, with which the biners
have an agreement. and insists upon
making a separate agreettient', with
the miners, knowing that such action
wouldcausea strike in 'all the Mines
in the operators' association.
Pres. Walker, of- the Illinois min
ers, charges that the United States
Steel corporation is not only engaged
in stirring up strife among the mine
workers through paid spies, but is
scheming to destroy the Illinois oper
ators' association. "Once the oper
ators' association is -destroyed/'- says
Walker, "the United^ States Stee! cor
poration's mines will be in, a position
to dominate the coal fields and fight
the union with the same ferocity that
it has fought organised labor ih other
There is bitter cofripiaint among
some of the steel trust employes. The
loudly heralded general advance in
wages is said to have been conceded
only to the lowest paid laborer's, who
were ceasing work in droves because
it was impossible for them to live un-'
der the present high prices for the
necessaries of life.
Mechanics declare that their -wages
have not' advanced materially,. and
whert,., rnggtsi^ce aottm
polled to turn out more work than
Nor ,1s Sunday work abolished, \as
w&s promised would be done by the
trusts publicity agents. Thousand#
of mechanics and laborers are com
pelled to loll 12 hours a day, seven'
days a week.
Hence the- agitation to bV&anlg?,
continues to spread through the trust
mills* and some secret unionizing is
going on In spite, of the small xarmy
of spies who are employed to pre
vent the men from getting together
The various branches of the litho
graphers' organizations, are combin
ing. Several years- ago they -were
worsted in a contest for a shorter
Thfe plan now is to amalgamate the
separate crafts and make a united
effort to improve? the conditions of all
the workers in the trade.
•The journeymen bakers, the coun
try over are making an effort to in
crease the value of their labor power
by reducing the hours of toil.
They are also meeting with success
in improving sanitary conditions by
abolishing cellar workshops^ driving
out cockroaches and other vermin and
cleaning up generally.
Strikes are necessary in some cases
to enforce the new conditions. W
SMILES AND SMILES
Once on a time, runs a modern
fable, a youth, about to embark oh
the sea of matrimony, went to his
father and said:
"Father, who should be boss, I or
The old man smiled and said:
"Here are one hundred hens and a
team of horses. Hitch up the horses,
put the. hens into- the wagon, and
whenever you find a man .and his
wife dwelling stop ..and make inquiry
as to who Is the boss. Wherever you
find a woman running things, leave a
hen. If you come to a. place where
a man is in control, give him one of
After ninety-nine hens had been
disposed of, hie came to a house and
made the usual inquiry.
"I'm boas of this farm,", said the
So the wife was called, and she
affirmed her husband's assertion.
"Take whichever horse you want,"
was the boy's reply.
So the husband replied, "I'll take
But the wife did not like the bay
horse, and called her husband aside
and talked to'him. He returned and
"I believe I'll take the gray horse."
"Not much," said the young, man.
"You get a hen."
The brave ship was wallowing in
the wayes that, threatened to engulf
hep at any moment. Hastily the cap
tain ordered a box of rockets and
flarfes to be brought to the rail, and
with hi? own hands Ignited a number
of them, lit the hope that they would,
be seen' and the passengers and' crew
rescued. Amid the rockets' red. glare
a tall, thin, austere individual found
his way with difficulty to the rail and
spoke to the captain.
"Captain," said he./'I protest. We
are now facing death. This is no
time for a fireworks display."
Bachelor —Before the wedding you
told me that married life would be
one grand, sweet song.
Benedict (gloomily)—-Yes and
since 'then I have found it is one
grand, sweet refrain.
Benedict—Yes. My wife insists
that I refrain from cards, refrain
from smoking, and refrain from the
A colored blacksmith in Georgia
was recently engaged In shoeing a
mule when the mule switched around
suddenly and kicked him in the head.
A few days afterwards some one
asked the mule's owner if the black
smith was much hurt. "I don't
know anything about the blacksmith,"
he feaid, sourly, "but I know one
thing, I've got a fool mule that's go
ing around on three legs.''
The brewery workers of Tacoma,
Wash,, threaten to walk out Monday
if not given a raise.
A hundred years or so, you'll find that
Shakespeare or some other poet wrote
"How use doth breed habit, a habit in
man." He Was right, too, some peo
ple get so used to a certain thing that
they cannot ghake the habit, and
change' to a better one, when the op
portunity Is offered.
Take, for instance. If some of you
people Who are "looking backward,"
Will just "look forward" a little you'll
find your Neighbor and the majority
of the people of Duluth all using
Why? Because they've discovered it"',
is absolutely the best flour made, and
costs ho more than the inferior
brands they've been using. And that's
reason enough. This flour is creamy
white, rich in gluten, strong and elas
tic. It makes the lightest bread and
most digestible rolls.
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