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WASHINGTON, D. C, June 17.—
There will be no oleomargarine legis
lation at this session of congress. Al
though thousands of petitions from
labor and other organization all over
the country have oeen .laid before the
house during the session supporting
the £.urieson bill proposing to reduce
the tax on oleo from 10 cents to 2
cents a pound, that measure is slum
bering in the agricultural committee
of the house and will be there when
Hearings lasting several weeks were
had on '.his bill and witnesses from
various v-arts of the countrv testified.
No vote on the measure, now-jv^r, v/as
ev*r taken in the- committee, and now
that the ond of the session is ap
proaching it is improbaole that any
iction will be taken upon it. Burle
son said that he expected The bill to
die where it is.
WELCOME TO OUR CITY.
The Union Clothing company which
for years past has been under the
very efficient management of M. S.
Cook, has recently changed hands
and is now owned and controlled by
a company composed of the following
gentlemen: A. A. M. Carlson, O. N.
Lundberg, Oscar Ericksen, O. N.
Clouse and John Paulson. At least
three of the new owners are well
known to Duluthians. Mr. John Paul-:
son having been for many years past
held a responsible position with the
Union Clothing company. Mr. O. N.
Clouse, who has been employed by
the Floan & Leveroos company ever
since they have been established in
Duluth, and Mr. O. N. Lundberg, who
for nearly eighteen years was the sen
ior partner in the well-known firm
of Lundberg & Stone.
The store will be closed for a few
days until inventory has been taken,
immediately following which there
will be held a clearance sale the like
of which has never been seen or heard
of In Duluth.
These are great days for tlie sale of light-weight
summer articles. We are selling stacks of straw hats
and empty many feet of shelves that contain low shoes
and tan shoes. Summer shirts, wash ties, light sox and
underwear are going by the carload.
Hot Weather Underwear
You can't find bigger assortments in Minneapolis, and
you can't get the same quality for less money in any store in
America, but you can pay more
The new firm intends to begin
business with a fresh, clean stock, and
the closing out of the present stock
will spell opportunity to all who ap
preciate genuine bargains.
The Labor World takes this oppor
tunity of wishing the new firm un
Building laborers in Spokane have
organized and affiliated with the Cen
tral Labor council.
Exceptional values in Bal'briggan Underwear at 35c per
At 50 cents we have Balbriggans in all shades—black, blue,
grey, tan and ecru. Stout as well as regular sizes with sleeves
either short or long. The best garments in town at 50c.
Crepe Underwear at 30c and 75c—in Athletic style, quarter
sleeves or full length. Knee length or full length drawers. An ideal
garment for summer. Does not cling to the body.
Porous Underwear at 25c and 50c per garment and at 50c'
and $1.00 for the Union Suit. Ecru and white shades. Half
sleeves and ankle length legs as well as full length.
B. V. D. Athletic Underwear at 50c and Union Suits at $1,
A summer Underwear that's famous all over the
Foot-Note: "Wear the Columbia $3.50 Shoe.
BILL TO LEGALIZE POOR
MAN'S "SMEAR" THROTTLED
REPORT SAYS PRICES
IN 1909 DIDN'T REACH
MARK SET III 1907
The annual report on wholesale
prices just published by the Bureau
of Labor, Department of Commerce
and Labor, in Bulletin No. 87, shows
that wholesale prices In 1909, as
measured by the 257 commodities in
cluded in its recent investigation, ad
vanced 3 per cent over the whole
sale prices in 1908, but, with this
advance, they were still 2.3 per cent
below the average of 1907, the year
of highest prices within the period
1890 to 1899.
Wholesale prices in 1909 were 14.5
per cent higher than in 1900 41 per
cent higher than in 1897, the year of
the lowest prices from 1890 to 1909
12 per cent higher than in 1890 and
26.5 per cent higher than the aver
age price for the ten years 1890 to
The highest point reached—in 1907
was. ip October, from which month
there was a general decline until Au
gust, 1908. Beginning with Septem
ber, 1908, there has been a monthly
increase without a break up to March,
19i0. Wholesale prices in March,
1910, were higher than at any time in
the preceding twenty years, being 7.5
per cent higher than in March, 1909,
10.2 per cent higher than in August,
1908, 21.1 per cent higher than the
average yearly price of 1900, 49.2 per
cent higher than the average yearly
price of 1897, and 33.8 per cent higher
than the average price for the ten
years 1890 to 1899.
Of the 257 articles for which whole
sale prices were obtained, 125 showed
an Increase in the average prices
for 1909 as compared with 1908, 31
showed no change, and 101 showed a
Of the nine groups under which the
commodities are classified, six showed
an increase in price in 1909 as com
pared with 1908, the largest percent
age of increase being in farm prod
ucts, namely, 15.0 per cent. Lumber
and building materials increased 4.0
per cent, food, etc., 3.4 per cent, cloths
'and clothing 2.3 per cent, and drugs
and chemicals 1.8 per cent, while the
miscellaneous group increased 5.0 per
A big line many kinds all
special values heavy or light
soles. Special at $2.48 the
85c to $1.50 pair
and Oxf ords
$1.35 to $2.50 pair
for Women and for
.117-110 WF.ftT SUPERIOR STRgKT DULUTH, mum
By VAN BITTNER, Vice President,
District No. 5, U. M. W. of A.
PITTSBURG, Pa.. June 17.—Mem
orial Sunday, May 29, will go down
as, a day never to be forgotten by the
residents of Latrobe and vicinity. On
that day striking miners gathered to
pay their last tribute to Mike Chock
en, who was so brutally murdered the
Thursday morning previous by Super
intendent Frank Crow, aided by the
One In the Ranks.
This crime is the most atrocious
that was ever committed in the annals
of Westmoreland county. Brother
Chocken was one of the many thou
sand men in the Irwin field who was
engaged in the great struggle that
the men in this field are conducting
against the coal corporations. Thurs
day morning, May 26, in the peaceful
little mining village of Duquesne,
Chocken and his little seven-year-old
son started across the fields for a
walk and to enjoy the beautiful sun
shine and fresh air\that God had giv
en them, and this is about all that the
coal companies in Westmoreland
county allow the miners to enjoy.
While walking peacefully along he
was attacked, by some of the state
constabulary and was driven into a
small coal shed with his little boy.
Here, while he begged for mercy, and
this mere child asked that, his father
be spared, this awful crime was com
At Berne in Switzerland is the of
fice of the international association
for labor legislation.
The work of this body is to try to
obtain in all countries practically the
same kind of labor legislation.
International conferences are held
for the purpose of discussing the la
bor legislation, of the various coun
Special meetings are called of offic
ial representations of the variou3
countries to discuss common interna
tional action for the protection of la
Four years ago I attended a con
ference- held by the international body
at Geneva says Robert Hunter.
There were delegates in "attend
ance from almost all countries in the
world who .discussed for several days
the possibility of obtaining a kind pf
international code of labor legislation.
The matter was of much importance
to labor that many Socialists attended
the gathering, some representing vari
ous national associations for labor leg
It is said that the international as
sociation is supported largely by Ger
The Socialists of Germany, have
forced the German government to
adopt the most advanced social and
labor legislation in the world.
The German nation, therefore,, faces
a serious situation. Her legislation
is so advanced that she has begun
to fear, that it will effect her ability
to compete, with other countries in
the world market.
She is not sure that shie can .go on
protecting her workers, and at the
same time compete with those of other
countries that refuse to protect their
workers. That is one thing.
The other thing is this, that if she
does not respond to the demand of
the German workers for. further pro
tection, she will face at home some
thing like revolution.
As a result, the German nation is
endeavoring to bring other .countries
up to her standard of labor legisla
She is really today sending out mis
sionaries to other countries for the
purpose of urging them to improve
their social and labor legislation-
She is endeavoring to get Interna
tional agreements in order to prevent
other countries from horribly ex
ploiting their wage workers arid In
this manner taking, away from Ger
many her international trade.
Nor is Germany alone in this desire
to obtain an international code.
Nearly all the European countries
are being driven by the Socialists to
adopt radical reform measures.
Governmental insurance, old-age
pensions, workmen's ompensation,
housing reform and other such meas
ures are being forced upon the gov
ernments of Europe.
Is America Scab Shop?
A few' years ago the continental
cent. The three groups in which the
wholesale prices decreased were house
furnishing goods 2.0 per cent, fuel and
lighting 1,1 per cent, and metals and
implements 0.5, per, qent.
The average wholesale price of raw
commodities for 1909 was 9.0 per cent
higher than in 1908, while in March,
1910, it was 15.5 per cent higher than
the average for 1908,. and 5,9 per cent
higher than the average for 1909 The.
average wholesale price of manufacr
tured commodities for. 1.909 was .1.4
per cent higher than for 1908, and in.
March, 1910, it was 7.2 per cent
higher thap the average for 1908, and
5.7 per lent higher than the average
for 1909 the March, 1910, price also
showed an increase of 1.0 per cent
over January, 1910, and of 0.8 per,
cent over February, 1910.
Among the articles showing marked
increases in price in 1909 were choice
to extra steers, which increased'24 per
cent from February to November: cot
ton, which advanced 6SK2 per cent
from January to .Pecember heavy,
hogs 36.7 per cent from January to
December light hogs, 36.9 per cent
from January to December tiops, 204
per cent from January to November
Elgin creamery butter, 36.9 per cent
from May to December dairy- butter
62.9 per cent from ®|arch to Decem
ber winter wheat flour, 44.2 per cent
from January to June lard, 37.3 per
cent from' February to December
Short clear bacon 46 per cent from
February to December} short5 rib
bacbn, 46.4 per cent from February to
December milk, 88.9, per cent from
June to December coke, 81 per cent
from June to1 October rubber, 71.9
per cent front February to October,
mitted. Frank Crow, who was super
intendent at the Derry mine, appeared
upon the scene just in time to commit
an act that has no parallel in the
annals of crime. While the state on
stables were beating Chocken and his
little son pleading for mercy this man
deliberately shot him from the small
opening where the coal was put into
Father Brutally Killed.
My friends, picture this scene, with
its awful-results picture a little boy
pleading for his father's life see him
pushed aside in order that his .'father
might be killed^ Was there anything
worse in darkest Russia? No, my
friends and the entire Christian
world will revolt against these crimes
and this murder will be avenged and
the guilty parties brought to justice.
Sunday, May 29, 4,000 miners from
the mines in the vicinity of Latrobe
marched to. the home of their dead
fellow wprlcer, to whom they paid
their last respects. It was the largest
funeral procession ever held in La
trobe, and a most impressing spec
tacle it was. Those 4,000 men, with*
flags at half mast and their banners
heavily' draped in honor of the (oc
Yes. this was one more event re
corded in the bloody pages pf the
crimes that will some day be charged
against the coal operators in this
governments feared England, know
ing that if she did not adopt mora
advanced social legislation she might
undersell the continental countries.
That feeling has largely disappear
ed since the British labor party has
forced upon the British government
laws protecting the working class.
The European governments of Eu
rope now fear America only.
When the various government" of
Europe decided jn 1906 to prohibit
the use of white phosphorous in th8
match making industry America made
When international conventions are
held for the purpose of discussing an
international code America takes no
official part in these conferences and.
America not only refuses'to take part
in international agreements it has
thus far made no step toward radical
social or labor legislation.
There is- -np '"adequate ^workmen's
compensation -act in America the la
bor laws are'inbt enforced as a whole.
Old age pensions are not discussed
and governmental insurance against
sickness, old-'it&e, invalidity and death
does not exist/while insurance against
unemployment Js not even dreamed
And so this .question presents itself
to the capitalists of Europe. Will the
workers^ of America continue to allow
themselves to be robbed and exploited
in order to aJlpYy the capitalists of
America Jo underbid the capitalists of
In other words, America is today
pretty much like a scab shop knock
ing the stuffing out of another shop
where the boss ha« been forced to
grant union conditions.
WASHINGTON, D. June 17.—
-According to the Census bureau at the
present time there are approximately
32,936,445 'communicants or members
of all religious denominations in the
"United States.- ..
Of these the various Protestant
sects furnish 20,287,742 and the Ro
man Catholic church 12,679,142. For
purposes of comparison the bureau
divided the principal cities into four
classes, those having a population of
300,000 or more, constituting the first
class those of from 100,000 to 300,
000 the second class those from 50,
000 to l0O,'OOO the third, and those
from 25,000 to 50,000 forming the
Of the Protestant aggregate there
were 1,478,145 or 7.3 per cent in the
first class cities 4.7 per cent in the
secohd class, and 7.4 per cent in the
third and fourth classes combined,
While 80.6 per 'cent Were found out
side of the larger cities.
Of Roman Catholics 'there were
375,453 or 27.9 per cent in the first
class-cities 1.3 per cent in the second
class 13 per cent in the third, and
fourth class combined, and 47.8 per
cent outside the principal cities.
BABY STATE IS MAKING
GREAT STRIDES ALONG
LINES OF ORGANIZATION
OKLAHOMA CITY, Okla., June 17.
-—In order to realize the growth of
labor unions ln Oklahoma in the past
few years one must have some idea
pf the growth of population in that
promising young', state,- for labor un
ions are not only a necessary ,part,
but one of the agents that is con
stantly Working for a higher civiliza
tion among the workers.
When we understand that in ten
years' time Oklahoma City has grown
from 10,000 to 65,000 in population
Enid from 2,400 to 21,00 Shawnee
from 3,500 to 25,000 El Reno from.
3,300 to 18,000 that dozens of good
cities are how Ibcated where towns,
were nbt even dreamed of- a few years
ago, we can get an td^a of the amount
of work it has taken and ijs taking
now, for this growthJs still going on,
to keep the workers educated to thefr
own needs and to }9dk after- their own
That the/better lawa secured
the oldp* states
is due to "tlie activity of the organi
sed workers no,6ne c£n deny. But
the1 same forces that -have kept these
states have wtfrHgd, and spent thpu-
-'•tment In Oklahoma.t1
And tfctf fighfciii ttot ©veMn 9*lar
Aij effort is now being made by
.the railroad interests to repeal ono
of the most, important sections of the
The efforts being made to blacken
the character of Governor Haskell
serve .tot show another method cor
porations and their agents have ... of
removing those persons who are riot
subservient to' their interests.
In spite, or rather as a result of the
opposition of the interests the organi
zations of the 'workers is carried on
even more actively, and the growth
of the United Brotherhood of ..Car
penters and Joiners is an example.
Only a year
the carpenters, Jiad
thirty-six local unions in Oklahoma.
Today they have sixty, and the organ
ization is still going on.
There has been organized a Mill
Workers' Union in Oklahoma /.City,
which is the first in the state, arid in
a short time there will be five -o'rCg^jg
planing mills here turning out mater
ial bearing the U. B. label.
For the most part the workers of
this state are alive and active. This
is shown in one way by the fact that
they are quick to affiliate with their
city and state central bodies.
The great majority of the members
are also alive politically..
MIEHLE PRESS SETTLES
GILLETTE RAZOR IS OUT
BOSTON, June 17.—The Miehle
Press has settled with its striking ma
chinists, and there are prospects—
very good ones, too—of settlement
with four other machine manufactur
ing concerns in the near future.
The firms that have so far refused
to settle, are nearly all member? of
the National Metal Trades associa
The Gillette Safety Razor company,
$65,000 worth of Men's and Young Men's
etc., to be sold at less than 50
cents on the dollar.
THE TWIN PORTS CLOTHING CO.
405-407 W. Superior St., Duluth, Minn.
A. A. M. Carlson, John Paulson, O. N. Clouse, J. A. I/undberg, Oscar Ericksen.
of which King C. Gillette, well kniwn
bourgeois radical, is the head, has
put forth the ingenious claim iiid.
they have let out their work on con
tracts and so have no strike.
This claim is false and the Gillette
razor is unfair.
BUI' OPEN SHOP PREVAILS.
BUFFALO, N. Y.. June 17.—Fol
lowing a conference between repre
sentatives of the Builders' Exchange
and representatives of the several
thousand Italian laborers on strike,
arrangements have been made for the
workmen to return to their employ
An increase in wages is granted
the men, but the open shop clause
IN THE YEAR OF OUR LORD, 1910
BERLIN, June 17.—Recent statis
tical incuiries in 125 of the largest
German cities disclosed the' fact that
3.6,000 children came to school with
out having partaken of food of any
kind, while 180,000 were found, to
have been insufficiently fed, their
food being cold, stinted in quantity
and df -little nutritive value. In ad
dition, it was discovered that 22,000
had no. supper to eat.
789*000 PAUPERS IN ENGLAND.
LONDON, vine 17.—Official statis
tics show that at the end of April out
of a population of 35,750,000 in-Eng
land and Wales, there were 789,000
paupers, namely, persons receiving
public assistance. This figure, over
22 per thousand, is one of the highest
on record. London's paupers total
121,749, a ratio of about 25 per
MACHINISTS END STRIKE.
PLAINFIELD, N. J., June £t .—'The
strike among the printing press mach
inists of this city was settled last
Lunch In Our New Fourth Floor Tea Room.
Extraordinary Sale of Room SUe
RUG buying opportunity of the entire season begins here to-
A: fortunate trade chance brings us 50 best g^ade
room-size Brussels Rugs. The purchase comes from one of the bestmills
in the country. Ten different and distinctly new patterns comprise the
lot, showing the mpst durable floral and. Oriental designs—harmonious
color studies mostly, of tan^ and. greens, soft tones that blend, perfectly
with the furnishiii^49^in^S room, library and bedrooms. Thfese areg?
full room-size, being §-3 by 10-6, and retail regularly at $15.00. Sale
Thursday whe nthe 450 men accepted
the proposition of the manufacturers
for a flat increase of 10 per cent fot
both the inside and outside men.
The men were on strike four days
and returned to work at once.
GET 8 PER CENT RAISE.
NEW HAVEN, Conn., June 17.—
The 10,000 men working in the me
chanical shops of the New Haven
railroad system, have through their
committees, accepted an 8 per cent
wage increase offered by Samuel Hig
girks, general, manager of the road.
Order to Examine Final Account.
STATE OF MINNESOTA, COUNTY OF
St. Louis.-^ss. In Probate Court.
In the matter of the estate of Richard
M. Mork. decedent.
The petition of Christiana Mork as
representative of the above named de
cedent, together with her final account
of the administration/* of said estate,
having been filed in this court, repre
senting among other things, that she
has,fully administered said estate, and
praying that said final accourit of said
administration -be. examined, adjusted
and allowed by the Court, and that the
Court make and enter its final decree
of distribution of the residue of the
estate of said decedent to the persons
entitled thereto, and fpr the discharge
of the representative and the sureties
on her bond.
It Is Ordered. That said petition be
heard, and said final account examined,
adjusted and allowed by the Court, at
the Probate' Court Rooms, in the Court
House, in the City of Duluth in said
County, on Monday, the 11th day of
July, 1910, at ten o'clock a. m., and all
persons interested in said hearing and
in said matter are hereby cited.and re
quired at said time and place to show
cause, if any there be, why said pe
tition should riot be granted.
Ordered Further, That this order be
served by publication in the Labor
World according to law.
Dated at Duluth, Minn,, June 13th,
By the Court,
J. B. MIDDLECOFF,
Judge of Probate.
(Seal Probate Court, St. Louis County,
L. W., June 18-25, July 2, 1910: