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Made of extra heavy denim
Roomy and comfortable with high
bib and liigh back. Seams all stitched
with extra strength thread. The
overall that will give you greatest
service and satisfaction.
F. A. PATRICK & CO.
Wholesale Dry Goods and Manufacturers.
Zenith Furnace Company
COAL, PSG IRON, COKE, ILLUMINATING GAS.
°-"!57Ave W %rISrE"T"
Plant* nWVa Via UIMltll, IHIIIIL
Naaiftd aboes are freuently mad* in
DO NOT BUY ANT
Ho matter what its name, unlect It town
a plain and readable impression of
AU shoes without the UNION STAMP are always Nta
any excuse tor absence of
BOOT and SHOE WORKERS' UNION
CAPITAL, SURPLUS AND PROFITS *2,800,000.00
ALBERT L. ORDEAV, President. WALTER J. JOHNSOX, Ant Caahler.
JOHN H. DIGHT, Caahler.
OATID WILLIAMS, Vice-President, WILLIAM WELLS. Ant. Guhler.
THREES PER CENT INTEREST PAID ON SAVINGS AND TIME DEPOSITS
Every Good Smoker Appreciates a Cool, Fragnflit Cigar that
enjoy up to the
STREET, BOSTON, JfASfl.
President. Becretary-Treasureft 'S
THE FIRST NATIONAL BANK
puff. That ft (vhy the
E O A
®°P1I^a' with particular people.
is Delicious, Luxurious and Dainty. It is made upon honor,
by skilled workmen from the best grade of Havana Leaf.
ASK YOUR DEALER.
DULUTH CIGAR COMPANY
It8 W. MICHIGAN ST. New Phone 918 Old Pbone 160#.
A SAYINGS ACCOUNT GIVES CREDIT
The merchants of Duluth are interested in our Savings
Department because it acts as a guarantee fund for their
If a man with a^ savings account is out of work for a few
weeks, the merchsnt is safe in granting him credit for he knows
Uhat the Customer with the Savings Account Can Pay
One Dollar will open your account.
THE CITY NATIONAL BANK
SATURDAY- •THE LABOR WORLD-
By SENATOR RICHARD JONES.
The history of society is one of per
petual unrest, a struggle between the
classes, between the oppressors and
the oppressed. At no time in the
memory of man have the scales of
justice balanced. Perhaps it must
always be, because it has always been,
and that our feeble' protest against
such a condition of affairs is energy
wasted and labor lost.
Some people try to search for the
real reasons'for what may be termed
a denial of justice- under our present
system—try to find the answer to this
.problem because they have no other
means of employing their leisure
time, while many others do so be
cause they simply cannot help it.
Moral Courage Required.
To fairly and impartially attempt
to analyze the situation often means
that ridicule will be heaped upon the
one who tries it. Those interested in
maintaining things as they are will
cast scorn at the efforts and heap
abuse upon the heads of those whose
interest in public questions prompts
them to serious study.
These people are pleased to call
themselves optimistis. They are ever
ready to label as pessimists those who
are not satisfied with the injustice of
the present social system. They call
upon legislatures and parliaments to
keep "hands off" in economic and
political questions except those meas
ures they themselves are pleased to
They are "optimists" in regard to
anything that does not affect their
own interests. But, in the final an
I a lysis, they are not different than
the type whom Henry Ward Beacher
had in mind when he said they "re
fuse to look at the new moon, out of
respect for that 'ancient institution,*
the old one."
1 The Philosophy of "More."
I Man is a restless animal. He is not
satisfied to stand still. Give him
$1,000 and he wants $5,000. Give
him a touch of justice and he wants
for more. It is inevitable. Voltaire
put it this way:
"The sentiment of justice is so
natural, so universally acquired by all
mankind, that it is independent of all
law, all party, all religion," and Omar
Khayam supplements this again when
he says that "justice is the soul of
The denial of justice is the source
I of social unrest. This Is not less true
today than at any other stage in the
development of society. Men will
trample on each others' rights they
will ignore the fundamentals of a
true Christianity and even go iso far
as to set up their own shallow ideals
and call it religion. :v
Do Ave want
The men's organizations are de
clared neither to be pledged to accept
arbitration or opposed to it. The de
cision will rest upon developments, it
The statement goes on to deny that
the trainmen's demands are based on
the present high earnings of the
roads, due to the great business in
The statement decl&res there is no
reason why other railroad employes
should suffer reductions in order to
meet the increased expenditures In
volved in an eight-hour day for train
So far as dividends are concerned,
the organizations declare that "some*
thing with, which w* have nothing to
(Continued Mm pace 1.)
ized in twenty-four hours with all
their arms and equipment, and yet in
times of peace costing the nation very
"These in times of peace would
pursue their regular vocations.
"It is one thing or the other. The
president's solemn warnings as to..the
real situation show us where we get
off. But besides giving us a better
and a twenty times larger fprce, the
citizens' army would have tremendous
social, moral and national advan
BREAKS ALL RECQRDS
NEW YORK, Feb. 17.-—"An extra
ordinary story of prosperity," is the
term used by the New fork World
in commenting on the. last financial
report of the United States Steel cor
poration, which has recently an
nounced a 10 per cent wage increase
to its low wage, long-hour workers.
It is thewn that the trust's net
earnings for the past quarter were
$51,232,788, or. $5,729,080 larger than
for any previous quarter last year
dividends resumed on 'the common
stock at the former annual rate of
5 per cent a surplus of $28,306,'692
above ell charges and dividends
$105,030,000 cash ,ln .bank,
EVEN CRAMPS SHIP
YARD RAISES WAGES
PHILADELPHIA,! Feb. 17—Th«
Cramps, shipbuilders, ..have voliintar-'
tly raised wages 10 per cent. About
5,000 employes are affected.
TRADE UNIONS' AIM IS TO PUCE WORKMAN IN
POSITION TO WORK OUT HIS OWN SALVATION
go back to the
feudal times, when the lord of the
manor doled out one "brand of jus
KAIL UNION CHIEFS
REPLY TO MANAGERS
(Continued from pace 1.)
on a 12-mile per hour basis. Eight of
the southeastern and five of the west
ern railroads pay overtime on a 12%
mile per hour basis."
Don't Consider Strike.
The possibility of a strike as the
outgrowth of the controversy is as
serted not to be part of the question
at this time.
Wttth this announcement, comes an-'
other one—-that the
ot I* metal
trades department will inaugurate a
campaign for eight hours in the ship
xwds •Mong the Atiaatto coast, and
that this first, meeting will be held in
this city .tonight
tice? Do we want to go back to the
days of chattel slavery, when the
master himself determined what
should and should not be given to
Our industrial feudalism of today
closely resembles the ideals of the
times prior to the French revolution,
one of the bloodiest pages in history.
"We feed the poor we clothe the
poor, we amuse the poor, but we
never get off their backs."
To provide reading rooms and lec
tures, welfare clubs and institutions
of that sort may be art right in their
places, but they will never serve to
satisfy men who have an ambition
to be placed in a position where they
may depend upon themselves.
Some True Democracy.
A member of the United states
senate recently said that the. Filipino
people will be happier even with a
bad government of their own, than
they would be with a "good" govern
ment of mine and yours.
It is a'characteristic of every race,
it is characteristic of the individual.
His ambition is to be in a position
where he can develop himself, rather
than to have some other man, how
ever benevolent than other man may
pretend to be, assume to control his
This is no plea for personal liberty,
so-called. The liberty of the in
dividual must be submerged in the in
terest? of the mass. As population
grows and the problems confronting
us become more complex, all big ques
tions must be considered from their
social aspect rather than from the
When an individual affiliates with
a trade union he forfeits his personal
liberty. "He impliedly agrees that he
will not work longer than a certain
number of hours, nor for less than a
Solve His Own Problems.
He now looks at life and its prob
lems from the social point of view,
and prescribes remedies that will al
leviate the sufferings of the body
The aim of trade unionism is to
place the individual workman in a po
sition where he may work out his
own salvation, in co-operation with
his fellows to. develop a confidence
In his own abtlity to find a true solu
tion to life's knotty problems.
To strive for social justice in a
world where this commodity is scarce,
to pull hard against the stream, in
season and out of season, that is what
the great labor movement is doing for
the American workman and those
who will come lifter him and who will
participate in the benefits that* are
bound to accrue.
The denial of justice! That is the
objective against which the heavy
guns of the labor movement are
LABOR AND FARMERS
(Continued from pace 1.)
ate committee of six lawyers and one
newspaper man, and not one' farmer
or working man—this fake rural
credits bill creates another gigantic
and expensive banking monopoly. It
is, as the National City Bank's bulle
tin admits, "an ingenious adaptation
of the Federal Reserve System."
like Federal Reserve.
It establishes 12 great banks
throughout the country with an army
of employes. It puts so many differ
ent appraisals and appraisers between
the borrower and his loan that he is
likely to die of old age, if he is not
sold out before it gets the money.
If the farmers and other workers,
the plain people, compel their repre
sentatives in Congress to beat this bad
"joker" legislation they can get a real
rural crcjclits law enacted. Real rural
credits will have these general fea
The Jaw will provide for chattel
loans, or personal property loans, and'
for personal credit loans as well as
land mortgage loans. It will include
the. right principle that «L man Of
known character and integrity who
needs money can get It because of
The Real Thing Wanted.
The "machinery will be simple and
inexpensive and the government will
have Jlirect supervision. It will em
ploy banking experts, but not surren
der to the banker's monopoly. The
borrowers will be given access di
rectly to the sources Of money and
not have the gigantic bankers' trust
between them and the money.
For example, the government's pos
tal savings deposits and other avail
able revenues could be Invested in the
debenture bonds, based on the loans
of a real rural credits system. The
government now turns its postal sav
ings deposits over to banks at 2% per
cent. Why should not the borrower
get it direct?
If. the bankers' monopoly had
started out to kill real* rural credits
legislation in the United States it
could lot have done it better than by
this Moss Bill for Rural Credits.
Write 'to Congressman.
If it had designed deliberately to
fasten another' great political ma
chine, based on its control of money,
on the. government'of this republic it
could iat have done better,than to
draft nnd enactthis Moss'bill.
If the peopld Hfeck home don't kill
this bill and kill
quick the banking
and currency c&ndhittee of the House
and' the banker^ lobby will put it
House and then try to
force It through 4fte Senate.
Kill }t now and1, save .the way for a
and popular fural credits
Write to your Representative in
Congress to vot$ against the Moss
Rural Credits Bjll.
OHOIOT ANY SOT* OB OVER
$15. VAHH8 TO TO
CHARLESTON^ W. Va., Feb. IT.—
K«tiU ol.rka il) (111* and. in Mont
gOmery have org*ni*ed. The local
Cmitr^Labtfr lintoh is aiding, thefre
Workers tobuiiaiip an effective local
Workers and Operators in Lan
cashire Sign Pact for Tenure
MANCHESTER, England, Feb 17.—
(by mall).—The coal owners of Lan
cashire have undertaken that no gen
eral notice to terminate contracts
shall be given at any colliery, and the
miners, on their part, undertake that
no general strike or cessation of work
shall take place at any colliery In
Lancashire and Cheshire during the
period of the war and a further pe
riod of six months afterward.
It has also been agreed that any
general dispute In the counties on a
matter affecting the whole concilia
tion board area shall be referred for
final settlement to the conciliation
board, and the rules of procedure of
the board, including the decision of
the outside chairman, in the event of
the parties being unable to agree,
shall apply to the consideration of the
settlement of such disputes, and the
decision so arrived at shall be ac
cepted by and be binding upon both
Further, any disputes of a local
character not covered by clause 2,
which may arise at any colliery in
Lancashire, shall be referred for final
settlement to the owners' and work
men's representatives respectively on
the joint district board, and, failing
agreement, to the independent chair
man of the board.
'HARD LINES' PLEA
Will Spend $2,000,000 to Influ
ence Public Mind Against
PHILADELPHIA, Feb. 17.—It is
not at all inconsistent with the recent
announcement that the coal operators
had ready $2,000,000 to spend for the
purpose of defeating the demands of
the coal miners to read, as was made
public today, a story that the anthra
cite coal industry is operating on as
low a margin of profit as is possible
if the operators are to continue "serv
ing the public."
What else would the $2,000,000 be
used for? is the question which the
miners are asking.
The statement was made by Chair
man 8. D. Warriner, of the Executive
Committee of anthracite coal manu
facturers, and the motive given was
that it had been decided to tell the
public the sale price of anthracite
coal at the mines, the cost of trans
portation and the expense and profit
of the retailer.
The operators say( and their say so
must be taken by the public in the
light of their announced intention to
spend $2,000,000 to defeat the de
mands of the miners) that the mine
owners' profit is 20 cents per ton on
coal retailing in this city at $7.25.
Other costs, according to the com
mittee, are retailing, $2.15 transpor
tation, $1.55 losses on sizes of coal
which must be sold at less than cost
of production in competition with soft
coal producers, 95c production cost,
including labor, depreciation, equip
ment, royalties and taxes, $2.40 a ton.
"Among other demands," said the
committee, "the miners are asking for
a 20 per cent increase in wages. This
would jost the industry $23,000,000 a
year, more than twice the annual
profit from the industry."
MAN SHOULD LIVE
TO BE A HUNDRED
By DR. ALEXANDER GRAHAM.
500 Columbia Bldg., Duluth.
Nature intended that man should
live to an age approximately five times
the number of'years that it takes to
reach his bodily maturity. Man reach
es his height and maximum strength
at 20, and should therefore live to be
The brain, being the last organ to
•develop, and growing until man is
past 70, should sit secure and watch
every organ decline. But as a rule,
the brain, with the majority of people
who live to be 70, loses its power be
fore the hands and feet, and death
reaps something less than a fully ma
Health is the most natural thing in
the world, and should- be enjoyed by
everyone. It is natural to be healthy,
because we area part of nature. Na
ture is incessantly at work trying to
keep us well. But too often we per
mit delusive impulses to overcome our
better judgment, and practice indis
cretions that break down bodily re
One of the most frequent indiscre
tions of which man is guilty is his
diet. And please remember that the
greatest dietetic sinners are not the
poor and ignorant, but the so-called
educated class. We all know the dan-!
ger from strong drink, but strong food
that sets up its ferment after you eat
it is just as bad as that product of
the grain that is fermented first and
Most of the so-called 'heart dis
eases" are stomach troubles.' The
stomach, being located Just beneath
the heart, fermentation of food in the
stomach causes pressure on the heart,
and this starts Irregularity of heart
beats and probably in time may set
up a genuine heart-disease.
Every person should discover for
himfeelf the foods that agree with him
and stick to them. He should also
discover the foods that disagree with
him, and these he should absolutely
It is now claimed that false teeth
were worn £.000 Veara ago. How old
OESBI BANK AT THE
HRA1) OF THE LAKES.
•You'll Do Better at Kelly*&•
FURNITURE—Hundreds of Pieces at Exactly Half Price.
A Real Sale of Real Furniture. Come in Today.
The usefulness of your telephone ser
vice depends upon the number of peo
ple you can reach over the telephone.
Every Bell Telephone added to the sys
tem means increased value of the ser
vice to you.
DULUTH BREWING & MALTING Oft
DEPOSIT YOUR SAV1NG8 IN
EXCHANGE NATIONAL BAM
OF DULUTH, MINN.
CAPITAL, SURPLUS AND PROFITS—-12,000,000.00
Three Per Cent Paid On Saving Accomte,
O, a. Lusten Flea. 0. C. Steac. Ylce-Prea. J. R. XeGlftrt See*?.
CLYDE IRON WORKS III
rOUNDXBS ud HA0BQn8TB. Ill
III StMUBK IkHilH,
DpM4VlUw :lll want WjWtotr. ",