Newspaper Page Text
William R. NcEweu, Publisher.
Advertising Rates Made Known jn
Entered at Postoffice at Duluth. Minn.,
as Second Class Matter.
Published Fvery Saturday.
Established in ISDG by Sabrie U. Aildn.
Suite GH Manhattan Uuildlng,
Ons Vo.ir t:i Milvitnee ....$1.^0
Siv Months, in advance 0"
Three Months, irt advance 25 I
\Y. -VcF.WEN, Suitor.
MH. Bl'RLESOX'S FA I LI" HE.
The Postmaster General, sick of
his job, lias advised President Wil
son that it would be in the interest
or' all concerned to return the wire
companies to their private owners.
Mis recommpndation came as a shock
to the advocates of public ownership,
for it was only in a recent issue of
the Review* of Reviews that Mr.
Burleson presented an excellent ar
gunient in favor of the permanent
operation and ownership of the tele
graph and telephone systems.'
lie declared that if no other rea
son existed for the Government
monopoly of the wire systems, "a
very substantial reason would be
found in the desirability that this
necessary public service should be
extended, as in the postal service, to
every household in the land." Ho
Such extensions could nevfr be had
and could not be expected under pri
vate ownership. Private corporations
provide a public utility for profit, nec
essarily as a business proposition, lim- I
'ting their operations to such fields as
are profitable or give promise of profit
in the immediate future. Tlie Govern
ment, as an illustration, in the postal
system, does not aim to make a profit
out of the service of communication,
hut extends the service to the entire
public, drawing its "dividends" from
ih« increased wealth, enlightenment.
progress and happiness of the nation.
What idealism is here expressed.
From the business standpoint Mr.
Burleson declared that it would be
unnecessary for the Government to
support these utilities of communi
cation by taxation as they can be
self-sustaining through a very rea
sonable charge, but as in the postal I
service, they should never, he more
than self-sustaining. Here are some I
gems on public ownership taken from
Mr. Burleson's sound and convincing
A public utility under private owner
ship taxes the public both for service
ant! for dividends. The Government
makes nothing but a service charge.
mv. whore in one field of operation
tiicrr is a profit, this goes to liquidate
niiv deficiency of revenues in some
nther branch of the service. An effi
cient postal service couK! not be main
tained if every unprofitable branch
were eliminated. The burden of siis
iining the- entire system us a whoie
is placed upon that part of it which is
profitable and in consideration of the
value of tlie service received can bear
The economies possible with all the
telegraph and telephone systems under
rme control, and co-operative, are mani
fest. Service instead of profit being
the object of such Government monop
oly, the public would be given tiie ben
c.fit of every economy, an the unprof-
itable branches of the service would be
sustained by the profits of the service
The compensation to the present own
ers of the properties contemplated in
the agreements during Government
control, would meet the interest on its
Vtonds and pay the principal in -5 years
.Meanwhile the increased vaMie of the.
properties, through extensions and im
provement.-. would belong to the Gov
ernment and increased earnings due to
such extensions woul go wholly to
the credit of the Government. After I
the redemption of the purchase bonds. I
tne earnings would go to the further
Improvement and a lower cost of serv
ice to the public.
But what becomes of all this
logic now? If what Mr. Burleson
said in the Review of Reviews is
true why does he recommend that
the wire systems be returned to the!
private owners? Why this "change
of heart?'' There is a reason.
The Postmaster General is the
"sick map of Washington." From
the beginning of his administration
he failed to recognize the human
quantity in the postal service. No
man ever entered the public service
with a greater desire to m»ke good.
Under his direction great economies
in administration have been affected
postoffice organization lias been fa
cilitat#d and greatly improved, but
in almost every instance the econ
omy was brought about and the im
provement made at the expense of
the sweat and blood of postal em
He lodged his hope in the judg
ment and experience of postoffice
inspectors. He made an inspector
his first assitsant. Others were
made bureau chiefs, and these un
dertook to reorganize the postoffices
and railway mail service on "dollars
3#id cents" plans without giving
proper attention .to the human side
of the question. As a result the
morale of the postal force through
out the country has completely brok-
en down. Not one man in a hundred
has his heart in his work. The re
lationship in every branch of the
service is of such an impersonal
character, devoid of heart and feel
ing, stern and cold-blooded, that it
has robbed the employes of the in
terest in tlie service they should
grief during the short time he has
been their boss.
The lack of interest the Postmas
ter General and his first assitant
manifested in the welfare of wire
service employes was revealed in
New England last week.. The tele
phone operators went on strike for
higher wages. They completely tied
up the service. An S. O. S. call was
sent to Mr. Burleson. His first as
sistant was despatched post haste to
Boston. Greeted there by newspa
I per men, he was asked whether or
I not he could end the strike. He said
he did not know, but that h9 would
first have to ascertain whether or
not the finances of the company
would permit of an increase in
wages. In less than twelve hours
granted the wage increase. In
gan life as a miner,
So when the Government took
over the wire systems and the Post
master General placed his first as
sistant in charge of their operation
he carried to this new branch of the
service the same autocratic spirit
that has characterized him in the
postal service. But the wire em
ployes were not deprived of the right
to strike as are postal employes, and
would stand for no tuch treatment.
The girl telephone operators proved Here is fair question propounded
to be tlie most sensitive and they by the Lake County Chronicle of Two
have caused Mr. Burleson no little Harbors:
He bad been
chairman of the committee on labor
in Congress. 1-Ie was regarded as a
labor man, but he could not stand
the frigid and autocratic postal at
mosphere, and resigned.
The failure of the Burleson ad
ministration in handling the wire
systems under government control
is a heavy blow to public ownership.
It is due largely to the attitude the
department has assumed toward the
employes in both the postal and the
wire services. The Postmaster Gen
eral and his first assitant need a
"change of heart"—such, for in
stance, as former President Taft is
said to have experienced in regard to
A DULUTH ICHTHYOSAURUS.
The proprietors of the Duluth
Show Case company are reminded
that this is a poor era for monarchs
and that many of them have recent
ly lost their crowns, if not their
Of course a monarch in a small
industry in Duluth is of little im
portance. He but furnishes the ma
terial for a brief lesson like the dis
covery of some bones of his recent
ancestor, the coryphodon. He is a
surfacc symptom and we are not
We know the dis
ease that lies below.
"Tear up your union cards and
work, or get out," says the Duluth
monarch. Contrast these words with
those of William Howard Taft, who
stands for: "The creation of a ma
chinery by which men engaged in
That's what labor wants and what
it is getting from live, modera
So, for the Duluth diplodicus and
his kind, with their early locone rea
soning, their days are done. They
have over-stayed their era. Their
nocomian night is upon them.
game for this gentleman to get away
with his atmospheric merchandise?
Bunk is & drug on the market. And
when Tom Blanton, who somehow
got let Into Congress, says to the
public that Samuel Gompers and or
ganized labor are a menace to the
"liberties of America," the public
knows that Tom Blanton is putting
over hot air.
The American labor movement is
too well known by its deeds to be
subject to any such calumnious talk
by any honest and intelligent person.
ADVERTISERS DO NOT
CONTROL OUR OPINIONS
It seems rather incongruous to
note in the editorial column of the
L.abor War Id. under the caption
"Saving It Prom Bankruptcy." an ap
peal for municipal ownership of the
Duluth street railway and a sugges
tion that if the daily papers were as
honest with the people as they are
partial to the street railway company,
they would join the Labor World to
urge the people to acquire the prop
erty of the street railway company
at the earlist possible moment.
,, ,. ,,, and light, roads and schools? Per
that time he found out that the com- jiapS
pany's finances would permit of an vertise with Brother McEwen.
increase in wages without "bank
rupting" it. Had he listened to the °ur
appeal of these girls months ago and
David J. Lewis, father of parcel
post and the leading American au
thority on the government owner
ship of telegraph and telephone sys
tems, was appointed by the Postmas
ter General as one of three men to
direct the wire companies under
government control. Mr. Lewis be-
In an adjoining column are figures
compiled showing the municipal rail-
earned $1,027,469.30 in the six-year
period since its acquisition by the
On the same page is a quarter page
advertisement of the Duluth Tele
phone Co., stating why greater reve
nues are required.
Wherein is the consistency of lim
iting municipal ownership of public
utilities to but transportation, water
railway doesn't ad-
friend is mistaken.
We do receive advertisements from
gave attention to It a strike would We have been running them right
have been averted. along, and we will continue to accept
them as long as the company cares
to use this paper as an advertising
medium and pay the regular advertis
ing rate therefor. We will accent ad
vertising copy from any legitimate
jj)Um,h street Railway company.
corporation, except those that are of
ficially declared "unfair" by organized
"We accept advertising from the Du
luth Telephone company, and we are
glad to get it. We really do "need
the money." as do union wiremen
who work for this company. But be
cause a corporation advertises in The
Labor World it does not necessarily
ial policy. We are not against the
Duluth Telephone company as such,
and we are not limited in our advo
cacy of public ownership to street
railways and light and water plants.
We want the people to own in com
mon the things they use in common.
These columns have been replete
with articles and editorials in support
of the government ownership of the
telegraph anJ telephone systems. We
didn't happen to run one on this sub
ject in the issue containing the editor
ial in question, but we want it under
stood that when an advertiser buys
our advertising space, he is not or
cannot purchase our editorial opinions.
works shall have the fullest and ©rnment asked private employes not
freest opportunity to have their rep
resentatives consulted with respect
to everything that is done."
WHO IS TOM BLANTOS
Up until about ten days ago few
people in America outside of Texaa
knew that there lived one Thomas
L. Blanton, member of 'Congress
from Abiiine, wherever that is, in
the Lone Star state.
Now we know Tom Blanton, for
the newspapers brought him into the
limelight, and gave wide publicity to
a "signed statement" he made, down
in Dallas to the effect that the Amer
ican Federation of Labor was the
great power that dominated the
United States government. He ar
rayed the four railroad brotherhoods
for "holding up" the government to
the tune of $700,000,000 in wages
while the boys were fighting in the
America is really rocking in a dan
gerous sea, and it is up to Mr. Blan
ton to save the ship of state before
it is scuttled by Samuel Gompers and
the awful American Federation of
Isn't it just a little bit late in the
SATURDAY- -THE LABOR WORLD -MAY 3, 1919.
,, •... the Kopenick farce and the Zabern
follow that it is purchasing our editor- ...
w. ... tragedy are as insufficient to teach
our Junkers the dangers of such a
AN OBSCURE LAWMAKER
GIVEN PUBLIC NOTICE
Thomas L. Blanton, representing
I the sixteenth Texas congressional dis
trict, and chief apologist for Post
master General Burelson has finally
been noticed by the public press.
He has attacked President Gomp
ers and called on the American "peo
ple to protect their liberties against
the growing power of organized labor.
It is the "old stuff" so common in
the days of Parry, Post and Van
Blanton said that President Gomp
ers, by threatening a strike, forced
President Wilson to veto a bill com
pelling government employe* to work
eight hours. The lawmaker refers to
the Borland bill which extended the
hours of government employes to
eight and which was rejected by the
President bn the ground that the fcov-
to reduce working standards during
the war and the government should be
-THINK IN INTEREST—SAVE-
YES, WE SELL
And we have picked the
best ones. They cost
from $25.00 to $50.00
in Suits and Overcoats,
and, these prices being
ibased on our "close
price plan" the values
AMERICAN JUNKERS ARE CREATING
FERTILE FIELD FOR BOLSHEVISM
Their Phrases Today Are Hard to Distinguish From Those of the
Kaiser in 1914—Foolishly Attemiit to Restore Outgrown
and Discarded Autocracy in Industry.
Sly A. M. SIMONS.
Bourbons neither learn nor forget.
While the world's hatred burns hot
against the Prussian Junker, and the
treaty that ends his overthrow and
the downfall of the nation he uled
is yet unsigned, American defenders
of & "dictatorship of the possessors"
are adopting Junker tactics.
These rejoice in the overthrow oY
Prussianism only because they would
themselves fill the hated vacancy.
These are the ones who find cause
for congratulations in America's al
most unscathed escape from the worst
phases of war only because this
enable her to maintain an invincible
army and navy.
They see in the magnificent fight
ing strength of America only the po
tentiality of future conquests. They
are already planning "expansion" to
follow "pacification" in Mexico. They
are anxious to test their goose-step
arrogance against Japan. The moral
leadership due to the sacrifice of a
way system of San Francisco having great people is calmly appropriated years ago a chess player by the name
by them as proof of a narrow na« I
tional superiority that finds its high
est expression in their own class. Here
are all the symptoms of the mania
that drove Prussia to run amuck.
They naturally rage at anything
that promises to hamper imperialism.
They belittle the democratic aims of
the war. They oppose a league of na
tions with the same arguments as
the kaiser used in 1914.
A leading American newspaper ad
vocates "national selfishness" in
phrases hard to distinguish from those
which but a few months ago were
quoted to prove the depravity of Ger
man Junkers. More than one senator
barbs his thrusts at American peace
delegates by sneers at their lack of
interests. But a. few months back this
attitude was supposed to be peculiarly
Prussian. It is quite as fashionable
in American Junker circles as it was
in pre-war Prussia to ridicule "hu
manitarian ideology." Nietsche and
Treitschke would feel quite at home
\n such company.
we might laugh at their foolish an
tics. But the whirlwind they are in
voking will involve us all.
Russia of the Czar. France of Louis
XVJ, Prussia of the Junkers could at
tain to political democracy only
through bloodshed and chaotic de
struction. Other nations, with less
stubborn rulers, or more far-sight
edly aggressive citizens, passed into
democracy with little suffering and
disorder. The same law of develop
ment gorverns industrial evolution.
Junkerism creates Bolshevism. A
"dictatorship of possessors" is the
necessary prelude to a "dictatorship
of the proletariat."
MARKS LABOR'S PROGRESS
exclusive devotion to narrow national ^as Played the way of labor advance
ment in this way. It has striven to
The arguments for universal mili
tary training, a big navy and state
onstabuulary manage to embrace
most of the domestic excuses offered
for German militarism. Memories of
domestic policy as the sight of the oc
cupied Rhine provinces is to warn of
the folly of their foreign policy.
Most foolish and fatal of all is the
effort of American Junkers to restore
an outgrown and discarded autocracy
to industry. They have not learned
that in industry and government the
watchword of today is democuacy. So
they prate on of "running their own
business" and refusing to "recognize"
unions that are preparing to tumble
them from power.
If it were only upon their own heads
that the fruits of their folly would fall
Have a cash
If You Appreciate
Value, See These Handsome
Models We Are Showing at
Baltimore Sun: "Forty or fifty!
Steinitz invented what is known as 1
"The old chess masters staked suc|where
cess on bold and reckless strokes.
More often than not they came to
grief. Steinitz moved prudently, cau
tiously, gaining a small advantage
here and another there, and finally
winning out through the accumula
tion of these trifling advantages. The
Steinitz method has driven out the old
method among the first-class players.
It is the style that wins.
Ottawa will in the space of four years
three decades iring which Mr.
Gompers has been its leading figure,
get a reduction in the hours of labor
here, an increase of wages there, bet
ter working conditions in this place
or that. It has resolutely put out
of mind all dreams of the achievement
of the millennium overnight and kept
its mind always on the next step in
RICHARD JONES MOVES TO
NATIONAL BANK BUILDING
Richard Jones, the well known
labor attorney, haa removed his
offices from the Fargusson building
to room 413 First National build
ing, where ho. will be ready to re
ceive all clients who desire his ser
Senator Jones is one of the best
authorities oh labor laws in Duluth
His success in settling labor claims
is well known among the members
of his profession. Labor men and
unions desiring the legal services of
ontt well versed in labor legislation
will do well to consult Richard
The materials are high-grade Men's-Wear Serges, Poiret
Twills, Vigereoux Serges, liairline Worsteds and Men's
Suitings. Th3 colors are navy, Pekin blue, tan, gray, black
and -white stripes, as well as black. Linings of specially
prepared mescaline highest grade of custom tailoring.
Models are plain tailored, box coats,
vest fronts with narrow skirts—choice...
SENATOR EMIL ERICKSON
IS BACK ON RAILROAD
Senator Emil Erickson, labor rep
resentative from Duluth, has re
turned to his work as a fireman on
the Northern Pacific. Senator Erick
son is very much, pleased with the
experience he got in St. Paui. He
said he has learned to know men a
little better, and is a trifle more
charitablc than when he en u-red
He succeeded in having passed
the car shed bill which compels
railroad corporatimis to provide cov
ering for car repa"ers at their work.
He also got $40,000 for Proctor to
apply to the support of the schools
The senate passed a bill granting
the village of Brookston $4,300 to
aid it in liquidating- its water and
light bonds at the instigation of Sen
ator Erickson. The house failed to
pass the bill. The measure was in
tended to assist the village on ac
count of losses suffered from the
WELL KNOWN LOCOMOTIVE
ENGINEERS MEETS DEATH
The funeral of George Lamere,
aged 57, railroad engineer on the
Canadian Northern, was held from
THIRTY-FIVE-' YBA RS of PROGRBSSIVBNBS,
Masonic Temple Tuesday after-
chief characteristic was what he ^r- Lamere met his death
called 'the accumulation of small ad- Wednesday, April 16, by falling
vantages.' down stairs at 511 57th avenue West,
he was visiting. He resided
next door at 509 57th avenue West,
It was attended by a large
A number of friends were visitors,
some of whom were to remain dur-
For little tots, aged from 2 to 6 years.
Slipover and button styles. The sea
son's newest shades. Specially priced
at $6.50, $2.95
White wool knit, pink or blue trimmed
crochet edges and embroidered in rose
buds dainty sacques specially Off
priced, $2.50 down to OSC
ing the night. Ice cream was serv!
and Mr. Lamere was in the act
going downstairs to get ice eret
for the guests when he slipped a
fell. A fracture of the skull caus
He was a member of the Brothel
hood of Locomotive Engineers aij
of the Masonic fraternity. The la
ter organization had charge of th'
funeral services, which were dela:,
until Tuosday awaiting the arriy^.
HOTEL AND REri)
turned on the furniture and home furnishings in this establish
ment will reveal to every young: couple about to be married,
not only the greatest values offered in beautifully designed,
dependably built furniture at the lowest prices, but also a store
service that will enable them to choose the things for their
first home intelligently*
Gash or Our New Easy Terms
Tlie cooks and
again organized in
Brady, organizer of th
Restaurant Employes, h.
in placing the organization on it:
feet. A union of 50 members ha:
been perfected and a charter ha:
been received from the internationa
union. The union will be known a:
Duluth Cooks and Waiters' union
Daniel J. Sullivan is president am
James C. Casperson is secretary
William Jones will serve as vic
president. A special meeting of th
union will be held at Brown's hal
Friday evening for the purpose
initiating a class of 17 members.
Organizer Brady will leave the t.
Saturday morning for Ashland.
vvili next go to Green Bay, Sheboy
gar. Racine and Chicago. Mr. Brad
is very well satisfied with the re
s.ults achieved here.
The Lyceum Players in
"PAL 0' MINE"
SPRING HATS AND CAPS
Best Values at Tlie Big Duluth.
A REMARKABLE OFFER IN SMART BLUE
GAPES in Men's Wear Serge and Wool Velour,
in tan, taupe and rose &9C ft A
specially priced at yMUol/U
CAPE COATS—Both practical and stylish, in
colors of Pekin, navy taupe, tan as well as black
smart models—specially &QC Aft
HANDSOME NAVY CAPES—Beautifully braitj
/dimmed graceful ripple a gQQ wg
ie^ty at the moderate price...
njLMAN COATS in navy, Men's Wear Serge,
-y conservative yet particularly stylish two
Dups your choice at $45.00 and $37.50.
MOST COMPREHENSIVE VARIETY OF
,)OLMANS AND CAPES—in Evora, Tricotine,
iaberdine, Pom-Pom and Silvertone all the sea
son's smartest colors—prices range from $59.50
FIRST ST. AND THIRD AVE. W.
The Fashionable Wishbone
Bags, So Popular This
In gray, blue or black silk with
shell trimmed frame in wish
bone shane long tassel end
pouch style lined with hand
some silk inside coin purse
a or A a A