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ARIZONA "WORK OR FIGHT"
LAW VETOED BY GOVERNOR
PHOENIX, Ariz., Augy S.-^Governor
Hunt has vetoed a proposed "work
er-fight" law because it' was passed
by the state legislature'without due
regard for conditions in this state.
He says it is not a question of ef
ficiency or the preservation of na
tional ideals," and that when it be
comes necessary to conscript labor and
wealth, such action should be a na
tional polidy anf ndt feTtlo the -vary
ing actions of the states.
"The chief industry in this state."
he says, "is mining, and practically
all the companies lo po.t..give em
ployment to men over 45 years of
age. The bill, whicTi I am disapprov
ing, requit es all"- men to work up to
the age of 60.. If men who have
reached the advanced age of between
4 5 and CO years are compelled to work
in a state that limits their usefulness
proper gqfeguai da .- must
around' tTie fields that are open to
them. Farming, for instance, is a new
industry in this 'state, and without
any legal restrictions or provisions of
employment. If this bill covered pro
visions for a minimum wage, housing
conditions or any provision whatever
insuring a decent and American stand
ard of living fqr workers, it might
justify telling a mam of advanced
years he must work at least 3G hours
a week, in a state where his field of
activities is greatly limited.
"The bill passed, to me, is drastic
and shows little time' and study in
its preparation, but, rather, tends to
that form of war hys.teria which is
so apt to inflict upon the people of
ou ^country the very obnoxious form
of tyranny which we object to so
strongly in our enemies and would
be apt to make a mockery of the
very democracy which we are fight
ing to preserve.
1 WAGE WORKING WOMEN I
FOR UNION JORS
Ladies' Garment Workers Spend
$10,000 to Train Members
For Union Work.
NEW YORK, Aug. 8.-—Officers of
the International Ladies' Garment
Workers' union are preparing to make
effective the declaration of their last
convention for an. educational cam
paign to be conducted by five mem
bers appointed by the president of
the international. It was voted to p
propriate $10,000 annually, for the
work. This movement will include
popular education through lectures,
the study ot' the English language,
public speaking and all subjects per
taining to trade unionism and the
labor movement'. Literature will be
distributed to the 'membership with
out cost or ut -nominal cost.
At the last" convention resolutions
were adopted declaring that "our in
dustry's problems are growing more
and more comlicatedp," and that "we
are confronted with a dearth of or
ganizers and business agents properly
equipped for the task."
It was voted that the general execu
tive board "assist members qualified
"Nothing in the investigations that
have been conducted throughout the
.state convinces me that we have any
real vagrancy problem. We have a
certain labor shortage, but that must
not be confounded with the question
of vagrancy. Vagrancy exists chiefly
4n communities that sanction whiskey
and prostitution. Our*.state, having
eliminated both of these evils, is re
markably free from'tho professional
vagrant. The government is wisely
and actively considering the question
of labor shortage and vagrancy. Gen
eral Crowder's recent ,'work-or-fight*
crder of men of draft ago will elim
inate young men fom unnecessary in
dustries, The department of labor
is efficiently'assuming charge of the
entire labor question, and all employ
ers have been requested to secure
their labor through government agen
cies. In this state ah order has been
issued- prohibiting outside concerns
from coming in and securing labor
to take outside the state. The effect
of house bill No. 2, if approved, "would,
I am convinced, merely be to keep
labor £rom the s^vte and divert it to
other states where-the laws are more
compatible to our ideals of govern
"The bill carries no emergency
clause, and, in any event, could not
become a law until 90 days have
elapsed. That would make it effec
tive at a date clpse to the fall elec
tions, in view of which fact—-and if
any such legislation is necessary—it
had far better be placed before the
people, through the initiative. In a
state whose constitution provides for
direct government by the people, no
one has the right to assume respon
sibility for a measure that would ap
pear to attack the very bulwarks of
our form of government."
for leadership to acquire^ the neces
sary training and preparation for the
task to which they are determined to
devote their lives."
FIXES MINIMUM WAGE
BOSTON, Aug. 8.—The Massachu
setts minimum wage commission has
established a minimum rate for
women employed in retail millinery
work shops in this state.
The rates range from ?5 a v/eek for
workers who have had less than one
season's experience to $10 a week for
four seasons' experience.
A week's work shall not consist of
less than 36 hour, and not les than
12 weeks shall contitute a season, but
if an employe jvorks at least eight
weeks but less than 12 weeks in any
season, the difference between the
time she has worked and the re
quired 12 weeks may be made up in
any following season.
The recommendations apply to all
women and girls employed' in the
making and trimming of millinery for
the retail trade, including those em
ployed in the millinery jvork rooms
of department stores.'
WOMEN RAISE WAGES.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 8.—Organized
women workers have secured wage
increases for 4,000 women employed
in the United States bureau of en
graving and printing. The new appro
priation bill will make possible a mini
mum of $2.87 a day, which supersedes
rates that ranged from $1.75 to $2.24
The women asked for a minimum
AT" TItJE SUNBEAM SUNDAY, MONDAY AND TUESDAY.
For Three Days—Triangle Plays—
Featuring Margary Wilson and Wallace McDonald.
An Innocent Lad Is Framed Up For a Murder Committed
"FIGHT FOR MILLIONS"
Bill Duncan, Edith Johnson and Joe Ryan.
"THE PRECIPICE OF HORROR"
"Tile Precipice of Horror,'? the fourth episode of "A Fight for MJ1
lioiiB," wWch wiU be seen at the Sunbeam theater on Sunday,
Monday and Tuesday- is described as a continuous thrill, in which
is featured a big battle between a troop of Royal Northwest
Mounted Police and Lawless, and his outlaw gang.
.— ^In His Greatest Scream of the Season
T:f~^HHLA fiULA DANCER"
2 SATUBDAY- THE LABOR WORLD •sAHGUST 10,1918.
TACT-WALSH BOARD WILL
NOT SET STANDARD WAGE
Conditions Too Uncertain—Neither Employes Nor
Labor Leaders favorable to Such Action Now.
Labor aiid Capital Will Be Cautious.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 8.—Although
the national and international offi
cers of the metal trades unions are
in session here to discuss the question
of standard wage level in war indus
tries it may be predicted now that no
nation-wide standard wage
The National War Labor board
adopted, early this week, a resolution
opposing the fixing of general wage
standards, in terms of money, at this
The resolution is important enough
to be repeated here in full. It reads:
Time Is Inappropriate.
"Resolved, That the National War
Labor board- deems it an appropriate
time to invite the attention of em
ployers and workers alike to the
wisdom of composing their differences
in accord with.the principles govern
ing the National War Labor board,
which were approved by the Presi
dent in his proclamation o9 April 8.
"That this war is not only a war of
arms, but also a war of workshops a
competition in the quantitive produc
tion and distribution of munitions
and war supples a contest in indus
trial resourcefulness and energy.
Period Not Normal.
"That the period of the war is not
a normal period of industrial expan
sion from which the employer should
expect unusual profits or the employe
abnormal wages that it is an inter
regum in which "industry is pursued
only for the "common cause and for
v"That capital should only have such
reasonable returns as will assure its
use for the world's and the nation's
cause, while the physical well being
of labor and its physical and ment I
effectiveness, in a comfort reasonable
in view of the exigencies of the war,
should likewise be assured.
Takes Great Care
"That this board should be careful
in its conclusions not to make orders
in this interregnum based on ap
proved views of progress in normal
times, which, under normal conditions
might seriously impair the present
economic structure of our country.
"That for the present the board or
it is sections should consider and de
cide each 'case involving these prin
ciples on its particular facts, and re
serve any general rule of decision until
its judgments have- been sufficiently
numerous and their operations suf
ficiently clear to make generaliza
Taft Prepared Statement.
Needless to remark that the lan
guage was drawn .up. by William
Howard Taft. It reflects the desire
of himself and the five employers on
the board to play for time, before
agreeing that any definite amount is
a fair minimum wage in the United
States today. Also, it expresses their
belief that it is better to give what
arrfounts to a "health and comfort"
standard of wages in a long -series of
cases coming before the board, dur
ing the war, than to grant even the
average of these awards to all of the
Then why did Frank P. Walsh and
the five labor members of the board
drop the minimum wage plan and
accept the Taft motion?
Not Ready to Say.
Probably because they were not
ready to say that any particular
amount of nioney represents a fair
minimum wage fofr any worker.
These are days of rapid change—al
most of revolution in the industries.
Wages that were extravagant last
month may be low this month. Men
are demanding a higher standard of
family expenditure. They find that
they can use bettei^food, better cloth
ing, more money for trips out of
town on Sunday, and more *money
for lodge or trade union and church.
Schooling' costs more than it used to
cost. Labor-saving machinery in the
kitchen has become a necessity.
All this is additional the big fact
that every item of food and clothing
and shelter has kept going up in
price. Profiteering continues. Wages
will go up as long as prices go up, and
then as long as the standard of living
So both sides let go their' hold of
the minimum wage fixing plan at
the same moment.
The employers imagine that after
the war they will be able to get a
clearer idea of just what they will
have to pay. In the back of their
minds is a notion, probably, that wage
AT THE*•'ZELDA FOUR DAYS
STARTING SUNDAY, AUG. 11.
WILLIAM S HART
workers aire going to be in a panic to
find jobs Then will come the em
ployer's turn to dictate!
The labor members fthe board,
somewhere in the bottom of their
minds, probably have a suspicion that
after the war the wage workers are
going to have a great deal more to say
about th^e distribution of industrial
profits than they can have during the
war. They don't know just how, but
they feel tha tthe big majority Is go
ing to be heard.*
And. there you have it—no general
minimum wage rule, for the present.
CANADIAN LABOR NEWS
AWARDS LOW MINIMUM
FOR WINNIPEG WOMEN
WINNIPEG, Manitoba, Aug. 8.—
The minimum wage board has set its
first wage for working women in this
province in the case of laundry work
ers. The board has figured that $9.48
a week is necessary for a girl to livo
decently, and for good measure an
additional 2 cents a week is added.
It must be assumed by the board
that the girls livo near their work
places a-s $20 a year is announced as
sufficient for street car fares. This
averages about 6 cents a day for six
days in the week, with nothing for
Sundays or evenings.
Under thjs minimum a girl can buy
a $1 umbrella every year, less than
10 cents a week for magazines, news
papers and postage, and 15 cents a
week association dues or insurance.
The rates are a gain for these" un
organized workers, but the principle
involved indicates to what extent the
lives of workers are regulated when
they refuse to unite and set their own
wages instead of permitting others to
tell them what clothing they shall
wear,-, how mueh literature they tray
have, their amusements, their food
and husing standards set and the
amount of money they may spend for
Included in the board's findings are
shorter hours, and improved working
CANADIAN. JJNIONS GROW.
OTTAWA, Ontario, Aug. 8.—The
annual report of the Dominion de
partment of labor shows that Ca
nadian trade unionism has reached its
highest point since the department
commenced the publication of these
reports. In 1911 there were 133,132
organized workers in Canada, and last
yeaifcthe number increased to 204,630.
Of the latte number there are but
7,391 belonging to independent or
CALLED BOSSES* BLUFF.
HAMILTON, Canada, Aug. 8.—A
cigar manufacturer made the public
statement that his striking cigarmak
-ers averaged from' $18 to $24 a week
and the union pledged itself to do
nate $500 to the Red Cross if the
manufacturer can prove his claim. The
strikers show that their average wage
is $14.60 a wefek.'
TORONTO, Canada, Aug. 8.-^
Blacksmiths have- secured an agree
ment with the Toronto Shipbuilding
company and the Leaside ammunition
works. Wages are increased to 70 and
80 cents an hour, according to grade
of work, and helpers are advanced to
50 and 52% cents. A nine-hour day
with time and one-half• for overtime
is also agreed to.
DRAFT LAW UPHELD.
OTTAWA, Ontario, Aug. S.—The su
preme court of Canada has upheld
the amended military service act
which abolishes certain exemptions.
The whole fabric of the Canadian
draft law was involved in the case,
and the standing of 40,000 now in
service hinged upon the ruling.
STREET CAR MEN GAIN.
VANCOUVER, B. C., Aug. 8.—The
Street Car Men's union has won its
strike against the local company. The
eight-hour day within 10 hours is se
cured. The minimum wage is in
creased to 40 cents an hour and the
maximum to 51 cents. Eighteen
months' service will qualify for the
AT THE ORPHEUM.
For the next week commencing
Sunday afternoon the Orpheum will
offer its patrons a big vaudeville show
with two headline acts. They are "The
Girl on the Magazine," with a com
pany of eight, with Fldrrfe Millership
and Charles O'Connor in the leading
roles. This is a miniature musical
by Joseph Santley and is in six scenes.
The other headliner will be the de
lightful Mrs. Thomas Whlffen as
"Foxy" Grandma," in the farce com
edy, "Where There's a Will, There's
a Way." The other acts will be Flor
enze Tempest, America's most lovable
boy, and vaudeville's daintiest girl.
Eddie Foyer, the man of a thousand
poem Stella Tracy and Carl McBride,
offering their own exclusive songs and
dances Bessye Clifford, xin a series
of artistic poses, representing famous
paintings, statuary and the latest
dress creations three Kitaro brothers,
superlative degree of Japanese dex
terity, and the Orpheum travel week
ly *nd concert orchestra.
Since its opening two weeks ago
the Orpheum has been very popular
and the shows have been highly pleas
ing. There, are two shows dally, at
2:15, the bargain matinee every day
during the week, and the evening, at
Saturday, August 3rd, 1918.
A fire on Lake Avenue delayed
the West Duluth, cars from 10
to 15 minutes from 9:20 a. m.
A disabled west-bound West
End car at First avenue east
was delayed 25 minutes from 2
p. m., delaying several other
west-bound cars passing that,
A disabled Duluth-bound car
was delayed at Ogden avenue'
in Superior 15 minutes from
2 :13 p. m.
A disabled east-bound car was
delayed at New Duluth it min
utes from 3:23 p. ui.
Open draw at the Interstate
bridge delayed the Duluth-Su
8 minutes from 8:02 to 8:10 a«m.
12 minutes from 9:42 to 9:54 a.m.
7 minutes from 10:21 to 10:28 a.m.
7 minutes from 12:41 to 12:48 p.m.
7 minutes from 1:10 to 1.17 p.m.
8 minutes from 2:01~to 2 s-09 p.m.
14 minutes from 5:42 to 5:56 p.m.
7 minutes from 11:11 to 11:18 p.m.
Open draw at the Lamborn
avenue bridge delayed the Du
luth-Superior cars 13 minutes
from 3:33 to 3:46 p. m.
Sunday, August 4th, 1918.
Open draw at the Interstate
bridge delayed the Duluth-Su
23 minutes froni 12:29 to 12:52 p.m.
7 minutes from 1:10 to 1:17 p.m.
10 minutes from 6:11 to 6:21 p.m.
20 minutes from 10:21 to 10:41 p.m.
Monday, August 5th, 1918
A disabled eastbound East
Fourth street car was forced out
of service at Fifth avenue East
and Fourth street at 8:40 a', m.
and caused a 10-minute delay
on that line.
A disabled westbound Lester
Park car was forced out of ser
vice at Twelfth avenue West at
5:10 p. m., causing a 20-minute
delay on that line.
A disabled westbound West
Duluth car was delayed at Thir
ty-second avenue West 20 min
utes from 4:28 p. m.
Power off in Superior delayed
Duluth-bound cars 10 minutes
from 5:11 p. m.
Open draw at the Interstate
bridge delayed the Duluth-Su
9 minutes from
8 minutes from
6 minutes from
8 minutes from
10 minutes from
13 minutes from
12 minutes from
8:57 a. m.
9:09 a. m.
9:27 a. m.
1:10 p. m.
2:00 p. m.
4:53 p. m.
6:52 p. m.
26 minutes from 12:24 to 12:50 p. m.
Complaints and Suggestions
always receive prompt, cour
teous attention. Telephones:
Melrose 260 (note change)
On Improved City
Building loans a specialty
For sale, $500 and upward
6 per cent net to investor
817 PROVIDENCE HLDG.
Bankof Commerce & Savings
.will gladly plac» thia label on your taext
order ii you request it
Writ# "UNIQN LABEL'' on all copy.
Allied Printing Traded Copell
This Seasons Fashions In
Neckwear, Shirts, Panama and Straw Hats
Shirts of $2.00, $1.75 and $1.50 value this week and next at $1.30
Shirts of $1.25 value this week and next °5r
All neckwear sold at a reduction
All Panama Hats go $7.95
All Straw Hats -'go at 95c
THE JOHNSON CLOTHING CO.
2908 West Third Street
Fashionable Garments for Men and Boys.
Sale Starts Saturday, August 10th, For 1 Week.
At the Lowest Prices
We Furnish Everything for the Perfect Home.
Convenient Credit Terms May Be Arranged.
ENGER & OLSON
19th Ave. W. and Superior St. Dulutb, Minnesota
Tear Out—M In—Hand Letter-Carrier—or Mail to Post Office
JO THE LOCAL POSTMASTER
$5. U. S. WAR-SAVINGS STAMPS at $ each
.25c. U. S. THRIFT STAMPS at 25c. each.
BATO AT THB ki
HEAD OF THBI1AKE8.
DEPOSIT YOUR SAVINGS IN
EXCHANGE NATIONAL BANK
CAPITAI* SURPLUS ATO/PROFITS^^OOO.OOO.OO
Three Per Cent Paid On Savings Acconat«.
$00T & SHOg
And-prove your right to be called "Well Dressed."
THEY BEAK THE UNION LABEL.
112 West Superior St., Dnlntli
have letter-carrier deliver
winch I will pay on delivery:
W. S. S. COST DURING 19J8
April $4.15 I July $4.18 I Oct. *4.21
May 4.16 Aug. 4.19 Nor. 4.22
W. S. S. WORTH $5.00 JANUARY 1. 1923
Named shoes are frequently made in
DO "NOT BUY ANY SHOE
No matter what its name, unlets it bears
a plain and readable impression of this
All shoes without the UNION STAMP
are always Non-Union.
Do not accept anf excuses for Absence
of the UNION STAMP
BOOT AND SHOE WORKERS' UNION
246 Summer Street. Boaton, Maif.
JOHN P. TOBIN, President. CHARLES L. BAINE, Sec.-'Ereaa.
LOW IN Ml, RICH
Horn* of Quifitf Goit^!Wiesf Dwtrth, BBd*