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LABOR HATERS PUT JOKER
IN NATIONAL WAGE LAW
Ablest Lawyers Advise That Laborers on War Work
Can Be PaH No Moi^e Than Maximum
"Fixed By Board.
WASHINGTON, Aug *\vi^4shington Letter.)—Some of the
country's ablest lawyers lia "rade union officials, during the
past few days, that the raaxiu. joker in the Sundry Civli
Act, signed 4nlv 1st, applies to\ of war work paid for by
the federal government. It forces labor policies board to
set wage standards, and it force% all g. 6nt disbursing officers,
-under penalty 'of
on their official id, which can be started
by,any citizen, to pay no money for wages higher than the wage
standards set by this board.
There are two possible roads of escape from this sudden blight
upon the labor movement. One is the repeal of the law, and the
3ther is action by President Wilson, who can call upon the national
vvar labor board to review the action of the policies board in set
-ting a maximum wage. The (Taft-Walsh) war labor board can,
it th'e direction of the President, suspend the operation of this
naximum wage scheme.
What the biggest representative labor assembly in the coun
ty thinks of the situation is told in these resolutions, adopted by
he Chicago Federation of Labor:
Whereas, the United States Steel corporation and the Na
tional Erectors' association, through their confederates, including
vValter Drew, the notorious enemy of the trade union movement of
America and the hired man of the labor exploiters of our country,
vith the tricky devices often used by such corporations.,,secured the
nsertion in the civil appropriation act of,the congress of.the United
States approved July 1st, 1918, of the following provision: 'Pro
ided, That no money now or hereafter appropriated for the pay
aent of wages not fixed by statute shall be available to pay wages
onference, without previous notice f
of the workers whose inter-
sW were being betrayed and with
ut a line in any newspaper of the
ountry before its passage and
Like a Thief At Night.
"Whereas, this sneaking and dis
onest trick was accomplished while
he representatives of organized
lbor wqre meeting in the convention
f.-tbe^-ATnerican FwieratftnT'of* Latrorj
,t St. Paul, among other things to
eaffirm their allegiance to the gov
ernment and their hearty co-opera-,
Ion in all of the nation's plans for
nereaseel production and
"Whereas, The trade union- move
lent of Amerioa has, and will ill any
vent, stand solidly behind the great
emocratic leader of the world, Wood
the standard determined lipdn by the war labor policies
oard.' .That this provision pf the law was passed.-,in. & midnight
Robert Maisel of American Labor
1 "Whereas, the Chicago Federation
_f Labor and union labor generally Labor' World.) A cable from
ave followed the advice given by! Paris says:
jur' great leader at the Buffalo con- "The congress of the General Con
tention of the American Federation
a as a a a re
(Continued on Page 3.)
ivernment Working Out Plans
to Properly Provide For
WASHINGTON, Aug. 8.—The war
jpartment announces that it is
ainst a policy to accept the offer
I' many well-iStentioned individuals
take crippled soldiers into their
rvice as watchmen, messengers and
positions of similar character.
"From the time a wounded soldier
taken "to the field hospital," it is
ated, "he is encouraged to under
ind that the seriousness of his
Hinds will not render, him worth
ies for useful work. The work of in
ducting him both physically and
jentally i^ carried on simultaneously.
the present time there are many
diers in army hospitals'in this counr
who have been crippled. In many
ses these men are receiving the*pre
ninary Gaining w#iich will be fin
led by civil boards authorized to
^tinue the work begun by the sur
,on general. It is hoped that busi
ss men in general will accept these
lined men on an equal footing with
[an who have not been cripplgd.
lese men will receive a training*
ijiich will make them competent in
'e trade or profession which they
ict to follow."
ponded to every call of the nation -.
nd followed unfalteringly and im-
le rfcnk and file of the senate apd
ouse of representatives had any no
ce of the trick that was being
"Whereas" If "said provision is to
iniain^in the law of the land it will
"jsolutely destroy the power of free
irgaining by workers, through their
hosen representatives, for which they
'ave struggled for almost a century
id finally believed they had attained
"Whereas a maximum wage for
of Labor, after long and
animated discussion, has adopted, by a
licitly the wise leadership of our proving the adoption by the leaders
ofnmander-in-chief and of the confederation -of the peace!
It Was Sneaked In. principles enunciated by President
"Whereas, We do not believe that ilson."
of 908 to 233, a rtteolutioii ap-
Commenting upon this Robert Mai
sel, director of th«k Americaji Alliance
for Labor and Democracy, said:
"It is clear to anyone at all familiar
with the situation, that there is agree
ment between the workers of America
and of France and Britain on far
more points than there is disagree
"Certain interests in America, that
are either ignorant or purposely per
verse, are seeking to make it appear
that there is a great gulf between
American workers and their- brothers
on the other side.
"Also they are seeking to-jnagnify
the pacifist, defeatist and. obstruction
ist operations of a small minority.
"This vote of the French confed
eration is another indication of the
real unity of purpose between Amer
ican labor and labor in France and
Britain. The President of the United
States, in his interpretation of the
issues involved" in the .war and in his
statement of war akns, has the sup
port of the overwhelming majority of
the workers of France, Britain, and
"This most recent vote of the
French workers is magnificent and of
"I hope its lesson 'Vfill not be lost
on those-who under the guise of
liberalism at home have been doing
their best to drive a wedge between
the workers of America and the work
ers of our allied nations."'
TUBERCULOSIS |S DEADLY
HITS FRENCH HARDEST
NEW YORK, Aug. 8.—During, the
foul- years of war tuberculosis among
the civilian population and-in the
armies of all the countries engaged
has at least approximated the total
number of soldiers killed in battle,'
according to Dr. Livingstone. Feyrand,
director, of the American commission
for the prevention of tubeculosis in
France He says that of total men
called to the colors in this country,
50,000 were found to be tubercular.
A nation-wide campaign against the
furtlwt spread of the disease and for
adequate provision for rejected and
discharged soldiers suffering from the
affection is b^ing launched though
the National Tuberculosis association,^
-he. says. 'v
United States Coal
Miners Are Strafing
No proof of Labor's loyalty ts
needed, but it Is pleasant to have
facts tmd conviction? strengthened
from time to ^time.
Alabama district coal miners for
the Vee£ ending August 3 pushed
their production record 32,741 net
tons above their former high recard.
Big Sandy and Elkhorn districts
in Kentucky added 20,003 tons to
their previous high record.
Central Pennsylvania miners add
ed 150,000 tons to their previous
high record of 1,175,833 tons.. In
the Uniontown* district 8,000 tons
were added jp production during the
That is how the coal miners are
Upholds Basic Contentions of
WASHINGTON, Aug. 8.—The na
tional war labor-board has announced
five policies of far-reaching conse
quence in the employment of labor.
Approval of the principle of the
eight-hour day. .r
Insistence on the payment to labor
of a "living wage."
Disapproval of the employment of
children under 14 years of age on gov
Disapproval of the direct or indirect
employment on government contracts
of prisoners who have been: sentenced
to hard labor.
Adoption of a- dividing line between^
'^e'war'ind'ii&trites in '-which 'wpniek
should W employed and "those In
which they should not.
In the case of a strike of 3,000
workers at WayndSboro, Peon., the
board fixed a minimum of "40 cettts
anhotir for so-called "common" fabor
and .states that .it has'under consid
eration the question of determining
the wage which must be the minimum
.rate of pay to enable the worker and
his family to "subsist in health and
reasonable comfort." This means that
while the lowest grade of workers are
assured 40 cents an hour they may
obtain more if the board decides that
such a rate does not provide a living
II. S. WAR WORK
of Labor Appoints
Into Working Conditions.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 8.—Another
woman executive has been appointed
by Secretary of Labor Wilson in the
war labor administration This is
Miss Florence C. Thome, of this city,
and formerly of Hannibal, Mo.,- who
for the past six years has been on
the personal staff of President Gom
pers as assistant editor of the Amer
ican Federationist, Miss Thorne will
be assistant director of the working,
conditions service in the, department
of labor, the function of which is to
examine into the -working conditions
in the war industries* determine the
standards which should be main
tained, and adopt rules and means for
enforcing such standards.
Grant Hamilton, formerly legisla
tive chairman for the American Fed
eration of Labor, is director of. the
Miss Thorne, a member of the News
Writers' union and of the executive
board of the Washington committee
of the National Women'* Trade Union
league is one of the increasing num
ber of college women in the organ
ized labor movement. Jiy reason fur
ther of her exceptional^experience at
the editorial desk, she lias an equip
ment for her new position which: is
probably unique. She .p a graduate
of the University of Chicago,, with
two. years to her credit fclso jftt Oberiin
college, Ohio. Prior tot that sh* was
high school teacher at her, home in
It was through her gTadi^te re
search work in economics under the
late Prof. Robert F^HooSe at the Uni
versity of Chicago, tia* -President
Gofnperkredognixed&fe« JtbilJ(tiee a&d
offered her, in 1912- the'assistant ed
itorship of the .American: Federation
ist. In that capacity she has b'ftth
edited and contributed articles and
reports on labor conditions and. labor
question* whieh are of national and'
The appointment of Miss Thorne to
one of the most responsible executive
positions in the war labor administra
tion is regarded, by women of organ
ized labor as another significant rec
ognition by the federal-government of
the need for the expression of trom-
Thrift Stamps Till
Story of National
Unity For Victory
Whose war is this? Well, here's
one bit of information Uiatqjmwers:
Thirty lour million persons own
/The total sales of these stamps,
together with pledges, run up to
The original aim was to establish
100,000 licopged sales agencies. But
208,000 have Jeen established!
More than 110,000 societies are
systematically -buying stamps.
There® more than thrift repre*,
sented in this movement. There lis
in it a great national determina
tion to unify^the strength of the na
tion for victory. There is in it the
declaration of a people that this is
a people's war.
en's point of view in the^ national la-,, make it possible for the government
to provide' in its contracts for such
new standards as may be necessary.
bor policies, as .well as for the work
of their hands.
Remember Firemen, Too—We Must Keep Best Men, They Are Needed,
Those Brave, Cool, Clearheaded Men, But Dont Rob the Children
of Their Playgrounds—They Too Are Needed.
The murder ot John Callahan, Duluth police officer, by an outlaw-bum, Monday evening, cast
a gloom over the entire community.
An able-bodied man, capable of earning a good living at any ordinary occupation, chose to
follow the pursuit of a bandit by robbing two jewelry stores .while the city was, peacefully sleeping.
On guard near the store was Police Officer John Callahan,- protector of jrar lives and prop
erty. He detected the crime and' pursued the criminal, as it was his duty, to do./
John €allahan was bent on getting his man and he gave chase down Fifth avenue towards
Therobber, in another ^moment to be a murderer, took temporary refuge in the shadow
of a sign .boards and-from* this shelter fired a shot from a sawed-off rifle tff the heart of John
The'police officer fell to his knees and while in this position calmly emptied his revolver
in a vain attempt,to get his assassins John Callahan died a few moments later* leaving a com
munity to moucn .his loss and a-family, whom he loved, to weather the storms of life alone.
Callahan 1s. the third Duluth .policeman to lose his life in euch manner in recent years.
Th£ second was .-Officer -Mooney ot New ^Suluth and the first was Officer/ Chessmore,. killed by
two boys he was'arresting.
These murders igive a high casualty rate to the occupation of a policeman. They, show the
business to De fraught with danger.
It is important that we have brave, clear headed men serving us as peace officers. John
Callahan was a brave man, as was Mooney, and as was Chessmore. There are brave men still living
protecting us every night of outlives, any one .of whom is willing to go to the limit to do his duty.
And we can't afford to-lose any more of them.
But how are we to keep denirable men on our police force if we do not pay them deceit wages?
Other occqpations.: offer much better remuneration. and unless the city recognizes at once the neces
sity of meeting the demands of the policemen and firemen, we will lose many of our best m^n.
Th^old cry of "where shall we get -the money," is moth-eaten. If President Wilson stopped
to ask that question there would be none of our brave men in the battle lines of France today.
The city commissioners can get the-money, if they %Wl. Of course it may mean cultatfrnent e|s^vhere,
but .protection to life a^d property comes first.
There is a report current'to the effect-that the commissioners expect to take the moi^ey from
the playground fund. Don't do it! Don't stop playground development. Possibly if the ainftsslh
of John Callahan had been blessed with public playground influence when at boy rather than be com
pelled to find his platfime on the. streets, he would not now be facing a felon's fate and Joho Callat
han would- still be policing our ?city streets. We want to prevent the raising of bandits akd mdrderers
ih this city, and one of the best .ways to stop it is to develop the public playground*
Playground-activity Should be stimulated during w^r as much as during times of. peace, prob*
ably more so. No time is move- momentous for properly directing the playtime of our young.
So find another way to boost police-officers* and firemens* salaries. Save the playgrounds,
and by all means give policemen aiid firemen^decent compensation.
this question and the commission will do well to heed the people's wishes.
Veteran tabor Advocate Be
comes Chief ofliewtl. S.
"WASHINGTON, Aug. 8.—Grant
Hamilton has severed his connection
with the American Federation of
Labor after 15 years of service as
.legislative representative and in other
capacities. He will be .'chief of a new
bureaurrftt the department of labor,
created under authority of the act
which established the department of
labor "to ImjH-oye Ae working condi
tions oi the wagg 3^iiets of the
United States." I
specifically the duties of
'this service will be: To examine Into
the ^natter of working conditions in
Hhe ^ar industri^S' to: 4eteimUte tha
standards as ,to -conditions iwhiqlr
should be maintitined in the t^ar In
ddopt rtiles embodying
such standards and explaining them
"to determine the best! means for se
curing the adopt|onNand mainWnance
of such standards a,nd. to co-operate
with state authprities for the above
The various states provide certain,
standards for^ working ^conditions* but
these laws are,not uniform and are
not altogether adapted .to the import
ant war industries. The new bureau
will investigate these conditions and
public is interested in
By CHARLES EDWARD RUSSELL.
(By cable to the Labor World.)
LONDON, Aug. 8.—The parlia
LABOR TO UNITE FORCES
Larcjio, T$xas, to Be Scene of Gathering of Delegates
From United States and Mexican Labor Mofe«
meiita to found Pan-American Federation.
An international conference of American and-Mexican labor
union representatives will be held at Laredo, Texas, Nov.. 13, as
the result of thie work of recent interchanges o£ yisita by^'American
Mexican labor ^missions.
President Wilson and President Carranza have been -in^ed
to attend the conference and it is possible that botfr e^etiutives
inay be present at least for a brief period. (5overtf6iS'*if all bol
der state on both sides of the line have alscT been: An
nouncement of the coming conference is "con!ajnect in Aiigftst
jssue of the American Federationist, in whiph'there is set forth
the entire official record leading up to this latest infefnfctional
labor development. ^'rr
In an editor's note the Federationist announced" the" cfomin^
conference and the invitatio to the executives as follows:
Two Presidents Invited. •.
"President Wilson aid President Carranza have'fesn form
ally invited by President Gompers, in the name ef
Federation of Labor, to attend the International I^abor, to attend
the International Labor Congress to be hfeld in:I^r^dot Texas, com
mencing Nov, 13j. 1918. Governors of all border states of the two
Republics have also received invitations to attend. This Congress
will be the result, jointly, of the work of the^ A*
mission. just returned from Mexico City and tiie. Mexican Labor
Commission which completed its conference in 'Washington with
the Pan American Federation of Labor Conference Committee
"This International Congress will practically affect_the rela
tions of the peoples Of not only Mexico and the United 'Stats but
a at in a
"As Ambassador Bonillas has well said: J-
Union congress, the most representa
tive national organization of Great
Britain's organized workers, has taken
a most important step in international«
labor relations, in having drafted a
proposal for common action among'
trade unions o? the allied countries.
After consideration by the "constit
uent bodies, the .parliamentary com
mittee'proposal will be discussed by
the Tradev funion congress which
meets i?i Deifby'in September next.
There was (before the war) an in
ternatibhal trade union organization,
in existencfe, with headquarters* in
Berlin, 'but only a minority of- the
British trade unions were affiliated
The anti-pacifist sectiojr of the la
bor movement .has .gained further
grund since the recent Labor party
coherence. ^The Labor members of
the government have been strength
«nfid by ^e,un6pposed re-plection to
th# house of commons bf J. R. Clynes,
the new food controllsr, land some are
wafeirig an active propaganda against
their pacifist critics.
John Hodge, secretary of "the steel
Workers and' minister of pensions,
whose humanitarian administration
has made hlth very popular, is taking
a strong* attitude agaihst the "Stock
holm" tjoli'cy represented by Arthur
Henderson and J. Ramsay MacDonald,
and contends that ti$«y do hot jrepre
sent the ^reai vifews of the overwlielm
ing bulk of British trade-unionists.
His organization will probably take a
,vote on the question of seceding'from
the Labor partyi
R. R. OWNERS PLAY SAFE
WANT PAY FOR WATER
of railroad stbcjt are obj
objecting to" the
form of contract which the govern
ment asks them to accept because
of government railroad' control:
The stockholders kre not blind to
the. pogsibiliQr of the national owner
ship of railroads, and want things
fixed so that they will- be paid for
"good will" in addition to the actual
cost of^'thi properties.
Objection is also made to the gov-,
ernment divierting traXfic by the short
est'route. If the roads revert to the
owners After" the- w§r, they want tp
be protected against this loss, of busi
ness, in the eventthat the public wUl
continue to demand the quickest servr
iqe. and .disregard the- necessity for
dividends ^.through unnecessary
'It remains- with the "organized
labor movements of our countries tg
bring about a fraternal understand
ing that even diplomacy might not be.
able to accomplish.'"
/For more than a year the Pan
American Federatio»i.of ii®.bor Con
ference committee has been at work
inv&n effort to, plans for a
federation labor embcacict
tions in Nwrth and South Americui and
the stffcject also has been before
several conventions of the' American
Federation-of Labor. ,'
Intercbange of Missions
A mission representing,Amer-.
fcan Federation oi- lia&r- composed
of James Lord, Presidou- of the Min-
ing department of the^A.' F. ?f X.
Santiago Igiesias, President of the
Free Federation of Workingmen of
Forto Rico, and John Murray, Secre
tary of the P'an American Federation,
of Labor Conference committee, visi
ted' Mexico and conferred with lead
ers of the labor movement in that
country, returning just in time to
report to the recent- St.. Paul conven
tion of the American Federation of
Lpbbr. A delegation of representative
Mexican workingmen returned to the
United States with Murray. This
delegation Was imposed-of Luis' N.
Morones, Secretary General* Mexican
Federation of Labor Salvador AlVarez.
representing the Sfndicatos of Mexico
and Ingiiaeio Morales, representing
the organized mill workers of Mexico.
Conferences' were held in this "city,
between the Mexican representatives
of the A. F. of L: ffhd th'6 Pan Amer
ican Federation -of I^tbQr Conference
committee. IlT thepe "cori?errices
plans for bringing the Mexican and
American labo^-icCJSetriettts-iata, clos
er relationship'wero^^uss^d and in
a general way" the .fpllo^r^k agreed
(Contlmiedon Page S)
A.F. of L. RailroadDepartmeflt
WASHINGTON, Aug. S.r^Offices of
the American^ Federatldii' 'T
railway employes' department have
been moved l^rom St.. Louis, Mo., to
the A. F. of L. building, this city.
This action was taken•'as -thei result-
of the following .resolution adopted
by the department's executive coun
•"Due to till! i^cfcibatjiQtetgoVern
ment -is In c6fltrol W pifaeWfeally all
railroads ih tike thrfterf" states atad.
that practically all matters affecting
the membership of the organisation^
affiliated- with the railway employes*
department, employed: on ^raUro^ds
are handled from WashIngtpn,^I.,C.t
and to the end^tU^at the men^rship
can be more-Jffttttntl&3Bfr<iU speedily
informed on matterft ot Jntevest to
them, be it decid»d 't^at^ office
of the railway employes'- department
be moved to,
The A.. F»-,,of L.vb|iiUUhg-vnow-l
houses its five deparlroents^rbuilding
trades, .metal trade^^i^li^^i^wKf
employes ^nd u&ldn' jiabel*