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soys Sandy to
"If it's thick, heavy
stick to ^5ufH.p*diiiT
ary plug/ But for
real tobacco satis
faction, you've got
to come to good old
OliDEST BANK AT TUB
BEAD OF THE
Good taste, smaller
chew,longer life iswhat
makes Genuine Grave
ly cost less to chew than
for booklet on ckewing plug.
REAL CHEWING PLUG
DEPOSIT YOUR SAVINGS IN
EXCHANGE NATIONAL BANK
OF DULUTH, SHUN.
His the endorsement of consumer! who wttch their fuel costs* Al*y-
jrotf among them?
LOW ASH, EM II OOllpriBLES
Write for information to
ZENITH FURNA6E COMPANY
Home of Quality Coal TTcst Duluth, Minn,
Named shoes are frequently made in
DO NOT BUY ANY SHOE
No matter what its name, unless it bears
a plain and readable impression of this
AH shoes without the UNION STAMP
are always Non-Union.
Do not accept any excuses for Absence
of the UNION STAMP
BOOT AND SHOE WORKERS' UNION
233 Stammer Street. Boston. Mass.
JOH^J F. TOBIN, l'resitJent. CHARLES L. BAINE, Sec.-Treaa.
And as modern Safety Deposit Boxes as any in the
city, should make our bank the place for your valuable
papers, etc. No loss by fire or theft when placed in
one of our safety deposit boxes.
$3.00 PER YEAR AND UP.
'The City National Bank
We Buy Liberty Bonds
CASH AND MARKET PRICE.
9 a. irf. till 5 p. m. Saturday evenings, 7 p. m. to 9 p.
Private. Immediate cash.
AMERICAN SECURITY COMPANY,
Ground I looi, Pallatlld Bltlg, Fourth Avenue West and Superior Street
IT. S. Government Broker's License No. 3320.
Licensed by State of Minnesota.
"THE BANK WITH THE CLOCK'
DEPOSIT YOUR LIBERTY BONDS
For gafe Keeping in our Savings Department.
When so instructed, the bank will detach
coupons a Ad credit the interest to your sav
41 iTHERE as NO CHARGE FOR THIS SERVICE.
National Bank of Dilluth
-IMAGEBA AMD PROFITS—$2,000,000,09
Three Per Cent Paid On SavSags Acsounts.
Labor did not come out of the late
session of the legislature so badly
after all. It might have been' worse.
It was hoped to have been better. The
defeat iqt ,the senate of the big labor
measure," tire state insurance bilL. was
the chief disappointment. The motor
corps bill which passed the house
toothless, died in the senate, deserted
by its friends.
Twenty-six bills fathered by the
Minnesota State Federation of Labor
were enacted into laws, Union labor
men put up a great fight in the legis
lature. Through the united action,
militant and determined spirit and
skillful management of the labor sen
ators and representatives may signal
triumphs and beneficial results were
achieved for the working people.
Among the bills enacted into laws
In which the interests of the workers
are particularly cared for were the
H. F. 21-^-S. F. 177. Increases com
pensation to injured workmen to
66 2-3 per cent and maximum pay
ments to $15 a week.
H. F. 26—S. F. 178. Provides full
medical and hospital treatment for
H. F. 27—S. F. 179. Increases ben
efits to dependents of deceased work
men under compensation law to 66
2-3 per cent with a maximum weekly
payment of $15.
H. F. 81.—S. F. 53. Provides a
legal eight-hour workday for employes
in state institutions.
H. F. 105—S. F. 90. Provides for
improved sanitary conditions, ventila
tion and safety in foundries.
H. F. 114—S. F. 154. Provides that
employes who are discharged and
where employes who give five days'
24 hours or the wages continue dur
ing the time consumed in waiting, but
not to exceed 15 days. If suit is
brought to recover wages, statutory
costs and attorneys' fees may be add
ed to the judgment.
H. F. 323—S. F.'2§4. Provides for
the re-education of industrial crip
H. F. 324. A concurrent resolution
requesting Congress to pass the Smith
Bankhead bill to have the Federal
government appropriate funds for the
rehabilitation of industrial cripples.
H. F. 337—S. F. 356. Amends the
engineer's license and boiler inspec
tion law by providing for a chief boil
er Inspector, stricter supervision over
boiler inspection, and improvement in
the standards required for licensing
H. F. 493. Amends the compensa
tion law by providing for the payment
of costs and attorneys' fees Incurred
by employes or their dependents in
H. F. 504—S. F. 429. Amends the
compulsory education law by provid
ing that English shall be the basic
language in all schools to comply with
the requirements of the compulsory
education act, but permits instruction
in foreign languages not to exceed one
hour a day.
W. F. 567.—S. F. 436, Amends thi
•afety lay by requiring a means ot
communication consisting of electric
bells, speaking tubes or other means
of communication between workrooms
and the roof where power is generated
so that the machinery may^be stopped
in case of injury.
H. F. 568—S. F. 438. Amends the
civil service law relating to the de
partment of labor by permitting pro
motions after examination of members
of the department.
H. F. 568— S. F. 439. Authorizes
inspectors of the department of labor
to enter offices in the discharge of
H. F. 571—S. K. 437. Amends the
fire escape law by requiring counter
balanced stairs from the lower plat
form to the ground in place of drop
ladders that fire escapes be kept free
of snow and ice, and that Inflamable
waste be reihoved from workrooms
H. F. 655. Amends the workmen's
compensation law by providing that
in case of amputation between the el
bow and the wrist the compensation
shall be paid for 175 weeks. The law
formerly defined amputation below
the elbow the same as a hand, or 150
THE IrABOR WORLD-
LEGISLATURE ENACTS TWENTY-SIX
LAWS URGED BY ORGANIZED LABOR
They Involve Various Jhases of Industry Relating to the Work
ers' Interests-State Insurance Measure Was Only Big
Bill Defeated—Motor Corps Bill Is Forgotten. 1
notice of quitting must be paid within I shall provide an operator to run the
H. F. 119. Requires that every ap
plicant for an engineer's license shall
be a citizen or have decalred his in
tention to become a citizen of the
United States before being granted a
H. F. 207. Amends workmen's
compensation law defining employe
and to exclude employes in cities hav
ing a home rule charter in which pro
vision is made* for compensating in
jured employes. 7
You can quickly select first quality
tools by looking for those which bear
this KEEN KUTTER Trade mark.
Each KEEN KUTTER tool is made
of the materials best suited to tlie
work for which it is to be used.
SIMMONS HARDWARE COMPANY
Trudfl Murk Reentered. a SIMMONS
H. F. ,770t—B. F. 341. Prohibiten
surance companies from discriminat
ing in their insurance rates when crip
ples are employed in industries.
H. F. 782—-S.F. 637. Amends ^e
workmen's compensation law byr?
quiring that when an employe rece&ei:
a second injury which causes total "dfs»
ability he shall be paid, for total ^st
ability out. of, a:fund created by
ing all.employers.$100 for each deathP.
occurring under the compensation^Ia\^
where there are no dependents.
H. F. 795—S.F. 686. Requires em*
ployers who* make deductions from
the wages of employes for benefit
funds to have a license from the in
H. F. 809—S. F. 638. Amends the
accident report law,by requiring the
employer to report to the department
of labor all accidents that disable
workmen for a longer period than the
day, shift or turn on which they were
injured also to make a supplement
ary report when an accident, previous
ly reported, results fatally and fixes
a period in which accidents and set
tlements must be reported.
H. F. 1078.—S. F. 885. Amends
workmen's compensation law to ex
tend the statute of limitation of the
time in which an action may be
brought to recover compensation to
one year from the date on which the
report of the accident is received by
the labor commissioner instead of one
year from the date of injury.
H. F. 313—S. F. 151. Provides for
substantial increases in salaries for
nearly all members of the Department
of Labor and Industries.
H. F. 781—S. F. 639. Provides that
owners of buildings in which two or
more tenants use the same elevators
elevator, and requires locking devices
to prevent the use of such elevators
except by an authorized operator.
H. F. 1056—S. F. 858. A bill to pro
mote the health of employes in all
places of employment by requiring
owners to keep them in sanitary con
dition requiring adequate ventilation
in such places requiring toilet and
dressing rooms in such places requir
ing pure drinking water and washing
facilities to prevent overcrowding to
require workrooms to be heated in
cold weattier and cooled in hot weath
er, and to require seats for female
H. F. 1242. A bill for an act au
thorizing the revocation of the license
of any insurer writing workmen's
compensation insurance in the State
of Minnesota, which has been guilty
of ..fraud or. misrepresentation, or cul
pable, persistent and unreasonable de
lay in making settlements.
Duluth Churches Urged to Ob
serve Day-President Wilson
Sunday, May 4, will be observed
as "Employment Sunday" in nearly
every Protestant and Catholic church
in the land." Duluth churches have
been urged to catch the spirit of
the day. Ministers are asked to
appeal from their pulpits to mem
bers of their congregations urging
them to co-operate with the United
States Employment service by call
ing upon employers to register their
need for Txelp, with the service or
The five-minute men in all of the
Methodist churches in the city will
deliver addresses on the subject of
employment for returning soldiers.
Some of the pastors will make it
part of their sermon.
This move was started by the na
tional church (organizations of the
country.. It has been endorsed by
William B. Wilson, secretary of la
bor, and by President Wilson, who
has cabled from Paris:
"I hope that the people of our
country will universally observe
"Employment Sunday" as a day of
fresh dedication to the mutual help
fulness which will serve to work out
the different problems of employ
ment and industrial reorganization.
In these days of victory we can
make no better offering, than, that
the. men and, women
who have won the victory."
-MAY 3, 1919.
AMERICA HAD TURN OVER
NEEDED MANY DECADES A60
(Continued From Page l.
forty-two millions, which means that
.Jncorpjptateed cities. The proletariat
for_ it is only the
ma$uajf^worker that the Bolshe-
rocbgi»|zes as a worker' in the
sense of the word.
'-#st|rpm a' purely material
'^^s^^ndpoint, the first:,
olf=' violent revolution^
woWl£ be acute^jrnisery for. almost
half -the population, including those
who ^ost- J»anted the revolution.
This, ybuldt fcring( starvation to those
Yrhb tfiought th^r were going to get
.something thet: ..call liberty, but
which*' is' despotism instead'—despot
Modern industry and transporta
tion a. mechanism that cannot be
tolled into :&' bundle and' thrown in
n*owf •*Sgain, as. .it^was be
fore. Violeritrevolution would do
to industry about what a railroad
wreck doels ct^'woodfen cars.
In addition there is this to be said:
The whole world today neieds every
ounce of product that can be ground
out fcf our industrial system. There
is already enough starvation to tax
the rehabilitation resources of all the
going concerns in the world every
where. And those of us who are still
normal owe it to the hungry people
to give them food and clothes and
machines to enable them to start life
anew. This we shall have to do. also,
if the world is to be saved for sanity
World Faccs Starvation.
Industry must be kept going. The
brutality that is left in it—and there
is plenty of it—must come out, but
the wheels must go on and on to
meet the needs of destitute millions.
The men around the peace table in
Paris know what this destitution
means to the world's present and
The argument for a violent Bol
shevik upheaval does not meet the ar
gument for progress in the world. It
Needs for Progress Vital.
There is true need for progress
real progress that means better
chances for the average man and
woman, richer, fuller lives, more of
happiness and less of tragic risk of
life. There is need for progress in
many directions. It is not hard to
point out what might be done to im
prove the general conditions of life.
But Bolshevism does not lead us
toward better things. It leads us
First of all it leads us away from
democracy and into despotism. It is
now a good many decades since
America decided to sever connections
with despotism and it has just fough
another war to kill that hated prin
ciple. We were not wrong in that
original decision decades ago and we
were not wrong in our great war
with Germany. We were eternally
There had to be a revolution in
Russia to 'throw out the czar and
There had to be a war to throw
out the German kaiser and his sys
The Bolshevists tell us that we.
shall have to have a revolution also.
But they forget that we had our
revolution a great many years ago.
In fact, we had our revolution in
1776! The Bolshevists forget that.
And they forget that we have been
making orderly, democratic progress
The American people have since
solved all of their problems but one
without revolution and they have not
solved any of them in America that
cannot be solved without violence—
and that being the case the use of
violence loses the only excuse it ever
Where Force Was Necessary.'
There was a reason for the Rus
sian Nihilist. He had no other way.
To believe in that principle in
America is like using forceps to pull
water out of a sponge.
There are one hundred and ten
millions of people in America and
the island possessions. These one
hundred and ten millions of people
have too much collective wisdom to
try any such idotic and ridiculous
thing as a violent revolution.
Wise persons do not carry keys to
their front doors and then use dyna
mite when they wish to open those
doors. They use the keys, of course.
Americans have a key to every
door in the national life. They may
do what they wish, by turning the
key. They will laugh loudly at any
wild persons who come proposing
th'at they blow open the door and
wreck the place.
Bolshevism is wrong in principle,
destructive in operation, messy and
dirty in its effect alike upon the ma
chinery of the nation and the soul
of the individual.
Where Autocracy Fails.
It would make a thousand times
worse every abuse that exists, and it
would destroy the productiveness of
the nation, which means that it would
throw into disruption the business of
making things to eat and wear. It
would' substitute the principle of au
tocratic action for th?of democratic
... Th^t ought to answer the question
of "What about Bolshevism?" for
every sane and healthy-minded
As for those who are not sane and
healthy minded, there are two
things to do, one of which is to pay
little attention to them when they
are harmless and the other is to re
strain them when they become a
menace to' the safety of others.
There are also some things that can
be done to prevent this kind of in
sanity, atid1 these things should be
done as rapidly as possible. Bolshe
vism isn't for America. Americans
carry a key instead.
FUR WORKERS STRIKE.
NEWARK,-. N. J., May 2.—Because
A. Hollander & Sons have broken a
promise not .to discriminate against
organized fur workers these employes
suspended work to enforce recogni
tion fit their union, and secure a $5
weekly increase and a 4 4-hour work
week Instead of the 50 y» hour week.
The Lyceum Players in
"PAL 0' MINE"
TEAR IIP CARDS OR GET OUT,
IS LOCAL FIRM'S EDICT
(Continued from Page 1.)
istence three years and on three oc
casions since then three officials of
the union have been discharged for
having signed documents directed by
the union to the employers. Their
story can best be told by John A.
Johnson, the secretary of the union,
who writes as follows to The Labor
"Three years ago the'Cabinet Mak
ers' union was organized here in Du
luth, and the same spring the local
organization asked the shop-owners
for a conference in a communication
sent to the different shopowners and
with our president's name signed to
each communication. The only ans
wer we received from the employers
was in the form of the discharging bf
our president at that time working at
the Dulvith Show Case company. And
not only. was he discharged from that
place, bj^t he was blacklisted In all
the" shops in the city, with the result
that for two years he was unable to
get a job at his trade, or until the Mc
Dougall shipyard was started at Riv
erside, where he secured a job.
"A year ago the union made anoth
er move in the same direction by
asking the shop owners for a con
ference with exactly the same re
sult. Thorwald E. Thorsori at that
time president of the local and work
ing for the Scott, Graff company was
discharged immediately when the
compahy was asked for a conference,
and he was given to understand that
the company was not going to have,
anything to do with the union or any
Bolsheviki, as Mr. Scott put It. The
case was taken over by the state board
of arbitration and a settlement was
brought about, and the union was
awarded a nine-hour day with no
change in pay..
They Were Loyal.
"Owing to the fact that our country
was then at war we did not want to
see any disturbance in the industries
and especially here in Duluth, so we
accepted the award given by the
board, although the award rendered
was far from satisfactory to the boys
but we went to work satisfied with
ourselves, and that by denying our
selves certain rights and a certain
standard of living which we were en
titled to, we were at the same time
helping to preserve peace and har
mony in our city, which was the
duty of each and every one.
"Now another year has elapsed since
that award was given and we are now
trying to get together with the em
ployers and have our side presented
to them, and to that effect they were
notified a few days ago. This year we
Truth About Russia!
MeSpbej^Ihe 4||e4canKEed Cross and Y. M. -A..,
who spent one»ye^r in Russia during the Revolution
and Allfed inii^ehtton, tvill deliver an
RUSSIA AS I WITNESSED IT IN ACTION
WORKERS' OPERA HOUSE
Sixth Avenue East and Third Street.
MONDAY, MAY 5TH-S P. M.
(No Reserved Seats.)
happened to have on our committee
a member of our local who enlisted in
the army during the war and who was
willing to give his all in order to make
the world safe for democracy, and
although he did not make the supreme
sacrifice, he came back minus one eye.
"But patriotism does not seem to
figure with some of the employers in
the city of Duluth and with this
company in particular, the Duluth
Show Cace company at which place
this soldier member happened to work
at the time the company received our
communication, for the next morning
when he reported for work he was
told that he was no longer wanted
because he was an agitator.
Submit Case to Public.
"These are some of the discrimina
tions we have had to endure from
the employers, and we want to get
the public acquainted with the situa
tion, so that they will know that we
are not asking for something entirely
Mr. Johnson has since supplement
ed ,the above statement with the fol-.
lowing letter written after the dis--*
charge of the soldier member:
"I mailed you a. statement yester
day regarding the attitude shown by
the Duluth Show Cace company, to
wards our organization by discharging
a man at their shop because he hap
pened to have his name on our, new
wage scale sent to the shop-owners.
"Since that time the Duluth Show
Case company has gone the limit in
its unfairness to organized labor.
"This afternoon shortly before 5
o'clock they called the men into the
office and told them just these ^words
'you either tear lip your cards and
work or otherwise get out,' and of
course the men could see no other,
choice than to go.
"So these men are now locked out
and we want you to make a strong
appeal to organized labor, and the
public in the city, for moral assistance
through your paper. The Duluth
Show Case company is owned by the
same people who control the Clyde
so you can readily see what we are up
DENVER SCHOOL BOARD
fou'll Do Better at Kelly's
That's because theUniver
sal Combination, burning
Gas, Coal and Wood
enables every housewife to keep
her kitchen cool in summer,
warm in winter, save fuel, mate*
rials, expense and labor, the year
around! Come today and see the
Has splendid cooking1 qualities
of high-grade coal ranger
and the added convenience
of gas when wanted for
No parts to change—just turn
Trade in yowr oldMtove—Tems $1 per week
Compact, complete, durable
and economically operated.
Every modern convenience.
Folly guaranteed by us—
sold for cadi or on easy pay*
ments. See this range soon
I6N0RES LABOR AWARD
DENVER, May 2. The school
board has ignored an arbitration
award which calls for the reinstate
ment of striking engineers. The arbi
trators said: "Full investigations have
proved that every engineer formerly
employed by the school board is com
petent, but that some of those now
holding jobs left by the strikers are
inefficient and a dangerous menace
to 'Denver's young' and millions of
dollars' worth of property."
——THINK I* INTEREST—SAVE