Newspaper Page Text
1 mTi'Vi 1
OLDEST BAJiKf Af THE
Zenith' ''telephone ljsga.
616 WEST MIGHIGA^ ST.
Phones: Oriaiid 1S00, MfelfOSe
OF DULUTH» MINN
OAPlTAt.,BUEPLTJflANDl ROFITS.. ....$2,600,000.00
THREE PER CENT PAID
ON SAVINGS ACCOUNTS.
Jrfn/- ..•(in -,-
... Wwmfaetuwn.At ..r_,
*H^tjitillc jfiekinerir| -V^*
CAPITAL SURPIiljS AWi PROFITS..........W8MMM04I*
AiLBfiil^r X. ORDEAN, Prerideni. WALTER J. JOHKSOXi A«|t CuUm
JOHN H. DIGHT. Cashl«r. ,5* 'J.'
DA.ViU .Vv'xLT.T ATtTS# Vice Prealdent. WILLIAM WBLliS, Aflrt^CUabfexv
/tUipp PER t'K'N INTEREST PAID ON SAVINGS AXI* Tpi^ DK^OSIT»*
Named shoes are freaentty ma4e- NOQ
:tTni6A, *factpri^v. _/-*
fr DO ^OT feOY ANY
no matter wh&t Its name, unless It.'bears.
.. a.plain and readablerimpression..oi tWs
/SM shoes without the UNIQN STAMiP
not acioept any -exeuse. lor abience. oi 'thi. ^NION.
BOOT andSHOE WORKERS'UHION
street, boston, MASSV---:
tobdj,. chas, vBfci&Bi
UNION MADE BEER
tOWriWMT &TMDI HMI^r
^ontlaned from Pace 1,r-
joining states, and .•• thev railroad"
.b£dth6rb$ods iaid fanners' 'organU&-r
tiomi of this Atate.
"On the other hand the executive
cbuncll, honored me by sending me
•all a fraterrfal delegate to: the:. Iliinoia
State Federation, o/ Labors ., The 90S
vention of that federation Was, I he
befet and most instr,u$iye'
•filter' Meeting it has ever been" my
.pleasure toV attend. It Vas-a- real
trade union, conyention. which met for
the purpose-: of hearing ot- the. work
ddn'e/ By It's executive* of Beers,' ot
Teamhfg what its. legislative commit-'
-tee had.. done and was doing,. and -of
.•wrhat'rhad. been done for the welfare
Of the^orkers of the state in- genial.
.. Correspoitdeno© and dtber Work,
"The., correspondence of the»presi
dent^ jdfficie 4urtag the- year- included
.communications -from many civic-and
so^al or^ranizationg,_ as well m^y
'fj^ade'uiiipns asking tor. assistance and'
'ttft^operAtioni 3n $4£ry'i»tanfe&i: tried
v~ ilSinqe rjpup laath conyisntion.- I ^ve
,att«i|ded, 29X. JnpistiniW.i.in^alL #he
-mi'mber Includes two state Contri
tions, one.^nf', ktfce: %4$W»3ters .and
stone masbitt if **St. t^bud", 'And "tfie"
^otheipvvo?- jjthe- iletter rcarries iUntjdh
Oft-J^ne-.20.. ...« i, .' .• •.
.Bureau.of !Lectur«s aridXiteratnrv.*
'-^t -thie last, two!: conventions. the
pressing-lneedr of greater publicity of
the -principles" and• works of the' labdr:
movement in Minnesota' was feoiisid
-is••*&&••• afro th%"' hseessity of
.greftter library facilities fo^ the uS^
of the severtfl cerititil bodies iri the'
^Ates I^avoifableaction' ^as' taken,
an4n Within the past y«iftr"a start in
tftr^fi6ri of .supplying th%se great
rfeed# was m&d«-. .1 trust that by the
end' of another ^ear. far'.greater re
sults inay be reported/the greiat dif-'
-fieulty in this: #orjc- lies in interesting
th* Ibcal orgariizatidns throughout the
^rid'" providing tie fuhds re
.jiiired to carry* it. on. If eel, sure,
"however, that "if the proper interest
can be. aroused the resf wil be easy.
a general view^f the whole
situation, Industrial cbnditioris in Min.'
ff«sbta during the -past year have been
fairty Sfbod as compared with those in
m:$riy. other stetes. A near if »npt an
adt'iii:l'-industrial- depression lias tieen
problem •. of' lunemploy^
ment.in n^aiiy of the older, statj^. hasi
been more -serious than ever before.
When we take everything into acount
we must realize that in Minnesota we
have jiared much: .Jbetter *|hariiariariy
pe^sops t'hirik.' When.l could be- apared
from more general work in the big
and populous industrial centers I
visited Hibbing, Chisholm and Vir-
'wai^ delegates,-« Shonra be^negli-
igent of what is^ just
bwn. fee}ifigs"^f ^er©* to '^fb'se this
report wjtthjjijt ^^eosiftg *, a6knowf
tntf indebtedhes 'to "3^*
secfits^^itfejMaittii. tor--uiif4fllng', ats-'
Si^aptsef eifvgreat weiglit And: ^se «,iwi
tiflj&lj? of *'g»^v«lu^'fn ^eveix
.payt rOf tijiy vwoi'kidurih#'-TOy^-'teirure- of'
ofiee. :asf.y ®ur^president: -^lijvipepoHv
is tb^/be-taken as.Buppl«m»nting these
I made-to -the Brainerd and St. Clchid"
cony^ntijbns, and: my Obligation" %o
«ecj?etftry *McEwen covers every flay
.- of the three years and one ", irionth
during which: have, endeavored to
direct the. affairs of your State-Ped
...eration of Ijabor. .and 'carry ouf-'itS-'
Wishes,„ You. know, him, and I need
.pot ,..dwell upon, his bountiful'land
j-readjf resourcefulness, his excellent
judgement in council^ his. vigor, di
rectness and effeotiveriess hi actibrii'
.and his entire devo.tion to the cause
of organized labor ...
Tribute tft- Gompeiis
*1t' Is said to-'be .considered treason
-^o ^tbe church
a meeting .of any kind withoUt^ taking
up a-collection. I f^el that I should
-be'guilty bfi the. ««tme offense to'trade
unionism if in a State labor conven
tion I Should fail, to make some refer
ence" to bur 'Grand Old'Man,' Samuel
•Gompers. He and- his colleagues, have
so ibly arid so clearly pbirited Oiit the
"way organized -labor, should go, and
have so valiantly^ 16d it fbrwatd' on
thkt way, that they have* impressed,
the very age Arid body bf .the.tim^:'
Secfetiiry-ti'easurer' McEWeri repbrt
.ed as* fOlbP«sr ."'.
Minnesota Labor's Progress.
"lri' Minri.esota, while the opposition:
to 0^6 laljor ^moyemen£ is' ptilf bitteR in,
some auajt-terS,. nevertheless the workv
jipf ^ciass^s of this, state, have made re~.
•markaKle^ p.fpgr^ss. Whe^e"v«r tJ^i»V
have in reC'e^t "tinies" had tfie goo^
jsense to organize ,uridei\ th£ bannejr of
tra.d4''^rii^fiisi^,j^ey jhaye. inardi iid-
Stri^S tftafi bv stakes." fourit»«•? th"*" f?f3€fi*
Stri^fei tfiah by stnlces.
Bears This '^^e 0b .J^dgs
Bo^es. ofr Bi}ttie$\|fmr,
woman who is
,way? ttsHr-^Mairsf *)u-atie«ldii't.
'past y?ar there were but very fbw in
rdu^rtai conflicts within the larders-of,
this state'. in niost instancies' Wijer'o
"dem&nds .were' made", :for' '.increased
ywag_es, shorter' hotirs of- labor or An"
improvement in .Working conditional
they were either .'partially or fully
granted through .the. trade union
*»i.tllbd' of "joint bargaining. '. jJl .few
.strikes, ..it, is. true,.: occurred.i-but' all
except: three* were settled Jn ShoH ojrK
,de*s and upon, satisfactory terms! The
paper. makers' strike for .the reight
hour day at. St. Cloud 'ahd SArtefl,
which .^as -^au$(urated '.In Mayj 19.12,
is-Stiili- ofrl, r^hik^ strike, is .without
doubt tHf:^ most remarkable' in our
.history. The toen have been out of
w»rk ^or ,fbnrteen months, and to tlils
d%y thtere hAs *.nbt ".been a single* de
Such men iri
1 lose As other re
ports to this convention will deal with
this subject, I will not dwell any
further -jipera it. ,-
H6W Labor' Legislatioo Fared. ^".[
hsiAb^en. anexcitlngr-'yeaf fbr
lAbor.lfirttl^tibn At WAShirigtoft For,
mbfe' tM*#"t*ettty yeanr «3ie otnie^or
tHA A4h«ti«An F«dto*tibn, bf Labbr
hAVe't^fCseekfttgftKe passafe ltfit'S
toc ^rbi^Bfet Aitterican' seAmfetfr tb^re
ItHW^MrikigTAtiori, to r»gu]ati the enf*
ploynient of. convicts,^'to limit the
•,pow'ef*"-of federipcoui£s in granting
jinjunctlpnVlnl^OF" disputes, and t*
'exclude labor Organizations from the
operation 8l the antitrust law. Most
of us ar$ familiar with the history of
this legislation, We went through
if.,. At last: ist poetical p£rjy4carn£ in-'
to power •which pledged' it# .^oingrestt
men\-atndv senators to exclude trade
unions from, the«nti-t?ust law, arid to
otherwise «niict legislation for ,the
protection .,of jth^ rights, $n,d interests
of Aitierieaii lAbbr. Thiers aVe how
'four billa bjslfbjre0 oner Or the other
house of cdftfcr$f8 dealing with the
su'bjectB'abpy^ Mentioned. -These bills
should .become* iaw with the present
:Of':'co4gT^itp. it is the-'.duty ot
this, conyentionyto enact, strongreso
lutions intforsingthe seaman's.j^afetyr.
and the t^y^t
^. S^Eq^ltriking Miners.
•'Thfr itri^e^'^^he copper miners
$£~the-ooal miners in
n^fcffitesfc'- Pofora^ j?igisc^it«rnily supported by
the ^tate- vFede^tion of LAbOr. The
of^ber^. (jif. -Western Federation of
Minora miide ffiqiient calln upon thi»
^^S^ tto assist them in acquainting
'wdtkirigrmen of the strike ]in'Michigan.
Allrepresentatives of "the striking
.miners "were instructed'- to repd'et^at
office ind-^jk in MtnhWbteiim:
-der our- directimi^- We -Suqoeeded- &»
meeting over?^ men enka^ed by
strike^breaking agrencies to. work in
the Copper country, and we are proud
to report thit jnjtost of these, •when
they lea«h'4dvthe^ Were -being^employ
ied as strike-breakers, refused, to go.
"It: is tinnee^iisary to review th«
aWful incidfefiisr in' •. the( two £reat
strikes Of Michigan and Colorado. All
are faitoiliart wstfi "them, and it would
only -waste youfcfthne to comment vtipr
on them here. ^However, there is a
lesson in those "strikes that should be
heeded-' by «v'ei^ man and woman in
America.. Wtttt-iin insight they gave
us. of the pbtwer-of privilege in our
government^.:^cdinarily public opin
ion would Resent "the action of the
Coloratia nai^OTvln defending them^
selves with against the .militia
of that .state^-^ff.v.
Privatfl j^Hce a Menace
"It was a cbaELy experience. but like
"all -.such, ^it:Kas its moral. We are
learning, perhaps rather late, that it
is-, nbt safe in- a government of people
possessing democratic ideals to' dele
gate the, state's^ police authority to
private interests. It is a relic of feu
^d^lsni,, ^yith its accomp&nying evila
of, tyranny-4md. oppression.
"Down iri Mexico there are several
million ttrorkingriien who would make
®l®ftO||t ^nj^hmmoy, satfrifl^ for, J^hft
vVbW itbr"- coristitiftibnAl' Amendment. 44
Is 'Dnrin?- gf$At French revolu-=
"On the mere breathing bf the word
'Liberty' set the. hearts of
"i tt is different now., v.
repose in the belief that the
species of liberty secured for us .by
our fathers landed us in a political
millennium out of which w^ must
not transgress It is the zenith of
man's hopes, fri earthly longing. But
we are mistaken. There is. as much
necessity for progression in freedom
as: there is "fbf activity in life, with
out -which tliere ^ican be' no life. Ty
ranny is only Aiibther name for stag
nanfe'liberty The man who said
'Eternal Vigilance is the price of all
liberty' knew- Something of -its his
tory down through a41 the ages.
"The great fight that is now being,
waged, throughout the country for
*be, initiative a^ad.. referendum: is part
of t^A struggle for more freedom for
the, masses of the people. It is the
fundamental -issue in.-* -the1 cause of
political progress. Its Adoption by
*b® electors- of .Minnesota will give
the people full anti final control of
public .iffiairs,, at their option.
Where Danger Rests.„,:i.
"At the last, .election.^ more ..than
Electors who Vbted foF state
:rffteers„"fltiied ^to?v^e a bbnsiir
tution.Al .Airiendm^irit, and s£veri "-proi
positions'wer^'Submitted at tliAt' rtec
"TSttke 6tich." 'arii iriiporltant a^nenif
merit as the propositibri "to- increiinr
at-:«the electitfH ^rilyf^4V,m voters
availed themselves *&rthe opportunity
UO vote on this ^^08(110^ More
than 103,D0(1 electors-:did riot take
sufficient' interest in the gross earn
ings tax- amendment to vote' ott' it,
and yet every one of those
votes was counted as a vote against
the. amendment., Of tho|e who voted
on the. proposition 195,724 were in
favor ameggtojg the Constitution
to iricriease' the. gVosr^ earnings tax on*
railroads, and gCi&S, openly voted
against it:- .'.T,X ,V-."- '.
tibdr and tbe Courts.
"At the Brainerd convention in
1911,' the delegates Adopted
Wfltle we do not have any Miter
eit in the 'Qqtatter Ait increaSing the
number ot "Judges .of th^ supreme
court, we are vitallf ooncerned with
thAt portion'AOf tfteipro4isiofc rifcitfcv
inir to the constttutionality• of laws
passed „by the legislatwre. Aa it. ls
*now three-t^udges may+.deClare a* 1AW-'
unconstitutional. U^der the pro^os
,e4j.amendj?ieut-. it wp. jceqgiire^:Jfee.
juag:e8 to fo so. S(p ther^fore, t|)is
proposed coristituti BniiUdiari^t
•Js^ organized ^b^'fl bppocdtibn, ands
it should be supported by ivery
working man voter and: by^revery
good .c!tiz#)i in the tUtt.
tion balling upon, the legislature to
subniit Aii Amendtaent to the Cbriisei
tu'tidn to the p^ple prohibftl^ the
supreme court froril declaring any
iaw passed by the legislature uncon
stitutional e^cepi^Jbjr unanimous. Vote
of "the cburtP -W-"
'Whep tltf' jirflipdiifi^Sn ^as "pre
sehted'to 'the lfcg^ilatdre It y^aA fbuiid
thist th«#e wds a bltl p^ndlng to iri.
crease the ."number of- 3iidfls5'ff&nl
five^ tb- ieVttji. A^Cdmyr^iie' #as ef•
feetKd mfc* th«£JiHAbbeT inlirestir^
Airieridfrisnt^ 11^ ttk$^ii#f^r
''At the.lastv.:conv^ptiottXW® -.tfeBjrlvi.
ed- againati the paw^fe' of. ajqy -law by
thb legislature ^rhich:^ wp.uii result in
.taking away from local •?j|bverriinf)&ts
'the right they now -'6irfoy to regulated
public utilities operating within: the
Several 6ititer of-- the. tstatita A -^e.li
pi9.nri^dv ^jMripaiffrir': WAS ^rjsa.aised ^y.
the public, service corjioratioris-.to' re
move theiriselvW- from direct-- control
by the people of the -cities.' It was
afgued- by them^tha^ tlie..cities were.
to, deal so au^ces^Cuity with'
pibiic service corporation* as the
a^ti cpufd do. ^rhey' ilTust^aHd thSt#
argument by the conduct bf ^bhim^tt
•oou$oiis in the past.. However, thejr
faii»4 :fo say-anything ab5"djt
fAirA' And -as.-' a, rf£ti|t:
that! the pebple of tp£ dittos are ra
pidj|y coming into th6ir own. They
siC thie light Ws much 61«iU'er. There
is a higher moril Urie being deyet-
losing tlire grip tbey
te ."Aa.r^por^i: frdyii ^ther^bfheers •deM
with the: qu^ttbhT' ictL wbi&1htmeh*»
^.omponsation, g. a^lL not tAke up tdlie
time of tbis invention. w4th ait elab-,.
'thi :Aubiecti: .7" no!
'-the: present. aot 1^b'ilj. it,As
tar frbm ideal, I hold^.th(|.t--jt.'' &
the irery b^strAct thAt^uld'-hAye^beVii
pA"sse.d .by \the .:iastj4^lat4^
the: compensation is 'Ri^ -aiid' "*tlie"
amounts fs|l/ ,fAr short of' ladequr
ately:. cemi»onfatinf in^uried workmen,
yet the Average map wWf ie:'4iK3'ured
today recjeives. morf cbttiperisation
than would hiive been} pAi'd to him
under the jold IAW.
"For the pAst three y«A«A At eAch ot
the cbriventiotts.' I:.haye .cajli.ed .the .at-'
tehtion of the'd^ieiratis1to"the* neces
sity of doiny somithhig to brganizii
the unskilled #ark«^s particularly of
the migratory kind, of- which
Are ^i) many! in,. Minnesota and.
thr'bughbUt the northwest "Thiere is
rio fteld whei^^th^'.neiGmsitW^f^%nir
ffeSts itself! The unskilled worker
Reflected. Thire is evei^'ttMtQctiiriitjr.
afforded^ for" biirii in iaV:• ^itterioan
Federation of Labor. It: is biar enough
arid broAd enough to include him, and
to prbtjet him.' ^e ihusC- hei r^a^hed.
His fAilure to o^jgAnise^itot-^m^ pre
vents him ffbm Advancing hut: it is
operating as a (theck against the
further advancement oi!. the Organised
poor fello^r up. /who has -failed or
rieirtecte'dito- take 'Wdvitri'tig^-^iSr-' i&f,
flomA r\tfhkti thinM "ucswcwa?w ia*« aavsnwfe w- to««
-opp^rturimes aiKorded hii& «y oi-«a^
'Ke had th§ r^t 't.o
not noW/ be' reqiiired fo tike .up arm^
agaiWst the ruler'svb^ the farid tb gain
frpoUtic^i figbts. Full^. pbiiticai
freedom' is the surestantidote for
vation' lies in trade uhiohtsht, 4rid"
.trade uriioninn Alorie.. It is^Our dtity
to' cArry the niesaage to: htm^sAnd- bid
him join with.' his fellow .Wbrjkers in
all the deids ?f industry to better hi3
own condition,- and the* condition of
all men whtf lAbbr. This bbnvention'
should. mAp out a progv^jAr for the'
inAuguration of a jmovenient to- or
ganize the unskill^di. .workers- of Min
nesota. in every occupation."""
BiinOTities H«we lUghts.
"Development of ideas cannot be.
consummated in the twinkling of an
eye. Jt is fortUnAte that this fact is
axiomatic. Any policy,' program, or
change in the admiriletratfon.. of the
affairs' Of our Organisations,- *t.o yield
beneficial results^ must first receive
careful consideration and gain the apV
proval. of the.- ^eat. majority of .tKoso
It must ribt be :forgotton that mi~
norities^ have rights: tbsit mustj'fbe
respected. And right here 1
et -tt be^
Said that arrbgarice .and intolerance
have no place in society^ muCh jesiF id
the labor movement of our «wi)try.
If the vietos,: of. the- minority are
meritorious And sound, .Adoptibri- Will'
the Atui^il result of events
And -of logical argument St-is With
this in mind 'thAt the American labor
movement' welcomes the ^Widest ^latl^
tude in the conSideratioflr: of every
question which presehts itsftlf rfor^dia^
cussion- Arid solutiMi..:'
Democracy Must -'Be Preserved
''Endi^rlng'A'cbWveinerits come slow^
ly and the result of- e^fuliy -§6n
sidiftred' tnethods: Aiid effpfft directed
with wisdom iend a pi^Sir" regArd* for
the rights, predileetlbris
Jwirie satisfactfbri tb
preabli ttS- tiieV uftderpaid iatrqi^"
about the happy laridf far, far -AWAjri
but %e' has been. gett&rif' thaf for the*
last Quarter'"Of a "cbnttiry, arid it" 'does
not seem'to' be any nearer to hiiri riow
than before. WlhAt- lie neejdtf flf? sohiei
thing for. now and today. Social
tions ot those involved. Our- -organ
izations are' volUritafy thAre-being no
commanding officers: .with- Absolutb
-authority -tQ demaiid obiedience Per
suasion vis the -only agency whereby
changes are made possible in, any .di
rection^^ This -important, iact, is .en
tirely forgotten by soijie -impetuous
Spirits, :'and while they advocate un
limited democracy for themselves^.-it
frequfntly appeArs: tftlAt, ifithelr meth
ods werel e^iployed thei deiqiOcracy so
conspicuous in the tcadf. uptonrwo^tld.
be styallowed. up hyrauto^rAcy*:'
"The: f^rMMrirAtidft' of demioclratio"
methods in- ttiie linbMI^ labor: iar:
equal importaric^ -to thA* ire'sJirvAUoij
of the unions fbr, if thA democrAcy
of our voluritAry brgariications iis de
stroyed, so: a1#o ,.tMrlll th« o^gAnteAtl^ns
ofrlAb.or withftr «nj de^ajr.
S- Waiting0 6t tlife :WAyS."
"Nb#, my frierid|^wi mii^^
expreised Aif hborest desire At^r iiM
but a reAi^AAbltt*iiunitb«r ^bf delegAtes
thril^y, -Wilt riOiw It ii-^generaily-oAttieAd^
fireij Good Smoker appreciates a. Cool, Fragrant. Cigar that he can
enjoy up-to "the iast^puffi That is why the
is So popular with particular people.
It is De^Qious, IiUXurious and Dainty. It iB tiade upon bonor,
by skilled workmen frdm the best grade of Havana Leat.
ASK YOUR DEALER. "fv-^
inmLTJTH CIOAR COMPANY^
IIS W. MICHIGAN ST. New Fhone 913 Old Phone 1M6
CML, PIG IRON, COKE, ILLUMINATING GAS.
DULUTH BREWING S MALTING CO.
TWO HARBORS on STEAMER EAST0N
Steamer Leaves Booths Dock 9:30 A. M.
2:80 P. M. and 7:30 P.,M. ,.
Retnrnirig Leaves Two Harbors 12 Noon
4:30 P. M. and 0:30 P. M.
FIRST CLASS MEALS SERVED
REFRESHMENTS OF ALL KINDS 'J
Overalls and Work Shifts
Patronize home industry.
Our large factories offer employment to
many Superior and Duluth people, All tlie
workrooms are models with reference ...to.
and sanitation. ^'X-^
"Northland garments wear well GNood
noiaWtiials are used throngBont. Bspecial care
|teken under favovable conditions results in
njannfaotnrmg the ideal garment for work-
Al^high-grade garmemt for reasooialiUt
F* ,,^ Pat«ick':.iflb Cofflpaay