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RUSSELL ANSWERS NORTHCUFFE'S
INTERVIEW AGAINST PHILIPPINES
By CHARLKS EDWAU.O Hl SSi:i,I
The people of the United States
ought to l'eel indebted to Uord
Notthcliffe for his interview pviiu
od in the New York World and
other papers opposing- Philippine in
dependence. It reveals for once the
Veal British attitude and real British
policy in regard to nations and peo
ples struggling for liberty. Stripped
at last of the hypocrisy and smug
pretense with which British states
men are accustomed to discuss this
attitude and this policy, Ave can un
derstand now their plain bald terms.
The dominating idea of (Ireat Bri
tain is monarchical, imperialistic,
exploitative and autocratic. It has
''pen so in history. Lord Northeliffe
reveals it to us absolutely unchanged
The British attitude is that Clod
has delivered the world to the An
glo Saxon to exploit and plunder,
govern and maltreat for its own
profit ami pleasure. All other peo
Iples in tin- world are inferior, no
,1 other peoples have or can have any
rights that the Anglo .Saxcwi is bound
to respect. We can behold* in his ut
terances his favorite picture' of the
Anglo Saxon going out to subjugate
find rule the inferior races backed
with rifles enough to blow holes in
any inferior brother that may chance
It is exactly and squarely on this
principle that Croat Britain has
governed or mis-governed India,
Hong Kong, Fiji, Wei-hai-wei and
every other spot on earth where
her fla\g has been hoisted over men
of another color. On that principle
she purposes to continue to govern
and it is plainly the beliefof Lord
Northeliffe that since the Wash
ington conference the government
Of the I'niied States is enlisted to
support ami further these ideas.
The simple fact is that there is
no such thing as a race any where
in this world with an exclusive mo
nopoly of ihe gifts of democratic
self jrovernmen:. Democracy Is not
a matter of race it is the universal
.and eternal principle as true in one
Vart t'the world as in another.
I' is no more correct to say that
Qod t'esigned some of the people of
the ea Hi be fit for liberty and
others t. !.- unfit for it, than it
uAed to M' t" say that he sen the
majority ot '.people into the world
tlo be slaves and others booted and
spurred to ride the rest. Lord N'orth
cl/iffe is intellectual heir and des
^ytndant of those that used to hold
this doctrine and appears to have
made very little progress from their
notions dominant in the Dark Ages.
In pursuance of his mediaeval
conceptions of society lie tells us
that the Filipinos are unfit to gov
ern themselves, and then that in
the period of five years in which
they have been doing it they have
^adly retrograded. 1 challenge both
of these statements.
I know more about the Philp-
-and the Filipinos than .Lord
Northeliffe does, and I assert that
the Filipino government of the Phil
ippine islands in the last five years
.so far from being a failure or a dis
aster is a conspicuous and convinc
ing example of government ability
and success. In support of that state
ment I refer to the statistics.
If any one can show me from the
records made in these five years that
in any important or significant as
pett of government, whether in the
control of public finances, education,
public safety, health, the security
and progress of, commerce or de
velopment in agriculture there is
apparent one indication of lack of
ability on the part of the Filipinos
to perform the functions of gov
ernment, I shall be greatly obliged.
I have examined the work of the
various departments, as they are
conducted from day to day in the
Philipine islands and I have not yet
been able to find, even from the tes
timony of lie most, virulent enemies
of Philipine independence, one fact
or qne figure that indicates incapa
city to govern.
Parallel with these astounding er
rors by Lord Xorthcliffe is his easy
and comfortable assertion that only
the presence of Americans keep the
lfilipinos from cutting one another's
throats. Of all the bosh that is
Wreathed in behalf of the imperial
istic policy this is certainly the most
preposterous. All the American
troops in the islands when I was
there would not be of the slightest
avail to prevent this throat cutting,
if there were any desire for it.
Lord Northeliffe probably is un
aware that order in the Philippine
islands is and has been for years
maintained by native officers and It
is so efficiently maintained that the
Philippne slands are among the
safest and quietest regions on earth.
Life and property are very much
safer in these islands than they are
in the average city ot' the United
Lord Xorthcliffe conveniently
overlooks the great pivotal fact that
thie faith of the United States is
solemnly pledged to the freedom of
tliie Philippine*, that the. time set for
th,e fulfillment of that pledge has
ai,rived and that the only question
irtvolved is whether the United States
Willi or will not fulfill its covenant.
the Jones law we entered into a
c/ nntract with the Filipino people t(
eyive them freedom on one certain
Condition. That condition they have
abundant? fuIfillecf. Nothing is left
I now to consider but the det^ermina
tion to keep faith or to break it.
Lord Northeliffe, like all the oth
er British, is very anxious that the
United States shall perform thi3 act
of measureless shame ad perfidy
and keep the Philippines because
he is afraid that if the Filipinos
win freedom the effect will be dis
astrous upon the British domination
of India. That is the explanation
for the' active British *proparganda
against Philippine independence
now being put forth in this country.
app^ns to fit in exactly with
ittm desir.es and projects of the
Xifi^ricnn exploiters and profiteers
gndvtyJttt"'.'the purposes of Wall
The United Slates of history ha
had higher ideals than those of im
perialistic oppression or the sains
of financial adventurers. Lord
Xorthcliffe seems to thinlc that he
sees in what he calls "the changed
America" a total departure fro,m
these honorable ideals. It-is now to
be seen whether the action of the
people of the United States will
justify hie degrading estimate of
them. If it does I shall be unspeak
COMMUNISTS DON'T FOOL
TORONTO LABOR EDITOR
Pleadings for "solidarity" by the
workers' (communist) party of Can
ada is not fooling the editor of To
ronto Labor Leader, who has this
to say of the "saviours of the toil
"Let no trade unionist fool him
self about the workers' party of
Canada. They have no love for trade
unionism, and are in the unions for
the sole purpose of preaching their
propaganda' of hate towards orderly
and sane progress. There is no
secret about it. They openly say
they are communists, and are mere
ly using their present title to cover
their propaganda. They will do to
trade unionism as did the one big
union, which, as we know to our
cost, was to disrupt, disorganize and
typers employed in this city and at
Paterson have secured a wage scale
of $40 a week. Negotiations were
conducted by Stereotypers' union
No. 18, of Newark.
"Yist'day," says Uncle Zeke. "Ah
drapped foah cents on the floah. an'
day made a big racket. Ef day had
bin foah dollar biHs nobody would
have heard 'em drap. People is jest
like money dem dat makes the most
noise ain't alius of"de mos' account."
"You look dejected."
"Yes. Married life gets on my
"Been married long?"
"No. The wedding takes place to
The man or woman who can rise
to the occasion is always sure of a
job. When his sailors threatened to
mutiny unless they had eggs for
breakfast, Columbus promptly made
the ship lay to.—Heard on the
A starving tramp stopped at a kit
chen door in California and asked
for food. "You likee fish?" asked
the Chinese cook.
"Yes," replied the tramp eagerly.
"All lite, come alound Fliday."—
By J. P. Alley
KUK1L $05 'LOW bOKj
DE SWEET£5' LOVE-LETTlM
IN PE WORL* 15 DE
LETTUH WIP A CH_ECK
Copyright. McCtora N«w*f»p«r Symttcata.
DEMOCRACY IN MEXICO
URGED BY UNIONISTS
Washington, April 13.—Through
the development of the Mexican
trade union movement it will be im
possible hereafter for General This
or That to stage a revolution in that
country, says Canuto A. Vargas,
Spanish language secretary of the
Pan-American Federation of Labor,
writing in American Federationist.
"The almost total absence of
bloodshed during the movement
against Carranssa," says Secretary
Vargas, "can be traced directly
without fear of exaggeration, to the
activities of the organized workers,
whose leaiders, in groups of two and
three, covered every state of the
republic two months prior to the re
volution and organized the program
which was to be later carried out
with such precision and regularity.
If I am not mistaken, I was one.of
the very first persons in the United
States, if not the first, to receive
personal and authorative informa
tion of what was going to happen in
Mexico if Carranza persisted in his
obstinate intention to dictate to the
country who should be his succes
sor to the presidency.
"And it is for the, reason that the
Mexican people are in sympathy
with their present government, and
support its policies, domestic and
foreign, that I say that the impend
ing revolution,' of which we have
been reading in the American dailies,
is a fabrication."
SOME PEOPLE'S NERVE
"You will never get anywhere un
less you have higher ideals than
this," preached the woman to whose
door the tramp had appiied for as
sistance. "Are you really content
to spend your life walking around
the country begging?"
"No, lady," answered Weary Wil
lie. "Many's the time I've wished I
had an auto."
"She is a proud beauty. Last night
we parted in anger."
"Going to make up?"
"I guess so. But I think I'll stay
mad about a week and spend some
of my money on myself."—Louis
Willie's mother had discovered
that there was no clean night shirt
for hfm to wear.
"Never mind, Willie," she said,
consolingly. "You can put on one of
your sister's night gowns."
"What! Wear a girl's night gown!"
snorted Willie^ "I won't do it! I'd
rather go to bed raw!"
Minneapolis.—The contract for the
construction of the new Great
Northern round house at Minneapo
lis junction has been let to Fogg
Bros. The prevailing wage for com
mon labor will be 20 cents an hour,
and the men will be charged $1 a
day for board.
President Harding says that Chaun
cey Depew's jokes are good for 100
years, a not' unreasonable prediction,
since many of them have persisted
for a much longer time_
WE WILL DELIVER
In Lots of Six or More to
Any Fart of the City
103 W. Superior—Over Sunbeam Theater
Clothes for Men and Women
Sold on Liberal Credit Terms
14 Weeks to Pay Your Bill.
$1.00 Down and $1.00 Weekly on $15.00 Purchase
$2.00 Down and $2.00 Weekly on $30.00 Purchase
Browning's Style Shop
102 W. Superior
Over Sunbeam Theater
SATURDAY THE LABOR WORLD APRIL 22,1922.
MINING COAL NOT AN EASY TASK
SKILL OF HIGH ORDER IS NEEDtD
Washiiyjton, April 20.—r"You 'can
not take a man ..from the farm to
day and put him into a* mine and
make a miner of him at once," said
Congressman Ricketts of Ohio, in a
spirited defense of the miners on
the floor of the house.
"You Tiave to teach him. it Is a
highly important business and very
hazardous. A man has td know
something of the conditions ot min
ing and of the mine he has to"
know something of electricity he
has to know something of the air
and coal formation. He must be able
to ju'dge whether the air is pure or
otherwise. He has to be a'ble to lay
the tracks: he must be able to tim
ber the roof of the mine. All of
these, and many other things, he
can not learn in a day. It taKes a
many years to learn to be an effi
"I have been flooded with pro
paganda that the coal miners of the
country are responsible for the high
price of coal. Nothing could be far
ther from the truth. For years these
men have lived on starvation wages
because of a lack of work. They
could have made a fair living for
themselves and families ff they
could have had reasonably steady
"The press of the country, In pub
lishing the propaganda, has made
a great hullabalpo out of the fact
that the miners are demanding six
hours per day and five daysf per
week. If they were to get that many
hours per day and days per week
regularly it would more than dou
ble the average employment per
year, and would also double the
production, and woud nurke cheaper
coal to the people of the country.
The miners do not work by the day,
but by the ton. This proposition does
not mean a demand for fewer hours
and days per week, but In reality
it means an increase to them In
hours and days per week, and a
more equal distribution of employ
ment to miners throughout the
"Down in 'the Hocking valley, in
my district, right at this very min
ute men. women and children are
suffering because of the fact that
the miners have not had reasonable
work during the past year.
"Very few men in public life un
derstand miners, min^ work and
mine conditions in this country. For
tunately for me I have had actual
experience in the mine and I know
personally mining conditions in my
district, and in a general way con
ditions throughout the country.
"The miner is surrounded "with
danger on every hand. Not only is
this true, but his work is ttfe
mendously hard. He comes out of
the mine with his clothes wet and
his body black with grease, dirt
and grime. Colds, pneumonia and
consumption are prevalent among
the miners by reason of exposure in
and out of the mine.
"I have seen them on their way
home from the mine when their
clothes were frozen on their bodies.
Many of them work in water half
knee deep, in foul and noxious air,
and many times they are compelled
to double up like jackknives.
"Men working in the Crooksville
(Ohio) district never have an op
portunity to straighten themselves
or straighten -^heir ,backs during the
day until they go out of the mine
in the evening, unless they choose
to lie flat on the floor or bottom of
the mine. They enter the mine in
the morning and sometimes have to
walk miles in a .stooped position to
t£ieir work. They are frequently
compelled to go through mud and
water in order tO. reafch their work.
"The miner is always exposed to
the danger of gas and dust explo
sions, to the falling of slate and
coal, to drowning, to electrocution,
to mine damp, to fire, and to being
mangled by dangerous machinery.
The man who mines takes his life
in his hands the minute he enters
the shaft or mouth of the mine."
We advertise in your paper, because we want you as
depositors in this Bank—every department is at your
service—if you can use them—we cover all branches
of modern banking and will welcome your business
—"savings" or otherwise-^
THE CITY MTIOML BMK
WILL REDUCE YOU& HEATING COSTS FROM
10% TO 20%
LOW IN ASH HIGH IN HEAT UNITS
THE MOST SATISFACTORY FUEL ON THE MARKET
For Sale by All Dealers*
ZENITH FURNACE CO.
The Best Servant in Your House"
Do you find that house work takes up all your time arid weanryou
out? You need modern labor-saving equipment in your kitchen. Be
gin with a Sellers Kitchen Cabinet. I
The Cabinet of many conveniences and scientific arrangement. Make
kitchen work easier saves steps keeps you young due to
IS FAMOUS FEATURES
among them are
Automatic Lowering Flour Bin
Saves heavy lifting and climbing upon treacherous chairs.
Automatic Extending Table Drawer Section
Makes it easy to reach into the table drawer even when work table
is all the way out and filled with work things.
Double Base Shelf Extender
Ned Silverware Drawer Anti-Proof Casters and many others.
Prices have been reduced. Beautiful Sellers cost no more than any
gobd cabinet. eTrms arranged to suit any income.
CHEAPER THAN BUILT-IN CABINET
Has more convenience—is more sanitary. I
Mtr UNPftStlL TtttH All
"COMPLETE HOME FURNISHERS
OPEN CO-OP. RESTAURANT
The Northwestern qooke' Associa
tion announces the organisation of
a $25,000 co-operative, company,
wholly financed by organized labor,
for th.e establishment of a chain of
co-operative restaurants in the city
of Minneapolis. Co-operative res
taurants are among the most popu
lar and thriving forms of co-opera
tion in European ^cities. The co
operative cafeteHa run by New York
office workers has become so suc
cessful that branches' have been
started to. care for the patronage.
We wish similar success for the
Minneapolis cooks in their pioneer
Of course there are many people
who prefer giving to taking—advice
experts, for instance.
21st Avenue West
and Superior St*.
FROM ANTI-TRUST UW
Washington, -April 20.—The house
included] in the department of jus
tice appropriation bill a provision'
that ho part of that money should
be usedV."in the jprosecution of any
organisation or individual for en
tering jtoto any combination or
agreemeht having in view the in
creasingat wages, shortening hours
or bettering-the conditions of labor,
or for any act done in furtherance
thereof not in itself unlawful." It
is also provided "that no part of
the money appropriated by this act
shall be expended'for the prosecu
tion of' producers of farm- products
and associations "of .farmers who co
operate and organise in an effort to
and for the purpose to obtain and
maintain a fair- and reasonable price
for their products."
Duluth's Rest $
Regular Stock Reduced from $55 to $69.50
Here are genuine reed cabs, hot fiber—large and roomy, upholstered In reel corduroy, not print
fitted with reversible gear and artillery (wood) wheels, at a figiire 'that usually gets you a light,
frail conveyance. This is a real value, a big money's worth, worthy in every way of being called
a bargain. Our present stock is limited, and price is good only as long as present stock holds out.
See vs quick.
"Thirty-Eight !F##r# of Proorettiveneun «.
Easter Sale of Dresses for Women,
Misses, in Stylish Stout Models
Safe PflC€ rirrrrtTii
The above price represents one of those exceptional buying op
portunities which comes only at rare intervals. The dresses are
the last word in style.. In new fabrics such as Canton Crepe, Chif
fon Taffeta, Georgette Bussianara Crepe, Satin, Poiret Twills and
Tricotine. iThe various models are mainly in the fashionable' blue.
All sizes from 16 to 54, and ai wide range of beautiful models.
Many other beautiful Dresses in a variety of
models and colors, and covering a price range
as inexpensive as $19.50 and np to $87.50.
Easter Sate High-Grade
Suits for Women & Misses
lixtraordinary values and all sizes, including models for the flapper and
debutante to stylish stouts:
Tailor-Made Suits of All-Wool Tricotine—With
the bottom of jackets embroidery trimmed^ or
plain tailored. Hand turned collars and excellent
silk lining. Special..........................
Women's and Misses' Outing or Hiking 3-Piece
Suits with Knickerbockers of tweed or wool or
heavy jersey in the smart tan mixtures. Special
value for ....^
Ten New Styles in Suits for Women,
Misses, and Stylish Stoat Figures!
Tailor-made tricotines, Poiret twills, piquetines
and hairline stripes. Many models finished with
hand embroidery sizes from 16 years to 54 bust
measure. 'A big special.
Christiana, April 20.—Represent?
ative foremen, factory managers
and superintendents, from each of
the three Scandinavian countries
have formed a union, the objects of
which are said to .be the advancing
and strengthening of the collegiate,,
social and economic interests of its
members. Uniform regulations gov
erning the action to be followed, by
it3 members in all conflicts between
employers and Labor are to be
FAVOR OPEX FORUMS
Cheyenne, Wyo., April 20.—Qpen
forums as a means to reach the
public was indorsed by -the state
federation of labor convention.