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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, June 15, 1944, Image 5

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Thursday, June 15, 1944.
The harmful spiritual consequences
of enforced unemployniqpt are no less
than its material deprivations. How
ever keen and anxious we may Im* to
help build up tiie economy of other na
tions and peoples, we must not attempt
these efforts at the sacrifice and well
being of our people.
We are and have been living more
or less under a protective philosophy.
We have our trade unions and trade
dissociations to look after our respec
tive interests. We have our minimum
wage laws, our child labor laws, our
sanitation and compensation and se
curity laws. We have their counter
parts in other spheres of activity. We
have our immigration laws, etc., all
designed for protective purposes. It is
therefore just and proper that
Highlights JOf Matt Woll's
Ih .NW Ydtk City
(Continued From Last Week)
Following is it continuation of some
of tiie more Important points which
Mr. Woli enveloped in his very able
address iM'forv the Chemists’ Associa
tion meeting in New York recently:
Job Security Of Paramount
Faced witli the liuge problem of
shifting approximately 30,MMl,(MM
war workers and service men into
avenues of profitable employment in
tiie post-war period, the question of
unemployment in tiie period of transi
tion is of transcendent Importance.
After all, tiie whole life of the work
er is pervaded and molded by his job
by the physical condition under which
lie works by the length of his work
ing day by the adequacy of his pay
liy the extent to which he is protected
against arbitrary discharge and by
the nature of the strains under which
he works.
should protect our American standards
of life and of work against destructive
foreign competition.
There has been a tendency in the
United States to discuss the advan
tages of freedom of trade ajid freedom
of enterprist* for farmer, worker and
business man in general terms, which
almost completely ignore tiie manner
in which freedom of enterprise has
been abolished in many branclu*s of
American economic life, as well as
It would be unquestionably a great
victory for American principles of
fret* enterprise if tiie rest of the world
consented to adopt a revised interna
tional gold standard, based upon
American gold and American credit.
Also, if tiie world agreed to discard
state controls of domestic and foreign
trade, and, to break up giant corporate
groups and cartels that sprawl over
the world markets. There is, however,
no present prospect of the achievement
of these laudable objectives. There is,
therefore, every reason for this coun
try to take intelligent and prompt
haeasures to meet post-war realities.
Other Trade Restraints And Barriers
to tlie foregoing other
must be recognized in
discussion of post-war
of these considerations
In addition
any serious
trade. Some
(a) Lack of purchasing power on
the part of the masses of the people of
the world.
(I») Lack of price stability insta
bility of currencii*s, laws and regula
tions restricting tiie free flow
and currencies.
(c) Quota restrictions and
tion of imports.
Submerged and low living and work
ing standards of people abroad do re
strict and limit and as well tend to
delude tiie markets of .the world. This
condition may rightfully Im* considered
the most vicious of all our trade re
straints. If standards of living and of
work were increased everywhere to
•our American standards the increase
of the purchasing jMiwer of the masses
in all lands would be tremendous.
Even were such an additional pur
chasing jMiwer in existence, interna
would benefit little unless stability of
prices was assured. Tiie iMissibility of
securing an assurance of the stability
of tiie money of tiie peoples of the sev
eral nations will be one of tiie im
portant problems in our post-war
world. Depreciation in tiie value of
currency is therefore closely associ
ated, as a trade barrier, to tiie lack
of purchasing power on the part of so
many of tiie nations of the world.
—.......... ....... ...
barrier and is a denial of a free and
open market,
Tiie report further provides that—
"A certain nuiiiber'of international
functional agencies will be necessary
to ensure tiie consistent development of
sound economic policies in a world
which will lie increasingly resiMinsive
to tiie advances in technology due to
scientific discovery and invention. The
frontiers of the world of labor are
those of economic as well as ]Mlitical
geography, and, the economic barriers
to freedom of intercourse must not be
permitted to (dock tiie pathway to
prosperity. These problems by their
very nature cannot be solved in any
single set of laws or agreements be
cause tiie conditions with which they
deal are forever changing. It is, there
fore, necessary to maintain and create
tiie pertinent institutions for dealing
of .trade
monopoly of
Government control of vital raw
(g) Subsidized shipping and state
(li) Patents.
are more or less trade
do have tin effect on
anti act as trade re-
All of these
barriers. They
foreign trade
st mints.
well as the masses
Placing quota limitations on either
imports or exports constitutes other
grave trade barriers. These preclude
mi equal opportunity to all producers.
Preferential tariffs, such as are in
effect among the nations of tiie British
’ommonw«*alth, constitute effective
trade barriers in that tiie countries
comprising this group influence Hie
trade of nearly 50 jM*r cent of tin*
world's population, but, a lesser per
centage of the world’s purchasing
Government barter, or monopoly con
trol of a nation's import and export
commerce is another form of trade re
straint in that such monopoly control
precludes a free market in the pflf
chase and sale of goods under such
control. The same is true of govern
ment control of vital ryw materials.
This too constitutes an effective trade
In defining the institutions to deal
with these subjects tiie reixirt provide)
“In the world of commerce and in
dustry there should be agencies to deal
with such problems as (1 the stabil
ization of foreign exchange, (2) com
munications and transport on land,
sea and in the air, (3) the commercial
pidicy including cartels, (4) fiscal
policies and Foreign investments, (5)
access to natural resources and raw
material, .to coordinate these ac
tivities there should Im» a Unlt*d
tions Economic Organization witli
sultative and advisory functions.
“In each case there should be
vision for objective studies of the facts
which should lie made available to the
general public.”
fetes 1L 4 9 tAe. 41 i
Declaration Of The AFL On Trade
It is obvious that if we are to mod
ify, alter or eliminate these trade
barriers and encourage a greater flow
of international trade concerted and
voluntary action is required on the
part of all commercial nations of the
In this regard I would direct your
attention to the declaration adopted at
the Post-war Conference of the Ameri
can Federation of Labor last month,
and which in part provides—
“We have demonstrated during this
war that a fret* economy can produce
goods in unimagined abundance. In the
years of peace a sustained high level
of production and employment is also
IMissible if there Is assurance of eco
nomic justice within nations and be
tween nations. To accomplish this, it
will Im* necessary to get rid of that
kind of exploitation which tends to
concentrate income In tiie hands of tiie
few and prevents tiie great mass of
workers from having the purchasing
power to buy the things they need for
daily life. It also will be necessary to
lessen the harriers between nations
so that there may be a larger inter
change of goods and services for all.
The basic test of freedom is the wel
fare of the common man. We hold that
under freedom society can be so or
ganized that everyone will have an
opportunity to earn ids own liveli
Trade Treaties
Instead of the foregoing it has been
suggested that entering into trade
treaties is the proper method to be
followed for the attainment of the re
sults indicated. Fundamentally, .trade
treaties, as at present negotiated and
entered into, disregard constitutional
requirements under guise of trade
"agreements.” Then, tM, under tin*
method adopted of negotiating “trade
agreements,” sole power to determine
matters relating to foreign trade are
delegated exclusively to the executive
branch of government.
Quite aside from the fact that trade
agreements entered into have lM*en
negotiated under methods which do not
provide ample op|Mrtunity for con
sultation ami consideration of tiie do
mestic Interests involved, including
lalMr, experience lias demonstrated
that to make these trade agreementsj
or trade treaties effective, there must
Im* some automatic enforcement provi
A prime provision of all trade agree
ments or treaties is that the other con
tracting parties shall not grant to im
ports of other countries a lower tariff
rate or similar concession than that
accorded to imports of .tiie United
States. These provisions have not been
adhered to in all instances. To the con
trary, we understand that complaints
in this regard readied such propor
tions that certain high officials in our
Department of State were impelled
and did prepare a strong protest
against tiie failure on the part of sev
eral nations to fulfill the terms of tiie
trade treaties entered Into. However,
tiie protests were never transmitted,
nor were the complaints manifested
ever properly adjusted.
American Valuation Justified
A discussion of tiie tariff rates them
selves assumes increased importance
when it is recognized that in the main
our tariff duties are levied on foreign
valuation, a system of valuation not
alone unfair to American producers,
but, equally discriminating as between
compeitive producers of our principal
commercial nations. In fact, under our
foreign valuation system, those nations
are favored whose people suffer the
greatest submerged standards of life
and work. They are the greatest bene
ficiaries under our present system, par
ticularly the Japanese and jieoples of
other low standard and semienslaved
All engaged tn the American chemi
cal industry should be grateful for the
foresight, the patience and energy of
Time Your Shopping Intelligently
Did you know that (51 million United
States Citizens are working today?
And that 1J million citizens are work
ing who were not working in 1!MO?
That is why the stores, often under
staffed, are so crowded after working
Forty-five per cent of our popula
tion is gainfully employed, 30 per cent
is of school age or pre-school age. Tiie
other 25 per cent are non-gainfully
employed adults, most of whom are
housewives. Tiie burden of housework
has increased witli the war. The short
age of household help, the curtailment
of delivery servic*s, tiie packing of
additional lunches, and disrupted home
living caused by shift work have all
called for more effort and greater re
sjM»nsibiiity on tiie part of tiie home
maker. Yet, when we take note of the
fact that many women are working as
well as keeping house, we wonder if
then* is not some way for everyone to
ciMiperate in relieving them of unnec
essary toil and wasted .time. Would it
be possible for these people to have
exclusive use of the grocery stores
during afterwork hours?
Evidence that many people are
aware of their duty in this respect
was found in recent observations of
late-afternoon shopping in some Wash
ington grocery stores. Visits were
made to four stores which cater to
people of various economic levels. As
the late Frank Garvin, who. in 1920
22, realizing the unfair and discrim
inatory advantages which tiie German
cartelized chemical industry had over
its American competitors in the Ameri
can market, prevailed on Congress to
levy tariff rates on imports of chemi
cal products on the value of competi
tive American products.
This system of levying duties on the
American selling price, of American
valuation, enabled the American chem
ical industry to he in a position to
render to our nation and its allies the
valient, patriotic and all-imiMirtant
service so essential to our victory in
this colossal and world-wide devastal-
Trade in the 'fost-(^ir period we
fepr, will not Im* governed upon an in
dividual and private basis, nor will it
lie governed by production costs or by
prices, domestic or foreign. Instead it
will lie controlled by the political and
economic objectives of each nation con
cerned witli maintaining domestic em
ployment. It is our further judgment
that in time, when an expanded pro
duction capacity will again be realized
by tiie leading industrial and commer
cial nations abroad, that tiie nations
confronted witli surpluses, and, for
other considerations will lie prepared
for large scale export dumping wher
ever and whenever possible.
We should lie prepared at till times
and tinder all circumstances to protect
and lx* ready to
gency may arise.
our jMiwer and
oilier nations and peoples to attain
higher standards of life and of work,
and enlarge and enrich the markets of
tiie world.
ica are of
own market
and our own people
meet whatever emer
So far as lies within
influence, let us aid
In so doing, let us not Im*
that tiie interests of Amer
foremost consideration. But
of whatever jwilicy or rela-|| A most convenient and economical
tionship Is to govern, let it be formu-ll way to meet financial reverses,
lated and arrived at In open concert,!! When justified, we advance cash on
by a democratic procedure, and not by| personal notes at (5% interest a
bureaucratic methods or means. I year plus a $2.00 investigation fee,
cud be
id eigthteen
IMHIM months or less.
Now Is the Time
Office 934 Home 693
Railroad & Belleck Streets
h* f‘.
Jimmy Duriinte makes sure Harry James lias exactly tiie rigid music for one of the celebrated Durante numbers
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer's new musical, "Two (Jiris and a Sailor,” which tqiens Sunday at the Ceramic Theater. The
in ___
bast includes Van .Johnson, June Allyson, Gloria De Huven, Lena Horne, Jose Iturbi and Xavier Cugat and his band
in addition to James' musical aggregation.
was to Im* ex]M*cted, most of the i**ople
Inlying at tins time were working
people. Tiie greatest |M*rcentage of non
working shop|M*rs was found in the
more exclusive nelghborhMd.
Unless they are needed for carrying
groceries, or perhaps for selection of
groceries, it is advisable to shop un
accompanied liy children, pals, or hus
bands. Of tiie 300 shoppers observed,
four per cent were non-buyers.
Although if general. sliopiM»rs are
considerate, they can improve their
conduct, (*specially at tiie cash regis
ter.’ The number of cashier lines in
tiie grocery stores visited for tiie re
cent survey varied from one to three,
and ail were crowded. Observations
were made at tiie first, as well as at
tiie last, of tiie week. Even tiie store*
with three lines there was no lull 1m*
tween 5:30 and 15:30 p. m. Some cus
tomers waited as long as 20 minutes
to pay their bill.
Many stores had twq attendants at
each cash register, one to charge the
food and one to count the ration points
and pack the fiM»d.
Tiie average number of customers per
cash register per hour was (57. This
number indicates efficiency on tiie part
of the grocery stores and cooperation
on tiie part of the shoppers.
Several customers had their ration
points already counted. Others wasted
time by digging into their purses in
search of them. A few overpurchased
their rationed allotment and caused
tiie cashier some trouble in recalculat
ing. One woman had ir penny savings
bank to cash in. Another wash'd time
closing her purse. A third attempted
conversation witli tiie cashier.
(More articles to follow)
Lively Meeting
(Continued From Page One)
service boys at our meetings. Aviation
Cadet Samuel Bourne attended our
last meeting. Good Luck Sam, come
see us again!
We are glad to see "Brother Hugh
Allison back on his feet again after a
recent operation.
Don't forget to buy that Extra Bond
to help bring tiie boys home soon.—
(. C. 80.
President Sends
(Continued From Page One)
“Secondly, it unanimously adopted
resolutions concerning the social pro
visions of the peace settlement.
"Tliirdly, it unanimously adopted
resolutions concerning the economic
jMilicies, international and national, re
quired for the attainment of the social
objectives of the United Nations."
Will assure those much needed dol
lars when unexpected emergencies
Those individuals who do not enjoy
this favorable position will find our
Inquiries treated with strictest
confidence. ,f
“East Liverpool's Oldest Bank**
Member Federal Reserve System
Federal Deposit Insurance
WHAT A NOTE! WHAT A NOTE! Constfrrfer Owned
Cooperatives Win
Boost From AFL
Ask Conressional
(Continued From Page One)
hood, due to an awakened interest in
unionism by employees of unorganized
Brother Uoffey appointed a Fifth
War Bond drive sales committee, con
sisting of Brother Malpass, chairman,
assisted by Brothers Kale, Ellis,
Thompson, Greene, Killinger and Sis
ters Fey Appleman. Alexander and
Kirkenbaughn. Witli the neighbors’
situs ordered into battle on many
fronts, we’re called upon to swing a
haymaker from the pay envelope.
Brother Willard Rowe, recently re
turned from the Pacific Islands, spent
a short time in the shop.
Brothers John Gusz, R. Vance, K.
Tolliver, F. Wagstaff, Biddy Wycoff,
H. Lucas, H. Triesler, R. Palmer, re
cently graduates of boot training, sjient
their first furlough with their families
in Cambridge and reistrt everything
ship-shape.—O. 122.
Asks Assistance
(Continued From Page One)
yourselves to rise up against them
when the time comes and when the
signal is given The choice is still
Members Benefit By Receiv*
ing High Quality Goods
At Fair Prices
Washington (FI*).—^Ofganirtitlon of
consumers corqierafivtte by unions was
indorsed by the A FL in Labor's Month
ly Survey, which said that in these
days of high prices and poor quality
goods in the stores, “union memiiers
consumers problems,
our income when we
how can we protect
we spend it? Many
are awake to
Unions protect
receive it, but
ourselves when
union members have already found the
answer: organize consumers coopera
tives own and control the stores that
serve you.”
After pointing out the democratic
organization of cooperatives, when-ln
business is decided by majority vote,
the Survey said that in nearly 50
cities A FL memters are buying fFom
cooperatives and benefittinz by liiuh
quality goods at fair prices. "Tli' -e
-lores serve more than 20,000 union
members and do a business of over
8% million dollars annually. Those
stores also turn over $150,009 to their
members in cash savings per year.”
More than l¥t million families In
the U. S. are members of oo-ojmi, and
sales in all co-ops reached nearly a
billion dollars In 1943, the article said.
More than 5.000 co-op retail stores are
selling groceries, gasoline, farm equip
ment, clothing and other items. These
stores have joined together and set up
,‘J0 wholesale houses to save them
money in buying In huge quantities.
These wholesale co-ops now have 112
factories, owned by the people. includ
ing flour mills, canneries, gasoline re
fineries, bakeries and other factories
producing foods, etc. Co-ops return to
their members all saving^ made by
factories, ^wholesalers, end retail
stores, amounting to $25 uAllion a
Especially indorsed by the Survey
AMERICAN PLAN $16 and $17
That's what one of my passengers told a fellow the
other day, and it struck me as funny and seriously
true at the same time. Beats all how people just nat
urally try to pile up in front when there's loads of
standing room in the rear. And it makes it tough for
the fellow who can't get on too! You can't blame a fel
low for getting sore when the bus passes him up and
then he sees lots of standing room in the back. More
•people could ride, fewer would have to wait, if every
one would just remember what that passenger of mine
said about the back end getting there as soon as the
Ride the Busses Between 10 A. M.
and 3 P. M.
There's Lots More Room Then Than During
the Peak Hours!
2 Meals and Room
The Back of This Bus Gets There the
Same Time as the Front"
valley motor transit co
Grafton, W. Va. Word has justr
been received of the death of Pfc.
Charles Earl Reed, 32, Route 1, which
incurred in Italy while he was Hi tliek
line of active duty.
A former employee of the Carr
China Company and member of Local
Union No. 98. N. R. of
the son of Mrs. Ollie
attended public schools
Death was rejKirted to
on April 1, 1944.
A son of the late Marcellas Reed.’
who died here in 1942, he was a native
of this county and is survived by his
mother and the following brothers and
sisters: Pfc. William Reed, somewhere
overseas Sgt. John H. Reed of Cherry
Point, N. C. Edward Thomas Reed of.
Parkview James Reed of Parkview:
Mrs. Thelma Caird of Wellsville, Ohio
and Mrs. Louise Kennedy and Miss
Edna Reed both of Grafton.
was the Rochdale plan for co-op
All Occasions
“Loma,” the Perfect Fertiliser
Co-op«ratiag with government ■aggm
tioa. our store is closed on Sundays.
Newly Renovated and Inner-spring Mattresses
Arkansas Ave., 2 Doors to Beach—ATLANTIC CITY
O. P., hb was!
Reed and had
in this county,
have occurred,

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