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!THE LABOR WORLD
Published Every Saturday. Established in 1896 by Sabrie G. Akin. Bualne*« Office: $26-627 Manhattan Bldg., Duluth, Minn. Zenith Phone 65. SUBSCRIPTIONS One Tear in advance $1.00 Six months, in advance 50 Three months, in advance 20 Single Copies, 5 Cents. Advertising Rates Made Known on Application. Entered at the Postoffice at Duluth, Minn., as second class matter. WILLIAM E. McEWEN, Publisher. HARRY H. TURNER, Editor. WAGE SLAVERY AND WHITE PLAGUE BOON COMPANIONS In 1910 the sum. of $15,000,000 was spent in fighting consump tion. Several state governments appropriated large sums, and or ganizations which have as their object the laudable intention of checking and exterminating con sumption raised the rest of the money. The figures are impres sive and encouraging. They are so much so that there is the hope tbat those who have so sincerely and zealously entered into the fight may be led to the point where they will understand the real basis of most of the consump tion. It is true that it is a disease tbat knows no class distinctions. It may attack and kill a person possessed of millions of dollars. Usually, however, it does not. It lias a well recognized field of operation, and from that field it draws most of its victims. Go into any manufacturing town, study the statistics, look over the records, and it will be found that the majority of those who died of consumption were working people. Go a little deeper and it will be found that the larger percentage of that ma jority were very poor working people. Totaling up the figures it will be understood that con sumption is a disease iof poverty. It follows close in the wake of hunger, and hunger is the disease that attacks those who are out of work. If any real, effective fight is to be made against consumption it must begin in the homes of the workers. It must directly con cern itself with the means where by the workers make a living. Nothing else will amount to any* thing. Fifteen millions of dollars may be spent, and twice and thrice that sum. The figures look im pressive. But the results are not impressive until something real is done to improve the condition of the working class. There, and there only, can an effective fight be waged. Consumption is a class disease. Class diseases concern themselves with condition of work and with wage. If conditions of work are bad and if wages are low con sumption will be rampant. If the workers are hungry they will be susceptible to the disease. If they are badly housed they will be sus ceptible. If the conditions of work are bad they will be sus ceptible. In the mill towns it will be noticed that where wages are low and conditions are bad the disease is widespread. Those interested in industrial problems realize that wage slav ery and the tuberculosis germ are boon companions. Abolish wage slavery and you strike a blow at the. white plague more effective than that conjured up by the vision of fifteen millions of dollars set at work. When a man remains single all the women think he was disap pointed in love—the men think he got wise early. A woman writes a letter in or der that she can add a long post script to it. LOS ANGELES SITUATION IS TEACHING ITS LESSON That persecution of union men and columns of falsehoods printed in capitalist newspapers to throt tle organization among the work ers do not attain the object de sired, but frequently react the other way, has been amply illus trated in Los Angeles, Cal., in the year just past. And not only has the number of union men increased in spite of all the persecutions and mis representations to which union men are subjected, but the old union men are becoming more and more class conscious. The labor papers of Los Angeles are taking on a distinct Socialist char acter. Everywhere the working people are beginning to realize that the only way to stop per secution of trade union men is to put in office officials whose party represents union men and the working people generally. Now, a few months after the fall election the capitalist papers are beginning to worry over the growth of Socialism in Los An geles. It is with grave apprehen sion that they look upon the 10, 000 Socialist votes which Los An geles gave Stitt Wilson, the So cialist candidate for governor, at the last election in November. Especially do the capitalistic papers feel this blow, which is aimed at the power back of these papers at the system when they compare the vote of 10,000 for Stitt Wilson with the vote of 4,717 which Debs got in 1908. The last two years have been years of great activity'among the capitalists in the direction of crushing unionism. And it was in these two years that more than 5,000 workers in Los Angeles came to the realization that the Socialist party is the only thing which will put a stop to the foul outpourings on labor of the Los Angeles Times and its contem poraries. The wages of gin is death. The rolling stone is never a mossback. Bostonians eat baked beans be cause they find them more digest ible than the raw product. By W. E. McEwen. The most important social legis lation to be considered toy the Min nesota legislature this winter will toe the proposed code on workingmen's compensation. The industries of Minnesota are maiming and killing the wage earners of Minnesota to the tune of 15,000 a year. A large number of the acci dents are of a minor character for which compensation need not neces sarily be paid. Under the present law if an em ployer is negligent, the injured em ploye may recover. However, be fore doing so, it is necessary for him to enter a long, tedious and expen sive litigation. Only a small propor tion of the accidents can be charged to the negligence of the employer. Most of them are due wholly to the hazard of the Industry. In all foreign countries the basis of recovery has been changed from that of negligence to one of the risk of the industry. No less than 15 American states are now planning to change their antiquated employers' liability laws to meet the requirements of industrial life of today. A Minnesota commission has just completed an exhaustive report on the subject and has prepared a bill which it will ask the legislature to pass, the aim of \yhich will be to provide for fair, just and adequate compensation to every person injured in a Minnesota industry, who may be disabled for a longer period than two weeks. Social Legislation In Minnesota Legislation of this character should meet with the hearty support of every thinking person. It is not right that the laborer should bear the whole burden of industrial accidents. The financial burden should at least be borne by the product of the industry, in order that the crippled laborer shall not become an object of public charity. The next important legislation to demand the attention of the legisla ture will be contained in a bill drawn to strengthen and render more easy of enforcement the present child lab bor law. A bill has been framed by the Bureau of Labor and endorsed by the Minnesota committee, which if passed in its present form would give Minnesota the very best child labor law in force in any state in the Union. No less important will be the bill designed to extend the power and authority of the Bureau of Labor, giving its officers the right to in spect -every place within the state of Minnesota in which a human being is employed, with the possible excep tion of domestic service in the home. As it is now over 75 per cent of the accidents which actually occur SHOULD WORKERS AID BOY SCOUT MOVEMENT? "The worst of enemies," it is said, "is that one who parades in the guise of friendship.'' The Boy Scout movement may be cited as a most apt illustration of the truth of this saying. On the surface it appears to be a movement for the regeneration of boyhood, fostered by lovers of children who dedicate their lives to this labor of love, out of the loftiest and purest motives that can animate the heart of man. At a recent lecture delivered in New York by Ernest Seton Thompson, one of the foremost leaders of the Boy Scout move ment, the speaker, in an at tempt to show that the Boy Scout movement had powerful backing, stated that, though ordinary representatives of charity organizations found it difficult to obtain even a hearing from the great capitalists and business men, representatives of the Boy Scout movement found it easy not alone to obtain a hear ing, but also liberal contributions. One capitalist who owned some 10,000 acres of park land in Tuxedo, N. Y., put the entire ground at his disposal for the use of the Boy Scouts. Another large capitalist who owned some 5,000 acres of forest and woodland in the neighborhood of White Plains, N. Y., ceded the whole for the use of the Boy Scouts. He mentioned numerous other examples of the generosity of the rich patrons of the Boy Scouts. To put it in his own language. "Though charity representatives and others find it hard to ap proach men of means, no sooner are they acquainted with the car dinal principles of the Boy Scout movement than they are ready, nay, anxious, to donate to any reasonable amount.'' What are these cardinal princ iples that cause the potentates of industry to unloosen their tight ened pursestrings and pour a stream of gold into the coffers of this movement, blessing it with the only blessing that their sordid souls are capable of, the blessing of clinking coin and of gifts of land, which in its very nature was Minnesota industries are suffered by wage earners whose occupations are not under the authority of the Bureau Of Labor. Factory Inspectors are prohibited at present from inspecting any building in course of construction, elevators which carry casualty insurance, mines, farm machinery, work in the lumber woods, on railroads outside of the yard limits and in sweat shops. Of the great number of accidents which are occuring in Minnesota, I know that 50 per cent are preventable. It is the duty of the state to adopt such means of inspection as will tend to reduce the number of preventable ac cidents to a minimum. There will be no less than 20 1U1# presented by labor interests having for their purpose, the correction of evils which now exist. It may sur prise the readers of the Labor World to know that under Minnesota law peonage is lesralisiArl and men are sent to jail to work out a debt. The abuses of the private employ ment agency system and the failure of the law to properly protect de frauded working men are leading many of them to believe that there is one law for the rich in this state and another for the poor. The methods by which extortion is permitted under the guise of henefi ciary systems the inadequacy of the law protecting the rights of laborers for wages due them, and a dozen other evils are deserving of the most careful and considerate attention of the legislature. Nothing tends to breed anarchy so much as the failure of the law to mete out exact justice to the laborer who is wronged. It is true that by the slow civil process an opportunity is given for financial redress for wrongs inflicted upon all, but the laborer seldom has the money to employ an attorney to represent him in court, or the time to wait for the final termination of his case. As a result but very few of the cases where wrong has been inflicted upon the laborer become known to the public in general. This -is not true of the merchant or the employer, for he has an at torney available at all' times and has resources upon which he can depend, while the slow wheels of justice are moving. The laws in themselves may be eminently fair, but in effect they too often work injustice upon the poor. Experience in the bureau of Labor then has convinced me that many changes in oqr laws are necessary to protect the rights of the working people. The Minnesota laws are no different than those in force in other states, but we in this state have the obligation upon us to do our part in helping to make this a better govern* men* fqr a}), meant, to be free as the air we breathe! Casting aside all the frills that frame the main cardinal principles which it may be said are the sole cause for its existence, we find that to be loyal to one's employer, to stick to him through thick and thin, and against every one who speaks or militates against him, to learn to obey without question and to recognize superiors in all whose social position has been placed by circumstances above his own, are the most laudable qual ities a Boy Scout can possess, and it is to this end that the movement has been organized. It seeks to create a docile and obedient nucleus in the ranks of the working class, which can in time of need be used to combat the interests of its own class. To accomplish this end it offers the most alluring bait to working class boys. It offers the oppor tunity of camping out in the woods, and sitting in the evenings around blazing log fires, in the picturesque attitude of the dime novel backwoodsman, and also of learning woodcraft, and all man ner of sports such as swimming, rowing, football, baseball, target practice and drills. It dresses them in uniforms, arrays them in. glittering arms and marches them about, proud as peacocks of their likeness to the grownup murderers who strut about with the tools of their trade clanking by their sides or borne upon their shoulders ready at the behest of the master class to take from their fellow men the*lives they never gave. But the most aliuring bait they offer is the chance of physical de velopment and th6 outdoor life which every boy longs for, and which is denied to the children of the poor by the very ones who seem to befriend, them by offering them the glorious opportunity to romp and play in the free air of the forest and meadow land which has been appropriated by these very donors or their ancestors, who had no more right to it. It teaches the boys to look upon their exploiter as benefactors. Is the millionaire, in whose factories young lads work long hours at starvation wages, a bene factor? But he thinks the Boy Scout movement a fine thing! MILLIONS SPROUT IN SOIL OF PUBLIC INDIFFERENCE United States deputy marshals recently seized in Chicago 124, 000 pounds of tomato paste that was so filthy it fairly swarmed with harmful germs. It was made of the pulp left after the edible portion of the tomatoes had been extracted for catsup. Often the pulp grew putrid before it was finally taken and ground—for the purpose of being converted into paste for tomato soup, the kind of tomato soup, presumably, you get with a regular twenty-five or thirty cent dinner. For several years now we have had a "pure food "..law that was expected to put an end to the old, rotten condition of affairs. Yet constantly there are cases of pois oning due to the filthy ingred ients of articles sold as food. The decayed vegetables, the defunct fruit, the foul, fermented juices, the slimy meats and all the other things are still used. The profits from them are so enormous that capitalists will take any risk to get the profits. Fines, evidently, do not deter they scarcely even make the manufacturers hesitate A few days ago several were ar rested for selling rotten eggs. They received a slight fine. Dr. Munyon was fined $600 for selling tiny sugar pellets as sov ereign cures for all sorts of ills. The sugar pellets, bottle included, cost about a cent and a half. They sold for twenty-five cents. In his fight with Collier's Weekly Charles Post was shown up as a man who sold bread crumbs, at a high price, as "brain food" and as a preventive of ap pendicitis, and wheat bran as cof fee. In the December Critic and LAND SNAPS 40 aeres near oar line (Woodland) suitable for platting. 30 acres 5 miles from business eentar of Duluth snap. 80 aores near steel plant well loottadj will soli in tracts to suit. 80 sores on Frenoh River fine stream of running water ideal P»w for summer nome terms to suit W. H. LOCKER 410-417 Lonsdale Bid*. Guide attention is called to a scoundrel in St. Louis who is ad vertising a "cure" for the drug habit. The ^pee sample of the se" ut contains eight grafyiv of Morphine sulphate and four grains of heroin. To quote the Critic and Guide: "This means that, under the present lax state of affairs, any man, woman or child who cares to go to the trouble can, at the total expendi ture of two cents, get enough morphine to kill seven or eight people." During the period of kind feel ing known as the Christmas holi days the old question of cold stor age fowl came up again. The New York World purchased a barrel of supposedly good and guaranteed chickens in the open market. Careful laboratory examination showed that many of them were utterly unfit for human food. Here are the reasons why the concerns are willing to poison and swindle' people: This week the reports of the big packers, the allies in the meat trust, showed that the profits were $29,000,000 for the year. Charles Post is a millionaire. Munyon is a millionaire. The leaders in the drug trust are millionaires. Those who have been handling adulter ated or rotten food will be mil lionaires. Through this endanger ing of human life, a risk these men evidently take without a single qualm, enormous amounts of money can be made. They.care nothing for the results all they wish is the money. The law does little to stop them. Could anything be more ridiculous than to fine Munyon $600 after all his years of faking and swindling, possibly of murdering through the patient's taking a sugar pellet when careful attention by a skill ed physician was mandatory? Is there anything more absurd than the deferential, gingerly manner in which the courts treiat some rascal who has been poisoning, drugging, and cheating the pub lic? Yes, there decidedly is some thing more absurd, and that is the meek, submissive way in which the people stand for it. THE QUITTER IS EXCESS BAGGAGE THE WORLD OVER The world has little use for a quitter—the fellow who starts and backs out because the creek is up the fellow who starts to trim the hedges, blisters his hands and decides to let it go until next spring the boy who goes racing through his school books until he strikes participles and compound fractions, and then wants to quit school to get a job the girl who starts out to be a great musician and learns just enough to play ragtime and beguiles the francies of some young saphead. There is a big family of these quitters, but they are a very sor ry lot. They never want a job that takes time and patience. With the qualifications of a bill poster they would like to earn the salary of a railroad president. Their ideal is a job that requires two hours of easy labor each day, with Saturday and holidays off. You will find them scattered up and down the road of human failure, turning back from the handle of the plow, complaining of their lot and of the world. They are the clogs in the wheels, broken rails on the road, time killers, patience killers, forever wanting what they have not. The people who accomplish things in this world are those who qualify themselves in spite of bad crops, high water and measles who hang on to their work until failure turns to victory whose On Any Article in Our Store for $1.00 Down and $1.00 per Week. That's All 1410 Tower Ave. Sup. 8 East Superior Street. The Home Where Your Credit Is Good courage rises as difficulties thick en, and whose faces are forever turned toward the rising sun. It was not a bad plan, that of the Indians flinging their boys into the river, where they had to swim or drojvn. The best thing any parent can do for his child is to compel him to finish what he un dertakes. Keep him at it, no mat ter how much he cries and ob jects make him do the thing he started to do. There is not much difference between failure and success. One quits and the other does not. Par more pleasant is it to be rich and respected than poor and imposed upon. Is that Typographical label on your lodge printing? Why not? Kick till it goes there. ALWAYS IN THE LEAD EMPRESS THEATER "Duluth Universal" will make more loaves and better bread thap any other flour on the market. FORMERLY BIJOU Home of ftofined Vaudeville. ILLUSTRATED SONGS. MOVING PICTURES. 3 SHOWS DAILY 3 PRICES TO SUIT THE MASSES. «^A HOME PRODUCT" DUIUTH UNIVERSAL MILUNGCO. "The Flour the Best Cooks Use" XL AN6EME1EK. Discoverer of Herbaqueen Remedies This hot weather puts one out of commission and consequently the bowels and system don't Just work right Why not let HERBAQUEEN" keep them in repair? They surely do the work. If you are ailing with any kind of disease come to SI EAST SUPERIOR ST., Upstaliv. ^-Oouralatton and Advice Free. FOR SALE $500—Cash.—Seven-room house 1X81 East Fourth St. Balance of $3,500 in monthly payments, A bargain. Will not need any repairs. $3SOO—New Bix-room house 1801 East Sixth St. Hot water heating plant. $1000 cash —balance easy terms. $8200—Two flats, five rooms each* 2632 West Fifth St. $500 cash, balance $30 a month. $3200—New six-room house 4115 W« Third St. Water, gas, elec tric light, bath, hardwood floors. $1000 cash, balance easy payments. PULF0RD, HOW S COMPANY 309 Exchange Building. •.. PRINTING RANKIN PRINTING OO. SUCCESSORS TO A. J. LYLE PRESS. 221-828 West Superior 8t AXA BUILDING. Label Fanlaha4 mm a Wink. Sfrfetljr ESsHt-Hoai m* Ottlae te Dnlntk Smo&e CLUB ROOM VbIob Label Rn Cent CIGAJtS. DULUTH CANDY CO. Distributors. ST.