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THE LABOR WORLD
Published Every Saturday.
Established in 1896 by Sabrie G. Alkin.
Suite 610 Manhattan Building, Duluth,
Zenith phone, Grand 66. Duluth Phone,
Single Copies, 2 Cents.
W. E. McEWEX, Publisher.
THE STATE-WIDE BABY WEEK.
The Minnesota Public Health Association has an
nounced that "Baby Week" will be observed in this
state from March 4 to 11. It is proposed that exer
cises be held in the public schools, with a meeting at
which teachers, nurses or physicians shall give short
talks on "The Baby."
There will also be a "Baby Sabbath" and the clergy
will be expected to discourse on the care of babies. A
mass meeting is also proposed in each city at which
talks will be given by city and county officials, physi
cians, clergymen and social workers.
Of some 50,00 babies left in Minnesota homes each
year, it is officially stated, that one out of each four
dies before it reaches the age of five years, and one
out of each five dies before it reaches its first birthday.
Ignorance on the part of the mother and on the part
of the community, declares Dr. Murphy, secretary of the
Minnesota Public Health Association, is the chief cause
of the great slaughter of these innocent victims.
According to statistlss given out by the committee
oh Industrial Relations of which Frank P. Walsh is
chairman, 100,000 American babies are killed by pov
erty each year before they reach their first birthday.
The care of the baby ta an all important subject to dis
cuss and every young mother is seeking information
that will aid her to properly raise her baby, and to
make it healthy and strong. But to save the babies it*
is necessary to do more than to teach how to care tor
them. Fathers must be given a wage sufficient to pur
chase the right kind of food and to maintain decent
homes for their families.
In Brookline, Mass., live the well-to-do and the rich
of Boston. Babies die in Brookline at the rate of 76
per thousand. In South Bethlehem, Pa., where live
the steels workers, whose brawn and brain produce the
wealth that has glutted Wall Street banks and the
coffers of Broadway wine merchants, babies die at the
startling rate of 233 per thousand.
East Orange, N. J., is another suburban town where
no one works very hard and most of the residents work
not at all. Babies die there at the rate of 78 per thou
sand. Fall River, Mass., is the center of the textile
industry of New England. The people there produce
the wealth that is spent in towns like Brookline and
East Orange, or on Fifth avenue in New York, and'their
babies die at the rate of 229 per thousand.
For every baby of the well-to-do that dies in East
Orange or Brookline, three babies of the poor, who are
also the most Industrious, die in Fall River or South
In Fall River wages are so low that many mothers
work in the mills. Among 833 infants in Fall River, it
was found that the infant mortality rate among families
with non-working mothers was 160.5 and that among
families with working mothers it was 303.6.
In the figures and facts Involved in the subject are
truths so shocking that no man devoted to the ideals
and principles for which the American flag stands can
help but wonder how any defender of the flag could
ignore this dishonor and these atrocities when he sets
out to awaken the conscience of his countrymen.
Duluth labor organizations would do well to observe
baby week. They should take advantage of the occar
sion to drive home the fact that more babies die from
starvation than from the ignorance of their
parents. If we wipe out poverty, ignorance, its mate,
will disappear as if by magic.
STREET RAILWAY MEN GIVEN MORE PAY.
The Duluth Street Railway Company has announced
that its employees will be granted increased wages ef
fective March 1, 1916. The minimum scale has been
raised from 20 to 23 cents per hour, and the maximum
from 28 to 30 cents.
This is the first material increase in wages the Du
luth company has ever voluntarily granted. It is stated
that the management decided upon this new wage scale
to head off the possibilities of another strike. We
choose to believe that the increase was given for an
other reason. Men will not work on a street car for 21
cents an hour when they can earn 25 and 30 cents at
other labor, particularly when there are plenty of jobs
begging for men. The street railway company finds
that if it is to have and retain a sufficient number of
competent employees it must meet the competition of
the open labor market. The situation Is such that the
increase in wages was practically forced upon the com
We also choose to believe that the new wage scale
will be permanent. The management has learned by
experience that it does not pay to cut wages. It is
pursuing a much wiser policy in treating with its em
ployees now than it formerly did. Two long and costly
strikes would not have taken place had its present
policy then been followed.
Duluth, Minn., as
A work day of more than eight hours is non-Amer
ican. From bed to work and from work to bed belongs
to an age long past.
In operation, the eight-hour day has done more to
raise the status of immigrants who have sought refuge
on our shores than any other factor. It has paved the
way for night. study, which opened the doors of learn
ing to ambitions thousands.
A job is every man's right. It is as much his right
as the right of life and liberty. Indeed a man without a
job hasn't much of either.
Mexico is not yet a safe place. The Villa clans are
holding up trains, grabbing Mexicans whom Villa doesn't
Mke, and killing them.
IMMIGRATION BILL AGAIN.
The Burnett Immigration bill has been favorably re
ported by the House Committee on Immigration. This
bill will be acted upon by both houses of Congress in
the very near future. A similar bill has twloe passed
Congress during the last four years, but in each instance
was vetoed by the President. It is believed that the
Burnett bill will receive a sufficient number of votes at
this session to pass it over the President's veto, should
he again veto it.
The bill which was recommended for passage last
week by the House committee is intended to restrict
that sort of immigration which is being used by the
steel trust, coal trust, mine barons, the packing indus
tries and other employers of cheap labor to prevent the
organization of their employees, so that they can keep
wages down. The American Federation of Labor,
through its conventions, has repeatedly declared for this
legislation and has instructed its officers to persist in
the effort to secure the enactment of the Burnett bill.
A change of four votes would have passed the Burnett
bill over the President's veto at the last session of
Every power and influence known to big business
oppose the Burnett bill, because the restriction of immi
gration means the organization of their employees, fol
lowed by an increase in wages and the eight-hour day.
The bill is aimed .to discourage the coming to this
country of aliens from the backward countries of the
world. It is demanded by labor as an economic neces
sity. The literacy test provided for ii^ the bill offers
the chief objection to its passage. While big business
does not admit it, it is pretty generally known that wher
ever workingmen have been given the opportunity to
learn to Tead and write in their native language their
standard of living automatically rises. Workingmen
with a low standard of living supply unequal competi
tion to workingmen who have acquired the American
standard. It does not require so large a wage to main
tain a home where the standard of living and human
wants are low as it does to maintain a home whose
occupants have learned to live as become Americans.
To offset the tremendous influence the agencies of
big business are bringing to bear upon members of Con
gress every trade unionist and every forward looking
citizen should promptly notify their senators and rep
resentatives in Congress at Washington that unre
stricted immigration makes possible two men for every
job and that two men for every job is a menace to
American living standards.
SUBTLE PLEA OF COAL OPERATORS.
The anthracite coal operators announce they will spend
$2,000,000 to inform the people that by granting in
creases in wages to coal miners it will materially raise
the price of. coal to consumers. They are now using
full page advertisements in the large daily papers in
which they attempt to give their side of the contro
versy with the miners. The summary of it all is in the
final section, as follows:
"Every well informed man who has made a study of
conditions in the anthracite field will agree that the
anthracite industry as a whole is now conducted on as
low a margin of profit as is possible if the operators are
to continue to serve the public. As any increase which
may be granted must necessarily be eventually paid by
the heads of families and other users of anthracite, the
operators, while desiring to deal justly with their em
ployes, deem it their plain duty to resist any unreason
But, "Every well informed man who has made a
study of conditions in the anthracite field" does not
seem to agree with the statement. There
SATURDAY- THE LABOR WORLD
Scott Nearing, formerly of the University of Pennsyl
vania and now of Toledo University, who has Just pub
lished a book containing the results of his investiga
tions of the Pennsylvania coal mining industry, and he
finds the showing of small profits to be misleading.
The coal carrying railroads are owners of the anthra
cite fields, and Professor Nearing finds:
"Where the mining and carrying of coal are un^der
the same management the carriers have for years fol
lowed the policy of operating the mines at a slight
profit, or even at a loss, while the chief profits went
to the railroads."
He shows further that profits are unfairly figured by
being based on over-capitalized values and increased
land values. The operators should either squarely face
the facts cited by Professor Nearing or modify their
claim about conclusions of "well informed investiga
It is believed that the "publicity" campaign inaugur
ated by the coal bperators is part of a scheme to pre
pare the people for an increase in the price they are
now paying for coal. In the past prices to consumers
have been raised in greater proportion than the increase
in wages granted the miners.
The American people are standing for a good deal
from the interests which have monopolized the natural
resources of the country, but if they should once realize
the enormous tribute they are paying to the big fellows
in dividends on capital stock that exists only on paper,
it will become exceedingly dangerous for the coal trust
or any other like combination to give too great publicity
to the "reasons" they will not pay decent wages to their
WELL, MORGAN IS FRANK.
J. P. Morgan is chairman of the Finance Committee
of the Steel Corporation. Investigation at Youngstown
showed that the shamefully low wages and long hours
imposed on the steel
there were defended on
the ground that the Steel Corporation sets the standard.
Independent manufacturers say .they can pay no more
than the Steel Corporation.
Morgan's personal views are important because of his
commanding position in the greatest of employing cor
porations. Testifying before the Commission on Indus
trial Relations in New York a year ago, Morgan was
asked if he considered $10 a week a sufficient wage for
"It is if $10 is all he can get, and he takes it," replied
That was honest, anyhow. Morgan didn't pretend
that his corporation is a benevolent father to his
230,000 employees, and that they can trust to its gen
erosity and conscience. He frankly admits, in effect,
that it hasn't any conscience. If the steel workers can
get more, they are entitled to it. The Youngstown
workers who struck and formed unions gave a valuable
object lesson in how to go about it.
If the majority members of the oity eottmiftsion at
tempt to juggle the referendum'on the armory ordinance
as they did with the jitney ordinance there sure jffill
be some excitement in Duluth politics' for the next few
TO THE FREEBOOTER
By Cecil Montague
Should you bring before your mind
All the'wrongs that you have done
All tho base, deceitful actions,
All the mean and poor Infractions
Of the aim to make on earth good
will and peace abound,
Are you sure that you would find
That the things which you have won,
Just mere coin and reputation
And a giddy, higher station
As the things, which picked from
all, are best to have around?
Have an inventory made
On a comprehensive plan,
With much time for calm reflection
And the pen of intropection,
As the ledger's opened full upon
your hardened soul.
Then consider what you've paid
In your tributes laid on man
You will certainly discover
That you never can recover
All tho damage done w,hen stuff be
came your goal!
Yes, you've sold and purchased men
At a bargain—they were cheap—
With their aid your exploitation
Cursed a young and tovely nation
Till the burden grew bo great the
Virgin swooned and died.
In your filthy, swinish pen,
'Midst the stagnant vice so deep,
You have dealt in prostitution
With no thought of restitution
For the crimes that you have done
on every hand and side.
In the work you sought to do
You concerned yourself with trash—
Oh, you craved accumulation,
Jeered at mankind's consternation,
And you sneered when happiness
was sought by pauper weeds.
What were hopes and love to you
In comparison to cash*,
With its glittering damnation
And its joy eradication,
Of oppression born and grown from
by the fire when
And the lights are turned low,
Dreaming our dreams of yeteryears.
Long, so long ago
There is the fitful shadows
That are flitting to and fro
We can see the dim, dear faces
Of tho friends we used to know.
hearts are these
How tlsar to our
And the scenes that they recall
While the hand of memory traces
Its writing upon the wall,
And our hearts are filled with yearn
Held in the fleeting thrall,
Though we know 'tis all a fantasy
Shadows, that is all.
And we rmile at the dying embers,
And think of life's bright fires
How dear are the joys one remembers
Ere 'he last, faint spark expires
The ambitions that we cherished,
The hopes, the loves, the desires,
Which ell in their turn have perished
And left us alone by our fires
We used to kick over the traces,
And the old world turned too slow,
But we smile on the dear old faces
As they dim and dimmer grow,
Drifting back into the shadows
That ore flitting to and fro
Like the ghosts of our dead ambitions
That died so long ago.
ROBERT T. DUNCAN.
BOUGHT LIQUID FARM.
A certain man recently invested in
a Florida farm, purchased through
an agent by mail. Recently he wrote
to the recorder of the Florida coun
ty for a description of it. He received
the following reply:
"Have investigated your property
site, if you will look at the map of
the United States and trace with a
pencil where it is written Gulf of
Mexico, you will find that your lot is
located exactly under the letter "o"
in the word 'Mexico.'
EDITOR STANDS PAT
CALLS STRONG BLUFF
WORCESTER, Mass., Feb. 17.—
The editor of the Worcester Post an
nounces that he has recived a
"neighborly call from Mr. Donald Tul
loch, who, as everybody probably
knows, is secretary of the Worcester
branch of the National Metal Trades
The editor then informs the public
that Mr. Tulloch expressed disap
proval of the Post's efforts to secure
a settlement of the strikes in this
city. To show how seriously the Post
has sinned, Mr. Tulloch declared that
that paper "would again receive ad
verting or news from the Metal
And the editor
course, is a very serious outlook and
we are very sorry."
MEN AND WOMEN NEED
BOTH WORK AND PLAY
TIFFIN, Ohio, Feb. 17.—"Every
human being demands a certain
amount of work and a certain amount
of play," said Mrs. Barr, in an ad
dress to churchmen in this city. "No
man can labor all the time and be
happy, neither can he be at leisure
all the time and be happy. No na
tion, no community, no .class of peo
ple can keep up without the higher
standard of labor, and where labor
is put on the lower standard, the more
misery, the more suffering and crim
inality there exists."
MACHINISTS MAKE GAINS.
TORONTO, Ontario, Feb. 17.—The
Machinists' union reports the estab
lishment of the 0-hour week in prac
tically every shop in this city. This
has been made possible by thorough
WIRE MEN'S UNION EXPANDS.
DETROIT, Mien., Feb. 17.—As a
result of vlgorous und
tation by officers and members of
Electrical Workers' ^union, No. 17,
312 applications have bfeen received
during the past two months
LIFE OF FLOWER IN
The instruments used by the
French florists to prolong the life of
cut flowers and remove imperfections
are as numerous and delicate as those
on a well-equipped dressing table.
They include scissors of all sizes
and shapes, small cutting pliers and
pinchers of many kinds, brushes, ato
mizers, sprays, and bottles containing
A withered leaf or even one poorly
developed ruins the appearance of a
rosebud, consequently the one is cut
off, and the other, if possible, is re
shaped. The buds are also pierced as
near the base of the flower as pos
sible, with minute wires which keep
the leaves in place. An instrument
very similar to a curling iron is Used
to dress a faulty leaf.
One of the means employed to pro
long the life of the flower is to re
move .hcs anthers, so as to prevent the
spreading of the pollen, for, if fertili
zation i3 allowed to take place, the
flower has fulfilled its mission and
In flDwers of the lily order the an
thers JU'e removed for still another
reason. They develop such an abun
dance of yellow pollen that it falls
and taints the eaves, thus marring the
spotless vbite beauty of the flower.
The stems of flowers that begin to
hang their heads are placed in very
hot water for about five minutes,
The American people don't like to
be threatened. As Edmund Burke
noted almost a century and a half
ago, they are inclined to go a long
way in answering threats and at
tempts at coercoin. If anything were
lacking to create sentiment for an
armor plate plant, it has been sup
plied. And If there were doubts that
this was needed to keep the govern
ment from being held up, this parti
cular piece of work was the one best
way to remove them. Its effect is
likely to reach even further.
We suppose a concern established
in this country is in the dast analy
sis responsible to the government,
and it certainly is to the people of the
country. To see the face that has
become f-o famiUir asking favors ap
pear offering threats is not unlikely
to suggest to the thinking people of
the nation that the creature is get
ting blger than its creator. If the
stupidity of the move were less pa
tent, the danger of serious results
would be even greater.—Milwaukee
1 GARMENT WORKERS
I BOOST MR. BRANDEIS
Contrary to expectation President
Wilson has chosen a radical for the
bench of the United States Supreme
Court in the person of Louis D.
Brandeis, a lawyer of national rep
utation, with an honorable name as
a defender of popular rights.
To say that this appointment was
a. shock to the high brows in our po
litical, financial and commercial life
is to state the fact mildly.
Tt was generally supposed that the
president would follow old prece
dents and select a man declared by
big business, by bar associations, by
stand-pat politicians,, and the receiv
ers of special privileges to be safe
and sotmd in upholding their views
as to judicial dignity and poise and
thereby aid in the perpetuation of
their -ower through conservative in
terpretation of laws.
It is a great pleasure to us to know
that such a man was not selected, for
that is not the kind of a man that
the people of this country today
want and need in their highest tri
bunal, end we trust that the senate
will be broad enough to see that the
man selected by President Wilson
for the supreme bench is a candidate
worthy of their confirmation, and
will place him in a. position where
his ability as an advanced thinker
may display itself in the interpreta
tion of the constitution and the laws
in accordance with the full demands
of human progress.
The question of race or creed
should have no consideration in de
ciding this case. The ability of Mr.
Brandeis as a lawyer is unquestioned
his reputation is honorable, and his
mind is awake to a solution of. the
problems that menace our social and
industrial welfare and he is the man
to infuse a new conception of the so
cial conscience into the deliberations
.and the decisions of the United States
The conservatives have too long
had a monopoly of the supreme
court and the time has come when
the view points of a radical may
have a most beneficial effect on its
members In reaching decisions that
insure Justice.—The Garment Work
OHOKflfi ANT SUIT OE OVER
COAT $15. VALUES UP TO
$U. THE BIG DULUTH.
then are placed in a dark and cool
place for about an hour.—Stray Stor
ARMOR PLATE TRUST 1
MADE FOOL THREAT
There are doubtless a good many
persons in the country who have not
felt sure that the government ought
to go into the manufacture of armor
plate. There are, on the other hand,
mahy who are convinced that, al
though it should not try to manu
facture all the armor plate it needs,
it must be prepared to make some,
as the best guarantee that it will, not
be victimized on the price. That is
about -he way feeling stands,
But if there was one thing needed
to increase and strengthen and solid
ify the demand for a government fac
tory, it was the threat from certain
steel makers, conveyed through the
medium of Senator Penrose, though
we do not understand with his ap
proval, that if the government went
in for manufacturing armor plate,
the priae of their product would be
raised f200 a ton. For sheer stupid
tactics, this is about the prizet win
*V tf -'^f--W^t .-^
Who's a hundred times worst off.
If your finances are droppin'
In a dismal sort of way,
And yo'i owe someone five dollars
That you think you ought to pay.
While you may think you surely
Are "the most forlorn of men.
You're exactly twice as well off
As the feller who owes ten.
SECRETARY WILLIAMS DEAD.
BOSTON, Feb. 17. Secretary
Treasurer Williams of the Interna
tional Stereotypers and Electrotypers'
union, died in this city of pneumonia.
•He was 71 years old and was secre
tary-treasurer of the union for 14
Mail Orders Given" Prompt and Careful Attention.
Security Vouchers Given With Every Cash Purchase.
New Skirts in Spring Models
WOMEN AND MISSES.
We have just received an advance shipment of new skirts in
poplins, serges and silk taffetas, in black and navy. They are the
latest models, includinig high waist styles with box pleats and
some very pleasing pannier effects. Exceptionally good values at—
Spring suits of silk
and fine serges.
Charming dresses in
the new popular silks.
Smart waists of silk
and Irish linen.
Special Sale of High Quality Rugs
Everyone knows that rugs have already advanced 20% to 25%
and are still going higher. Purchasing now at regular prices would
be a good investment, but when you can buy at less than regular
prices it is a chance not to be overlooked. The quality of these
rugs is known to everyone and the coloring and patterns are par
ticularly desirable. This sale is for three days only.
Hartford Saxony Rugs in Beautiful Designs
Wilton Velvet Rugs
Choice 95c ^r
When the world seems dark and
And you're feelin' mighty blue
And you think that old Dame Fortune
Has the Chinese curse on you,
It will bring a lot of comfort,
Though the pessimist may scoff,
To consider some other feller
3 French & Bas&ett C?o. E
Our Ninth Semi-Annual Sale of Manufacturer*' Sample
At Half Price
And General Clearance Sale With Sweeping Reduc
101" to 501»
Through tte Entire Store—Gome Early
GASH OR OUR NEW EAST TERMS
She never says an unkind word when
P»or weak mortals fall
She peddles out no gbssip of th
neighborhood at all
She hears no breath of scandal, there
is no doubt of it,
And doings of her neighbors interest
her not a bit.
She doesn't scold her husband and
she's not one to complain. I
Though the gossips hum around hej^
not an item does she gain.
When the hammers are all busy, she
remains discreetly mum.
Perhaps you've guessed the answer. 1
TEH, THE LADY'S DEAF AND f-.
A modern dude with narrow
striped clothes, saddle-colored shoe
a loud necktie, hair parted over hi
nose, and smoking a cigarette, ad
dressed his best girl thus: "If yoi
was zne and
Kitabliihed 1884. Fint St. and Third Ave West. £1
Best Bigelow Hartford
The Shoe Clearance
Women's kid, gun
metal and patent
shoes, in all styles
regularly sold at $3.00
and $4.00. For quick
was you, what woul
you do?" She unhestitatingly saic.
with a smile:
would take off th'*1
hideous tie, put that cigarette in tho
stove, oart my hair on the side, then
pray for brains.*'—-Portland Review.