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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, June 08, 1944, Image 1

Image and text provided by Ohio History Connection, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78000533/1944-06-08/ed-1/seq-1/

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4 W
Bonus Question Will
Referred To The War
Labor Board
Health Committee Reports
On Condition Of Relief,
Hospital Fund
Trenton, N. J.—Local Union No. 45
held a lively and enlightening session
their first meeting in June, with many
topics discussed. Nomination of officers
was held and we expect a large turn
out on election night, June 16.
The shop committee rejiorted that
the tank casters’ dispute over bonus
will have to be referred to the War
Labor Board for adjustment. Their
argument is that an injustice is being
done by counting the covers against
their lxnus and not receiving credit
for same. This condition has existed
for years- and should
brought to the attention
long ago.
This fund was created during the
dark days of 1931 before W.P.A. and
.the other great welfare agencies which
were organized by city, state and gov
ernment to care for our unfortunate
people. Many were down to rock bot
tom through no fault
thoughtless greed of
the lack of unions to
share of the profits
served its purpose well over the years
to the tune of $45,000. Now the time
to be practical has come.
of their own, but
big industry and
fight for the fair
of labor. It has
Remember the story of the old man
of the sea? He didn’t mind giving a
lift, but he did not care to carry his
(Turn to Page Three)______
Grimes Is Named
President Of No. 21
Warning Issued Members
Who Are Delinquent
In Their Dues
Local Union No. 21 elected officers
at their last regular meeting. The fol
lowing will take .the oath of office:
James Grimes, president Ephrlam
Ladzinski, vice president Claude
Ruckman, recording secretary Everett
Dennis, financial secretary Earl Cox,
treasurer Ed Six, guard Ed Six, N.
Deans, and George Deidrick, trustees.
This local is still enforcing the rule
of suspension. There are many in ar
rears who must get straightened up or
take the chance on being without a job.
If you are susjiended, you lose out and
must pay your reinstatement imme
diately or local members will refuse
to work with you.
Claude Ruckman and Earl Cox leave
June 25 to represent the local at the
convention which convenes in Atlantic
City June 26.
Interesting Session Is Held
By L. y. Jfo. 45 C^inmittee
^^iReports On Occsters Dispute
of the
of the cast-
The working conditions
Ing crew in our new bath tub depart
ment have been settled. The following
schedule will be used: 11 men work
ing from 7 a. m. to 9 a. m. seven
men until 3:30 p. m. six men until
7:30 p. m., for a full cast of 43 tubs.
The Health Committee reiMjrted on
their meeting with the management re
garding the serious inroads into our
Relief and Hospital Fund. Our bal
ance has been cut from $8,200 to, $6,100
in the past three months. $78.00 a
week or $876.00 in 12 weeks has gone
towards relief in helping the firm’s
former employees, the balance In pay
ing doctor fees and hosidtal bills.
Tftrwsttorlmfc befih W$P to the
locals whether to increase the dona
tion to the fund, discontinue it, or have
the three locals operate their own re
lief funds.
Americans Won't Endure Forced Work,
Free Labor Committee Head Claims
'New York City (ILNS).—Samuel B.
Eubanks, co-chairman of the Free La
bor Committee of the Workers De
fense League, issued the following
comment on an Associated Press dis
patch from Sidney, Australia, which
rejMirted that a New South Wales
State Court had ruled invalid an
Australian labor draft law:
“What might happen if a labor draft
law were passed in America was indi
cated in an Associated Press dispatch
from Sidney, Australia, reporting that
a court had ruled invalid an Austra
lian federal regulation under which
citizens are forced to work in various
“The Chief Justice, Sir Frederick
Gordon, said the regulation reduced
1 ..
Atlantic City (ILNS)—The Northern
Baptist Convention petitioned Presi
dent Roosevelt to relax the blockade
of Eurojie to fiermit feeding of the
civilian imputations of Nazi-occupied
countries. This Is fa^nred by AWC.
lean Federation of Labor. J?* '.’’/■J
The convention also asked designa
tion of D.-day as a day of prayer,
backed return of
Americans to .their
compulsory wartime
strikes and lockouts
no citizen “shall be
right to vote because of his color,
creed or financial or social position.”
Only such a law can “prevent the
fascist forces from transforming anti
Semitism into treason to our country,”
they said. “The Jews of this country
are not on trial,” they continued. “They
have earned the right to the lenefit8
of democracy. .Anti-Semitism is a curse
to civilization. It must not lie permitted
to poison the American way of life.”
The committee members warned that
the men and women now’ on trial in
Washington “must not be looked upon
as mere crackpots. This Is what they
would have us believe. Actually these
Iteople are conscious and unconscious
tools of the enemy.
“By spreading disunity, defeatism
and bigotry,” they said, “they have
sought to stir up one group of our
population against another and have
preached the very propaganda which
helied Hitler come to power in Ger
many and in Europe.”
Signers of the statement included
Elmer A. Benson, former governor «of
Minnesota Representative James M.
Fitzpatrick (D, N. Y.) Prof. Millar
Burrows, president of the Divinity
School of Yale University President
Frank X. Martel of Detroit and Wayne
County Federation of Laltor Edward'
G. Robinson, actor and Fritz Mahler,
symphony conductor.
Washington (FP)—Lifting their ban
on bonus payments, the National War
Labor Board and the Commlslsoner of
Internal Revenue June 2 said
employers could award prizes in
tamds to workers for the sale of
bonds to individuals during the
War Loan drive. The employer must
file a statement with the regional WLB
setting out the rules of the contest and
the prizes, none of which may be over
$250 face value.
____ ^=.,_----- _» '/./S.v-ft:
Myal .lapanese
homes, prqKsed
arbitration of
and urged that
deprived of the
After a one-day reversal of policy,
the Baptists returned .to their tradi
tional pacifist stand by reiterating
previous “emphatic pronouncements
against war." The convention also de
leted from a previously-proposed mo
tion introduced by Dr. Daniel A.
Poling, the sentence, “God has a stake
in .this war.” A resolution adopted
leaves church members “free to follow
the dictates of conscience In respect
our individual attitude and supimrt
the war effort.”
Law Making Anti
Semitism A Crime
Urgently Needed
Trial Of 29 Seditionists Ir\
lustrates Point 2
New Tori? (Ft*).—4f the
29 seditionists in Washington shows
clearly the need for a federal law
branding anti-Semitism a crime, 11
prominent Americans, members of the
National Committee to Combat Anti
Semitism declared recently.
the Australian population to a state of
“A labor draft, whether in .the form
the Austin-Wadsworth national
of the
bill, is
just as
they do
of the Austin-Wadsworth
service bill, or in the form
Bailey-Brewster work-or-flght
serfdom. Australians will not
it. Americans love freedom
much. Tljey will produce, but
not need to be'forced .to work.”
Sal B. Hoffmann, president of the
Upholsterers International Union,
AFL, is co-chairman with Eubanks of
the Free Labor Committee. James G.
Patton, president, National Farmers
Union, is honorary chairman of the
committee, which recently released a
statement by 1,184 religious leaders
opposing a labor draft
Social To Be Held
By Local Union 35
Executive Board Members
Are Expected To Be
Trenton, N. J.—Local Union No. 35
membership will sponsor a social Mon
day evening. June 26. All memlters are
invited to attend and have a good time.
Brothers Baker, Hibbs, Newell and
Raywood, who will represent the local
at the Convention which convenes that
day in Atlantic City, have been re
quested to arrange with Executive
Board members to come to Trenton for
the evening. k
All N. B. O. P. locals in this diy
were invited to s&nd a delegation of
three or four representatives of their
local to attend a meeting art Brother
hood headquarters June 1. The group
was given the full details of the com
ing Fifth War Bond drive, which they
are .to pass on to jthe local member
Each and everyone present at the
(Tun to Paae Two)
Move Is Made To
Help Forest Labor
Lumbering Industry's Re
quest For Workers To Re
ceive Priority Rating
New York City (ILNS)—The Ameri
can Newspaper Publishers Association
and the War Production Board have
joined in emphasizing 2 recent rulings
designed to increase the labor supply
in the logging and forest industry field,
which the nation’s paper supply is
largely dependent.
Both steps, men in the forest indus
try point out, could have been taken
many months ago and would have at
least aided in mitigating the present
shortage of skilled forest labor. As
long ago as March, 1943, the American
Federation protested against taking
of too many skilled workers to build
up an excessively large military force
but the protest was unheeded, with
military brass hats persisting Ln driv
ing for certain “goals” of size, regard
less of its effect on vital war and
civilian production.
The first step stressed by the news
paper publishers and WPB was a rul
ing by Selective Service, continuing
forestry, logging, lumbering and forest
Industries as essential activities, with
even part-time workers eligible for
continued deferment if they are other
wise engaged normally in an essential
Agricultural workers, engaged in
part-time lumbering, are entitled to a
continued deferment while engaged in
lumbering, the Forest Products Bureau
of the WPB pointed out.
The second step was an announce
ment by the War Manpower Commls
(Tun to Page Six)
1,500 To 1,600 Lose Jobs
As Armor Plant Closes
Chicago (ILNS).—More than 1,500
workers lost their jobs as the Govern
ment owned cast armor plant at In
diana Harbor, Ind., ceased operations
May 27. The plant was built in 1942
at a cost of approximately $26,000,000.
Announcing closing of the plant,
Brig. Gen. Thomas S. Hammond, chief
of the Chicago ordnance district, said
the demand for the type of casting
made by the plant had been greatly
reduced by “the ever-changing require
ments of war” and that it was now
possible to close the plant completely.
Oliver Mount, American Steel Foun
dries executive, said the plant employ
ed from 1,500 to 1,600 workers.
Inc lotiers neraid
of the National Brotherhood of Operative Potters
Following the agreement of the insurance company to
increase the weekly indemnity for male members to $20.00
weekly, individual cards were mailed to every insured male
member, approximately 3,000. To date 90 per cent have
indicated that they are in favor of the increaa|d benefits.
June 10th is the deadline for mailing the o|txls to the
office of the General Agent, Francis P. White, and present
indications are that a vast majority of members want the
increase. If the plan is made effective the change will be
as of July 1st. Under the revised plan the weekly payment
for disability is increased from $12.00 to $20.00, and the
premium is increased from $1.75 to $2.50 monthly.
/*___ r____~...~
Revised Disability Plan Favorably
Received By Male Mtimbarz Insured
Under The NBOP Group Insurance
Lively. ion Is
Held By Members
Of Local Union 99
National Officers Receive
Credit For Securing
Clarksburg, W. Va. Local Union
No. 99 membership held a lively ses
sion recently with a small attendance.
This was due .to the hot weather and
coming so close to Decoration Day.
The local members sroted not to work
Saturday after loafing on Decoration
Day, unless they were paid time and
one-half time.
The dressing room In the clay shop
was discussed thoroughly, with the
assurance by the she^ committee that
something would be done. Since that
time it has been takep care of, with a
new dressiag rtram king built. This
is quite an improvement over the old
one which was dark and dirty. We
were disappointed not to find
but win expect theip to be
is elated
Everyone here in our shop
over the vacation and the
give credit to our national officials for
the fine work done In securing this
vacation clause. Many- are the plans
being made, fishing trips, bathing
trips and general rest are being talked
of by the members.
Brother Bob Allison, who has been
on the sick list for sometime, visited
the plant recently. We do hope he is
able to be back with us soon.
We are glad to hear Brother Sibert
has left the hospital and Is improving.
Brother Bill Nutter returned to work
after a long illness. Maybe one of these
days soon we can report all our mem
bers are well and able to carry on
their work.—O. 99.
Standard Oil Co. Is
Nazi-Owned Stock
Order Is Issued Requiring
Giving Up Of Patents
And Stocks
Washington (FP).—An order requir
ing Standard Oil Co. of N. J. to sur
render stocks and patents owned by
the Nazi chemical trust, I. D. Farben
industrle A. G., has been issued by
U. S. Alien Property Custodian James
E. Markham.
Standard' Oil was specifically di
rected to surrender 20 per cent of the
outstanding stock of Standard Cata
lytic Co. 60 per cent of the outstand
ing stock of Jasco, Inc., and 25 per
(Tun to Page Six)
Lively Meeting Is
Held By LU. No. 124
Meetings To Be Held Every
Other Tuesday During
July And August
Local Union No. 124 met in regular
session Tuesday evening after a two
week respite. No meeting was held
Decoration Day.
An excellent report of the Standing
Committee was made by James Slaven.
Members are urged to check their
dues books and see whether or not
they are five months in arrears, since
after that period of time suspension
takes place.
July and August being the really
hot months of the summer, it has been
decided to hold meetings on the first
and third Tuesdays of the month, in
stead of every Tuesday.
Nomination and election of officers
Prices Oi Living
Essentials Show
0.6 Per Cent Jump
Interesting Report Is Issuec
By Secretary Of Labor
Frances Perkins
Miscellaneous Goods Anc
Services Rise Because
Of Excise Taxes
Washington.—Price of living essen
tials went up six tenths of one jer
eent from Mtirch to April, Secretary
of Labor Frances Perkins rejorts.
Living costa Ln April were 23.5
cent above January 1941 and 26.5
cent higher than in August 1939,
secretary said.
Retail food prices advanced 0.4
cent during the month, Miss Perkins
said. Food prices are still 4.3 jer cent
lower than a year ago and 5.9 iier
cent below the peak last May. The
rise is attributed chiefly to the higher
prices for fresh produce. The greatest
increase,, was reported for onions,
averaging about 21 i»er cent. In two
cities the increase was more than 80
Ier cent. Prices for apples, oranges,
cabbage, lettuce and sweet [totatoes
rose seasonally, ranging from 3 per
cent for sweet i*otatoes to 10 per cent
for cabbage.
Small declines In meat prices oc
curred during the month, the
tary reported. Fresh fish
dropped almost 5 ier cent. Egg
continued to decline seasonally.
see re
Clothing prices rose one-tenth of 1
!er cent In April, principally as a re
sult of the disappea rance of lower
price lines. Largest increases were fof
women’s inexitensive rayon dresses,
lercale house dresses and girdles, and
men’s and women’s felt hats, and busi
ness shirts, with scattered increases
for shoes and men^z work clothing.
Clothing costs, the secretary said,
averaged 10 per cent higher than in
April 1943. House furnishings rose 3.1
per cent during the month. Fuel, elec
tricity and Ice on the average remained
unchanged. Miscellaneous goods and
services rose 1.3 ier cent chiefly be
___ (Turn to Page Thue)
Union Head Hails
Hearings On Bill
To Create Permanent Fair
Employment Practice
Washington (ILNS). Hailing the
oiening of hearings for a Permanent
Fair Employment Practice Committee
(Dawson-Scanlon and LaFollette bills)
before the House Labor Committee.
Dr. Allan Knight Chalmers, co-chair
man of the National Council for a
Permanent FEPC, said in a statement:
“We heartily welcome the start of
the hearings for a permanent Fair
Employment Practice Committee be
cause we think it essential that the
question of discrimination be faced
now to ensure that the causes for
which our boys are fighting overseas
shall also te won at home.
“The subject of this country’s treat
ment of some of its minorities has pro
vider! pungent material for Axis propa
ganda and our enemies have made the
most of it. Think of what it will mean
when we can announce to the world
that the unwritten Nuremberg laws of
this country have been outlawed by
our most representative taxly the
Congress of the United States!
“The organizations that are inter
ested in .this bill—Federal Council of
Churches of Christ, National Catholic
Welfare Conference, National Council
of Catholic Women, Union for Demo
cratic Action, National Council 'of
Jewish Women, National League of
Women Shopjiers, National Council of
Negro Women, National Boards of the
Y. W. C. A. and Y. M. C. A., American
Jewish Congress, National Association
of Jewish Federations and Welfare
Funds, League of Women Voters, AFL
and CIO, Women’s International
League, Common Council for American
(Turn to Page Six)
Probe Of Race Bias Against
Women In Services Sought
Washington, D. C. (ILNS).—A resolu
tion to authorize a House Investigation
into discrimination against Negro
women “as members of the uniformed
forces” is pending before the Commit
tee on Rules, introduced by Repre
sentative Clare Booth Luce for an in
quiry into race discrimination in the
armed forces.
No action by the Rules Committee
has been indicated on either resolution,
and it is unlikely that action will be
taken unless strong pressure is brought
to bear.
$2.00 PER YEAR oom
Disregard For
Labor Is Shown
In Brewster Case
UAW Official Cites Need Oi
Law To Handle Per
sonnel Problems
Washington (FP).—The sudden clos
ing down of the big Brewster Aero
nautical Corp, plant at Long Island.
N. Y. was cited by Director Richard
T. Frankenstein of the Aviation divi
sion, United Automobile Workers as
proof of the need of a federal law to
handle the personnel problem in con
tract terminations.
Employing more than 13.000 skilled
workers, the Brewster plant was or
dered closed when the Navy declared
it had no need of the fast planes being
produced there.
Frankensteen TMldr “This one shut
down is a sample of the misuse of la
bor and the consequent unemployment
which will result on ‘X day’ because
of the failure of Congress and govern
ment agencies to provide full produc
tion and full employment machinery.
Congress has properly rejected the Na
tional Service act and will undoubted
ly reject the similar quack medicine
offered in the Brewster-Baily Semi
National Service act. Congress has had
before it in the past, since the early
stages of the national defense period,
a number of constructive measures to
provide for immediate placement of
workers and rapid conversion of indus
stry to war or essential civilian work.”
He mentioned particularly the Kilgore
War Mobilization and Post-War Ad
justment bill, which is supported by
all sections of labor.
“Congress has moved rapidly to pay
large sums to war contractors for
terminated war contracts. It has so
far failed to provide for immediate
reconversion and reemployment of war
plants and displaced labor. The Brew
ster case shows a lack of concern on
the part of Congress and certain de
partments with effective war mobiliza
tion and a complete disregard of la
bor’s right to employment. It reveals
once and for all the sham methods of
certain members of Congress and de
partment officials who are impeding
war mobilization and full production
and full employment plans by crying
‘wolf, wolf *8bout the manpower issue
without lifting a finger to really solve
the problems.
New York (FP). The New York
Central Trades and Labor Council,
representing 700 unions and almost a
million AFL memlers, urged the
American and British governments “to
bring about the immediate unequivocal
repeal of the entire white paper
policy,” which bans further Jewish
immigration into Palestine.
New’ York City (ILNS).—Strength
ening of child labor legislation was
urged and opposition to drafting of
17-year-old boys and universal mili
tary service after the war expressed
by the board of managers of the Na
tional Congress of Parents and Teach
ers, meeting here in postconvention
The board approved a resolution op
posing conscription of boys of 17 for
military service “until more effective
use is made of available man and
woman power.”
Universal Sanitary Company
Cooperating In Campaign To
Eliminate Hazards Of Dust
Washington (FP). An informed
source on capital hill said June 1 that
Representative Martin Dies (D. Tex.
similar exposes of his friends in tbe
reactionary section of public life.
has announced his retirement
congress under fire, is busy these
knocking out a book that will be
answer to “Under Cover” and
Scheduled for publication immedi
ately prior to the November elections,
the Dies volume will defend the ex
treme right-wing*senators and repre
sentatives and attack the entire Roose
velt administration, including the cabi
net, the source said.
it was opposed
1806 and 3947
committing the
The board declared
to House Resolutions
or “any like measure
nation at this time to a post-w’ar pro
gram of universal military training.”
Regular Trips Of Inspection^
Are Made Through
The Plant
Machine May Be Installed'
At Pottery For Treatment^'
Of Silicosis
New Castle, Pa.—The officials of the
Universal S a n 11 a y Manufacturing
Company have shown a spirit of co
ojieration in investigating the new
method of prevention and cure of sili
cosis from alumnium dust which is
being Introduced to the pottery indus
try. There is a desire to do everything
possible to overcome the dangers to
the health and safety of the men work
ing in this plant and, as a result, a
Health anl*Safety Committee has been
apiointed. Regular trips of inspection
are made through the plant with the
idea in mind of eliminating dust haz
ards, improving sanitation and venti
lation, and placing safety appliances
and guards wherever needed. A great
deal of good has been accomplished
through the work of this committee
and our officials say it must go on.
Local No. 133 has cooperated In every
way to make this one of the best shops
in the country.
Recently a notice of a meeting on
tlie cure and prevention of silicosis to
be held in Pittsburgh came to the
attention of a member of tbe commit
tee. An address was to be given to the
medical profession by .two noted au
thorities on this treatment: Dr. J. W.
G. Hunnoq qf Washington, Penna., and
Dr. Dudley Erwin of the Scientific
Research Society of Canada. A com
artttee emnposeg of the Health ‘and
Safety Committee, the Chairman of
the Union, and one of the company
officials, represented the company at
this meeting.
As a result, another committee was
sent mi a later date to Washington to
meet with Dr. Hannon and some of
the potters from Canonsburg, Penna.,
who have taken enough of the treat
ments to be able to make positive state
ments of the benefits which they have
gained from them. X-ray pictures have
proven that their cases were very seri
grade of three or four squares,
able to go about their work without
(Tun to Page Two)
However, their physical condition
so much improved that several
have had trouble breathing
when walking up hill, and
to stop four or five times
on a
Limoges Employes
Ready For Picnic
Second Annual Outing
Be Held June 10 At
Lake Placentia
Sebring, Ohio. Employees of
Limoges China Company are being
quently reminded that they and their
families will hold their second annual 4
basket picnic at Lake Placentia, from
1 to 8 p. m. Saturday, June 10.
Soon after 1 p. in. a program of
sports will get under way. It will in
clude dashes, a three-legged race, shoe
races, tug of war and softball games
between men’s and women’s teams
representing east and west ends of the
plant. Suitable prizes will be awarded
individual and team winners.
Guessing contests and the awarding
of a special prize, for which only em
ployees will be eligible, will be addi
tional afternoon features. The picnic
supier will te spread in the pavilion
at 5 p. m. Ice cream and coffee will be
furnished free. Picnickers will sup
(Tun to Page Five)
Parent-Teachers’ Group Hits Draft Of
17-Year-Olds, Condemns Post-War Bills
Declaring for better protection of
children from industrial exploitation,
the board asked passage of the child
labor amendment by the states, fed
eral legislation insuring a basic mini
mum age of 16 for employment, higher
age limits in hazardous occupation^
and a minimum wage scale for minors.
The board’s legislative program also
advocated federal aid for education
but with “maximum local and mini
mum federal control.” It favored the I
equalization of educational opportuni
ties by the states, extension of voca
tional education, and physical fitness
and health programs for boys and girls
under the U. S. Office of Education.
Advocating the strengthening of the
(Turn to Page Six)

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