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THE LABOR WORLD
William E. McEwen, Publisher.
Advertising Rates Made Known on
Entered at Postoffice at Duluth, Minn.,
as Second Class Matter.
Published Every Saturday.
Established in 1896 by Sabrie G. Aikin.
Suite 610 Manhattan Building,
One Tear, In advance 51.00
Six Months, in advance 50
Three Months, in advance 25
Single Copies, 2 Cents.
DON'T LET UP NOW.
The War Savings movement is one
of the biggest things for the United
States and for every loyal citizen in
it that ever happened.
In the first place it is democratic.
It brings government and people to
gether. Twenty-five cents enables a
person, man, woman or child, to be
come a financial supporter of the
government in the war for human
ity. Every twenty-five cents invested
in War Savings Stamps means twen
ty-five cents saved from waste and
devoted to government purposes.
It also means that the individual
who saves his money to buy Thrift
and War Stamps has just that much
reserve of financial power to lean
upon when the rainy day conies.
The impossibility of loss, the cen
tainty of gain, the limiting of the
amount so as to prevent these War
Stamps being monopolized by
wealthy men and to insure that wage
earners and people of small means
p.hall have a chance to purchase the
most profitable and safe government
securities, should be welcomed and
appreciated by wage earners all over
The War Savings movement was
designed for them to place them in
a position where they can help to
fight their war and our war—the
war of all of us, for, thank God, as
Americans we stand united as one
man for the presecution of this war,
in which we ask for nothing except
assurances of the liberty of mankind,
to a victorious conclusion.
We read of the heroic fighting of
American troops in the recent coun
ter-offensive on the Marne. It
thrills the blood to think that these
boys of ours are fighting and dying
so gallantly for ideals of democracy
—not for territory, not for money,
not for the aggrandizement of Amer
ica, but for the liberties of the world.
Let us all save our quarters and
buy Thrift Stamps and War Stamps
so that the millions we are sending
to the front may know that the mil
lions at home are behind them to the
last atom of strength and to the last
By all means continue the War
LABOR AND THE ARMY.
All eyes are on the army "over
Everybody's watching the Ameri
can troops as they go smashing along
with our allies.
The splendid courage and the won
derful dash of the American soldiers
make every American proud. And
we say, That's what we knew would
Of course, we knew it would hap
pen. We knew what American sol
diers would do. We knew haw they'd
fight. We knew their courage and
we knew their splenid spirit.
Nobody here in America ever had
any doubt about the American army.
Very well. Now about the other
side of it.
The army "over there" can't fight
this war "on its own." There has to
be another army over here. On this
side there has to be a work army.
And there is.
You're a member of the great
American work army. If you're not,
then you're dodging somehow. Today
it's fight or work. We must have both
Service in both armies is honorable
-—and necessary. Also it is as we
would have it. We are united on
We take for granted what the
army of fighters "will do. We know
because they ar© Americans. They
name from among us. We know
them and we know flfceir spirit.
It follows that If jfcey are like us,
we are like them,- Our army over
here is going to do
job. too! And
the fighting army and the work army
together will win the war for democ
WE WON'T NEED IT.
For the United States to adopt uni
versal military training now would
be for us to admit the failure of the
very purpose for which we have en
tered this war—to terminate mili
tarism and to end war.
It would give the reactionaries in
Germany, Austria, Turkey and Bul
garia the chanc#to say that we were
insincere in our professions in en
tering the war, that we contemplated
a permanent policy of military ag
It would give the lie to all our
claims that the only successful out
come of this war is the perpetuation
of the League of Nations to insure
the peace of the world.
That League of Nations will make
forever unnecessary any large mili
tary force in any one country. Three
or four or possibly five million men
are now receiving or will shortly re
ceive thorough military training.
This force will be sufficient to de
fend our country against any attack.
We need a well-equipped navy and
a small army to do our share in the
policing of the world as a member of
the League of Nations. Anything
more than this can properly be con
strued as a determination on the part
of our privileged classes in this-coun
try to repudiate President Wilson
and his policy of world co-operation
and to substitute for it a policy of
financial and commercial exploita
MEYER LONDON GETS RIGHT.
Congressman Meyer London, So
cialist, spoke in New York recently
He said some things that will sound
good to Americans and that will get
on the nerves of the pro-German
bosses of the party in which Lon
don has membership.
"The graves of our fathers are not
here," said London, "but the cradles
of our children are here, and I shall
live for my country and the country
of my child."
That is a splendid sentiment. Its
appeal to the foreign-born audience
that heard it must have been deep.
Here are more bits from London's
"This day comes in an extra
ordinary crisis of the world when
every person should help so far as
lies within his power. The people of
the United States sho.uld be one in
resisting every form of oppression
and in keeping the world free.
"We are living in a time for which
there is no parallel. We are NOT
indifferent as to its outcome. We
cannot be neutral. We are
sworn enemies of kaiserism, of mili
tarism and of oppression.
The world is in the crucible it is
being remade. We shall count, and
the United States shall count, as a
power for good. Let the word go out
to those who are defying the world,
to the military forces that are at
tempting to destroy bleeding Russia
and to annihilate France, that the
American people are one UNITED,
UNDIVIDED AND IRRESISTIBLE
MR. SWIFT PROTESTS.
Louis F. Swift of Swift & Co., Chi
cago and St. Paul packers, complains
about what he calls "unwarranted
statements in the report of the fed
eral trade commission," which, he
pretends, givfl the public a false im
pression regarding the profits of the
packers. The commission gives the
profits of the five packers for the
three war years as $140,000,000,
comparing this with the
$19,000,000 annually for the three
years before the war. Mr. Swift ob
jects to this way of putting it, hold
ing that the comparison should have
been put on the one-year or the three
year basifly both before and during
Well, Vti von't quarrel about that.
Three tlm€B $19,000,000 are $57,
000,000, or one-third of. $140,00-0,
000 is $46,666 it's as broad as
it is longi
it's a whale of a war
you put it.
CAUGH® WITH THE GOODS.
Many people wonder why the
wholesale price of flour dropped so
suddenly about the middle of last
month. Now the secret-^which was
never a secret to us—is out. The
federal trade commission^ found that
the millers have been making a prof
it of 45 cents a barrel, instead of the
25 cents maximum allowed. As a re
sult the food administration has or
dered them to sell lower to retailers,
and to sell to the government 9$ $1
a barrel until their excess profit is
absorbed. Anyway, that is what is
reported from Washington by the As
sociated Press, and it is just what
was to be expected, with men like
the members of the federal frade
commission on the job. They are out
gunning for profiteers, and getting
them every time. &
Georg Ledebour, German mfnor
ority Socialist, said in the reichstag
the other day: "It is the duty of the
German proletariat everywhere to is
sue a summons for a revolution."
The German proletariat is not just
now noted for doing its duty. And
a lot of German Socialists, minority
as well as majority, aVe noted for
camouflaging for the kaiser. How
ever, we wait to see who follows
WHAT OTHER PAPERS SAY
CRADLES OR COFFINS?
"An imperial "race cannot be fos
tered in slums, nor can the strong
arms and sound organs needed for
our real advancement be developed
on impure milk, insufficient food in
the years that count, or childhood's
days passed among dirt and bad air.
Two things stand before us as imme
diate duties—to teach the mothers and
to help the mothers, that we may de
crease to some extent infant mor
tality from the more obviously pre
ventive causes. But that is only a
tiny part of our task. What we have
to aim at is a state of things in which
the child of the worker will have an
equal chance with the child of those
parents whose lot in life is thrown
among more pleasant places.
"No longer must there be ear given
to the theory that bad conditions are
in some way good, because they hard
en the survivors. A damnable doc
trine, and one that would excuse the I
abandonment of all attempts to en
sure healthy homes, regular and the
full development of physical and men
tal powers of all the people, no mat
ter how lowly may be their lot.
"It is not only the unfit who are
killed off by ignornace, by careless
ness, by neglect of those in power to
see that decent conditions are pro
vided. We do not believe the na
tional coinscience is yet sufficiently
aroused to the vital need of the time
but the war has lighted aflame which
we hope will never be put out.
"When the battles, in France and
elsewhere are fought to their con
clusion, there will still be one battle
it will take all our energy to win. It
is the battle of ci-adles against cof
fins "—Reynolds Newspaper.
ASKS JUSTICE FOR MOONEY
If Mooney is hanged on no weight
ier ground than the perjuries of that
depraved line of witnesses that ap
peared against him, what will be the
effect on America's working men on
England's, France's, Italy's and Rus
Thinking men will fear the outcome.
There Is no defense for the hanging of
Mooney. America can offer no ex
planation than that justice has gone
wrong—and justice can not afford to
go wrong in America today.
All that the president has askecT,
all that any man has asked, is that
Mooney be given a new and honest
trial. An honest trial is a trial that
is free from perjury, and jury fixing,
and prejudiced judges, and other
wrongs that from time to time have
defiled the courts.—San Francisco
NO MINE LABOR?
"Leaders of the United Mine Work
ers through the Lehigh, Pa., field
have been informed that efforts will
be made at the next session of the
legislature to bring about the repeal
of the law which makes it necessary
for men to work in the mines two
years before they can get certificates
as practical coal diggers, The com
panies will argue that the law is one
of the obstacles in the way of in
The United Mine Workers' Journal
says that little news item lets the cat
out of the bag.
It was a clever bit of work the
big interests did in starting the prop
aganda, for they nearly had the peo
ple believing that there might be
something to it," says the miners*
Day after day and week after,
week they have been flooding the
country with statements that the an
thracite industry was in a deplorable
condition because of labor shortage.
They very well knew it would be im
possible to send any but experienced
men in the mines as coal diggers
because of the two-years'-experience
law. Evidently they expected to
raise such a hulla-baloo about the
matter that the public would stand
up on its hind legs and howl for the
repeal of that law.
So far as can be learned, however,
there is no such wild yell for the
law's repeal, except among those in
terests who are "fernist" it on general
principles. The fact is, the anthracite
miners are working loyally and man
fully and they are producing more
anthracite now than in any previous
1 THE MAN WHO WINS
The man who wins is an average man:
Not built on any particular plan
Not blest with any peculiar luck
Just steady and earnest and full of
When asked a question he does not
He knows, and answers "No," or
When set a task that the rest can't
He buckles down till he's put it
Three things he's learned that the
man who tries
Finds favor in his employer's eyes
That it pays to know more than one
That it doesn't pay all he knows to
So he works and waits till one fine
There's a better job with bigger pay,
And the men wbo shirked whenever
Are bossed by the man whose work
For the man who wins is the man who
Who neither labor nor trouble shirks,
Who uses his hands, his head his
The man who wins is the man who
RAISE WAGES QUICK.
NEW YORK, Aug. 8.—Raincoat
cutters affiliated with the Interna
tional Ladies' Garment Workers'
union made a record in r4lclQK wages
SATURDAY- -THE LABOR WORLD -AUGUST 10, 1918.
SOME EXAMPLES OF WAR
(AM glvci In the recent report of
the federal trade commission)
Packers, $83,000,000 excess tor
the three war years over the three
LIBERTY LOANS PROVE
HELP TO SAVINGS BANKS
The effect of the Liberty loans and
the war savings stamps on savings
banks' deposits has been watched with
keen interet by economists and finan
ciers. The experience of England
was very encouraging in the year
1916 the English small depositors
purchased billions of dollars of w&r
bonds and at the same time increased
their deposits in savings banks over
The belief Is entertained that the
result in America has been very sim
ilar to that of England, and that de
spite the purchase by the American
people of Home $10,000,000,000 of
Liberty bonds and $500,000,«0 of
war savings stamps, a very fair pro
portion of which were purchased by
savings banks depositors, savings
banks deposits have increaed.
Full report have been received
from the savings bapks in New York
state. They show a decrease in de
posits for the lafit.year of only $8,000,
000, but an increase of 21,252 depos
itors. The loss in deposits is insignifi
cant the increase in the number of
depositors is very significant. With
increased cost of living and other war
conditions, the decrease in deposits
might well be expected the increase
of depositors shows that the saving
habit is greatly growing in our
CALL WAGE CONFERENCE.
OLYMPIA, Wash., Aug. 8.—An in
dustrial welfare conference to deter
mine increases in the state minimum
wage scales for women and children
during the period of the war will be
held in this city August 28-29. Labor
will be represented by three working
women, the employers by three rep
resentatives and the public by three.
LOANS TO. OUR ALLIES.
With another credit of $100,(TOO,000
to Italy and 99,000,000 more to Bel
gium the credit* advanced by ithe
United gtatetr to our allies now total
Pep Will Win the War!
fep is a regular American word.
It stands for a regular American spirit.
Pep iB the stuff that puts things across—that gets things done.
Pep overcomes obstacles, gets around blockades, digs unddr
Pep is the eternal foe of that tired feeling.
And, with all due respect to food and ships and a dozen other
things, PEP WILL WIN THE WAR!
P6p put the Ward into commission 70 days after the keel was
Pep put the army in France.
Pep put shipyards where swamps had been a year before.
Plain, honest-to-goodness Pep.
Let's put Pep into every single bit of war work. And that
means almost every kind of work.
PEP! That's the stuff. It can't be imitated. It's something
they don't know in Germany.
You can only have Pep when you're doing something that your
heart is in, something that is everlastingly right.
PEP—all down the line!
PEP WILL WIN THE WAR!
Millers, 45 cents profit per bar- 4
rel In 1917-18—20 cents in excess
of profit fixed by government.
United States steel, 1917 net in
Salmon canneries, 52.8 per cent
on Investment In 1917. Some can
nerles affiliated with packers 4
made as high as 200 per cent. 4
Copper companies, 24.46 per
cent to 108 per cent on investmen 4
in 1917. I
Leather manufacturers, 1916 1
profits, 30 to 100 per cent over 4
1914. Meat packers are large 4
owners of leather slitires. 4
Sulphur companies—two com
panics, with monopoly of product,
made 236 per cent on investment 4
in 1917. 4
MINE LABOR SHORTAGE I
I AN EMPLOYERS' MYTH I
Can certain mine operators in this
country blind the people to the car
shortage and secure the annulment of
labor laws under the plea that there
is a shortage of competent miners?
The question is asked by the United
Mine Workers Journal, which says:
"Certain interests have been in
dustriously attempting to induce the
people to believe that the coal miners
are in large measure responsible for
the prospective coal shortage.
"Those who know the real situation,
know that this is not true. The
miners are "anxious to work. Their
wages are higher than ever before
and when they work they make more
money than ever. The cost of living
is higher—much higher—and the
miner must work as steadily as pos
sible to make ends meet.
"Besides all this, the miner is a
patriotic citizen and is anxious to do
his part in the great work of winning
the war. This he can do by produc
"What the miners want is a car
supply. They want the mines to run
all the time. Keep the mines in opera
tion and there will be no trouble
about a coal shortage.
"If certain coal interests could suc
ceed in establishing the belief that
the draft and other industries have so
drawn upon the man power of the
mines as to bring on a coal shortage,
they might succeed in breaking down
protective legislation and having the
laws amended so as to permit ama
teurs and apprentices to mine coal.
"Such things have been done in the
past and it is not too much to ex
pect that similar efforts might be
made now and in the future."
1 NATIONAL KITCHENS
POPULAR IN ENGLAND
"The national kitchen, with its sav
ing of food, in fuel and labor, is the
first rung of the ladder which leads
to a modern Utopia," says Christabel
Grey, writing in Reynold's newspaper
on an English war institution.
"National kitchens are now fairly
generally accepted," she says. "The
'well-to-do' having set their seal of
approval upon the movement, one no
longer hears the stinging epithet
'charity' associated with them by the
poor, and even the 'middle class,'
most difficult of all to convince, now
patronize them liberally.
"Higher and better ideals are ma
terializing daily. Out of the national
kitchen a national restaurant has al
ready developed, where, for a small
additional outlay in the shape of
'table money' one can eat one's com
munal meals under condition^ which
compare favorably with the smartest
catering establishments. Pretty linen
and flowers adorn the tables, and the
serving is at once prompt and homely,
since all wait upon themselves.
"The question naturally arises: Will
these institutions, which are proving
of such immense economic value at
the present time, survive the war?
If we admit that the unparalleled po
sition which woman at the present
time occupies in the industrial world
may have effects beyond the wildest
dreams of speculation, it is not diffi
cult to make out a satisfactory case
for the survival of the national
"But whether we admit this or not,
the fact remains that hardly one
woman in a thousand is nowadays
able to pursue the even course of her
life as she did before the war."
CANNING TIME HERE
00 WITH LESS SUGAR
Fruits canned without sugar keep
perfectly but will not have the fine
color anU flavor which they would
have if packed in sirup. They are
very good, however, when used in sal
ads, desserts, pie fillings, Ices and in
fruit punches. Fruit juices take no
sugar and their uses are just as varied
during the winter months as are the
fruits put Up unsweetened. In this
way the juices are kept available for
jelly-making at a future time when
sugar may be more plentiful.
Many home demonstration agents
have already substituted sirups suc
cessfully for sugar in their recipes for
canning and preserving. Very satis
factory results may be secured if
when one pound of sugar is called
for in a recipe, two-thirds of a pound
of corn sirup is- used with one-third
of a pound of sugar. Where sorghum
and cane sirups are used without first
clarifying the sirups the product will
be darker. These sirips, also, impart
a flavor which destroys the natural
fruit flavor, so the addition of spices
to the recipes is sometimes advisa
ble. Honey has been used success
fully with cherries and peaches in
such cases the" amount of liquid called
for in the sirup is reduced one-quar
ter cup for each cu pof honey.
The following are some of the best
recipes used by the agents
3 pounds crushed blackberries
pound New Orleans molasses or
Cook all together, stirring carefully
until it gives a good jelly test. Pack
hot into hot jars and seal.
2 pounds peaches
%cup peach juice
Ya teaspoon alspice
1 cup corn sirup
1 cup sugar
2 teaspoons broken stick cinnanaon
1 teaspoon cloves
1 inch ginger root
Tie spices in cheesecloth bag and
cook all together until bright and
clear. Pack into hot jars and seal
Apple Pulp and Corn Sirup.
Take 1 quart of apple pulp, from
which the juice has been extracted
for jelly making, and cook it with 1
cup of corn sirup until the masri
brightens. Pack while hot In hot
jars and seal at once.
Add 1 cup corn sirup to 2 cups
grape pulp from which juice has been
extracted for jelly making and the
seeds have been removed by a sieve.
Cook together until the iuau is rather
dry, then turn out on an oiled sur-.
face and ,place where a current of
air will pass over it Dry for two or
three days. Cut into squares or roll
and slice. Pack in glass jars, tin
boxes or paraffin-covered containers.
Apple paste may be made in the
THE LYCEUM PLAYERS
$35.00. Clearance price
As the kaiser faked in these tokens
of friendship and admiration, sb he
faked in his pretenses as a peace-lover
and benevolent shepherd of his peo
We see him now, not only as the
most criminal and monstrous faker
of history, but as the meanest, cheap
est faker and piker also.
Kaiser Bill, a mad murderer and a
chep, tricky little fraud!
HI6H PRODUCTION OF
ARMS AND MUNITIONS
The attention of owners of Liberty
bonds and war savings stamps is
called to the following. They are
financing the work:
On one day in June last approxi
mately 27,000,000 cartridges of var
ious descriptions were produced ?n
Thirty-Five Yerrs of Progressiveneee"
Clearance Sale Bargains
Suits, Skirts and Dresses
In navy, black, tan, gray and
fancies. Former prices $100
to $37.50. Clear-*
ance price $50 to. ylv* ZD
Women's and Misses' Silk uid Satin Dresses, also Georgette and Crepe
de Chine Dresses in light, medium and dark colors. Prices were
$29.50 to $67.50, Your pick now at
$45.00 down to $ Jl •7*0
Handsome Woven Jersey And Serge Dresset lor Women and Misses—
In blue, black and a variety of fmart shades. Former yfl £9
prices $19.50 to $65. YOur choice for $48.75 down to.. $
Clearance ot White and Colored Skirts
Fancy Sport Skirts or White Wash Skirts. All smart and attractive
models. Former prices $8.95 to $12.50. Now reduced
.88 down to
Pine Georgette, Srepe de Chine and Satin Skirts—In lavender, flesh,
pi os it at id iv or or $ 1 9 5 0 to
KAISER BILL'S 'GOLD'
GUP WAS ONLY PEWTER
The kaiser is not only the biggest
sham in the world—he also is the
The quality of his pretenses iri big
things may be judged by the quality
of his pretenses in minor things.
It has been revealed that a "gold"
cup given the New York Yacht club
by the kaiser and supposed to be
worth $5,000 had a true value Of Only
$36. It was? found to be of pewter,
plated with gold.
in 1897 the kaiser gave a cup to an
Italian automobile firm. It was a
"magnificent" trophy greatly prized
and valued at $10,000- Recently the
company gave it to the Red Cross.
When melted it was found to be base
metal gilded and practically worth
Stylish models in white,
khaki, tan, blue and pink.
Former prices fin »*r
$25 to $35. Now. piy./D
A I A A
th^ United states manufacturing
plant* for the United States govern
The daily average production of
United State* army rifle* was broken
in the Week ending June 29, an 4v
er.-4- of 10,142 rifles a day Of a mod
ified Enfield and Springfield type be
ihg maintained. In addition spare
parts equivalent to several thousand
rifles and several thousand Russian
rifles were manufactured.
The ordnance department has pro
duced 2,014»815,5S4 cartridge*, 1,$!6,
769 rifles, and 82,540 machine guns
since the United States entered the
war. The daily output of cartridges
is now 15,000,000.
MORE THAN 00 PER CENT
LIBERTY BONDS PAID FDR
The Federal Reserve Bulletin
says that one of the most encouraging
and gratifying features o. the third
Liberty loan is that apparently there
has been little use of bank accommo
dations for the purchase of the bonds.
It estimates that probably more than
80 per cent of the boHd9 are already
IS NOW IN FULL SWING
Let the "Pink Sale Tags" of This Sale Be
Your Guide to Economy and
CASH OR OUR N|V EASY TERMS.
Fiflt $t» Third Ave* Wot.
The financial statements of the va
rious federal reserve banks indicate,
according to the Bulletin, that not
much borrowing from the banks was
done by the subscribers to the third
loan. They either paid cash or bought
on the installment plan.
This eases a great deal the burden
of the banks, upon whose shoulders
rests the financing of the business and
industry of the country.
CITY EMPLOYES ADVANCE.
AUGUST, Ga., Aug. 3.—Employes
In the Street and drains department
of this city recently organized andB
now the city authorities have raised ss
wages 26 cents a day.